قراءات افريقية http://qiraatafrican.com/ South African ruling party in crisis talks over Zuma scandal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-ruling-party-in-crisis-talks-over-zuma-scandal JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - South Africa's ruling African National Congress (ANC) party held crisis talks on Monday to discuss the fallout from a court ruling last week that President Jacob Zuma flouted the Constitution, triggering calls for him to resign. Bridging the Gap Between Urbanisation and Economic Growth http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/bridging-the-gap-between-urbanisation-and-economic-growth Addis Ababa — Rapid urbanisation across Africa presents an opportunity for increased industrialisation and development on the continent, but governments will need plans and integrated strategies if they want urbanisation to lead to growth, said Takyiwaa Manuh, director of the ECA's Social Development Policy Division on Sunday. ECA Chief Tells AU Summit to Align and Measure African Development Goals http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eca-chief-tells-au-summit-to-align-and-measure-african-development-goals "ECA is working to ensure that the issue of the African Development Goals (ADGs) does not fall off our collective radar but we must remember that existing programmes and frameworks are not yet being tracked and measured through a unified system of goals, targets and indicators," said Mr. Carlos Lopes, the Executive Secretary of the ECA during the 25th Summit of the AU taking place in South Africa. Kenya's William Ruto due to hear war crimes case ruling http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-s-william-ruto-due-to-hear-war-crimes-case-ruling Kenyan Vice-President William Ruto is due to find out whether a crimes against humanity case against him will be thrown out by judges at the International Criminal Court (ICC). Congo-Brazzaville: Attacks blamed on Ninja militia groupng http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-brazzaville-attacks-blamed-on-ninja-militia-groupng The Congolese government has blamed attacks on government buildings in the capital, Brazzaville, on the Ninja militia group. First soldiers on trial in Central Africa sex abuse scandal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/first-soldiers-on-trial-in-central-africa-sex-abuse-scandal Kinshasa - The first soldiers to face justice in a huge sex abuse scandal that has rocked the UN and France went on trial in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Monday. Leader of breakaway Boko Haram faction arrested http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/leader-of-breakaway-boko-haram-faction-arrested Abuja - Nigerian security agents have arrested the leader of breakaway Boko Haram faction Ansaru, the Ministry of Defence said. Chad arrests a fifth key activist ahead of polls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/chad-arrests-a-fifth-key-activist-ahead-of-polls N'Djamena - Police in Chad arrested a fifth leading activist on Monday on the eve of a banned anti-government rally planned days before polls in which President Idrissy Deby Itno is seeking to extend his 26-year rule. Angolan refugees: 'The one possession I'll take home' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/angolan-refugees-the-one-possession-i-ll-take-home Francisco journeyed to Angola in 1977 after being born in exile, only to be forced out in 1992 when war broke out again. A shoemaker, he lost his shop and all his educational documents when he fled. What he did manage to pack was a small pair of pliers and a cobbler's hammer. "With these," he says, "I will never starve." A new deal or a new global partnership for conflict-affected states? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/a-new-deal-or-a-new-global-partnership-for-conflict-affected-states Created within a year of each other, the World Bank and the United Nations were born out of a shared response to the Second World War. The war created a constituency willing to invest resources and ideals in a system of multilateral cooperation. In the words of one of their architects, these institutions were to create a “New Deal for a new world.” Yellow fever vaccine shortage as outbreak in Angola spreads http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/yellow-fever-vaccine-shortage-as-outbreak-in-angola-spreads More than 1,100 people have been diagnosed with yellow fever in Angola since December, according to the World Health Organization, and at least 178 have died. It's the worst outbreak of yellow fever in the country in three decades, and the supply of vaccines is running low. Biography of Nelson Mandela http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/biography-of-nelson-mandela Rolihlahla Mandela was born into the Madiba clan in the village of Mvezo , Transkei, on 18 July 1918. His mother was Nonqaphi Nosekeni and his father was Nkosi Mphakanyiswa Gadla Mandela, principal counsellor to the Acting King of the Thembu people, Jongintaba Dalindyebo. In 1930, when he was 12 years old, his father died and the young Rolihlahla became a ward of Jongintaba at the Great Place in Mqhekezweni 1 . Why are 600 million Africans still without power? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/why-are-600-million-africans-still-without-power Across 36 African countries, just 2 in 5 people have access to a reliable supply of energy throughout the day, according to a new study by research network Afrobarometer. Cameroon outcry over razorblade operation to save unborn twins http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-outcry-over-razorblade-operation-to-save-unborn-twins The impromptu surgery was done in the open air by a family member with razorblades outside the maternity ward of Douala's Laquintini Hospital, because medical staff refused to help. Benin's landmark elections: An experiment in political transitions http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/benin-s-landmark-elections-an-experiment-in-political-transitions In a year when many countries on the continent are changing their constitutions to allow for incumbent presidents to run yet again, Benin, under President Yayi Boni, is respecting the term limits set down in its constitution. Thanks in part to pressure from the population, this development is allowing for political and democratic change. Indeed, the second round of elections took place on Sunday, between Prime Minister Lionel Zinsou and cotton magnate Patrice Talon who won 27.1 percent and 23.5 percent of the first round votes, respectively. In the second round Patrice Talon is believed to have won with a provisional margin of about 65 percent. Official certification from the Supreme Court is still pending, but Lionel Zinsou has publicly conceded. Kenyans spent Sh117.6bn on imported cars last year http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyans-spent-sh117-6bn-on-imported-cars-last-year Kenyans splashed Sh117.6 billion on imported cars last year, highlighting the appetite for luxury goods by the growing middle class. This marked a 15.6 per cent growth in the value of vehicle imports into the country compared to Sh101.7 in 2014 and Sh83.4 billion a year earlier. With its first mobile library, Uganda starts to build a reading culture http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/with-its-first-mobile-library-uganda-starts-to-build-a-reading-culture Clutching a pink plastic folder holding copies of books like Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, and Busy Bear, John Katalaga climbs onto his motorbike taxi, ready for another mission. His destination is 30 minutes away, where an excited seven-year-old waits for her weekly delivery of three books. For youth protesters in DRC, a battle to avoid the 'third-term curse' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/for-youth-protesters-in-drc-a-battle-to-avoid-the-third-term-curse When Grace Kabera heard her friends had been sentenced to six months in prison, she sank to the grass and extended her arms toward the sky. Land, politics and tsetse flies: changing disease landscapes in Zimbabwe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/land-politics-and-tsetse-flies-changing-disease-landscapes-in-zimbabwe What do land, politics and flies have to do with each other? If you live in the Zambezi valley quite a lot, as I will explain in a short series of blogs over the next few weeks. Ghana shares in pain of Ellispark Stadium disaster http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghana-shares-in-pain-of-ellispark-stadium-disaster Mr. Herbert Mensah, former Chairman of Kumasi Asante Kotoko and current President of the Ghana Rugby Football Union, sent a message of condolences to all the family members of the victims of the 11 April 2001 Ellispark Stadium Disaster from his home in Buckinghamshire. Why road construction is pushing lions out of Nairobi National Park http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/why-road-construction-is-pushing-lions-out-of-nairobi-national-park NAIROBI, KENYA — A leading Kenyan wildlife expert has said the noise from road construction is scaring lions out of Nairobi National Park and could lead to the death of people or the lions. The Murder of the Fulani: Yugoslavia Unfolding, By Femi Fani-Kayode http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-murder-of-the-fulani-yugoslavia-unfolding-by-femi-fani-kayode Is it not clear to those in power that when a people are convinced that their government is no longer impartial in any conflict and that the security agencies of that government have been directed to go out of their way to actively and openly support those that constantly and regularly slaughter their people it will eventually lead to open war? As ICC dismisses Kenya case, victims of 2008 violence feel left behind http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/as-icc-dismisses-kenya-case-victims-of-2008-violence-feel-left-behind It didn't take long after the International Criminal Court dismissed charges against Kenya's deputy president for thousands of supporters to pour into the streets to cheer the final blow to a case that Kenya's president called "a nightmare for my nation." What's in a name? For this Namibian town, it’s all about (colonial) history http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/what-s-in-a-name-for-this-namibian-town-it-s-all-about-colonial-history 400 miles southwest of the Namibian capital, Windhoek, a narrow ribbon of highway cuts across a ghostly stretch of empty desert and then without warning, spits its travelers out into early twentieth century Bavaria – or something that looks remarkably like it – a candy-colored town replete with restaurants specializing in schnitzel and lanes of postcard-perfect art nouveau mansions. Will Kenya make the running for the Olympics? Anti-doping ban looms http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/will-kenya-make-the-running-for-the-olympics-anti-doping-ban-looms His solemn mood wasn’t just because he needed more documents for his visa application to compete in next month's Geneva Half Marathon. A bigger worry was whether he would be excluded from the race. Why are efforts to counter al-Shabab falling so flat? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/why-are-efforts-to-counter-al-shabab-falling-so-flat April 2 marked one year since the Somali terrorist group al-Shabab attacked the Garissa University in Kenya and killed 148 people, galvanizing Kenya to intensify its counterterrorism efforts. Yet al-Shabab’s operational capacities and intimidation power have grown in the past year. Many of Kenya’s counterterrorism policies have been counterproductive, and counterinsurgency efforts by the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) have at best stagnated. State building in Somalia is only creeping, with service-delivery by the federal government and newly formed states mostly lacking. Politics continues to be clan-based, rapacious, and discriminatory, with the forthcoming 2016 elections in Somalia thus far merely intensifying political infighting. Commodities, industry, and the African Growth Miracle http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/commodities-industry-and-the-african-growth-miracle The 2016 Spring Meetings of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank occur during uncertain times for the “African Growth Miracle.” After more than two decades of sustained economic expansion, growth in sub-Saharan Africa slowed to 3.4 percent in 2015, the weakest performance since 2009. The growth slow-down reflects lower commodity prices, declining growth in major trading partners, and tightening borrowing conditions. According to the World Bank, many of these factors—including low commodity prices and weak global trade—are expected to persist, pointing to a weak recovery for the region. GDP growth is expected to pick up to 4.2 percent in 2016 and to 4.7 percent in 2017-18. With population growth still about 2.7 percent per year, progress against poverty and growth of the emerging African middle class will slow. Financing African infrastructure: Can the world deliver? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/financing-african-infrastructure-can-the-world-deliver The high profile of infrastructure and access to related services in the communiques of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) at their annual meetings in late 2014 underscores the importance of this issue for development worldwide. Nowhere is lack of infrastructure more crucial and potentially transformational than in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2009, the World Bank and major donors and multilateral institutions investigated this challenge of addressing the region’s glaring infrastructure gap. That comprehensive regional analysis aimed to establish “a baseline against which future improvements in infrastructure services can be measured” and guide priority investments and policy reforms. The analysis estimated that the region needed $93 billion per year to fill the infrastructure gap. Chad holds presidential election as Deby vies to extend rule http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/chad-holds-presidential-election-as-deby-vies-to-extend-rule Boko Haram has staged a series of attacks in Chad in the past year as part of a campaign to expand its Islamist insurgency from bases in northeastern Nigeria into neighboring countries. The Nigerian Prospect: Democratic Resilience amid Global Turmoil http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-nigerian-prospect-democratic-resilience-amid-global-turmoil In a time of global turmoil, democratic resilience has assumed enhanced importance. Africans have suffered disproportionately from terrorist attacks and millions have sought refuge away from their homes. Although many of their countries have experienced sustained economic growth, the benefits have been very unequally shared. Nigeria is at the forefront of these discordant processes. National elections were successfully conducted in 2015 despite the persistence of the Boko Haram insurgency. Years of high petroleum revenues have fueled political corruption while core infrastructures remain deficient. Despite the global authoritarian upsurge, however, Africa’s largest country has reaffirmed its democratic commitments. It is against this turbulent background that I delivered a public lecture – “State, Governance, and Democratic Development” – at a conference to launch the Ibadan School of Government and Public Policy.[1] How Ethiopia Can Overcome the Worst Drought in 50 Years http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/how-ethiopia-can-overcome-the-worst-drought-in-50-years Fortunately, this is no rerun of the 1983-85 famine that gave us theLive Aid benefit concert for the country, which elevated famine to the international stage and screen and helped secure humanitarian aid. Far more than the music industry has invested in Ethiopia since then, including the U.S. government, helping Ethiopia make impressive strides in fighting poverty, fostering economic growth and improving infrastructure. Unfortunately, Ethiopia’s current crisis threatens to obscure news of its impressive growth. Two French soldiers die in Mali after vehicle hits mine http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/two-french-soldiers-die-in-mali-after-vehicle-hits-mine Two French soldiers have died in Mali after their heavy armored vehicle hit a land mine, taking the number of people killed in the incident to three, French President Francois Hollande's office said on Wednesday. Zimbabwe's Mugabe says empowerment law confusing investors http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-mugabe-says-empowerment-law-confusing-investors Zimbabwe's black empowerment policy that aims to transfer majority shares from foreign-owned firms to locals is confusing potential investors and makes it hard to compete for foreign investment, President Robert Mugabe said on Tuesday. Hausa Tribe: Tribal People of Africa. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/hausa-tribe-tribal-people-of-africa History: Origin myths among the Hausa claim that their founder, Bayajidda, came from the east in an effort to escape his father. He eventually came to Gaya, where he employed some blacksmiths to fashion a knife for him. With his knife he proceeded to Daura, where he freed the people from the oppressive nature of a sacred snake, who guarded their well and prevented them from getting water six days out of the week. The queen of Daura gave herself in marriage to Bayajidda to show her appreciation. The two gave birth to seven healthy sons, each of whom ruled the seven city states that make up Hausaland. Amnesty urges probe over allegation Nigerian army secretly buried Shi'ites http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/amnesty-urges-probe-over-allegation-nigerian-army-secretly-buried-shi-ites The official on Monday told an inquiry into the December clashes in the northern state of Kaduna that the corpses were taken from an army depot and buried in mass graves. AU in a Nutshell http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/au-in-a-nutshell The advent of the African Union (AU) can be described as an event of great magnitude in the institutional evolution of the continent. On 9.9.1999, the Heads of State and Government of the Organisation of African Unity issued a Declaration (the Sirte Declaration) calling for the establishment of an African Union, with a view, inter alia, to accelerating the process of integration in the continent to enable it play its rightful role in the global economy while addressing multifaceted social, economic and political problems compounded as they are by certain negative aspects of globalisation. South African Culture http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-culture South Africa is often called the ‘Rainbow Nation’, a term which was coined by the former Archbishop, Desmond Tutu, and neatly describes the country’s multicultural diversity. Why Boko Haram's use of girls as suicide attackers has jumped http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/why-boko-haram-s-use-of-girls-as-suicide-attackers-has-jumped As Boko Haram sharply boosts its use of girls as suicide bombers, it may be revealing a growing vulnerability to military pressure, experts say. The Reemergence of Power Transition Crisis in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-reemergence-of-power-transition-crisis-in-africa Peaceful power transition is considered as a guarantee for laying down the foundations of good governance, and also as an embodiment of a set of contents that make it a meaningful practice. Most notably of which are the respect for the political rights of others, the materialization of people's will, and how to enable them to practice a real participation in policy making through the choice of their representatives, who take the lead on their behalf. It also confirms the legitimacy of the governing body and the strength of the rule of law and maintaining the constitutional and legal principles governing the process of power transition and legitimacy, in accordance with the required commitment with its regulations and controls. Mutual Embassies Between Mali and the Marinid State http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mutual-embassies-between-mali-and-the-marinid-state This research deals with the study of mutual embassies between Marinid dynasty kings and the kings of Mali, as both ruled in the same era and had a distinguished relationship that had the greatest impact on the prosperity of the various aspects of mutual activity between the two regions, in particular the scientific, economic and social ones. Sudan palace-museum recalls restive Darfur's royal past http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-palace-museum-recalls-restive-darfur-s-royal-past Tucked between palm trees and verdant lawns in the centre of Darfur's El Fasher, the palace of the restive Sudanese region's last sultan has become a rare focus of pride, 100 years after his death. Nigeria to Pay States' Bondholders Despite March Debt Deferral http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-to-pay-states-bondholders-despite-march-debt-deferral Nigeria’s federal government said it will help pay the states’ creditors, including bondholders, despite the finance ministry’s announcement last week to defer their debt obligations for the month of March. Nigeria Army Kills Five Suspected Boko Haram Militants in Ambush http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-army-kills-five-suspected-boko-haram-militants-in-ambush Nigeria’s army said it killed five suspected Boko Haram insurgents in an ambush in the northeastern Sambisa forest on Sunday. Haile Selassie Biography http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/haile-selassie-biography Haile Selassie (23 July 1892 – 27 August 1975), born Tafari Makonnen, was Ethiopia’s regent from 1916 to 1930 and Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. Haile Selassie was emperor of Ethiopia between 1930 and 1974. Kofi Annan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kofi-annan Born into a family of traditional chiefs of the Fante tribe in Ghana, Kofi Annan rose to become Secretary General of the United Nations, winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 2001. Amnesty urges Nigeria to 'come clean' over Shiite killings http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/amnesty-urges-nigeria-to-come-clean-over-shiite-killings Satellite images and witness accounts offer damning new evidence that Nigeria's military killed hundreds of minority Shiite Muslims late last year, Amnesty International said in a report Friday. Somalia: Security Council ‘gravely concerned’ over fragile security situation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-security-council-gravely-concerned-over-fragile-security-situation Expressing ‘grave concern’ at the fragility of the security situation in Somalia, the United Nations Security Council has called for progress on the constitutional review process in the country, and for the completion of the Federal State formation process to be accelerated. Kenya president signs law making doping criminal offense http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-president-signs-law-making-doping-criminal-offense Kenya's president signed a law Friday that criminalizes doping and threatens drug cheats with prison sentences. South Sudan's Machar sworn in as VP, president calls for reconciliation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-s-machar-sworn-in-as-vp-president-calls-for-reconciliation South Sudanese rebel leader Riek Machar was sworn in as first vice president on Tuesday, hours after he returned to the capital of Juba for the first time since conflict erupted more than two years ago. Growth forecasts for Africa largely cut http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/growth-forecasts-for-africa-largely-cut This week, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) released their revised GDP figures for the world economy. While the IMFdowngraded the global GDP growth forecast from 3.4 percent to 3.2 percent the World Bank predicts a gloomier macroeconomic climate anddowngrades this year’s global growth forecast to 2.5 percent from 2.9 percent. On Monday, as they opened this year’s Spring Meetings, World Bank President Jim Yong Kim and IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde stated that the potential exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union—the so-called “Brexit”—represents one of the key risks to the global economy. Other risks to the global economy include the refugee crises, increased protectionism, tax avoidance and climate change among others. Developing Sustainable Accessible Energy Infrastructure in Sub-Saharan Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/developing-sustainable-accessible-energy-infrastructure-in-sub-saharan-africa There is growing commitment among African countries and institutions to pursue inclusive green development. The African Union and UN Economic Commission for Africa are increasingly calling for green solutions for Africa’s energy deficit with ambitions to learn from history and experiences of other regions to leapfrog traditional, carbon-intensive methods of growth. African Development Week has just concluded in Addis and saw the launch of the latest Economic Report on Africa- Greening Africa's Industrialisation. The report argues that the economic and environmental benefits stemming from greening Africa's industrialisation make the environmental approach the only viable option for the continent's continued development. Hearing communities in health crises: lessons from Ebola http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/hearing-communities-in-health-crises-lessons-from-ebola The recent West African Ebola epidemic has drawn global attention to the challenges of generating an effective health crisis response. Polygeia’s researchers have been working with the Africa All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) to consider the role of communities in the recent Ebola epidemic and to examine the lessons for community engagement in health crises and health systems strengthening. The Organization of African Unity http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-organization-of-african-unity On May 25 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the 32 African states that had achieved independence at that time agreed to establish the Organization of African Unity (OAU). A further 21 members joined gradually, reaching a total of 53 by the time of the AU’s creation in 2002. On 9 July 2011, South Sudan became the 54th African Union (AU) member. Abidjan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/abidjan Abidjan (ăbĬjän´), city (1995 pop. 2,793,000), former capital of Côte d'Ivoire, a port on the Ébrié Lagoon (an arm of the Gulf of Guinea). Abidjan is Côte d'Ivoire's administrative center, commercial capital, and largest city. Its modern port is centered on Little Bassam Island, which is linked with the rest of the city by two bridges; the Vridi Canal passing through the lagoon bar provides What is Nigeria's Boko Haram? 