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From Kanem to Sokoto: the political history of central Sudan

In this article, we have tried to study the political history of Central Sudan from the 8th century until the European colonization at the end of the 19th century, we were mainly interested in the political life of 3 major political structures of the region, namely, the Kemen-Bournou Empire, the Haoussa Kingdoms, the Sokoto Caliphate.

Before going into the heart of the matter, we tried to highlight some issues related to the definition of the geographical limits of the area known as "Bilad es-Soudan", in this context we were interested in the proposed indices by Arabic, African, and colonial literature.

Emphasis was also placed on the habitation process of Central Sudan, on the history of the ethnic groups that played a vital role in the socio-political evolution of the region, on the advent of Islam, the process of its expansion, and its historical role in the political structures of the region.

The reader will find in this brief article the elements necessary for the understanding of the political history of the Central Sudan region, and this is the objective we have set for this work.