The current tendency of influential perception-based measures and indicators--i.e. Corruption Perceptions Index, World Governance Indicators, Ibrahim Index of African Governance andAfrobarometer, etc--in measuring corruption in Africa "is to focus on individuals' perception of the extent of corruption," explains Carlos Lopes, executive secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) in his preface to the new Economic Commission for Africa Report dedicated to Corruption. The focus to "name and shame African countries" overlooks the continent's rapid integration into global markets" and with it increased susceptibility "to global trends, including corrupt practices by multinational corporations and other vested external interests." Corruption in Africa needs to be addressed "in its totality," argues Mr Lopes. "African countries and partners," Mr. Lopes cautions, "should move away from pure perception-based measures of corruption and focus on alternative approaches that are fact-based and built on more objective quantitative criteria and include the international dimensions of corruption." More about ECA in this BRIEFING.