5 things to know http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/what-is-nigeria-s-boko-haram-5-things-to-know For Africa, Corruption Indexes Must Look at the External Players http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/for-africa-corruption-indexes-must-look-at-the-external-players The current tendency of influential perception-based measures and indicators--i.e. Corruption Perceptions Index, World Governance Indicators, Ibrahim Index of African Governance andAfrobarometer, etc--in measuring corruption in Africa "is to focus on individuals' perception of the extent of corruption," explains Carlos Lopes, executive secretary of the Economic Commission for Africa (ECA) in his preface to the new Economic Commission for Africa Report dedicated to Corruption. The focus to "name and shame African countries" overlooks the continent's rapid integration into global markets" and with it increased susceptibility "to global trends, including corrupt practices by multinational corporations and other vested external interests." Corruption in Africa needs to be addressed "in its totality," argues Mr Lopes. "African countries and partners," Mr. Lopes cautions, "should move away from pure perception-based measures of corruption and focus on alternative approaches that are fact-based and built on more objective quantitative criteria and include the international dimensions of corruption." More about ECA in this BRIEFING. Freedom Day 2016: South Africa still fraught and divided http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/freedom-day-2016-south-africa-still-fraught-and-divided This year also marks the 20th anniversary of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and of the adoption of the final Constitution. Yet today South Africa seems to be a country fractured and unable to reconcile. Death toll from building collapse in Kenya rises to 16 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/death-toll-from-building-collapse-in-kenya-rises-to-16 The death toll from a collapsed six-storey building in Nairobi has risen to 16 from 12, the Kenya Red Cross said on Sunday, but officials declined to be drawn on how many more people might be still under the rubble. France to increase troop numbers in Ivory Coast after beach attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/france-to-increase-troop-numbers-in-ivory-coast-after-beach-attack France will nearly double the number of troops it has in Ivory Coast, the defense minister said on Saturday on a visit during which he laid flowers at the site of an attack on tourists that killed 19 people. Five killed in gun attack in opposition district of Burundi capital http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/five-killed-in-gun-attack-in-opposition-district-of-burundi-capital Tit-for-tat attacks between Nkurunziza's security forces and his opponents have escalated since April 2015 when he announced a disputed bid for a third term. He won re-election in July. South African court orders review of decision to drop Zuma charges http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-court-orders-review-of-decision-to-drop-zuma-charges South Africa's High Court ruled on Friday that a decision seven years ago to drop 783 corruption charges against President Jacob Zuma was irrational and should be reviewed, another setback for the scandal-ridden leader who faces calls for his resignation. South Sudan names unity cabinet in step toward peace http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-names-unity-cabinet-in-step-toward-peace South Sudan's President Salva Kiir named a new cabinet including former rebels and members of the opposition on Thursday, a step forward in a drawn-out peace process aimed at ending more than two years of conflict. Equatorial Guinea's President Obiang wins re-election http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/equatorial-guinea-s-president-obiang-wins-re-election Equatorial Guinea's President Teodoro Obiang Nguema has won re-election, securing 93.7 percent of votes cast in an April 24 poll to extend his 37-year rule over the Central African oil producer, a government statement said on Thursday. test new http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/test-new Can aid reform end Ethiopia's repeated hunger emergencies? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/can-aid-reform-end-ethiopia-s-repeated-hunger-emergencies Over the years, Ethiopian mother-of-three Hana Mekonnen has received all sorts of aid designed to free her from the bitter trap of poverty and hunger: goats, cash transfers, resettlement and, of course, sacks of grain. Congo opposition leader says to run for president in November http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-opposition-leader-says-to-run-for-president-in-november Moise Katumbi, the multi-millionaire former governor and prominent opposition leader, attends a funeral mass in honor of legendary Congolese singer Papa Wemba, born Jules Shungu Wembadio Pene Kikumba, in Lubumbashi, the capital of Katanga province of the Democratic Republic... Rebels in eastern Congo http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rebels-in-eastern-congo Suspected rebels in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo attacked a village overnight, killing 16 civilians and wounding seven others, a U.N. spokesman said on Wednesday. Protesters burn schools in South Africa's Limpopo province http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/protesters-burn-schools-in-south-africa-s-limpopo-province Protesters, angered by a change in municipal boundaries which they fear will leave them worse off for social services, torched 13 schools in South Africa's northern Limpopo province, police said as tensions rose ahead of local polls in August. Africa, TPP, and TTIP: Integration or isolation? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africa-tpp-and-ttip-integration-or-isolation With the demise of the Doha Development Round at the World Trade Organization Ministerial in Nairobi this past December, the multilateral approach to global trade negotiations has largely ended. Given that the number of regional trade agreements has increased from 70 in 1990 to more than 270 today, it appears that it is every region for itself when it comes to global trade. Africa going nuclear? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africa-going-nuclear On a continent that has too often been cavalier about the future wellbeing of its people, it’s encouraging – at least from the development perspective – that South Africa is not alone in planning to build nuclear reactors. Congo police fire tear gas at supporters of opposition leader http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-police-fire-tear-gas-at-supporters-of-opposition-leader Police in Democratic Republic of Congo fired tear gas on Wednesday at thousands of supporters of Moise Katumbi, a leading opposition candidate for president who is being questioned over government allegations of hiring mercenaries. Children dying among detained 'Boko Haram suspects' in Nigeria: Amnesty http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/children-dying-among-detained-boko-haram-suspects-in-nigeria-amnesty Babies and children are among more than 100 people to have died in detention this year in a military barracks in northeast Nigeria where suspected Boko Haram members are being held, often without any evidence, Amnesty International said on Wednesday. Cameron says leaders of 'fantastically corrupt' countries to attend UK anti-graft summit http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameron-says-leaders-of-fantastically-corrupt-countries-to-attend-uk-anti-graft-summit Cameron will host an international anti-corruption summit on Thursday aimed at stepping up global action to combat corruption in all walks of life. As Kabila eyes another term, the AU must speak up http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/as-kabila-eyes-another-term-the-au-must-speak-up Nineteen years ago today, on 17 May 1997, Laurent Désiré Kabila overthrew Mobutu Sese Seko, the president of what was then Zaire. Although he was supported by a regional coalition that had the tacit backing of key Western countries, the ousting of Mobutu was haphazard at best, Kabila himself a relative unknown with no experience of government. Oil near six-month high as outages support http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/oil-near-six-month-high-as-outages-support Oil traded at around $49 a barrel on Tuesday within sight of a six-month high, supported by supply outages in Nigeria, Canada and other producers that are eroding a persistent glut. Rio Tinto submits feasibility study for Simandou project in Guinea http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rio-tinto-submits-feasibility-study-for-simandou-project-in-guinea Anglo-Australian mining giant Rio Tinto (RIO.L) said on Monday it had submitted feasibility studies to the Guinea government for its massive Simandou iron ore project, considered the world's biggest untapped iron ore deposit. Kenyan police fire tear gas at stone-throwing protesters over election body http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-police-fire-tear-gas-at-stone-throwing-protesters-over-election-body Kenyan police fired tear gas and water cannon on Monday at stone-throwing crowds protesting in central Nairobi against an election oversight body they say is biased and should be scrapped, Reuters witnesses reported. Burundi says Rwanda expels 1,300 Burundians as relations fray http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundi-says-rwanda-expels-1-300-burundians-as-relations-fray Rwanda has expelled more than 1,300 Burundians in the past week after they refused to move to refugee camps, senior Burundi officials said on Monday, amid signs a political crisis is testing relations between the neighboring countries. Sweden sentences man to life imprisonment for genocide in Rwanda http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sweden-sentences-man-to-life-imprisonment-for-genocide-in-rwanda A Swedish court sentenced on Monday a 61-year-old man to life in prison for genocide in Rwanda in 1994, the second such case brought by the Nordic country over crimes during the conflict. Nigerian army says arrests suspected 'Avengers' militants in Delta http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-army-says-arrests-suspected-avengers-militants-in-delta The Nigerian army said on Monday it had arrested members of a militant group which has claimed responsibility for a wave of attacks on pipelines in the restive Delta region. Nigeria labor union to go ahead with general strike http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-labor-union-to-go-ahead-with-general-strike A Nigerian labor union representing millions of workers said on Tuesday that it would stage an indefinite general strike to protest government plans to increase petrol prices by up to 67 percent, despite a court ruling against the action. U.S. condemns Kenyan police's 'excessive' force against protest http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-condemns-kenyan-police-s-excessive-force-against-protest The United States condemned on Tuesday the "excessive use of force" by Kenya's security services during a demonstration by opponents of the electoral oversight body, the embassy said. Let’s be honest. We ignore Congo’s atrocities because it’s in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/let-s-be-honest-we-ignore-congo-s-atrocities-because-it-s-in-africa For more than 100 years DRC has endured horror upon horror with barely any outcry. It wouldn’t be allowed to continue elsewhere Oil steadies; Canadian, Nigerian supply issues offset strong dollar http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/oil-steadies-canadian-nigerian-supply-issues-offset-strong-dollar Oil prices settled largely unchanged on Thursday as worries about Canadian and Nigerian supply outages offset the impact of a stronger dollar, which has rallied on growing expectations the Federal Reserve will raise interest rates next month. One dead as Kenyans clash with police in protest over election panel http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/one-dead-as-kenyans-clash-with-police-in-protest-over-election-panel Kenyan police fired tear gas and water cannon on Monday to disperse hundreds of people protesting at alleged bias in the country's electoral commission, and at least one person died in the disturbances. South African court gives green light to domestic trade in rhino horn http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-court-gives-green-light-to-domestic-trade-in-rhino-horn South Africa's Supreme Court of Appeal has dismissed a government bid to uphold a seven-year ban on the domestic trade in rhino horn, an industry group said on Monday. Eritreans Yearn for Freedom http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eritreans-yearn-for-freedom Eritrea marks 25 years of independence from Ethiopia this month. It is now one of the most underdeveloped countries in the world and is run by a repressive government. The Conversation Africa's politics and society editor, Thabo Leshilo, asked Valerie Frank* to shed light on the secretive country as it marks this milestone. Mozambique: Prominent Political Analyst Shot and Maimed http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mozambique-prominent-political-analyst-shot-and-maimed Maputo — Unidentified assailants on Monday morning shot and seriously injured a prominent Mozambican academic and political commentator, Jose Jaime Macuane. Nigeria: Jonathan Goes Into Exile, Militants Move to Shutdown Oil Output http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-jonathan-goes-into-exile-militants-move-to-shutdown-oil-output Abuja, Lagos and Yenagoa — There are strong indications that former President Goodluck Jonathan may have gone into temporary self exile in Cote d'Ivoire, following reports that the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) may arrest him on his arrival in Nigeria from his overseas tour on allegations of corruption and misappropriation of billions of dollars in the five years during which he was Head of State, THISDAY has learnt. Scholar: Ethiopia Global Model for Religious Co-Existence http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/scholar-ethiopia-global-model-for-religious-co-existence The longstanding mutual existence and tolerance among religions in Ethiopia puts the country as a model in the world, according to Professor Ephraim Isaac from Harvard University. Ivory Coast arrests man suspected of link to Grand Bassam hotel attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-arrests-man-suspected-of-link-to-grand-bassam-hotel-attack Ivory Coast authorities arrested a man on Thursday suspected of transporting weapons for an attack that killed 19 people at the beach resort of Grand Bassam in March, according to national television. Nigeria minister wants Delta grievances addressed as Chevron attacked http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-minister-wants-delta-grievances-addressed-as-chevron-attacked Nigeria's government needs to address grievances in the oil-producing Niger Delta, its oil minister said on Thursday, hours after a Chevron source said a militant attack had forced it to shut its onshore operations in the restive region. U.N. panel rejects press freedom watchdog accreditation request http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-panel-rejects-press-freedom-watchdog-accreditation-request The Committee to Protect Journalists, a press freedom watchdog group, was denied consultative status at the United Nations on Thursday, with South Africa, Russia and China among the countries that opposed it. Gay sex causes earthquakes and 'disgusts' Allah, says Muslim cleric in Ghana http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gay-sex-causes-earthquakes-and-disgusts-allah-says-muslim-cleric-in-ghana A Muslim cleric in Ghana has said sex between gay couples "disgusts Allah" and is responsible for earthquakes. Some Old, Some New in Nigeria’s 'Change' Budget http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/some-old-some-new-in-nigeria-s-change-budget After months of wrangling between the president and lawmakers, Nigeria finally has a federal budget. The spending plan has long been viewed as an avenue for theft of public funds in Nigeria. Five U.N. soldiers killed in central Mali attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/five-u-n-soldiers-killed-in-central-mali-attack Five United Nations peacekeepers were killed and one other seriously injured in an ambush in central Mali on Sunday, the United Nations said. Nigeria's Buhari says government to talk to Niger Delta leaders http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-buhari-says-government-to-talk-to-niger-delta-leaders The Nigerian government will talk to leaders in the Delta region to address their grievances while cracking down on militants who have staged a wave of attacks oil pipelines there, President Muhammadu Buhari said on Sunday. Clash in Guinea over opening of new mosque injures 59 people http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/clash-in-guinea-over-opening-of-new-mosque-injures-59-people At least 59 people were injured in Guinea when youths frustrated they were being kept out of the opening of a new mosque in the town of Timbo clashed with police, a hospital director and witnesses said on Saturday. Ivory Coast's Ouattara acts to draft new constitution http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-s-ouattara-acts-to-draft-new-constitution Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara has taken a step toward drawing up a new constitution and scrapping a nationality clause which helped drag his West African nation into a decade-long crisis and bedeviled his own initial bids for the presidency. Ex-dictator of Chad gets life imprisonment for crimes against humanity http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ex-dictator-of-chad-gets-life-imprisonment-for-crimes-against-humanity In what has been called “Africa’s trial of the century”, the former dictator of Chad has been found guilty in connection with a reign of terror involving rape, torture and mass murder. Liberia’s Main Opposition Calls for Expansion of Corruption Probe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/liberia-s-main-opposition-calls-for-expansion-of-corruption-probe Liberia’s main opposition party, Congress for Democratic Change (CDC), is calling on all officials implicated in the ongoing alleged corruption scandal to recuse themselves from their current positions while the prosecutorial process takes place. Ethiopia's Anti-terrorism Law: Security or Silencing Dissent? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-s-anti-terrorism-law-security-or-silencing-dissent A prominent Ethiopian political opposition member sits in prison on charges of terrorism. He faces a long sentence and possibly the death penalty if convicted. Somaliland School Is Launching Pad to Sending Students Abroad http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somaliland-school-is-launching-pad-to-sending-students-abroad A school on the outskirts of Hargeisa has become a draw for high-achievers from around Somaliland as well as a launching pad, sending these students on to some of the most prestigious schools around the world. United African Organization http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/united-african-organization United African Organization is a dynamic coalition of African community-based organizations that promotes social and economic justice, civic participation, and empowerment of African immigrants and refugees in Illinois. U.N. chief recommends adding 2,500 peacekeepers to Mali mission http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-chief-recommends-adding-2-500-peacekeepers-to-mali-mission United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has asked the Security Council to add just over 2,500 peacekeepers to the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Mali, which has been hit by a series of deadly attacks, according to a new U.N. report. Nigerian militant group says it blew up two Chevron wells http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-militant-group-says-it-blew-up-two-chevron-wells A Nigerian militant group said on Wednesday that it had blown up two Chevron oil wells in the second such attack in a week on the company's facilities in Nigeria's oil-producing Delta region. Boko Haram may not be Nigeria's biggest threat http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-may-not-be-nigeria-s-biggest-threat Even as Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari claims to have ‘technically defeated Boko Haram,’ he’s facing another armed rebellion, from a completely different part of the country – and it may be even more serious. Militants say kill 43 in attack on Ethiopian base in Somalia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/militants-say-kill-43-in-attack-on-ethiopian-base-in-somalia Somalia's al Shabaab militant group said it rammed a suicide car bomb into an African Union military base, stormed inside and killed 43 Ethiopian soldiers on Thursday. The AU force said it had repulsed an "attempted attack". U.S. sees no major Islamic State links to Boko Haram, despite claims http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-sees-no-major-islamic-state-links-to-boko-haram-despite-claims After Boko Haram killed more than two dozen soldiers in Niger last week, it claimed the attack in the name of Islamic State-West Africa Province -- a title meant to tell the world it is an arm of the Syria-based extremist group. Call by South Sudan leaders to nix international tribunal met with dismay http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/call-by-south-sudan-leaders-to-nix-international-tribunal-met-with-dismay NEW YORK (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A call by South Sudan leaders to nix plans for an international tribunal seeking justice for victims of war-time atrocities was met with dismay by experts and advocates on Wednesday. EU considering ‘partnership’ with Eritrea despite atrocities http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eu-considering-partnership-with-eritrea-despite-atrocities The European Commission is considering making Eritrea a partner for “managing migration” amid calls for its leaders to be tried for crimes against humanity. South African capital tense after overnight riots in ruling party dispute http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-capital-tense-after-overnight-riots-in-ruling-party-dispute South Africa's capital was tense on Wednesday after residents torched buses and looted shops overnight, police said, in clashes sparked by the ruling party's choice of a mayoral candidate for local polls. U.N. reaction to Malakal violence in South Sudan marred by confusion http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-reaction-to-malakal-violence-in-south-sudan-marred-by-confusion Confusion over command and control and rules of engagement marred a response by United Nations peacekeepers to deadly violence in a U.N. compound in South Sudan sheltering nearly 50,000 civilians, the world body said on Tuesday. Congo prosecutor seeks five-year prison sentence for opposition leader http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-prosecutor-seeks-five-year-prison-sentence-for-opposition-leader A public prosecutor in Democratic Republic of Congo has asked a court to sentence a leading opposition presidential candidate to five years in prison after he was accused of selling a house that did not belong to him, his lawyer said on Tuesday. Boko Haram fracturing over Islamic State ties, U.S. general warns http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-fracturing-over-islamic-state-ties-u-s-general-warns Nigerian militants Boko Haram have fractured internally, with a big group splitting away from shadowy leader Abubakar Shekau over his failure to adhere to guidance from the Iraq- and Syria-based Islamic State, a senior U.S. general said on Tuesday. Congolese gets 18 years for Central African Republic war crimes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congolese-gets-18-years-for-central-african-republic-war-crimes Congolese politician Jean-Pierre Bemba was sentenced to 18 years in prison by the International Criminal Court on Tuesday for heading a 2002-03 campaign of rape and murder in neighboring Central African Republic. Gunmen kidnap seven, including Australians, in Nigeria http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-kidnap-seven-including-australians-in-nigeria Gunmen in southern Nigeria have killed a local driver and kidnapped as many as seven people, at least three of whom are Australian citizens and one an Australian resident, Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said on Thursday. U.N. to send peacekeepers home over reaction to South Sudan violence http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-to-send-peacekeepers-home-over-reaction-to-south-sudan-violence United Nations peacekeeping chief Herve Ladsous said on Wednesday troops would be sent home from a U.N. mission in South Sudan due to their response to deadly violence at a compound. Zambia shuts down newspaper in tax dispute http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zambia-shuts-down-newspaper-in-tax-dispute Zambia's tax authorities have shut down a newspaper critical of the government, accusing it of failing to pay taxes, its managing editor said on Wednesday. Niger Delta Avengers may agree ceasefire says community leader http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/niger-delta-avengers-may-agree-ceasefire-says-community-leader A Nigerian militant group known as the Niger Delta Avengers which has been attacking oil facilities might agree to a ceasefire on Thursday to allow the government time to meet its demands, a community leader involved in peace efforts said. Two killed in Madagascar concert blast http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/two-killed-in-madagascar-concert-blast Two people were killed and dozens injured by an explosion during an Independence Day concert in Madagascar's capital late on Sunday, police said. Gunmen release expatriate contractors kidnapped in Niger Delta: police http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-release-expatriate-contractors-kidnapped-in-niger-delta-police Seven contractors, including three Australians and a South African, have been released four days after they were kidnapped by gunmen in southern Nigeria, officials said. Somali Islamist militants attack hotel in Mogadishu http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somali-islamist-militants-attack-hotel-in-mogadishu Somalia's al Shabaab Islamist group launched a suicide bomb attack on a hotel in the center of Mogadishu on Saturday before fighters stormed inside, police and the militant group said. African migrants force their way into Spain's Melilla enclave http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-migrants-force-their-way-into-spain-s-melilla-enclave About 30 people forced their way into Spain's North African enclave of Melilla on Sunday, a local government official said, one of few successful attempts to storm the border so far this year following increased patrols and security. Nigerian army says it freed over 5,000 people held by Boko Haram http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-army-says-it-freed-over-5-000-people-held-by-boko-haram Nigeria's army on Sunday said it had freed more than 5,000 people held by the Islamist militant group Boko Haram Niger Delta Avengers say five attacks launched since Friday in Nigeria's southern Delta http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/niger-delta-avengers-say-five-attacks-launched-since-friday-in-nigeria-s-southern-delta The Niger Delta Avengers, a militant group which has carried out a series of attacks on Nigerian oil facilities in the last few months, on Sunday said it had mounted five attacks in the southern energy hub since Friday. Aides to ousted Ivorian leader return home after five-year exile http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/aides-to-ousted-ivorian-leader-return-home-after-five-year-exile Four senior aides to former Ivory Coast President Laurent Gbagbo have returned home from exile in Ghana more than five years after his ouster in a war over a disputed election, a step the leader of his party said would aid reconciliation. Zimbabweans in border town protest against import ban, burn warehouse http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabweans-in-border-town-protest-against-import-ban-burn-warehouse Zimbabweans protesting against restrictions on imports of basic goods from South Africa forced the closure on Friday of the border post between the two countries and set fire to a warehouse, a police spokesperson said. Sierra Leone diplomat is kidnapped in Nigeria -sources http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-diplomat-is-kidnapped-in-nigeria-sources Sierra Leone's deputy high commissioner in Nigeria has been kidnapped in the northern state of Kaduna, a security source and an embassy official said on Friday. Seven trends shaping the future of peace and security in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/seven-trends-shaping-the-future-of-peace-and-security-in-africa Surveying the current state of the peace and security landscape in Africa is a complex task. The drivers of conflict and violence include young populations, high unemployment, lack of equal opportunities, urbanisation, poverty, inequality, too many guns, and bad governance and corruption. Burundian regional parliament member, former minister, shot dead http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundian-regional-parliament-member-former-minister-shot-dead A Burundian member of the East African Legislative Assembly was shot dead on Wednesday in what Rwanda's foreign minister called an assassination in a country in violent political turmoil. South Sudan's vice president leaves Juba, not seeking war: spokesman http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-s-vice-president-leaves-juba-not-seeking-war-spokesman South Sudan's vice president has withdrawn with his troops to outside of Juba but is not planning for war, his spokesman said on Wednesday, as a ceasefire that ended heavy fighting with the president's forces entered its third day. Zimbabwe anti-riot police, water cannonsa rrive at pastor's court appearance http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-anti-riot-police-water-cannonsa-rrive-at-pastor-s-court-appearance Dozens of Zimbabwean anti-riot police surrounded the court where preacher Evan Mawarire was due face charges on Wednesday relating to his calls for "stay at home" protests against President Robert Mugabe. Russia says willing to consider U.N. arms embargo on South Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/russia-says-willing-to-consider-u-n-arms-embargo-on-south-sudan U.N. Security Council veto power Russia said on Tuesday it was willing to consider imposing an arms embargo on South Sudan and that sending more troops could help stabilize the world's newest nation after days of heavy fighting in the capital Juba. Cameroon is abusing rights in its fight against Boko Haram: Amnesty http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-is-abusing-rights-in-its-fight-against-boko-haram-amnesty Authorities in Cameroon have arbitrarily arrested more than 1,000 people as part of their fight against Islamist militant group Boko Haram and dozens have died of disease or been tortured to death, Amnesty International said on Thursday. Suspected Islamist recruiter kills four at Kenyan police station: officer http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/suspected-islamist-recruiter-kills-four-at-kenyan-police-station-officer A suspected recruiter for Somalia's al Shabaab militant group being held in a west Kenyan police station shot dead at least four officers there on Thursday after snatching a weapon from a guard, an officer said.The incident took place at Kapenguria police station in a region near the Ugandan border. Failure to pass land law could plunge Liberia back into conflict: activists http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/failure-to-pass-land-law-could-plunge-liberia-back-into-conflict-activists Liberia's failure to pass a long-awaited law recognizing the rights of rural communities to their ancestral lands could plunge the West African nation back into civil war, a coalition of civil society groups said on Thursday. Mali World Heritage site in danger: UNESCO http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-world-heritage-site-in-danger-unesco A World Heritage site in central Mali that features elaborate pre-Islamic mud houses is in danger of deteriorating because it cannot be protected adequately in the face of insecurity, UNESCO said on Wednesday. Zimbabwe threatens "traitorous" war veterans after Mugabe attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-threatens-traitorous-war-veterans-after-mugabe-attack Zimbabwe's government denounced leading independence war veterans as traitors on Saturday for an unprecedented attack on ageing President Robert Mugabe and vowed to identify its unnamed authors and put them on trial. The perfect storm: Mozambique's compounding crises http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-perfect-storm-mozambique-s-compounding-crises A perfect storm is brewing in Mozambique as rocky economic and political fortunes stoke the embers of a decades-old conflict. MSF sounds alarm on northeast Nigeria, calls for food pipeline http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/msf-sounds-alarm-on-northeast-nigeria-calls-for-food-pipeline Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders) said on Wednesday that Nigerian children are dying at high rates from malnutrition and disease in a growing humanitarian emergency in the northeast. Former lawmaker was one of AU base suicide bombers in Somalia: al Shabaab http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/former-lawmaker-was-one-of-au-base-suicide-bombers-in-somalia-al-shabaab A former Islamist lawmaker turned al Shabaab militant was one of the drivers in Tuesday's double car bomb attack on the African Union's main peacekeeping base in Somalia, al Shabaab said. Mali arrests leader of Islamist group linked to deadly attack on troops http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-arrests-leader-of-islamist-group-linked-to-deadly-attack-on-troops Malian forces arrested a regional leader of Islamist group Ansar Dine in central Mali on Tuesday, after it claimed an attack in the region that killed 17 soldiers, the army spokesman said. U.N. warns South Sudan president over replacement of rival http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-warns-south-sudan-president-over-replacement-of-rival The United Nations warned South Sudan's President Salva Kiir on Tuesday that any political appointments must be consistent with a peace deal that ended nearly two years of civil war after Kiir replaced his vice president and rival Riek Machar. Regional armies struggle in last push against Boko Haram http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/regional-armies-struggle-in-last-push-against-boko-haram "You'll all be able to go home soon. Boko Haram is nearly finished," Niger's Interior Minister Mohamed Bazoum told a crowd of refugees seated quietly on dusty, sun-baked flats. Nigeria resumes cash pay-offs to former militants in oil hub: oil official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-resumes-cash-pay-offs-to-former-militants-in-oil-hub-oil-official Nigeria's government has resumed cash payments for former militants in the restive Niger Delta, an official said on Monday, in a bid to end a wave a wave of militant attacks on oil and gas facilities. South Sudan's opposition says nine killed in renewed fighting http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-s-opposition-says-nine-killed-in-renewed-fighting At least nine people were killed in South Sudan over the weekend in renewed clashes between troops loyal to President Salva Kiir and those of his longtime rival Riek Machar, a spokesman for Machar said on Monday. Nigerian inquiry says army killed 348 Shi'ites in northern city http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-inquiry-says-army-killed-348-shi-ites-in-northern-city Nigeria's army killed 349 people from the minority Shi'ite Muslim sect last December in a series of clashes for which troops involved should be prosecuted, a judicial inquiry has concluded in a report. Angolan rebels claim more casualties in oil-rich Cabinda http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/angolan-rebels-claim-more-casualties-in-oil-rich-cabinda Two rebels and 17 Angolan soldiers were killed in two incidents in the oil-producing province of Cabinda at the weekend, the separatist Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) said on Monday. Tens of thousands of Congolese rally to demand Kabila step down http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tens-of-thousands-of-congolese-rally-to-demand-kabila-step-down Tens of thousands of Congolese demonstrators chanting anti-government slogans and waving opposition flags rallied in the capital on Sunday to demand President Joseph Kabila step down when his mandate ends in December. Overcoming the Legacy of White Supremacy in South Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/overcoming-the-legacy-of-white-supremacy-in-south-africa South Africans will vote for municipal and district officials on August 3, and, as in other democratic countries, these elections will also serve as a referendum on the central government. In South Africa’s case, voters will be assessing the record of the scandal-plagued African National Congress (ANC) administration of President Jacob Zuma and the party's success (or failure) in addressing the social and economic consequences of three hundred years of white supremacy. South Africa's ANC faces worst election losses since apartheid http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-anc-faces-worst-election-losses-since-apartheid South Africa's ANC was on track for its worst electoral performance since the end of apartheid on Friday as voters vented anger about high unemployment and corruption in municipal elections that herald a sea change in politics and society. U.S. proposes U.N. approve 4,000-strong force for South Sudan's Juba http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-proposes-u-n-approve-4-000-strong-force-for-south-sudan-s-juba The United States proposed on Sunday that the United Nations Security Council authorize a 4,000-strong force to ensure peace in South Sudan's capital Juba and threaten to impose an arms embargo if the transitional government does not cooperate. Zambian court orders ministers to step down ahead of election http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zambian-court-orders-ministers-to-step-down-ahead-of-election Zambia's Constitutional Court ruled on Monday that all cabinet and provincial ministers should vacate their posts ahead of Aug. 11 elections as remaining in office would breach the law. At least 90 protesters killed in Ethiopia: residents, opposition http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-90-protesters-killed-in-ethiopia-residents-opposition South Africa's Maimane sees 'non-racial' era after vote wins http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-maimane-sees-non-racial-era-after-vote-wins South Africa's main opposition leader proclaimed the dawn of an era of 'non-racial' politics envisioned by the late Nelson Mandela on Monday, saying a bid by the African National Congress to highlight divisions at last week's local elections had backfired. Gabon leader and top rival both claim presidential victory, allege fraud http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gabon-leader-and-top-rival-both-claim-presidential-victory-allege-fraud Supporters of Gabon's President Ali Bongo and his chief rival both said on Sunday they were set to win a presidential election that poses the most serious challenge yet to the Bongo family's half-century rule in the tiny, oil-rich nation. South African finance minister to be charged with graft: newspaper http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-finance-minister-to-be-charged-with-graft-newspaper The AFP news agency quoted an NPA spokesperson as saying "there is no decision whatsoever to prosecute anyone", but that police had given prosecutors a docket on Friday. Neither Gordhan nor the prosecuting service could be reached by Reuters. Nigeria would let Boko Haram pick NGO intermediary in talks to free Chibok girls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-would-let-boko-haram-pick-ngo-intermediary-in-talks-to-free-chibok-girls Nigeria would let Boko Haram choose a non-profit organization as an intermediary in any talks on the release of about 200 schoolgirls kidnapped from the northeastern village of Chibok in 2014, President Muhammadu Buhari said on Sunday. Boko Haram landmine kills four Chadian soldiers http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-landmine-kills-four-chadian-soldiers N'DJAMENA A landmine planted by Islamist group Boko Haram killed four Chadian soldiers on patrol near Chad's border with Niger on Saturday, two security sources said. Japan pledges $30 billion for Africa over next three years http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/japan-pledges-30-billion-for-africa-over-next-three-years Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe told African leaders on Saturday that his country will commit $30 billion in public and private support for infrastructure development, education and healthcare expansion in the continent. Nigerian army commander: only weeks left for Boko Haram http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-army-commander-only-weeks-left-for-boko-haram Nigeria's army expects to seize Boko Haram's last few strongholds in the northeast over the next few weeks, the commander in charge of crushing the jihadist group's seven-year insurgency said on Wednesday. U.N. Security Council diplomats expected in South Sudan this week: official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-security-council-diplomats-expected-in-south-sudan-this-week-official U.N. Security Council diplomats are expected to visit South Sudan this week, a foreign affairs ministry spokesman said on Wednesday without giving any details on the purpose of the trip. Gabon opposition leader says two killed, many wounded after disputed vote http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gabon-opposition-leader-says-two-killed-many-wounded-after-disputed-vote Gabon opposition leader Jean Ping said on Thursday two people were killed and many wounded when the presidential guard and police attacked his party's headquarters overnight after an election narrowly won by President Ali Bongo. Zuma challenges ruling that graft charges be reinstated http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zuma-challenges-ruling-that-graft-charges-be-reinstated South African President Jacob Zuma is to appeal against a court ruling that corruption charges against him be reinstated, the opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) said on Wednesday. WHO to hold emergency committee meeting on yellow fever outbreak http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/who-to-hold-emergency-committee-meeting-on-yellow-fever-outbreak The World Health Organisation (WHO) will meet before the end of the month to decide if the outbreak of yellow fever in Central Africa constitutes an international health emergency. Nigerian mob burns down house of Muslim who tried to save Christian accused of blasphemy http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-mob-burns-down-house-of-muslim-who-tried-to-save-christian-accused-of-blasphemy A mob has killed eight people by burning down the house of a Muslim man who intervened in the attempted lynching of a Christian student accused of blasphemy. Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau 'fatally wounded in army air strike' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-leader-abubakar-shekau-fatally-wounded-in-army-air-strike As John Kerry arrives in Nigeria for security talks, the country's military says it has killed a number of the militant group‘s commanders in a strike during Friday prayers Gabon opposition chief urges general strike after disputed election http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gabon-opposition-chief-urges-general-strike-after-disputed-election Gabon's opposition leader appealed on Monday for a general strike to protest what he said was a fraudulent re-election of President Ali Bongo, but few heeded his call as economic activity picked back up in the capital Libreville. Zambia's Lungu to be sworn in; opposition misses deadline for election challenge http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zambia-s-lungu-to-be-sworn-in-opposition-misses-deadline-for-election-challenge Zambia will press on with swearing in its president, Edgar Lungu, for another five-year-term next week, after the opposition missed a deadline to challenge his re-election, a senior official said on Monday. Unrest in Ethiopia delays aid to malnourished children - U.N. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/unrest-in-ethiopia-delays-aid-to-malnourished-children-u-n Political violence in Ethiopia has delayed the distribution of aid to four million people hit by drought and floods, including malnourished children, the United Nations said on Monday. South Sudan agrees to more U.N. troops in bid to avoid arms embargo http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-agrees-to-more-u-n-troops-in-bid-to-avoid-arms-embargo The government of South Sudan agreed on Sunday to accept 4,000 extra peacekeepers in a bid to avoid an arms embargo threatened by the United Nations Security Council, but said the details of the deployment were still being discussed. Ghana opposition woos voters with billon-dollar spending promise http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghana-opposition-woos-voters-with-billon-dollar-spending-promise The leader of Ghana's main opposition party, Nana Akufo-Addo, climbed from his car, picked up a microphone and made a bold election promise to give every constituency the equivalent of $1 million a year if his party wins power. France expresses concern for safety of nationals in Gabon http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/france-expresses-concern-for-safety-of-nationals-in-gabon France expressed concern on Monday about the safety of several of its nationals following violence in its former colony Gabon triggered by a disputed presidential election. Robert Mugabe calls Zimbabwe judges ‘reckless’ for permitting protests against him: ‘I hope they learnt their lesson’ http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/robert-mugabe-calls-zimbabwe-judges-reckless-for-permitting-protests-against-him-i-hope-they-learnt-their-lesson Zimbabwean president hails introduction of laws to clamp down on ‘negative’ social media use South Africa’s murder rate climbs 4.9 per cent to 51 people killed every day http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-murder-rate-climbs-4-9-per-cent-to-51-people-killed-every-day South Africa's murder rate increased by 4.9 per cent in the last year, to more than 50 people killed every day. Mogadishu bombing: At least 10 killed in suicide blast near presidential palace and SYL Hotel in Somalia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mogadishu-bombing-at-least-10-killed-in-suicide-blast-near-presidential-palace-and-syl-hotel-in-somalia Al-Shabaab militant group claims responsibility for latest terror attack to hit capital Mugabe: There will be no 'Arab Spring' in Zimbabwe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mugabe-there-will-be-no-arab-spring-in-zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe has warned protesters there will be no "Arab Spring" in Zimbabwe after anti-government demonstrations descended it to some of the worst violence seen in the southern African nation for two decades. Machar should not return to previous position in South Sudan: U.S. official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/machar-should-not-return-to-previous-position-in-south-sudan-u-s-official The United States does not believe South Sudan's former Deputy President Riek Machar should return to his former position in its government, given continuing instability in the country, Washington's special envoy for South Sudan said on Wednesday. Gabon's Bongo shrugs off calls for vote recount http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gabon-s-bongo-shrugs-off-calls-for-vote-recount Gabon's President Ali Bongo shrugged off growing international pressure on Wednesday to recount last week's disputed election, saying it was a matter for the constitutional court to decide. Hundreds of South Sudan fighters transferred for medical care by U.N. Congo mission http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/hundreds-of-south-sudan-fighters-transferred-for-medical-care-by-u-n-congo-mission Hundreds of fighters loyal to South Sudanese opposition leader Riek Machar have been transferred within neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo for medical treatment by the U.N. peacekeeping mission there, according to an internal Congolese army report. Zimbabwe court strikes down police ban on protests http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-court-strikes-down-police-ban-on-protests Zimbabwe's High Court struck down on Wednesday a two-week ban on public protests issued by the police, a ruling hailed as a brave stand by the courts in the face of threats to the judiciary from President Robert Mugabe. South African university library torched, 32 students arrested http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-university-library-torched-32-students-arrested Thirty-two students were arrested after arsonists torched a law library at South Africa's University of KwaZulu-Natal, police said on Wednesday, following days of protests by students over grievances including the cost of tuition. Ethiopian government accused of killing political prisoners fled burning jail http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopian-government-accused-of-killing-political-prisoners-fled-burning-jail Rights groups have raised serious concerns over the fate of political prisoners held at a facility on the outskirts of the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa after 23 inmates died in a huge fire at the high-security complex. ICC to rule on damage of Timbuktu shrines by Islamist rebel http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/icc-to-rule-on-damage-of-timbuktu-shrines-by-islamist-rebel International war crimes judges are to rule on Tuesday in the case of a former Islamist rebel who pleaded guilty to wrecking holy shrines during Mali's 2012 conflict and apologized for the damage he caused in Timbuktu. Somalia's delayed parliamentary poll to start Oct. 23, presidential Nov. 30 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-s-delayed-parliamentary-poll-to-start-oct-23-presidential-nov-30 Somalia will hold its postponed parliamentary elections between Oct 23 and Nov 10, the chairman of the electoral commission said, after the vote was delayed for a second time due to disputes over the selection process. Death toll from militia violence in central Congo jumps to 49 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/death-toll-from-militia-violence-in-central-congo-jumps-to-49 The death toll from militia clashes with security forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo last week was at least 49, more than three times the number earlier reported, the governor of the province hit by the violence was quoted on Monday as saying. Aid workers pulled out of volatile South Sudan region http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/aid-workers-pulled-out-of-volatile-south-sudan-region LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Nearly 40 aid workers have been evacuated from a northern area of South Sudan due to deteriorating security, the U.N. food agency said on Monday. African migrants forced to work for Western-run mine http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-migrants-forced-to-work-for-western-run-mine Bemnet Negash never got to say a proper goodbye to his family. In February 2006, government officials arrived at his school in the highlands of Eritrea and put him and his classmates on a bus to a military training camp. He was 20 years old, and still at school because a childhood illness had interrupted his education. South African watchdog to quiz Zuma in Gupta inquiry, newspaper reports http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-watchdog-to-quiz-zuma-in-gupta-inquiry-newspaper-reports South Africa's public protector will question President Jacob Zuma this week over allegations he was influenced by the wealthy Gupta family in making government appointments, according to the newspaper Business Day. Protests force week-long shutdown at South Africa's Wits University http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/protests-force-week-long-shutdown-at-south-africa-s-wits-university Police fired stun grenades, rubber bullets and tear gas at hundreds of protesters marching and dancing through the Johannesburg campus on Tuesday, demanding free education. DR Congo to publish land deals in bid to gain public trust http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dr-congo-to-publish-land-deals-in-bid-to-gain-public-trust The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) plans to make all of its large-scale agricultural contracts public, in an effort to increase transparency over land deals and improve management of natural resources, officials and researchers said on Wednesday. Guinea Bissau's ex-navy chief sentenced in prison in U.S. drug case http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/guinea-bissau-s-ex-navy-chief-sentenced-in-prison-in-u-s-drug-case A former navy chief of Guinea-Bissau who was arrested three years ago in a U.S. drug sting off the West African coast was sentenced on Tuesday to four years in prison, most of which he has already served, for conspiring to facilitate the shipment of cocaine to the United States. Congo's Kabila: election day delayed to allow more preparation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-s-kabila-election-day-delayed-to-allow-more-preparation Democratic Republic of Congo authorities have delayed elections to make sure the country is better prepared for them, President Joseph Kabila said on Tuesday, answering accusations that the government is dragging its feet to help him to cling onto power. Nigerian lawmakers to probe use of funds for people fleeing Boko Haram http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-lawmakers-to-probe-use-of-funds-for-people-fleeing-boko-haram The use of Nigerian government funds earmarked for assisting displaced people who are living in desperate conditions in the former stronghold of Boko Haram, is to be investigated because of suspicions of corruption, lawmakers said on Tuesday. Ghana opposition leader attacks government economic record ahead of election http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghana-opposition-leader-attacks-government-economic-record-ahead-of-election Ghana's main opposition leader Nana Akufo-Addo launched a blistering attack on the government's economic record on Sunday as he released his party's manifesto at a mass rally ahead of an election on Dec. 7. Nigeria's Buhari meets Niger Delta leaders, militants in Abuja-official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-buhari-meets-niger-delta-leaders-militants-in-abuja-official Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari on Tuesday met leaders from the Niger Delta and representatives of militant groups which have been attacking oil facilities in the restive region, a witness and official said. Mandela Foundation rebukes Zuma, joins calls for leadership change http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mandela-foundation-rebukes-zuma-joins-calls-for-leadership-change The foundation set up to guard the legacy of the late Nelson Mandela on Tuesday blamed South Africa's President Jacob Zuma for the "wheels coming off" Africa's most industrialized nation and urged a change in political leadership. Belgium, Congo activists urge probe into Congo corruption claims http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/belgium-congo-activists-urge-probe-into-congo-corruption-claims Belgium's foreign minister and democracy activists in Democratic Republic of Congo called on Congolese authorities to investigate allegations that high-ranking officials stole millions of dollars in public funds. France, withdrawing forces, says will not abandon Central African Republic http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/france-withdrawing-forces-says-will-not-abandon-central-african-republic French Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said on Monday that France would be ready to intervene in Central African Republic if necessary, despite ending its peacekeeping mission in its former colony. Ceasefire between Somalia's Puntland and Galmudug collapses, 20 killed http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ceasefire-between-somalia-s-puntland-and-galmudug-collapses-20-killed A week-old ceasefire between the forces of two semi-autonomous regions of Somalia broke down on Sunday as fighting over a disputed border area erupted again, killing at least 20 people, army officials on both sides said. Militant attack behind French soldier's death in Mali: minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/militant-attack-behind-french-soldier-s-death-in-mali-minister A French soldier killed in Mali died after an attack by militants on Friday, Defence Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said on Sunday. The perpetual transition in Somalia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-perpetual-transition-in-somalia Somalia’s legislative elections missed a key deadline last week, risking a third delay and raising more serious questions about whether the deeply troubled country will ever make it out of its open-ended transition phase to become a real democracy. Four of the six federal states completed the election of members of the new upper house of the Somali Federal Parliament. But voting for the more important lower house – The People’s House – which was supposed to start on 23 October and run through to 10 November, had not begun. Child marriage and Central African Republic refugees in Cameroon http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/child-marriage-and-central-african-republic-refugees-in-cameroon GADO-BADZERE, Cameroon (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Alone, hungry and traumatized having watched her parents die in war-torn Central African Republic, 14-year-old Koulsoumi believed the worst was behind her when she was taken in by a family in Cameroon after fleeing across the border last year. Gunmen free 21 prisoners in raid on southern Mali town http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-free-21-prisoners-in-raid-on-southern-mali-town Gunmen attacked a bank and a prison in the southern Mali town of Banamba in the early hours of Monday, freeing 21 prisoners and looting cash, a security ministry spokesman said. South Africa's opposition parties urge Zuma to report corruption to police http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-opposition-parties-urge-zuma-to-report-corruption-to-police Since coming to power in 2009, Zuma has survived a string of corruption scandals almost unscathed, but this month the country's anti-graft watchdog called for a judicial inquiry into allegations of influence-peddling in the ANC government. Congo authorities block opposition demonstration http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-authorities-block-opposition-demonstration Authorities in the Democratic Republic of Congo blocked an opposition demonstration in the capital on Saturday aimed at putting pressure on President Joseph Kabila to step down next month at the end of his mandate, witnesses said. Mali ethnic militia group says it will lay down its arms http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-ethnic-militia-group-says-it-will-lay-down-its-arms A militia in central Mali that represents ethnic Peuhls said on Saturday it would lay down its arms in a boost for government attempts to bring peace to the country. Somalia's PM says secures ceasefire between two warring regions http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-s-pm-says-secures-ceasefire-between-two-warring-regions Somalia's prime minister said on Saturday he had secured a ceasefire between two warring regions in the Horn of Africa nation, two weeks after a peace deal collapsed leading to fighting that killed at least 29 people. The Galmudug and Puntland semi-autonomous regions have a history of clashes and the latest round of fighting between their forces two weeks ago erupted after a dispute over buildings planned in Galkayo, a city that is divided between the two sides. "Prime Minister (Omar) Sharmarke traveled to Galkayo and over (the) last week worked to negotiate an immediate ceasefire and an initiation of preliminary talks for a lasting peace agreement," a statement from his office said. The statement said Sharmarke met Galmudug President Abdikarim Hussein Guled and Puntland President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali and witnessed a troop pull-back from the area where they clashed, and will have a four-kilometre buffer zone. "What happened over the last month and weeks in Galkayo is very unfortunate. It is the responsibility of all here and absent to make sure we do not see a repeat,” Sharmarke said. Somalia has been hit by conflict since the downfall of dictator Mohamed Siad Barre in early 1990s, and Islamist militant group al Shabaab has been one of the main causes of unrest in the last two decades. Gridlocked Guinea Bissau names fifth PM in a year http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gridlocked-guinea-bissau-names-fifth-pm-in-a-year Guinea Bissau named its fifth prime minister in a year on Friday as the coup-ridden West African country struggled to end months of political gridlock. A presidential decree named Umaro Mokhtar Sissoco Embalo - a brigadier general as well as a presidential adviser and minister in previous administrations. President Jose Mario Vaz had to dissolve the previous government on Monday after the last prime minister, Baciro Dja, failed to win the full support of his ruling PAIGC party, an organization hit by regular infighting. Political rivals agreed in September to a plan to ease a crisis that has prevented parliament from agreeing budgets and blocked international aid. The six-point plan, put together with the help of regional mediators, included a preliminary agreement to form a consensus government. The former Portuguese colony has seen nine coups or attempted coups since 1980 and become a major transit point for cocaine trafficked from South America to Europe. Does the Islamic State threaten al-Shabaab’s hegemony in Somalia? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/does-the-islamic-state-threaten-al-shabaab-s-hegemony-in-somalia Despite local resistance, the Islamic State is making slow but determined inroads that threaten the region. In late October, a faction of Somali militants aligned to the Islamic State and led by long-time cleric Abdulkadir Mumin, walked into the town of Qandala along Somalia’s northern coast in the Bari region of Puntland, meeting little resistance. Whether or not they subsequently retreated to the town’s outskirts is unclear, but a naval attack by Puntland’s forces on 10 November confirmed the militants’ continued occupation of the area. The development is worrying for a number of reasons. It’s the first attempt by militants aligned to the Islamic State to hold territory in Somalia, a key criteria for pledged groups like Mumin’s to gain official acceptance as a full wilayat (province) in the Islamic State’s global caliphate. Second, Qandala’s strategic location is underscored by its proximity to Yemen, and specifically the port city of Al Mukalla, long rumoured to be a source of weapon imports. The annual UN Monitoring Group report on Somalia recently highlighted the role of illicit weapon flows from Yemen to Somalia, while the former head of Puntland’s intelligence remarked in June that Mumin’s troops had already begun receiving supplies via the Al Mukalla route. Al-Shabaab has responded violently to the Islamic State’s challenge in Somalia Finally, the occupation of Qandala may demonstrate the ability of Islamic State-aligned militants to leverage Somalia’s notoriously difficult clan system to their advantage. Mumin hails from the Ali Salebaan sub-clan of the Darod/Marjeteen, whose members inhabit the Bari region, and he may utilise these loyalties for support and protection in the wake of security operations by regional authorities. Mumin pledged allegiance to the Islamic State in October 2015 with just a few dozen militants, breaking off from an al-Shabaab cell based in Puntland. This was the first major pledge, but a small, diverse pool of al-Shabaab militants throughout Somalia have since followed his lead, making Mumin’s group the most active, but not the sole representation of the Islamic State in Somalia. Al-Shabaab has responded violently to this challenge, detaining some members who express loyalty to the Islamic State and clashing with others. Shortly after Mumin’s pledge, al-Shabaab official Abu Abdalla threatened to ‘cut the throat’ of anyone defecting. And, according to the UN Monitoring Group, a disastrous seaborne invasion of Puntland by al-Shabaab, involving up to 400 militants this past March, was aimed at eliminating Mumin’s faction. At the same time, the Islamic State has made multiple overtures to bring al-Shabaab into its fold. In March 2015, Islamic State emissary Hamil al-Bushra called for al-Shabaab leader Abu Ubaidah to pledge loyalty to the organisation. Videos from Islamic State wilayats issued appeals to al-Shabaab urging the same, such as a coordinated campaign involving militants from various locations in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and West Africa (Boko Haram) in early October 2015. Ethnic Somalis lured by the appeal of jihad are flocking to Islamic State territories One likely source of friction between the Islamic State and al-Shabaab revolves around foreign fighters. Al-Shabaab has a chequered history when it comes to the treatment of foreign fighters in its ranks; in December 2015, two captured Somali-Americans admitted the difficulties some non-Somali born members have faced. More importantly, however, there may be a sense of competition as ethnic Somalis lured by the appeal of jihad have started flocking to Islamic State territories, rather than Somalia itself. A report from the Soufan Group in 2015 estimated 70 Somalis from the diaspora could be present in Syria and Iraq. Encountering significant resistance, the Islamic State appeared to shift gears away from a leadership focus, and instead has attempted to incite division within al-Shabaab. Propaganda has been directed at rank-and-file al-Shabaab militants, with messages highlighting al-Shabaab’s poor treatment of its members. Islamic State media outlets also published a series of tributes to prominent defectors, such as Muhammad Makkawi Ibrahim and Hussein Abdi Gedi, who were killed by al-Shabaab assassins. From April this year, the Islamic State also began claiming violent attacks in Somalia, demonstrating the emergence of aligned cells. The map below depicts the location of 10 claimed attacks, with half of the messages occurring in the past month – another indication of an escalation in presence. The majority of incidents occurred in and around Mogadishu, but scattered attacks in other places denote a reach beyond the capital city. Somali security forces also killed Islamic State fighters in Janale in May, while others in Baidoa were sentenced to 10 years in prison in September. It is unclear if these cells maintain links and function as a cohesive unit, or even receive any assistance from the Islamic State. More likely, they represent a collection of disparate but ideologically aligned al-Shabaab defectors, operating in distinct geographic zones. The Islamic State has concurrently been working to broaden its appeal in East Africa, gaining the allegiance of Jabha East Africa, and another previously unknown group from the Tanga area of Tanzania. These movements have not however demonstrated a presence beyond online statements, calling into question their legitimacy and/or capacity. The Islamic State clearly has a strategic eye on Somalia and perhaps the region The Islamic State also claimed two recent attacks in Kenya, amidst a spate of arrests of suspected members. Nonetheless, in neither of the two cases did the assailants demonstrate a longstanding history with the organisation, nor appear to receive direct support or direction. The extent of Islamic State presence has thus far been limited in the region, but like in Somalia, appears to be aimed at enduring and gradually expanding. The Islamic State clearly has a strategic eye on Somalia and perhaps the region, as an important location to advance its global caliphate project. Despite facing stiff resistance from al-Shabaab, supporters of the Islamic State have made some inroads, as Mumin’s recent escapades in Qandala show. Nonetheless, the Islamic State has yet to officially recognise the actors operating in Somalia as a new wilayat, and their activity thus far pales in comparison to the continued violence of al-Shabaab. The sustained resistance by al-Shabaab also ensures the Islamic State has an uphill battle to gain greater acceptance in a region where al Qaida has had a historic presence. But the seizure of Qandala and the emergence of violent operations elsewhere show that factions aligned to the Islamic State are determined to slowly march up that hill, and may evolve into an expanded threat to Somalia and the region. Omar S Mahmood, Researcher, Peace Security Research Programme, ISS Landslide kills 13 as diggers invade Freeport mine in Congo: governor http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/landslide-kills-13-as-diggers-invade-freeport-mine-in-congo-governor A landslide killed at least 13 people last week in southeastern Democratic Republic of Congo after thousands of artisanal miners began invading a copper mine controlled by Freeport-McMoRan Inc, the provincial governor said on Monday. Rwandan genocide suspects extradited from Netherlands face court http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwandan-genocide-suspects-extradited-from-netherlands-face-court Two Rwandans extradited from the Netherlands to their home country pleaded not guilty during a preliminary court hearing in Kigali on Monday to crimes committed during the 1994 genocide. Japanese troops land in South Sudan, fears of first foreign fighting since WW2 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/japanese-troops-land-in-south-sudan-fears-of-first-foreign-fighting-since-ww2 A contingent of Japanese troops landed in South Sudan on Monday, an official said - a mission that critics say could see them embroiled in their country's first overseas fighting since World War Two. Ugandan lawmakers petition ICC for investigation into "genocide" by army, police http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ugandan-lawmakers-petition-icc-for-investigation-into-genocide-by-army-police A group of Ugandan lawmakers have sent a petition to the International Criminal Court (ICC) to ask for an investigation into possible atrocities by security forces when they clashed with a tribal militia late last year. Nigeria resumes payments to former Niger Delta militants: official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-resumes-payments-to-former-niger-delta-militants-official Nigeria has resumed payments of cash stipends to former militants agreed under a 2009 amnesty in the country's Niger Delta oil hub, an official said on Thursday. Two Moroccan UN peacekeepers killed in Central African Republic http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/two-moroccan-un-peacekeepers-killed-in-central-african-republic Two Moroccan U.N. peacekeepers in Central African Republic were killed and two others wounded by unknown attackers in the southeast of the country, the U.N. mission there said on Wednesday. Boko Haram attacks Nigerian army base, five soldiers killed: military source http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-attacks-nigerian-army-base-five-soldiers-killed-military-source Five Nigerian soldiers and more than 15 Boko Haram fighters were killed when the jihadists attacked an army base in the remote northeast where the group has been fighting for an Islamic state, a military source said on Sunday. Streets of Ivory Coast cities calm after soldier mutiny http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/streets-of-ivory-coast-cities-calm-after-soldier-mutiny The streets of Ivory Coast's second-largest city Bouake were calm and the military presence was gone, residents said on Sunday, after a two-day soldiers' mutiny took over the city before spreading across the country. South Africa's Zuma calls for end to ANC infighting http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-zuma-calls-for-end-to-anc-infighting South Africa's ruling African National Congress needs to end infighting and focus on winning back public support, President Jacob Zuma said on Sunday as he tries to unite an increasingly divided party. Ghana's new President Akufo-Addo says will cut taxes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghana-s-new-president-akufo-addo-says-will-cut-taxes Akufo-Addo, 72, defeated incumbent John Dramani Mahama in peaceful elections a month ago, a rare peaceful transfer of power in a region plagued by political crises. West Africa leaders to continue Gambia mediation: Liberia president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/west-africa-leaders-to-continue-gambia-mediation-liberia-president West African leaders are still pursuing mediation to ensure a peaceful transfer of power in Gambia where President Yahya Jammeh refused to accept defeat in an election last month, Liberia's President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf said on Saturday. Historical and Current Role of Muslim Women in Nigeria http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/historical-and-current-role-of-muslim-women-in-nigeria The role of Muslim women is stated and outlined in Islam. Their primary role is the upbringing of their kids and being a dutiful wife. The responsibility of Muslim women does not end up in the home like many believed. Although neither the Qur'an nor the sunnah really support the kind of relegation of today's women but Islam permitted the women to perform hajj, vote, engage in politics, be employed as a worker and to run her own business. Lack of justice over war crimes fuels violence in Central African Republic: Amnesty http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/lack-of-justice-over-war-crimes-fuels-violence-in-central-african-republic-amnesty DAKAR (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Perpetrators of war crimes including murder and rape in Central African Republic are going unpunished and fuelling worsening violence in the country, Amnesty International said on Wednesday as it called for funds to rebuild the national justice system. Ex-Congo Republic opposition leader arrested after months in hiding http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ex-congo-republic-opposition-leader-arrested-after-months-in-hiding A former opposition leader in Republic of Congo was arrested on Tuesday for arms possession after months in hiding, police said. Ivory Coast's Ouattara names close ally as new vice-president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-s-ouattara-names-close-ally-as-new-vice-president Ivory Coast's President Alassane Ouattara on Tuesday named a close collaborator and former prime minister Daniel Kablan Duncan as vice-president, a new post created under a constitution approved by referendum late last year. African Union says it will stop recognising Jammeh as Gambian president from Jan .19 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-union-says-it-will-stop-recognising-jammeh-as-gambian-president-from-jan-19 The African Union will cease to recognise Gambia's Yahya Jammeh as the West African nation's legitimate president as of Jan. 19, the date he is due to hand power to the winner of a December election, the AU's Peace and Security Council said. Gunmen kidnap five students, two staff from Nigerian school-police http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-kidnap-five-students-two-staff-from-nigerian-school-police Gunmen kidnapped five students and two staff, including a Turkish national, from an international school in Nigeria's southern state of Ogun, police said on Saturday. Mutinying soldiers seize entrances to Ivory Coast city of Korhogo http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mutinying-soldiers-seize-entrances-to-ivory-coast-city-of-korhogo Soldiers seized roads leading into the city of Korhogo in northern Ivory Coast late on Friday, a mutineer and a resident said, as disgruntled troops appeared to relaunch an army mutiny that paralysed much of the country last week. Scores of migrants feared dead, 13 bodies found in Mediterranean http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/scores-of-migrants-feared-dead-13-bodies-found-in-mediterranean At least eight migrants died when their boat overturned off the coast of Libya on Saturday but the death toll may be much higher, the Italian coastguard said. Malawi's armyworm outbreak destroys 2,000 hectares - minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-s-armyworm-outbreak-destroys-2-000-hectares-minister Armyworms have destroyed 2,000 hectares of crops in Malawi, spreading to nine of its 28 districts in the last few weeks, the agriculture minister said on Saturday, Nigerian air force kills 50 and wounds 120 in northeast: MSF http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-air-force-kills-50-and-wounds-120-in-northeast-msf Nigeria's air force killed 50 people and injured 120 in an air strike on a refugee camp in the northeast on Tuesday, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) said. The military said the strike had targeted Boko Haram. Nigeria needs to close gap between official and black market rates "very soon": VP http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-needs-to-close-gap-between-official-and-black-market-rates-very-soon-vp Nigeria needs to close the gap between the official and black market rates for the naira against the dollar "very soon", Vice President Yemi Osinbajo said on Tuesday. West African states prepare Gambia intervention unless Jammeh quits-source http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/west-african-states-prepare-gambia-intervention-unless-jammeh-quits-source Nigerian and other West African countries are preparing a joint force to intervene militarily in Gambia if President Yahya Jammeh does not hand over power, a Nigerian military source said on Tuesday. Four Gambian ministers resign as neighbouring states prepare to step in http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/four-gambian-ministers-resign-as-neighbouring-states-prepare-to-step-in Gambia's ministers of finance, foreign affairs, trade and the environment have resigned from President Yahya Jammeh's government, state television said, as regional forces prepare to oust the veteran leader unless he steps down by Thursday. Ivory Coast gendarmes fire into the air in several cities http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-gendarmes-fire-into-the-air-in-several-cities Gendarmes fired shots into the air inside their camps in the Ivory Coast cities of Daloa, Man and the capital Yamoussoukro on Tuesday, witnesses said, raising fears of renewed unrest just as it seemed the government had settled a mutiny in the army. The Last White Africans http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-last-white-africans With 200,000 members, AfriForum is the leading civic organization advocating for the rights of Afrikaners in South Africa. Do the people responsible for apartheid’s crimes have a claim to their country’s future? Food: There's more to life than jollof rice http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/food-there-s-more-to-life-than-jollof-rice For Nigerian cuisine, Lagos is the centre of the world. Be it purple coco yam from the East or tiger nuts from the North, ingredients from all over the country at at your fingertips. "Most Nigerians tend to shop for food as they need it," says Affiong Osuchukwu, a food photographer, blogger and recipe developer. "So the concept of fresh is something we do naturally." Lumumba, Hammarskjöld and the Cold War in the Congo http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/lumumba-hammarskjld-and-the-cold-war-in-the-congo Patrice Lumumba was assassinated in January 1961. Dag Hammarskjöld died in a plane crash under dubious circumstances in September 1961 not far away from where Lumumba was executed. They were in different ways the most prominent victims of the battle for the control over the Congo and its mineral-rich Katanga province at the height of the Cold War, when the winds of change were sweeping across the African continent. Art beyond the gallery walls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/art-beyond-the-gallery-walls Okwui Enwezor was the name on everyone's lips in 2015 as he became the first African to curate the Venice Biennale. I don't like Lagos, I'd rather live in a treehouse somewhere - A. Igoni Barrett http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/i-don-t-like-lagos-i-d-rather-live-in-a-treehouse-somewhere-a-igoni-barrett A. Igoni Barrett is an icon for young black writers looking to find their own voice. With his new novel his crusade is to raise up popular fiction. Congolese uranium and the Cold War http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congolese-uranium-and-the-cold-war Why was the Congo such an intense theatre in the Cold War? Providing a compelling reason in her new book, Spies in the Congo, Susan Williams provides this analysis. War games in the Sahel http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/war-games-in-the-sahel Over the past three years, the Sahel, specifically Niger, has become the venue of a military build-up of foreign troops from the US, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Canada and now, Russia. The ostensible reason is counter-terrorism. But as relations between the former Cold War combatants deteriorate, could this become a flashpoint of conflict? By Jeremy H. Keenan. The big Bots diamond rip-off http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-big-bots-diamond-rip-off Botswana, Africa’s GDP poster-child, is the world’s second-biggest diamond producer, from which it earns four-fifths of its national income. Heavily reliant on diamond exports, the country went into business with mining giant De Beers 50 years ago. In a New African exclusive, Khadija Sharife reveals that Botswana has been getting a raw deal from the arrangement. In Africa, Modernity Challenges Traditional Governance http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/in-africa-modernity-challenges-traditional-governance A Congolese rebel alliance soldier surrounded by looters in Kinshasa prods a photograph of ousted Zairean President Mobutu Sese Seko in 1997. African populations are demanding more from their leaders, and not all leaders are prepared to give it. (PASCAL GUYOT/AFP/Getty Images) In Africa, Modernity Challenges Traditional Governance http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/in-africa-modernity-challenges-traditional-governance A Congolese rebel alliance soldier surrounded by looters in Kinshasa prods a photograph of ousted Zairean President Mobutu Sese Seko in 1997. African populations are demanding more from their leaders, and not all leaders are prepared to give it. (PASCAL GUYOT/AFP/Getty Images) What does Theresa May mean for Africa? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/what-does-theresa-may-mean-for-africa Theresa May will become the second woman after Margaret Thatcher to hold Britain's highest office when David Cameron formally hands over power to her on Wednesday. Cameron announced that he would step down hours after the country voted to leave the European Union, triggering a leadership contest in his Conservative Party. What does Theresa May mean for Africa? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/what-does-theresa-may-mean-for-africa Theresa May will become the second woman after Margaret Thatcher to hold Britain's highest office when David Cameron formally hands over power to her on Wednesday. Cameron announced that he would step down hours after the country voted to leave the European Union, triggering a leadership contest in his Conservative Party. Olaudah Equiano Biography http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/olaudah-equiano-biography Olaudah Equiano (1745 – 1797) was an 18th century African writer and anti-slavery campaigner. From an early age, Olaudah Equiano experienced the horrors of slavery first hand. But, after gaining his freedom, he gained British citizenship and wrote about his experiences. His autobiography ‘The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano‘ played a pivotal role in turning public opinion in Britain against slavery. His accounts of slavery and its human suffering were a factor in the enactment of the Slave Trade Act of 1807. Olaudah Equiano Biography http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/olaudah-equiano-biography Olaudah Equiano (1745 – 1797) was an 18th century African writer and anti-slavery campaigner. From an early age, Olaudah Equiano experienced the horrors of slavery first hand. But, after gaining his freedom, he gained British citizenship and wrote about his experiences. His autobiography ‘The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano‘ played a pivotal role in turning public opinion in Britain against slavery. His accounts of slavery and its human suffering were a factor in the enactment of the Slave Trade Act of 1807. West African leaders hold crisis talks as Gambia leader's mandate ends http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/west-african-leaders-hold-crisis-talks-as-gambia-leader-s-mandate-ends Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz flew to Senegal to meet with President Macky Sall after last-ditch talks in Gambia aimed at resolving a crisis over the transfer of power, a Senegalese presidential source told Reuters on Thursday. Mauritania president flies to Senegal after Gambia mediation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mauritania-president-flies-to-senegal-after-gambia-mediation Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz flew straight to Senegal to meet President Macky Sall after last ditch talks in Gambia aiming to resolve a crisis over its election, a Senegalese presidential source told Reuters on Thursday. Gambia: a test of ECOWAS’ commitment to democracy http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gambia-a-test-of-ecowas-commitment-to-democracy While many of US President-elect Donald Trump’s opponents vowed to boycott his inauguration on Friday, across the Atlantic, opponents of tiny Gambia’s recalcitrant President Yahya Jammeh were mobilising to express their opposition more forcefully, by physically ousting him from office if he did not hand over power. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/economic-community-of-west-african-states-ecowas It is the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). Established on May 28 1975 via the treaty of Lagos, ECOWAS is a 15-member regional group with a mandate of promoting economic integration in all fields of activity of the constituting countries. Spotlight: Brokering action for international criminal justice in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/spotlight-brokering-action-for-international-criminal-justice-in-africa The international criminal justice arena is a complicated, crowded space, where Africa’s concerns compete with the geo-political interests of other states and regions – and discussions around practical realities are often skirted to avoid disrupting complex global efforts to tackle violence and injustice. No immunity deal agreed for Gambia's Jammeh, Senegal minister says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/no-immunity-deal-agreed-for-gambia-s-jammeh-senegal-minister-says West African leaders did not agree to immunity for Yahya Jammeh during negotiations that convinced Gambia's longtime ruler to flee into exile, Senegal's foreign minister said on Sunday. Ghana's new government says it will review $918 million IMF deal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghana-s-new-government-says-it-will-review-918-million-imf-deal Ghana's new government plans to review its $918 million programme with the International Monetary Fund because it may need more money for its spending plans, a minister-designate said on Friday. Gambians celebrate as West African troops enter capital after Jammeh flees http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gambians-celebrate-as-west-african-troops-enter-capital-after-jammeh-flees Gambians celebrated in the streets on Sunday after a West African regional military force entered the capital city of Banjul and took control of the presidential palace, the symbolic seat of ex-ruler Yahya Jammeh's 22-year authoritarian regime. Gambians celebrate imminent return of new president after veteran ruler flees http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gambians-celebrate-imminent-return-of-new-president-after-veteran-ruler-flees Hundreds of people gathered along the streets of Gambia's capital Banjul on Thursday to welcome home new President Adama Barrow after authoritarian leader Yahya Jammeh fled into exile under pressure from regional forces. Court rules villagers cannot sue Shell in London over Nigerian oil spill http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/court-rules-villagers-cannot-sue-shell-in-london-over-nigerian-oil-spill Oil major Royal Dutch Shell cannot be sued in London courts over Nigerian oil spill allegations, the High Court ruled on Thursday, dealing a setback to attempts to hold multinationals liable at home for subsidiaries' activities. Kenyan doctors say will strike until pay demands met, ignore court http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-doctors-say-will-strike-until-pay-demands-met-ignore-court Kenya's doctors union said on Thursday a seven-week strike would continue as long as needed to secure demands for better pay and conditions, ignoring a court ruling ordering a return to work in five days or jail for union leaders. Swiss take former Gambian minister Sonko into custody - media http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/swiss-take-former-gambian-minister-sonko-into-custody-media Swiss police detained former Gambian Interior Minister Ousman Sonko near the Swiss capital of Berne on Thursday, newspaper Berner Zeitung said on its website, citing police. World faces "unprecedented" hunger as famine threatens four countries: study http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/world-faces-unprecedented-hunger-as-famine-threatens-four-countries-study Global hunger levels are at their highest for decades with Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen facing the risk of famine and 70 million people in need of food aid, a specialist U.S.-based agency said on Wednesday. Uganda negotiating $2.3 bln loan with China to fund rail line http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-negotiating-2-3-bln-loan-with-china-to-fund-rail-line Uganda is negotiating a $2.3 billion loan with China's Exim Bank to fund an initial 273 km stretch of rail line the east African country is planning to build for faster and cheaper transportation, an official said on Thursday. Senegal police arrest former boss of Gambia's notorious prisons http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/senegal-police-arrest-former-boss-of-gambia-s-notorious-prisons Senegalese police said on Friday that they had arrested General Bora Colley, the man who ran Gambia's prisons, where human rights groups say perceived opponents were tortured and in some cases died. Somalia's al Shabaab says kills dozens of Kenyan troops in raid on base http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-s-al-shabaab-says-kills-dozens-of-kenyan-troops-in-raid-on-base Al Shabaab said its fighters killed dozens of Kenyan troops when the Islamist group attacked a remote military base in Somalia on Friday, while Kenya's army said nine soldiers died and 70 militants were killed. Around 1.8 mln Nigerians in Boko Haram region at risk of starvation -WFP http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/around-1-8-mln-nigerians-in-boko-haram-region-at-risk-of-starvation-wfp Around 1.8 million people are at risk of starvation in northeast Nigeria, victims of an Islamist insurgency that is undermining efforts by the World Food Programme (WFP) to ferry in aid, it said on Friday. Lagos court demands state halt slum demolitions, consult residents http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/lagos-court-demands-state-halt-slum-demolitions-consult-residents More than 300,000 people living on the edge of Lagos' lagoon may be spared eviction after a court ruled that planned demolitions of waterfront slums would be "inhuman and degrading", campaigners said. Central Mali: An Uprising in the Making? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/central-mali-an-uprising-in-the-making While attention has focused on northern Mali, armed violence is escalating at an alarming rate in the centre of the country, long neglected by the state. The management of natural resources has given rise to multiple conflicts that the government and local elites are unable to control. For the past several months, a jihadist uprising has capitalised on the state’s lack of legitimacy and extended its influence. State representatives are being chased out of rural areas. Yet, violence also stems from settlings of scores, banditry and a growing number of self-defence militias. The peace agreement signed in Bamako in June 2015 applies primarily to northern regions and disregards the centre of the country. Mali’s government and its principal partners should renew their efforts to restore the state’s authority and legitimacy among all the communities of the area. Absent appropriate action, central Mali – an area more densely populated than the north and vital to the economy – risks becoming a source of protracted instability. 28th AU Summit: Searching for new African consensus in the age of Trump http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/28th-au-summit-searching-for-new-african-consensus-in-the-age-of-trump A dark cloud has hung over the African Union (AU) following Brexit and new American isolationist policies, and has prompted AU officials to call for greater unity among member states. On the eve of the final meeting of the 28th AU Summit, the message is that Africa can only weather this storm by relying on its own resources. Chad's foreign minister secures top post at African Union http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/chad-s-foreign-minister-secures-top-post-at-african-union African Union leaders chose Chad's candidate to chair the 54-nation body on Monday at a summit where the divisive issues of Africa's relationship to the International Criminal Court and Morocco's readmission to the AU were on the agenda. S. African court 'Bull Dog' resigns http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/s-african-court-bull-dog-resigns South African prosecutor Gerrie Nel, who oversaw the conviction of Paralympian Oscar Pistorius, has resigned from the National Prosecuting Authority (NPA), its spokesman said on Tuesday. U.S. travel ban heralds "turbulent times" for Africa: AU chief http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-travel-ban-heralds-turbulent-times-for-africa-au-chief The head of the African Union said on Monday that a U.S. travel ban on seven Muslim-majority countries including three in Africa heralded "turbulent times" for the continent. Five anti-voodoo cult members die from suffocation in Benin http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/five-anti-voodoo-cult-members-die-from-suffocation-in-benin Five people died from asphyxiation in Benin this weekend and several more were hospitalised after a religious cult told followers to seal themselves into prayer rooms and burn incense and charcoal, residents and a survivor told Reuters. Foresight Africa 2017: Election spotlight on Rwanda http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/foresight-africa-2017-election-spotlight-on-rwanda Below is an election spotlight from Chapter 6 of the Foresight Africa 2017 report, which explores six overarching themes that provide opportunities for Africa to overcome its obstacles and spur inclusive growth. Read the full chapter on upholding good governance here. For more on African political transitions, see our interactive African Leadership Transitions Tracker. Revenue mobilization in commodity-rich countries: Challenges and opportunities http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/revenue-mobilization-in-commodity-rich-countries-challenges-and-opportunities Since the fall in commodity prices in 2014, most commodity-rich countries have been facing a growing fiscal challenge. The large decrease in commodity prices has increasingly been perceived as more permanent than temporary. This issue is particularly pressing in African countries whose fiscal revenue structure depends “excessively” upon commodity revenues. Going, but not gone: UNMIL stays on in Liberia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/going-but-not-gone-unmil-stays-on-in-liberia Liberia is nearly, but not quite ready, to go it alone without United Nations (UN) peacekeeping support. This was the upshot of the 23 December 2016 UN Security Council (UNSC) meeting, where it was decided that the UN peacekeeping mission in Liberia, of which the mandate had expired, would be extended until March 2018 for the final time. UN is ‘deeply concerned’ by clashes between Government and opposition forces in s. sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/un-is-deeply-concerned-by-clashes-between-government-and-opposition-forces-in-s-sudan Amid an outbreak of violence in the South Sudanese city of Malakal, the United Nations mission in the country today called on the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and the SPLA in Opposition to silence the guns. Niger's migrant smuggling hub empties after EU crackdown http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/niger-s-migrant-smuggling-hub-empties-after-eu-crackdown In a dirt-floored room in the town of Agadez in Niger, a pair of flip-flops and a cold pile of ashes are all that remain of what was once a teeming stopover for migrants preparing the fraught journey across the Saharan Desert and onwards to Europe. Fresh clashes near South Sudan's oil hub of Malakal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fresh-clashes-near-south-sudan-s-oil-hub-of-malakal Fresh clashes broke out around South Sudan's second-largest city of Malakal on Tuesday, a rebel spokesman and a government official said, the latest turn in the struggle for the capital of the oil-producing Upper Nile region. Congo says M23 fighters captured downed air crew http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-says-m23-fighters-captured-downed-air-crew The Congolese army on Tuesday said armed fighters belonging to the former M23 rebel group had captured four crew members of a military helicopter which crashed in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo last week, and that three died after being tortured. Angola's dos Santos calls end to 38 years in power http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/angola-s-dos-santos-calls-end-to-38-years-in-power Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos confirmed on Friday he will not run in this year's presidential election, calling an end to 38 years as head of state, but he will retain control of the powerful ruling party. Uganda rules out military intervention in South Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-rules-out-military-intervention-in-south-sudan Imposing an external "trusteeship" government on South Sudan to try to end a three-year ethnic civil war and potential genocide in the world's youngest nation would only make its security situation worse, Uganda said on Thursday. Armyworm outbreak spreading in southern Africa: FAO http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/armyworm-outbreak-spreading-in-southern-africa-fao A suspected outbreak of armyworms has spread to Namibia and Mozambique and is causing "considerable crop damage" in southern Africa, the U.N.'s Food and Agriculture Organisation said on Friday. Fresh violence in Central African Republic displaces thousands http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fresh-violence-in-central-african-republic-displaces-thousands Condemning attacks on civilians and non-governmental organizations in a town in Central African Republic (CAR)’s Ouham-Pendé province, a senior United Nations humanitarian official has called for protecting civilians as well as for unhindered relief access to the affected areas. Kenyan court of appeal frees jailed doctors' union officials http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-court-of-appeal-frees-jailed-doctors-union-officials Kenya's Court of Appeal on Wednesday ordered the release of officials of the national doctors' union so they can continue negotiations with the government over a strike that has paralyzed the public health sector. In Ghana, post-election fiscal crunch is politics as normal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/in-ghana-post-election-fiscal-crunch-is-politics-as-normal Ghana's President Nana Akufo-Addo has taken power with ambitious plans to revive once spectacular economic growth, only to discover a $1.6 billion hole in the budget and a deficit twice as high as expected. He may have a strong sense of deja vu. Nigeria declares pollution in southern city an emergency, closes plant http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-declares-pollution-in-southern-city-an-emergency-closes-plant Nigeria declared an air pollution emergency in a major southern city on Tuesday and closed an asphalt plant there after residents complained about the fumes from its furnaces, in a country plagued by corruption and poor governance. Congo police kill at least four in raid on separatist cult http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-police-kill-at-least-four-in-raid-on-separatist-cult Congo police made a pre-dawn raid on a separatist group in the capital Kinshasa on Tuesday, killing at least four people but failing to arrest their leader, a self-styled religious prophet, witnesses and group members said. Congolese soldiers kill at least 101 in militia clashes: U.N. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congolese-soldiers-kill-at-least-101-in-militia-clashes-u-n Soldiers targeting the Kamwina Nsapu militia group in central Democratic Republic of Congo killed at least 101 people between Feb. 9 and Feb. 13, including 39 women, the U.N. said on Tuesday. Ethnic clashes in central Mali kill at least 13 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethnic-clashes-in-central-mali-kill-at-least-13 At least 13 people were killed in central Mali at the weekend in inter-ethnic clashes between Fulanis and Bambaras, the interior ministry said on Monday, escalating a conflict over resources in a region increasingly outside state control. Death turned political football in the DRC http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/death-turned-political-football-in-the-drc The sudden death on 2 February of Etienne Tshisekedi – the long-time opposition leader in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) – is more than a personal tragedy for a man who spent four decades fighting for democracy, only to die moments away from exercising actual power. Military policing of Parliament: what does SA law say? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/military-policing-of-parliament-what-does-sa-law-say Shortly before his annual State of the Nation address earlier this month, South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma announced that he had authorised the ‘employment’ of 441 members of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF) ‘for service in cooperation with the SA Police Service (SAPS) to maintain law and order during the opening of Parliament .’ Justice minister says South Africa still intends to quit the ICC http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/justice-minister-says-south-africa-still-intends-to-quit-the-icc South Africa's government still plans to withdraw from the International Criminal Court (ICC), Justice Minister Michael Masutha said on Wednesday, after a court ruled that it was unconstitutional to do so. Malawi dismisses agriculture minister over corruption probe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-dismisses-agriculture-minister-over-corruption-probe Malawi's President Peter Mutharika has dismissed the agriculture minister after an investigation into maize procurement, the southern African nation's information minister said on Wednesday. Mugabe's Zimbabwe gets busy creating 'fiction money' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mugabe-s-zimbabwe-gets-busy-creating-fiction-money When President Robert Mugabe scrapped the Zimbabwe dollar in 2009, most of his people thought this meant the end of runaway money-printing and hyperinflation that had rendered the currency worthless. They may have been wrong. EU could curb visas for African officials over migrants: Germany http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eu-could-curb-visas-for-african-officials-over-migrants-germany The European Union should consider restricting visas for senior officials from African and other states which refuse to take back illegal immigrants from Europe, Germany's interior minister said on Monday. Kenyan forces kill 31 al Shabaab militants in Somalia: statement http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-forces-kill-31-al-shabaab-militants-in-somalia-statement Kenyan troops in Somalia killed 31 Islamist al Shabaab militants in a raid on two of their bases in the southern Somali region of Jubbaland, the Kenyan military said on Monday. Tanzanian frees musician arrested for mocking the government http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzanian-frees-musician-arrested-for-mocking-the-government Tanzanian President John Magufuli ordered the immediate release of a popular local musician on Monday, a day after he was arrested for allegedly mocking the government in a song. Sudan says cooperating with Chad and France over kidnapped Frenchman http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-says-cooperating-with-chad-and-france-over-kidnapped-frenchman Sudan is working with Chadian and French authorities on the case of a French citizen who was kidnapped in Chad and taken into Sudan, Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour told state news agency SUNA on Sunday. Ivory Coast rescinds port security measures, attack threat unfounded http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-rescinds-port-security-measures-attack-threat-unfounded Ivory Coast rescinded an order on Sunday to increase security at its two main ports after determining that an earlier reported threat of terrorism was unfounded, according to a document seen by Reuters. Six aid workers killed in an ambush in South Sudan, U.N. says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/six-aid-workers-killed-in-an-ambush-in-south-sudan-u-n-says Six aid workers were killed in an ambush in South Sudan on Saturday while traveling from the capital Juba to the town of Pibor, the United Nations said on Sunday, without specifying if they worked for the U.N. or giving other details. Nigerian lawmakers summon officials, firms over immigration deals http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-lawmakers-summon-officials-firms-over-immigration-deals Nigerian lawmakers on Saturday summoned the attorney general, accountant general, minister of interior and four companies to appear before a committee of parliamentarians over allegations that revenues were withheld from the immigration service. Mozambique extends probe into government loans to April 28 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mozambique-extends-probe-into-government-loans-to-april-28 Mozambique has extended until April 28 an investigation into government-owned firms that hid $2 billion in loans, state media said on Saturday. Thousands of protesters call for Guinea Bissau leader to quit http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/thousands-of-protesters-call-for-guinea-bissau-leader-to-quit Thousands of protesters in Guinea Bissau's capital on Saturday demanded President Jose Mario Vaz step down to resolve a political crisis that has paralyzed the coup-prone West African country. Militia fighters decapitate 40 police officers in Congo ambush http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/militia-fighters-decapitate-40-police-officers-in-congo-ambush Militia fighters decapitated about 40 police officers after an ambush in central Democratic Republic of Congo, local officials said on Saturday, the deadliest attack on security forces since an insurgency erupted in the region last year. South Africa's ANC: lawmakers to oppose no-confidence motion against Zuma http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-anc-lawmakers-to-oppose-no-confidence-motion-against-zuma Members of South Africa's ruling African National Congress will oppose a motion of no confidence against President Jacob Zuma in parliament set for April 18, the party said on Thursday. Somali president shakes up security agencies, urges militants' surrender http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somali-president-shakes-up-security-agencies-urges-militants-surrender Somalia's president replaced his security chiefs on Thursday and called on al Qaeda-linked al Shabaab insurgents to surrender within 60 days in return for education and jobs. French soldier killed in Mali in clash with militants http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/french-soldier-killed-in-mali-in-clash-with-militants A French soldier was killed in Mali after a clash with armed militants, French President Francois Hollande's office said on Thursday, highlighting instability in the west African state which is vulnerable to attacks from jihadist groups. Tech firms must go beyond Congo's "conflict minerals" to clean supply chain: study http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tech-firms-must-go-beyond-congo-s-conflict-minerals-to-clean-supply-chain-study Abuses linked to mining in countries such as Myanmar and Colombia are being overlooked by technology companies focused only on eliminating "conflict minerals" from war-torn parts of Africa in their supply chains, researchers said on Thursday. DR Congo opposition calls for investigation into expensive passports http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dr-congo-opposition-calls-for-investigation-into-expensive-passports Opposition leaders in Democratic Republic of Congo called on national authorities on Monday to investigate a report by Reuters last week that most of the money paid by Congolese citizens for new passports goes overseas. Rescue on the Mediterranean: suffering, death and hope http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rescue-on-the-mediterranean-suffering-death-and-hope Migrants try to stay afloat after falling off their rubber dinghy during a rescue operation by the Malta-based NGO Migrant Offshore Aid Station (MOAS) ship in the central Mediterranean in international waters some 15 nautical miles off the coast of Zawiya in Libya, April 14, 2017. REUTERS/Darrin Zammit Lupi Cameroon doctor strike leaves patients unseen amid political crisis http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-doctor-strike-leaves-patients-unseen-amid-political-crisis A doctors' strike in Cameroon left patients without critical care in the capital Yaoude on Monday, the latest in a string of union actions that have crippled a country in the midst of political crisis. Gold rush fever among poor Zimbabweans leaves trail of destruction http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gold-rush-fever-among-poor-zimbabweans-leaves-trail-of-destruction TARKA FOREST, Zimbabwe (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Thousands of unemployed Zimbabweans have turned to illegal gold panning in a bid to survive the country's deteriorating economy, leaving a trail of destruction that has alarmed farmers, timber plantation owners and the country's environmental authorities. The rifts behind Nigeria's mass kidnap http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-rifts-behind-nigeria-s-mass-kidnap When local people warned that hundreds of Islamist militants were heading towards his remote town of Chibok in northeastern Nigeria, Danuma Mphur hurried to summon help. U.N. discovers 17 mass graves in central Congo http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-discovers-17-mass-graves-in-central-congo U.N. investigators have discovered 17 mass grave sites in central Democratic Republic of Congo, bringing the total to 40 documented in an area where the army has clashed with a local militia, the United Nations said on Wednesday. South Sudan refugees release U.N. Congo mission staff http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-refugees-release-u-n-congo-mission-staff A hundred unarmed South Sudanese refugees in east Congo took 13 United Nations mission staff hostage on Tuesday, demanding to be moved to a third country before later releasing them unharmed. Zambian opposition leader charged with trying to overthrow government http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zambian-opposition-leader-charged-with-trying-to-overthrow-government Zambia opposition leader Hakainde Hichilema, arrested last week on suspicion of treason, was charged in a magistrate's court on Tuesday with trying to overthrow the government. Kenya's ruling coalition annuls party primaries after chaotic voting http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-s-ruling-coalition-annuls-party-primaries-after-chaotic-voting Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta gestures as he arrives for visit to the United Aryan Export Processing Zone textile factory in Nairobi, Kenya, April 12, 2017. REUTERS/Baz Ratner Medication, money and maps: How to fight a debilitating eye disease http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/medication-money-and-maps-how-to-fight-a-debilitating-eye-disease LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - In some of the world's remotest corners, health workers armed with smartphones, digital maps and medication are making steady progress in eliminating trachoma, the world's leading infectious cause of blindness, a leading expert said. Progress in fighting tropical diseases but funding and conflicts pose challenges http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/progress-in-fighting-tropical-diseases-but-funding-and-conflicts-pose-challenges LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Progress has been made in tackling diseases that blind, disable and disfigure millions of poor in tropical countries each year, but drug companies need to step up donations of medicines, the World Health Organization (WHO) said this week. More than 11,000 Congo refugees seek refuge in Angola http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/more-than-11-000-congo-refugees-seek-refuge-in-angola NEW YORK (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Thousands of refugees fleeing fighting between the army and armed groups in the central Democratic Republic of Congo have sought refuge in overcrowded villages across the border in Angola, the United Nations said on Friday. Inside Sudan’s house of cards http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/inside-sudan-s-house-of-cards Two years ago, in April 2015, Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir – who assumed power in 1989 – once again won the presidential election. This further entrenched his personal hold on the politics of Sudan. Congo authorities recapture 179 prisoners after mass escape, mayor says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-authorities-recapture-179-prisoners-after-mass-escape-mayor-says Congolese authorities said on Thursday they had recaptured 179 fugitives who broke out of the capital's main prison, in a mass escape that underscored growing security concerns since President Joseph Kabila refused to step down from power. Threat of malnutrition still high in Somalia despite onset of rains: ICRC http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/threat-of-malnutrition-still-high-in-somalia-despite-onset-of-rains-icrc Rains in Somalia have brought relief from drought but malnutrition remains a threat, the International Red Cross said on Friday, with the number of children admitted to its feeding centres nationwide nearly doubling over the last year. South Sudan forces killed 114 civilians around Yei in six months: U.N. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-forces-killed-114-civilians-around-yei-in-six-months-u-n South Sudanese pro-government forces killed at least 114 civilians in and around Yei town from July 2016 to January 2017, the U.N. human rights office said in a report on Friday that the army dismissed as "baseless". Nigeria to process all tourist, business visas in two days http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-to-process-all-tourist-business-visas-in-two-days Nigeria will process all tourist and business visas within two days, the vice president's office said on Friday, as Africa's largest economy, mired in recession, tries to improve the ease of doing business in the country. African Union seeks international help for forces fighting Kony's LRA http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-union-seeks-international-help-for-forces-fighting-kony-s-lra The African Union has called for international military support for soldiers in the Central African Republic fighting warlord Joseph Kony after the United States and Uganda said they would withdraw troops from the hunt for the insurgents. French troops will remain in Sahel until militants eradicated: Macron http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/french-troops-will-remain-in-sahel-until-militants-eradicated-macron French President Emmanuel Macron addresses French troops in Africa's Sahel region in Gao, northern Mali, 19 May 2017. REUTERS/Christophe Petit Tesson/Pool Fourth person in probable Ebola death in Congo: WHO http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fourth-person-in-probable-ebola-death-in-congo-who A fourth person has likely died from Ebola in remote northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, the World Health Organization said on Sunday, as the overall number of cases rose to 37 from 29. Deputy President Ramaphosa says South Africa must avoid 'mafia state' fate http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/deputy-president-ramaphosa-says-south-africa-must-avoid-mafia-state-fate South African Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa, seen as a top contender to lead the ruling ANC into 2019 general elections, said on Sunday that the country must not become a "mafia state" as he admitted his party had become associated with corruption. One killed in northern Kenya after rally attended by President Kenyatta http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/one-killed-in-northern-kenya-after-rally-attended-by-president-kenyatta Police shot dead one person in northern Kenya's Isiolo county after a political rally attended by President Uhuru Kenyatta at which supporters of rival political candidates for regional government positions clashed, police said. Early warning systems still missing in 100 countries, UN says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/early-warning-systems-still-missing-in-100-countries-un-says Governments of 100 countries still lacking disaster early warning systems have a duty to invest in the projects, which could save lives and property, and reap longer-term economic benefits, the U.N.'s meteorological agency said. Tanzanian president fires mining minister and chief of state-run agency http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzanian-president-fires-mining-minister-and-chief-of-state-run-agency Tanzania President John Magufuli fired his mining minister and the chief of the state-run mineral audit agency on Wednesday after an investigation into possible undeclared exports by mining companies to evade tax. EU to impose sanctions on more Congo officials: diplomats http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eu-to-impose-sanctions-on-more-congo-officials-diplomats The European Union is poised to impose sanctions against more Congolese officials, sources in Brussels said, amid worsening violence in the resource-rich country since President Joseph Kabila overstayed his mandate and pushed back elections. Ethiopia's Tedros wins WHO race, first African to get top job http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-s-tedros-wins-who-race-first-african-to-get-top-job Ethiopia's Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus won the race to be the next head of the World Health Organisation (WHO) on Tuesday, becoming the first African to lead the Geneva-based United Nations agency. Nigeria oil minister says not opposed to eventually joining output cuts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-oil-minister-says-not-opposed-to-eventually-joining-output-cuts Nigerian Oil Minister Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu said on Thursday that conceptually Nigeria was not opposed to joining OPEC production caps but would have to wait and see if production came back to acceptable levels. Equatorial Guinea approved as latest OPEC member: source close to oil minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/equatorial-guinea-approved-as-latest-opec-member-source-close-to-oil-minister Africa's third-biggest oil producer, Equatorial Guinea, has been accepted as a new member of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), a source close to the country's oil minister told a Reuters on Thursday. Lesotho votes just two years after previous election amid instability http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/lesotho-votes-just-two-years-after-previous-election-amid-instability People in Lesotho voted in a national election on Saturday just two years after the previous one as the Southern African kingdom struggles with political instability. West Africa seeking 50 million euros from EU for anti-Islamist force http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/west-africa-seeking-50-million-euros-from-eu-for-anti-islamist-force The countries of West Africa's Sahel region are requesting 50 million euros ($56 million) from the European Union to help set up a multinational force to take on Islamist militant groups, Mali's military chief said on Saturday. South Africa's main opposition suspends former leader over colonialism remarks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-main-opposition-suspends-former-leader-over-colonialism-remarks South Africa's main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) has suspended former leader Helen Zille for saying earlier this year that the legacy of colonialism was not entirely negative, the party said on Saturday. France says soldiers killed 20 Islamists in Mali http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/france-says-soldiers-killed-20-islamists-in-mali French soldiers have killed about 20 Islamic combatants in northern Mali this week in an operation to defend France's troops there, the defense ministry in Paris said on Friday. Bodies of seven African migrants recovered from truck in Libya http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/bodies-of-seven-african-migrants-recovered-from-truck-in-libya Seven African migrants died, apparently from suffocation, after being locked for two days in a refrigerated truck that was abandoned by people smugglers on the Libyan coast, officials said. China says 31 nationals detained in Zambia for illegal mining http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/china-says-31-nationals-detained-in-zambia-for-illegal-mining Zambia has detained 31 Chinese nationals for illegal mining in the African country's copper belt but has failed to provide strong proof of their crimes, a senior Chinese diplomat said as he lodged a complaint. Lungu invokes emergency powers in Zambia after market blaze http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/lungu-invokes-emergency-powers-in-zambia-after-market-blaze Zambian President Edgar Lungu said on Thursday he had invoked emergency powers in the southern Africa nation to deal with "acts of sabotage" by the opposition, after fire gutted the country's biggest market. Niger soldiers kill 14 civilians mistaken for militants: official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/niger-soldiers-kill-14-civilians-mistaken-for-militants-official Soldiers in Niger killed 14 unarmed civilians after mistaking them for Boko Haram militants during a patrol in the remote southeast of the country, a senior regional official said on Thursday. Eight people killed in Malawi independence day stampede http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eight-people-killed-in-malawi-independence-day-stampede South Africa's Eskom signs $1.5 billion loan agreement with China http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-eskom-signs-1-5-billion-loan-agreement-with-china South Africa's state power utility Eskom signed a $1.5 billion (19.6 billion rand) loan agreement with China Development Bank on Thursday to partly finance its Medupi coal power plant, its acting chief executive said on Thursday. Gunmen attack military bases in Ivory Coast cities Abidjan, Korhogo http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-attack-military-bases-in-ivory-coast-cities-abidjan-korhogo Gunmen attacked military bases in Ivory Coast's main city of Abidjan and the northern city of Korhogo on Saturday, but were repulsed, a senior military official said. U.S. seeks to recover $144 million in Nigeria oil industry bribery case http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-seeks-to-recover-144-million-in-nigeria-oil-industry-bribery-case The U.S. Justice Department on Friday filed a lawsuit seeking to recover assets that include a $50 million Manhattan apartment and an $80 million yacht that it said were bought using money generated from a scheme to pay millions of dollars in bribes to a former Nigerian oil minister. Assailants kill at least two, injure six in Kinshasa raid http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/assailants-kill-at-least-two-injure-six-in-kinshasa-raid Nearly a dozen men armed with knives and batons burst into the largest market in Democratic Republic of Congo's capital Kinshasa on Friday, killing at least two people and wounding six police officers, the police and witnesses said. Nigeria budget, despite being signed into law, still being amended http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-budget-despite-being-signed-into-law-still-being-amended Nigeria's 2017 budget, signed into law by the acting president a month ago, has still not been finalised and is being amended due to disagreements between parliament and the presidency, two sources familiar with the matter said. SAP names acting executive team, law firm for South Africa probe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sap-names-acting-executive-team-law-firm-for-south-africa-probe Germany's SAP (SAPG.DE) named a new executive team in South Africa on Friday, two days after the software giant put four senior managers on leave, pending its investigations into allegations that it was involved in a government bribery scheme. Boko Haram issue photo of kidnapped oil researchers http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-issue-photo-of-kidnapped-oil-researchers Suspected members of Boko Haram have released a photograph that appears to show three kidnapped members of an oil exploration team in northeastern Nigeria, according to the university whose staff were part of the team and which distributed the image on Friday. South Sudan army captures rebel-held town, senior rebel defects http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-army-captures-rebel-held-town-senior-rebel-defects South Sudan's government said on Friday it had taken the last town before the main rebel base of Pagak, where thousands of civilians have fled to escape fighting near the border with Ethiopia. Somalia says kills senior al Shabaab commander in raid http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-says-kills-senior-al-shabaab-commander-in-raid Somalia said on Monday its military and allied foreign troops had killed a senior member of al Shabaab it said was responsible for several Islamist bombings. Rwanda's Kagame predicts clean sweep to third presidential term http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwanda-s-kagame-predicts-clean-sweep-to-third-presidential-term Rwandan President Paul Kagame, already in power for 17 years, predicted on Monday he would win overwhelming popular backing for a third term in elections this week, brushing off accusations of stifling political debate. Senegal's Sall set to maintain commanding parliamentary majority http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/senegal-s-sall-set-to-maintain-commanding-parliamentary-majority Senegal President Macky Sall's ruling coalition was set on Monday to retain a commanding majority in parliament after a weekend election, a presidential aide said, but the opposition claimed the results were tainted by fraud. Malawi issues arrest warrant for former president over graft scandal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-issues-arrest-warrant-for-former-president-over-graft-scandal Malawi has issued an arrest warrant for its former President Joyce Banda over alleged abuse of office and money laundering offences over a two-year period when she was in office, a police spokesman said on Monday. Five women beaten and burned part of rising wave of Tanzanian 'witch killings' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/five-women-beaten-and-burned-part-of-rising-wave-of-tanzanian-witch-killings Five women accused of being witches and murdered by a mob last week were among some 80 people killed each month in Tanzania this year by vigilantes taking the law into their own hands, a report said Monday. Niger Delta leaders threaten to pull out of peace talks if demands not met by November 1 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/niger-delta-leaders-threaten-to-pull-out-of-peace-talks-if-demands-not-met-by-november-1 Prominent community leaders in Nigeria's restive Niger Delta oil hub threatened on Monday to pull out of peace talks with the government unless their demands were met by Nov. 1. Kenya election official tortured, murdered before vote, officials say http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-election-official-tortured-murdered-before-vote-officials-say A senior Kenyan election official was found murdered on Monday, three days after he went missing, poll officials said, as opposition leaders warned the killing could plunge next week's national vote into turmoil. Nigeria to continue oil exploration in Lake Chad Basin despite kidnapping http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-to-continue-oil-exploration-in-lake-chad-basin-despite-kidnapping Nigerian scientists will continue to search for oil in the restive Lake Chad Basin region despite a kidnapping of some researchers by suspected Boko Haram members, a university and state oil firm NNPC said on Monday. Congo police arrest over 100 as anti-Kabila protests dispersed http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-police-arrest-over-100-as-anti-kabila-protests-dispersed Police in Democratic Republic of Congo arrested at least 128 people on Monday as they dispersed protests demanding that President Joseph Kabila leave power by the end of the year, Human Rights Watch said. As warming brings more malaria, Kenya moves treatment closer to home http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/as-warming-brings-more-malaria-kenya-moves-treatment-closer-to-home When it rains in Emusala village, a person sick with a fever can find it hard to get to the nearest health center, which requires a trip along the slippery footpaths that lead to the nearest main road some 10km (6 miles) away, in the heart of Western Kenya’s Kakamega County. China promises support to new African ally Gambia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/china-promises-support-to-new-african-ally-gambia China will offer its new African ally Gambia support in infrastructure, agriculture, tourism and other areas, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told his visiting Gambian counterpart, after the nation ditched ties with self-ruled Taiwan. Car bomb in Somali port city of Kismayo wounds at least 10 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/car-bomb-in-somali-port-city-of-kismayo-wounds-at-least-10 A car bomb explosion in the southern Somali town of Kismayo wounded at least 10 people on Tuesday, police and residents said. Ivory Coast PM decides to sack CCC head after cocoa crisis: sources http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-pm-decides-to-sack-ccc-head-after-cocoa-crisis-sources Ivory Coast's prime minister has decided to sack the head of the Coffee and Cocoa Council (CCC) Massandje Toure Litse, owing to a crisis over cocoa contract defaults and other management issues, sources said on Tuesday. Rwandan candidate pledges retrial of jailed dissidents if elected http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwandan-candidate-pledges-retrial-of-jailed-dissidents-if-elected Rwanda's Frank Habineza, the only registered opposition leader competing against President Paul Kagame in Friday's elections, pledged on Wednesday to retry political prisoners if he's elected. Bombed camp in northeast Nigeria threatened anew by death http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/bombed-camp-in-northeast-nigeria-threatened-anew-by-death Six months after a botched military strike rocked their refuge, tens of thousands of Nigerians who thronged the camp to escape Boko Haram are now struggling to survive, aid agencies said on Wednesday. Kenya opposition leader says ruling party can win only by rigging vote http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-opposition-leader-says-ruling-party-can-win-only-by-rigging-vote Kenya's ruling party cannot win next week's national elections without rigging the result, opposition leader Raila Odinga said on Wednesday, adopting a hard-line stance likely to stoke public fears of violence. Kenya's new $3.2 billion railway frustrates customers ahead of polls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-s-new-3-2-billion-railway-frustrates-customers-ahead-of-polls The new railway linking Nairobi to the port of Mombasa was supposed to be the crowning achievement of an infrastructure bonanza propelling President Uhuru Kenyatta to victory in Kenya's Aug. 8 polls. Thousands protest against Guinea's Conde over election delays, insecurity http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/thousands-protest-against-guinea-s-conde-over-election-delays-insecurity Several thousand opponents of Guinea's President Alpha Conde protested in the capital Conakry on Wednesday against election delays and insecurity, as political tensions escalate. South Sudanese refugees in Uganda near million mark http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudanese-refugees-in-uganda-near-million-mark Archbishop of Canterbury Justin Welby, spiritual leader of the world's Anglicans, prayed on Wednesday with South Sudanese refugees in northern Uganda, home to a nearly million fugitives from a four-year civil war in the world's youngest nation. Gunmen kill four in raid on South Sudan's main highway http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-kill-four-in-raid-on-south-sudan-s-main-highway Gunmen ambushed a convoy of buses traveling on a major highway in South Sudan on Wednesday, killing at least four passengers and wounding 10 others, police said. U.N. finds mass graves in north Mali http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-finds-mass-graves-in-north-mali The United Nations' peacekeeping mission has uncovered mass graves in a region of northern Mali beset by conflict between rival groups, the mission said on Saturday. Kenya opposition say police raid offices, but witnesses deny it http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-opposition-say-police-raid-offices-but-witnesses-deny-it A Kenyan opposition spokesman said police raided his alliance’s offices on Friday night, four days before elections – but the government quickly denied any raid had taken place, dismissing the report as “fake news”. Zimbabwe opposition reunites to challenge Mugabe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-opposition-reunites-to-challenge-mugabe Zimbabwe's main opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai on Saturday reunited with his former allies to agree a pre-election pact to challenge President Robert Mugabe's near four-decade hold on power at the polls next year. Rwanda's Kagame wins third presidential term by a landslide http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwanda-s-kagame-wins-third-presidential-term-by-a-landslide Incumbent leader Paul Kagame swept to a landslide victory in Rwanda's presidential election, securing a third term in office and extending his 17 years in power, final results showed on Saturday. No-confidence vote signals 'High Noon' for South Africa's Zuma http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/no-confidence-vote-signals-high-noon-for-south-africa-s-zuma Lawmakers of South Africa's ruling African National Congress (ANC) pledged to back President Jacob Zuma in a no-confidence motion in parliament later on Tuesday, a show of support that would thwart opposition efforts to force him to step down. Trump administration's Africa policy in focus at AGOA trade talks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/trump-administration-s-africa-policy-in-focus-at-agoa-trade-talks With the Trump administration's trade agenda focused on reining in China and renegotiating the North American Free Trade agreement, Africa has barely appeared on the radar screen. Kenya's keenest voter braves old age, rain to make her mark http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-s-keenest-voter-braves-old-age-rain-to-make-her-mark Clutching her rosary in one hand and voting card in the other, 102-year-old Lydia Gathoni, a clear contender for Kenya's keenest voter, queued through the night to ensure she was first in line to cast her ballot on Tuesday. Congo security forces kill at least 14 in clashes with sect http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-security-forces-kill-at-least-14-in-clashes-with-sect Congolese security forces killed at least 14 members of separatist sect Bundu dia Kongo (BDK) on Monday during clashes in the capital Kinshasa and southwestern city of Matadi. Nigeria to permanently seize ex-oil minister's $37.5 million property http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-to-permanently-seize-ex-oil-minister-s-37-5-million-property Nigeria has been told by a court it can permanently seize a $37.5 million apartment block owned by a former oil minister who is wanted for money laundering. Kenyatta maintains strong lead in Kenya vote: election commission http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyatta-maintains-strong-lead-in-kenya-vote-election-commission Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta maintained his strong lead in the presidential election count on Wednesday with 85 percent of polling stations reporting, the election commission said. Kenya opposition leader rejects election results displayed so far http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-opposition-leader-rejects-election-results-displayed-so-far Kenya opposition leader Raila Odinga said he rejected results from the country's election commission on Tuesday's presidential vote, raising fears his supporters could mount street protests. Boko Haram militants kill at least 30 fishermen in northeast Nigeria: governor http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-militants-kill-at-least-30-fishermen-in-northeast-nigeria-governor Boko Haram militants killed at least 30 fishermen in raids on communities around Lake Chad in northeastern Nigeria, the governor of Borno state, residents and military sources said on Tuesday. South Africa's Zuma survives no-confidence vote, some ANC lawmakers join opposition http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-zuma-survives-no-confidence-vote-some-anc-lawmakers-join-opposition South African President Jacob Zuma survived an attempt in parliament to force him from office on Tuesday, but was left politically wounded after some members of his ruling African National Congress (ANC) party voted with the opposition. Indian nun rescues Cameroonian sex slaves from Middle East http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/indian-nun-rescues-cameroonian-sex-slaves-from-middle-east A celebrated Indian nun who rescues Cameroonian women from slavery in the Middle East has called for greater support for victims to help them recover from the horrors of being drugged, raped and abused. Kenya election chief rejects opposition's hacking claims as protests erupt http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-election-chief-rejects-opposition-s-hacking-claims-as-protests-erupt Kenya's election commission dismissed claims on Wednesday by opposition leader Raila Odinga that its systems and website had been hacked to produce a "fictitious" lead for Odinga's long-time rival President Uhuru Kenyatta. U.N. urges action to avert famine threatening 20 million people worldwide http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-urges-action-to-avert-famine-threatening-20-million-people-worldwide helicopter flies over a queue of people waiting to be registered prior to a food distribution in Thonyor, Leer county, South Sudan, February 25, 2017. Picture taken February 25, 2017.Siegfried Modola Senegal's main opposition to boycott future elections after 'masquerade' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/senegal-s-main-opposition-to-boycott-future-elections-after-masquerade The leader of Senegal's main opposition group said on Wednesday it would not participate in any future elections because the parliamentary polls that delivered a large majority to the ruling coalition were a "masquerade". Fifty African teenage migrants 'deliberately drowned' off Yemen: IOM http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fifty-african-teenage-migrants-deliberately-drowned-off-yemen-iom Roughly 50 teenage Somali and Ethiopian migrants were "deliberately drowned" early on Wednesday by a smuggler who forced 120 passengers into the sea off Yemen's coast, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) said. Three dead in machete attack on Kenya vote tallying center on coast http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/three-dead-in-machete-attack-on-kenya-vote-tallying-center-on-coast One person was killed when a machete-wielding gang attacked a tallying center in Kenya's coastal Tana River county on Wednesday, and police shot dead two attackers, a witness said. Is Trump militarising US-Africa policy? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/is-trump-militarising-us-africa-policy ‘The US is waging a massive shadow war in Africa … The war you’ve never heard of,’ the online journal VICE News recentlyannounced. ‘Today, according to U.S. military documents obtained by VICE News, special operators are carrying out nearly 100 missions at any given time – in Africa alone.’ 18 dead in suspected militant attack in Burkina Faso http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/18-dead-in-suspected-militant-attack-in-burkina-faso One Turk was injured and another killed in the attack on a Turkish restaurant in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso's capital Top U.S. military officer addresses criticism of fatal Niger operation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/top-u-s-military-officer-addresses-criticism-of-fatal-niger-operation The top U.S. military officer sought on Monday to tamp down criticism the Pentagon had not been forthcoming about the death of four U.S. soldiers in an ambush in Niger, providing a timeline of the incident and acknowledging unanswered questions remained. Ugandan girls forced into child marriage: Report http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ugandan-girls-forced-into-child-marriage-report When Ugandan schoolgirl Auma got her first period she asked her mother for sanitary pads. Her mother suggested she find herself a husband to pay for them. Auma was just 12. Kenyan rebel evades child marriage and Maasai curses to win power http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-rebel-evades-child-marriage-and-maasai-curses-to-win-power After outmaneuvering her illiterate father three times by the age of 18 to escape his plans to make her a child bride, Peris Tobiko decided the only way to protect other Maasai girls in Kenya from harmful traditions was to become a leader. Liberia party submits complaint over alleged vote fraud http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/liberia-party-submits-complaint-over-alleged-vote-fraud The Liberty Party that placed third in the first round of Liberia’s presidential elections on Monday submitted a complaint to the elections commission (NEC), calling for it to annul the result won by former soccer star George Weah, the document showed. Timeline: Top U.S. general lays out timeline of deadly Niger attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/timeline-top-u-s-general-lays-out-timeline-of-deadly-niger-attack U.S. and Nigerien forces who came under attack in Niger earlier this month waited for an hour before they requested support and it was about an hour later that French jets arrived, according to a timeline provided by the top U.S. general on Monday. Ivory seizures hit record levels last year, report says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-seizures-hit-record-levels-last-year-report-says Ivory seizures around the world hit record levels last year, with elephant poaching in Africa declining for a fifth year in a row, a report says. Nigerian university hires snake charmers after student death http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-university-hires-snake-charmers-after-student-death A university in north-west Nigeria is hiring snake charmers to eradicate the danger of fatal snake bites on campus. Why Zimbabwe has a 'Minister of WhatsApp' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/why-zimbabwe-has-a-minister-of-whatsapp A spoof government notice hit social media as soon as President Robert Mugabe announced he had set up a new ministry responsible for Cyber Security, Threat Detection and Mitigation. Nigeria to freeze 46 million bank accounts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-to-freeze-46-million-bank-accounts About 46 million bank accounts in Nigeria which are not linked to customers' biometric data are to be frozen as part of moves to crack down on corruption. Kenyan businesses feel the political heat http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-businesses-feel-the-political-heat Kenya’s electoral crisis is proving disastrous for the economy, according to businesses large and small as customers are reluctant to spend money. Tanzania arrests over 'promoting homosexuality' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-arrests-over-promoting-homosexuality Police in Tanzania have re-arrested 12 people, including two South Africans and a Ugandan, for presumed promotion of homosexuality. Female bombers target Nigerian camp http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/female-bombers-target-nigerian-camp Three female suicide bombers in Nigeria have targeted the north-eastern city of Maiduguri, killing 14 civilians. Liberia's president says 'our democracy is under assault' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/liberia-s-president-says-our-democracy-is-under-assault Liberia’s President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf on Tuesday said democracy in the West African country was being threatened, a day after the Supreme Court put a presidential runoff on hold over fraud allegations. Deaths spike in South Africa's deep and dangerous mines, reversing trend http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/deaths-spike-in-south-africa-s-deep-and-dangerous-mines-reversing-trend The 2017 death toll in South Africa’s mines has already surpassed the 2016 figure, ending nine straight years of falling fatalities in the world’s deepest mines and raising red flags for the industry, government and labor groups. Malian soldiers killed in French strike had joined Islamists: source http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malian-soldiers-killed-in-french-strike-had-joined-islamists-source Malian soldiers killed by a French military strike in northern Mali last month were deserters who had joined an Islamist militant group, a French source close to the matter said on Tuesday. Kenya's Odinga says constitutional review, talks will pave way out of crisis http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-s-odinga-says-constitutional-review-talks-will-pave-way-out-of-crisis Kenya’s opposition leader Raila Odinga said on Tuesday he wants an interim government to run the country for six months while the constitution is reviewed to curb the president’s authority. Zimbabwe's Mugabe widens purge, clearing wife's succession path http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-mugabe-widens-purge-clearing-wife-s-succession-path Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe’s sacking of his deputy Emmerson Mnangagwa was part of a wider purge, state media said on Tuesday, in a clear out analysts say is meant to neutralize any resistance to the political rise of his wife, Grace. South Sudan's government using food as weapon of war - U.N. report http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-s-government-using-food-as-weapon-of-war-u-n-report South Sudan President Salva Kiir’s government is using food as a weapon of war to target civilians by blocking life-saving aid in some areas, United Nations sanctions monitors told the Security Council in a confidential report seen by Reuters on Friday. Burundi rejects International Criminal Court war crimes investigation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundi-rejects-international-criminal-court-war-crimes-investigation Burundi said on Friday it will refuse to cooperate with an International Criminal Court (ICC) investigation into war crimes prosecutors suspect were committed by forces loyal to President Pierre Nkurunziza’s government against their political opponents. U.S. citizen facing subversion charges in Zimbabwe released from jail http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-citizen-facing-subversion-charges-in-zimbabwe-released-from-jail A U.S. citizen accused of attempting to subvert President Robert Mugabe’s government was released from Zimbabwe’s maximum security jail on Friday, a day after the High Court ordered her to be freed on bail, Reuters witnesses said. Militant threat hangs over Islamic State's former Libyan stronghold http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/militant-threat-hangs-over-islamic-state-s-former-libyan-stronghold Nearly a year after Islamic State was driven from its Libyan stronghold Sirte, residents surveying their wrecked homes feel neglected and vulnerable, still afraid of the militant threat that has waned but not vanished. Kenya craftsmen to build boat out of plastic waste http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-craftsmen-to-build-boat-out-of-plastic-waste The beaches of Kenya’s idyllic Lamu island are dotted with traditional Swahili stone and coral houses, mansions built by European royalty, the odd donkey and, increasingly, tidal lines of plastic trash. Little hope of peace talks as renewed fighting looms in South Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/little-hope-of-peace-talks-as-renewed-fighting-looms-in-south-sudan As fresh fighting looms in South Sudan with the onset of the dry season, there is little chance of peace talks to end a war that has already killed tens of thousands of people and created Africa’s largest refugee crisis, diplomats and analysts said. Nigeria's sick Chibok girls struggle with school in dispute over medical bills http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-sick-chibok-girls-struggle-with-school-in-dispute-over-medical-bills For the past three weeks, Kolo Adamu has slept on the floor beside her daughter Naomi’s hospital bed in northeast Nigeria, unable to afford the surgery she needs for a kidney condition. Congo and Uganda to launch joint operation against rebel ADF http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-and-uganda-to-launch-joint-operation-against-rebel-adf Congo and Uganda are planning a joint military operation against a Congo-based Ugandan rebel group blamed for an attack that killed 15 United Nations peacekeepers, army officials from the two countries said on Wednesday. Ugandan parliament passes law allowing Museveni to seek re-election http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ugandan-parliament-passes-law-allowing-museveni-to-seek-re-election Ugandan legislators voted late on Wednesday to amend the country’s constitution to allow 73-year-old leader Yoweri Museveni to extend his rule, potentially guaranteeing him a life-time presidency. Cameroonian troops entered Nigeria without seeking authorization http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroonian-troops-entered-nigeria-without-seeking-authorization Cameroonian troops this month crossed into Nigeria in pursuit of rebels without seeking authorization from Nigeria, causing a falling-out between the governments behind the scenes, sources familiar with the matter told Reuters. BP and Kosmos partner on five Ivory Coast offshore oil blocks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/bp-and-kosmos-partner-on-five-ivory-coast-offshore-oil-blocks Ivory Coast has awarded partners BP and Kosmos Energy five new offshore oil blocks under an agreement with state oil company Petroci, government spokesman Bruno Kone said on Wednesday. Shell, Eni to stand trial in Nigeria bribery case http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/shell-eni-to-stand-trial-in-nigeria-bribery-case Royal Dutch Shell (RDSa.L) and Eni (ENI.MI) have been ordered to stand trial over alleged corruption in Nigeria with the Italian major’s chief executive among those indicted. Zimbabwe's Mnangagwa promises zero tolerance in corruption fight http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-mnangagwa-promises-zero-tolerance-in-corruption-fight Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa on Wednesday promised zero tolerance in his government’s push to punish corruption that stifled political freedom and economic growth under Robert Mugabe’s 37-year rule. Chad, Glencore talks to renegotiate $1 billion loan fail again http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/chad-glencore-talks-to-renegotiate-1-billion-loan-fail-again A delegation from Chad and commodities trader Glencore failed to reach a deal to restructure a more than $1 billion oil-backed loan after another round of talks in Paris that ended this week, a source familiar with the matter said. Kidnapped aid workers in South Sudan released: U.N., rebels http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kidnapped-aid-workers-in-south-sudan-released-u-n-rebels Six aid workers kidnapped by rebels in South Sudan earlier this week have been released, according to the United Nations and a spokesman for the rebels. Somali lawmakers seek to impeach president amid political crisis http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somali-lawmakers-seek-to-impeach-president-amid-political-crisis Some Somali lawmakers said on Wednesday they plan to impeach the president in a mounting political crisis that could put the fledgling government on a violent collision course with one of the country’s most powerful clans. Congolese forces kill at least seven during anti-government protests: U.N. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congolese-forces-kill-at-least-seven-during-anti-government-protests-u-n Security forces killed at least seven people in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Sunday during protests against President Joseph Kabila’s refusal to step down from office, United Nations peacekeepers said. Congolese forces kill at least seven during anti-government protests: U.N. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congolese-forces-kill-at-least-seven-during-anti-government-protests-u-n Security forces killed at least seven people in the Democratic Republic of Congo on Sunday during protests against President Joseph Kabila’s refusal to step down from office, United Nations peacekeepers said. Migrant arrivals to Italy by sea fall by a third in 2017 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/migrant-arrivals-to-italy-by-sea-fall-by-a-third-in-2017 Migrant arrivals to Italy by sea fell by a third in 2017 compared to a year earlier, the Interior Ministry said on Sunday, as Libyan authorities helped to slow departures during the second half of the year. African migrant arrivals to Italy by sea fall by a third in 2017 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-migrant-arrivals-to-italy-by-sea-fall-by-a-third-in-2017 Migrant arrivals to Italy by sea fell by a third in 2017 compared to a year earlier, the Interior Ministry said on Sunday, as Libyan authorities helped to slow departures during the second half of the year. Congo orders internet and SMS cut ahead of anti-government demonstrations http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-orders-internet-and-sms-cut-ahead-of-anti-government-demonstrations Democratic Republic of Congo’s government on Saturday ordered telecommunications providers to cut internet and SMS services across the country ahead of planned anti-government demonstrations. President-elect Weah says Liberia 'open for business', vows to fight corruption http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/president-elect-weah-says-liberia-open-for-business-vows-to-fight-corruption Liberian President-elect George Weah on Saturday declared the country open to investment and pledged to tackle entrenched corruption, in his first speech to the nation since decisively winning an election this week. Special Report: Meet the force behind Zimbabwe's 'Crocodile' president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/special-report-meet-the-force-behind-zimbabwe-s-crocodile-president His wife is a beauty queen, his troops unseated Zimbabwean leader Robert Mugabe, and his motorcade is fit for a president. General Constantino Chiwenga, head of the armed forces until earlier this month, is on a roll. Mali's Keita names ex-defense and foreign minister as PM http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-s-keita-names-ex-defense-and-foreign-minister-as-pm Mali President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita on Saturday appointed Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga - a former defense and foreign minister and intelligence chief - as the new prime minister, according to a decree read on state television. Raid on senator's home reveals divisions in Somali security forces http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/raid-on-senator-s-home-reveals-divisions-in-somali-security-forces Masked men who appeared to be members of the Somali security forces raided the house of a powerful Somali senator on Saturday, but the government initially said it did not know who they were, fuelling political tensions. Scores killed, several injured in Kenya bus crash http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/scores-killed-several-injured-in-kenya-bus-crash Thirty-six people were killed and 11 injured early Sunday morning in a head-on collision between a bus and a lorry on a road in central Kenya, police said. Zimbabwe's ex-army chief sworn in as vice-president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-ex-army-chief-sworn-in-as-vice-president Zimbabwe's former army commander who led a military takeover that helped end Robert Mugabe's 37-year rule was Thursday sworn in as one of the country's two vice presidents. Kenya high court suspends government shutdown of three TV channels http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-high-court-suspends-government-shutdown-of-three-tv-channels A Kenyan high court has suspended a government shutdown of three private TV channels that was prompted by their coverage of opposition leader Raila Odinga’s self-proclaimed presidential inauguration on Tuesday, one of the channels reported on its twitter feed. South Africa's Zuma asks prosecutors to drop graft charges http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-zuma-asks-prosecutors-to-drop-graft-charges South Africa's Zuma to deliver parliamentary speech as scheduled: parliament http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-zuma-to-deliver-parliamentary-speech-as-scheduled-parliament South Africa’s parliament said on Wednesday that President Jacob Zuma will deliver the state-of-the-nation address as planned on Feb 8 despite calls from within the ruling party and the opposition for the scandal-plagued leader. Kenyan journalists, fearing arrest, camp out in their newsroom http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-journalists-fearing-arrest-camp-out-in-their-newsroom Three Kenyan journalists said on Thursday they spent the night in their newsroom in fear of arrest, watching plainclothes policemen camped outside, and that their lawyers would file court petitions in the morning seeking to ensure their freedom. Congo electoral commission finishes registering 46 million voters http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-electoral-commission-finishes-registering-46-million-voters Congo’s electoral commission finished registering 46 million voters on Wednesday for a long-delayed election meant to replace President Joseph Kabila that is currently scheduled for the end of December. Zimbabwe to give white farmers 99-year leases, like black counterparts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-to-give-white-farmers-99-year-leases-like-black-counterparts Zimbabwe will issue 99-year leases to white farmers, according to a government circular, after new President Emmerson Mnangagwa said he would end discrimination along racial lines in agriculture. Gambia's president says recovery 'like carrying a mountain' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gambia-s-president-says-recovery-like-carrying-a-mountain Banjul - Gambia's new president says taking over a bankrupt nation was "like carrying a mountain" and that stabilising the economy will take time after the former leader left it in tatters. South Sudan rebels vow 'guerrilla war' if peace talks fail http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-rebels-vow-guerrilla-war-if-peace-talks-fail Akobo - South Sudan's opposition is threatening to resort to "guerrilla warfare" if peace talks in Ethiopia fail in the coming days as government forces advance on remaining rebel strongholds in the fifth year of civil war. Zimbabweans 'now expressing themselves freely' after Mugabe: EU http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabweans-now-expressing-themselves-freely-after-mugabe-eu A European Union delegation currently in Harare has reportedly said that Zimbabweans are "now expressing themselves freely" since the ouster of ex-president Robert Mugabe in November. Herder-farmer violence kills 14 in Nigeria http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/herder-farmer-violence-kills-14-in-nigeria Kano - Suspected reprisal attacks between herdsmen and farmers killed at least 14 people in central Nigeria, police said on Wednesday, the latest violence of an escalating conflict. Expansion of Ethiopia’s first industrial park reopens old wounds http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/expansion-of-ethiopia-s-first-industrial-park-reopens-old-wounds DUKEM, Ethiopia (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The scenic road from Addis Ababa to the small town of Dukem is peppered with signs of industry: warehouses and factories, garages and gas stations, newly-built rail tracks and a freshly paved highway. Human cost of conflict in South Sudan reached ‘epic proportions,’ warns UN http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/human-cost-of-conflict-in-south-sudan-reached-epic-proportions-warns-un The human cost of South Sudan’s long-running conflict has reached “epic proportions” with the number of refugees set to rise beyond three million by the end of this year, potentially making it Africa’s largest refugee crisis since the mid-1990s, the head of the UN refugee agency said on Thursday. Kenya arrests lawyer, keeps TV stations shut after Odinga 'inauguration' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-arrests-lawyer-keeps-tv-stations-shut-after-odinga-inauguration Kenya on Friday arrested an opposition lawyer and defied a court order to lift a ban on three private television stations that had covered the symbolic presidential inauguration of opposition leader Raila Odinga. Exclusive: U.S. to impose arms embargo on South Sudan to end conflict - sources http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/exclusive-u-s-to-impose-arms-embargo-on-south-sudan-to-end-conflict-sources The United States is set to announce an arms embargo against South Sudan on Friday, three sources familiar with the decision told Reuters, stepping up pressure against President Salva Kiir to end the country’s civil war and humanitarian crisis. Blockchain to track Congo's cobalt from mine to mobile http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/blockchain-to-track-congo-s-cobalt-from-mine-to-mobile Blockchain is to be used for the first time to try to track cobalt’s journey from artisanal mines in Democratic Republic of Congo through to products used in smartphones and electric cars. Boko Haram suspects go on public trial in Niger http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-suspects-go-on-public-trial-in-niger Eighty-one people accused of fighting for Boko Haram went on trial in Niger on Thursday in a public court sitting, one of the first of its kind after closed-door trials of suspected insurgents were criticized by human rights groups. Alarm for Chibok girls as Nigeria targets Boko Haram hideout http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/alarm-for-chibok-girls-as-nigeria-targets-boko-haram-hideout Nigeria must avoid harming the Chibok girls in its reported bombardment of a forest hideout used by the Boko Haram militants who seized them, parents and activists said on Thursday. German military to end role in EU training mission in Somalia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/german-military-to-end-role-in-eu-training-mission-in-somalia The German military will stop participating in a European Union training mission in Somalia at the end of March, a Foreign Ministry official said on Thursday, expressing frustration at the pace of progress. U.N. sounds alarm on South Sudan as Africa's biggest refugee crisis looms http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-sounds-alarm-on-south-sudan-as-africa-s-biggest-refugee-crisis-looms Nearly 7 million people from South Sudan need emergency aid such as food, water and basic medicines due to a protracted civil war in the country, the United Nations said on Thursday, appealing to international donors for $3.2 billion. Cape Town's water crisis hitting tourism: officials http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cape-town-s-water-crisis-hitting-tourism-officials A chronic drought that could leave South Africa’s Cape Town without water within weeks is hurting visitor numbers and knocking a rare economic bright spot, officials said on Friday. Kenyan police briefly detain legislator over opposition leader's 'swearing in' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-police-briefly-detain-legislator-over-opposition-leader-s-swearing-in Kenyan police on Saturday briefly detained a third opposition legislator who attended a symbolic “swearing-in” of opposition leader Raila Odinga that was a direct challenge to President Uhuru Kenyatta, who won re-election in October. Zuma should resign, says senior official in South Africa's ruling party http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zuma-should-resign-says-senior-official-in-south-africa-s-ruling-party South African President Jacob Zuma should step down, a senior ruling African National Congress official said, raising fresh pressure on Zuma who has been weakened since Cyril Ramaphosa became ANC leader in December. U.S. ups pressure on South Sudan's Kiir, bans arms sales http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-ups-pressure-on-south-sudan-s-kiir-bans-arms-sales The United States on Friday banned the export of weapons and defense services to South Sudan, stepping up pressure against President Salva Kiir to end the country’s four-year civil war. Congo Republic plans to dissolve state power, water utilities http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-republic-plans-to-dissolve-state-power-water-utilities Debt-crippled Congo Republic’s government approved a plan on Friday to dissolve its loss-making power and water utilities and replace them with three public limited companies. Education sole response to militant violence: France's Macron http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/education-sole-response-to-militant-violence-france-s-macron Education is the sole response to the global rise of religious and political extremism, French President Emmanuel Macron told a conference in Senegal on Friday where he pledged 200 million euros ($248 million) to support an international education fund. Zimbabwe should press on with fair land reform: Britain http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-should-press-on-with-fair-land-reform-britain Zimbabwe should press on with transparent and fair land reform, Britain said on Friday, as Harare’s new leaders look to overhaul policies that evicted thousands of white farmers without compensation. Will Egypt-Ethiopia-Sudan diplomacy placate other Nile countries? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/will-egypt-ethiopia-sudan-diplomacy-placate-other-nile-countries Unless all potential beneficiaries find a way to share the Nile water, conflict will continue. E Guinea president dissolves government after polls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/e-guinea-president-dissolves-government-after-polls Malabo - Equatorial Guinea's president Teodoro Obiang Nguema has dissolved his government, including the powers of the prime minister and his three deputies, according to a decree read out on state television on Saturday. Thousands protest against government in Togo http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/thousands-protest-against-government-in-togo Lome - Thousands of protesters took to the streets in Togo's capital Lome on Saturday, against President Faure Gnassingbe and his government. Head of Nigeria's anti-corruption court charged with bribery http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/head-of-nigeria-s-anti-corruption-court-charged-with-bribery Abuja - Nigeria's top judge handling corruption cases against public officials has himself been charged with bribery, court papers showed Saturday. Police 'kidnap' Catholic priest in DRC: witnesses http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/police-kidnap-catholic-priest-in-drc-witnesses Kinshasa - Police "kidnapped" a Catholic priest Saturday after mass in Kinshasa, witnesses said, amid spiralling tensions between the church and the Democratic Republic of Congo's government over the president's refusal to step down. Are Grace Mugabe's allies about to launch new party? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/are-grace-mugabe-s-allies-about-to-launch-new-party Harare - Members of a ruling party faction loyal to former first lady Grace Mugabe are reported to be about to launch a new party in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe: Mugabe, Chiwenga Duel Bombshell http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-mugabe-chiwenga-duel-bombshell Army generals feared for their lives after putting former president Robert Mugabe under house arrest as they believed the 93-year-old's loyalists were plotting a counter operation, newly released secret details of last year's dramatic events reveal. Africa: Democracy, Racism and Other Long-Held Beliefs http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africa-democracy-racism-and-other-long-held-beliefs Changing long-held beliefs, perceptions and values are not easy. Such change can either take place at the individual, community or societal level. Tanzania: Veteran Politician Kingunge Ngombale - Mwiru Dies http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-veteran-politician-kingunge-ngombale-mwiru-dies Dar es Salaam — Veteran politician Kingunge Ngombale-Mwiru is no more, a family member has confirmed. Grace Mugabe's PhD 'the greatest academic fraud in history': academics http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/grace-mugabe-s-phd-the-greatest-academic-fraud-in-history-academics Harare - Academics in Zimbabwe and South Africa have poured scorn on Grace Mugabe’s controversial PhD, pointing out that it doesn’t meet the minimum standard for a doctoral thesis. Oil tanker with 22 Indian crew missing in Gulf of Guinea since Friday http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/oil-tanker-with-22-indian-crew-missing-in-gulf-of-guinea-since-friday A ship carrying 22 Indian crew and 13,500 tons of gasoline is missing in the Gulf of Guinea after contact was lost in Benin on Friday, the company and India’s minister of external affairs said on Sunday. South Africa's ANC top leaders to meet under-pressure Zuma http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-anc-top-leaders-to-meet-under-pressure-zuma The six most powerful officials in South Africa’s ruling African National Congress (ANC) will meet President Jacob Zuma on Sunday, a senior party leader said, amid growing pressure for the 75-year old leader to step down. African Youth and the Reintroduction of Slavery http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-youth-and-the-reintroduction-of-slavery A painful scene that was aired in CNN, showing an auction for human beings has been sold in the continent of Africa. In the 21st century we have come back to the abyss of the dark ages again where not only the human dignity was violated, but also the whole humanity, in its worst manifestations. Africa: Resource depletion and challenge of development http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africa-resource-depletion-and-challenge-of-development Abstract: This study attempts to address how the ethnic and sectarian divisions inherited from the colonial era, have still contributed to the fueling of wars and conflicts in Africa, and so leaded to both the depletion of its human and material resources as well as the accumulation of its external debts and financial deficit. This is exactly the main result of the policies adopted by most authoritarian regimes in Africa that especially benefits the Western countries (whose interests in the continent are by both illegitimate and legal means). In fact, since the beginning of independence in the 1950s, the continent has seen more than 100 military coups in which Western countries’ companies were really involved and played important roles. As a result, Africa seen only as a source of resources is still underdeveloped; prevented from advanced political and economic structures capable of better satisfying people’s basic needs. University Academic Papers in African languages: an Observation and a follow-up http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/university-academic-papers-in-african-languages-an-observation-and-a-follow-up University academic writing in African languages is one of topics that have been overlooked by many researchers in African studies, despite its seriousness and direct attachment to the fate of local languages ​​in Africa. Some spoke about it within a narrow scope which did not cover all African languages, while, for example, the American researcher Don Osborn in his blog focused briefly on theses and academic research papers in African languages, without any further elaborations. From Kanem to Sokoto: the political history of central Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/from-kanem-to-sokoto-the-political-history-of-central-sudan In this article, we have tried to study the political history of Central Sudan from the 8th century until the European colonization at the end of the 19th century, we were mainly interested in the political life of 3 major political structures of the region, namely, the Kemen-Bournou Empire, the Haoussa Kingdoms, the Sokoto Caliphate. Globalization and the price of stability in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/globalization-and-the-price-of-stability-in-africa Globalization, in its various manifestations, has and still represents a real opportunity and challenge for the African continent. It has opened up a theoretical and practical debate that argues that Africa will be one of the last battlegrounds of competing powers in the twenty-first century. This phenomenon has given rise to a set of theoretical Risks and challenges of environmental protection http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/risks-and-challenges-of-environmental-protection The total volume of hazardous wastes generated in the African countries is 19.9 million tons (2016). Since 1970s, the countries of African continent have been suffering from a large movement of hazardous wastes from the major industrial countries to be dumped in their land or disposal in their territorial seas, This is an environmental racism, and is contrary to the right of all individuals to healthy and safe environment. Tanzania as a model for social integration in Africa: Policies and challenges http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-as-a-model-for-social-integration-in-africa-policies-and-challenges The mental image of Africa is often associated with poverty, famine, ethnic and ethnic conflicts because of the particularity of the continent, which was once a European colony. Its countries were unable to guarantee high classifications in various international political and economic reports. However, Tanzania was a different model in East Africa, The only ones that contain ethnic and religious diversity within the models that have achieved social integration in Africa. The Future of Cooperation in the Nile Basin in the post-Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD ) Period http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-future-of-cooperation-in-the-nile-basin-in-the-post-grand-ethiopian-renaissance-dam-gerd-period What went wrong with the Nile Basin? The ancient philosopher Seneca once argued: "All rivers were 'vulgares aqua' but the Nile was the 'most noble' of all watercourses.", but today it has become a "river of discontent", according to Michele Dunne · Katherine Pollock. The announcement of the Ethiopian government on the construction of GERD in 2011 and the agreement to form a tripartite committee to assess the impact of the dam on the downstream state (Egypt After Cape Town, more African cities face water crisis: Deloitte http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/after-cape-town-more-african-cities-face-water-crisis-deloitte African cities need to better plan and invest in water infrastructure, global accounting firm Deloitte said on Tuesday, as Cape Town counts down to dry taps due to severe drought. Justice eludes rape victims in Somalia's Puntland: campaigners http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/justice-eludes-rape-victims-in-somalia-s-puntland-campaigners Women and girls in Somalia’s semi-autonomous region of Puntland who accuse police, army and marines of raping them are not receiving justice, campaigners said on Tuesday. In drought-hit South Africa, the politics of water http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/in-drought-hit-south-africa-the-politics-of-water Unless something miraculous happens, the city of Cape Town, an iconic international tourism destination and South Africa’s second economic hub, will run out of drinking water in a matter of weeks. Kenyan opposition lawyer charged with treason over Odinga's 'swearing in' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-opposition-lawyer-charged-with-treason-over-odinga-s-swearing-in A Kenyan opposition politician was charged with treason on Tuesday over the symbolic presidential “swearing in” of opposition leader Raila Odinga, reigniting street protests in which one person was killed. Somali military court sentences man to death for role in major bombing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somali-military-court-sentences-man-to-death-for-role-in-major-bombing A Somali military court on Tuesday sentenced to death a man convicted of driving a truck bomb as part of a deadly attack that killed more than 500 people in the capital, Mogadishu, in October, the national news agency reported. Congo tells Belgium to close consulate, cut flights http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-tells-belgium-to-close-consulate-cut-flights The Democratic Republic of Congo has ordered Belgium to close a consulate and cut flights by Brussels Airlines, Belgium’s foreign ministry said on Tuesday, in a further deterioration of relations between Belgium and its former colony. Hundreds protest against U.S. arms embargo in South Sudan, journalists attacked http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/hundreds-protest-against-u-s-arms-embargo-in-south-sudan-journalists-attacked Hundreds of protesters massed outside the U.S. embassy and U.N. headquarters in South Sudan’s capital on Tuesday, chanting slogans against an arms embargo imposed by Washington, before some attacked journalists at the scene. Zimbabwe's Tsvangirai critically ill in South Africa: party source http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-tsvangirai-critically-ill-in-south-africa-party-source Zimbabwe’s main opposition leader, Morgan Tsvangirai, is critically ill in a South African hospital and his supporters should “brace for the worst”, a party source with knowledge of his condition said on Tuesday. Gambia rejoins Commonwealth as it seeks to rebuild world standing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gambia-rejoins-commonwealth-as-it-seeks-to-rebuild-world-standing Gambia has rejoined the Commonwealth, the tiny West African former British colony’s foreign ministry said on Thursday, five years after its now exiled former authoritarian leader withdrew his country, calling it a “neo-colonial institution”. Ethiopia pardons 746 prisoners, including journalist, dissident http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-pardons-746-prisoners-including-journalist-dissident Ethiopia will release 746 more prisoners, including a journalist and a senior opposition official who were jailed for conspiracy to commit terrorist acts, the attorney general’s office said on Thursday. Final Kenyan television shut down by government back on air http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/final-kenyan-television-shut-down-by-government-back-on-air The last of three television stations shut down by the Kenyan government last week resumed transmission on Thursday, the channel, Citizen TV, said on its Twitter feed. 'We are in a war' - Cameroon unrest confronted by army offensive http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/we-are-in-a-war-cameroon-unrest-confronted-by-army-offensive Daniel was in his home in the village of Bole in Southwest Cameroon on Feb. 2 when he heard gunfire and a commotion. Moments later, his house was ablaze, flames licking the walls. U.N. expects Congo offensive against eastern rebels to displace 370,000 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-expects-congo-offensive-against-eastern-rebels-to-displace-370-000 A military offensive launched last month by Congolese troops against Ugandan militants in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo is likely to force nearly 370,000 people from their homes, the United Nations said on Thursday. Political shifts lift investor mood in southern African mining http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/political-shifts-lift-investor-mood-in-southern-african-mining Mining is a long-term game, but in southern Africa dramatic political changes have transformed the investment mood for the better in the space of a year. Kenyan court convicts police officer for 2013 murder of suspected thief http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-court-convicts-police-officer-for-2013-murder-of-suspected-thief A Kenyan court has convicted a policeman of murdering a suspected thief in 2013 in a rare victory for the independent police watchdog that brought the case, the Daily Nation newspaper reported. South Africa's ANC was preparing to fire Zuma this week, top official says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-anc-was-preparing-to-fire-zuma-this-week-top-official-says South Africa’s ruling African National Congress (ANC) had been preparing to fire Jacob Zuma as head of state this week, according to leaked comments from a top party official, but a negotiated exit now looks more likely. African Union says has no secret dossiers after China spying report http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-union-says-has-no-secret-dossiers-after-china-spying-report The African Union does not have any secret dossiers and nothing to spy on, a senior official said in Beijing on Thursday, rejecting a report in French newspaper Le Monde that Beijing had bugged the regional bloc’s headquarters in Addis Ababa. Children recount trauma of abduction after mass release by South Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/children-recount-trauma-of-abduction-after-mass-release-by-south-sudan Bakhita was only 12 years old when rebels snatched her from her family’s farm, adding her to a grim list of almost 19,000 children that the United Nations says have been recruited, often by force, by armed groups in South Sudan’s brutal civil war. Citigroup targets rapid Middle East, Africa growth in 2018 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/citigroup-targets-rapid-middle-east-africa-growth-in-2018 Citigroup expects 2018 to be its best year for investment banking in the Middle East and Africa in at least a decade, likely led by Saudi Arabia, a senior executive at the U.S. bank said. Zimbabwe: Tsvangirai Denies Appointing Chamisa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-tsvangirai-denies-appointing-chamisa MDC-T leader Morgan Tsvangirai has denied replacing acting president Elias Mudzuri with youthful deputy Nelson Chamisa as claimed by party director of communications Luke Tamborinyoka. Namibia: President Reshuffles Cabinet - Vice President Relieved of Duties http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/namibia-president-reshuffles-cabinet-vice-president-relieved-of-duties His Excellency, President Hage Geingob on Thursday relieved, Nickey Iyambo from his duties as Vice President due to medical reasons and reshuffled his executive team with immediate effect. South Sudan: Government Ends Peace Talks Boycott http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-government-ends-peace-talks-boycott The South Sudanese government ended a boycott Tuesday after mediators accepted the participation of its entire delegation in the revitalisation forum. U.N. says Papua New Guinea has 'duty' to care for refugees sent by Australia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-says-papua-new-guinea-has-duty-to-care-for-refugees-sent-by-australia Papua New Guinea was told by the United Nations’ top human rights official on Friday that it is obligated to take care of hundreds of refugees sent there by Australia. U.S. sanctions three people, three firms for supporting Islamic State http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-sanctions-three-people-three-firms-for-supporting-islamic-state The United States said on Friday it had imposed sanctions on three people and three companies in the Philippines, Turkey and Somalia that supported the Islamic State militant group, including a business that procured parts for unmanned aircraft. World Food Programme warns of deeper hunger across southern Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/world-food-programme-warns-of-deeper-hunger-across-southern-africa Poor rains and crop infestations in southern Africa are threatening deeper hunger across the region, with millions of people, particularly children, at risk, the UN’s World Food Programme (WFP) said on Friday. U.N. says 22 Ethiopian migrants missing off Yemen http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-says-22-ethiopian-migrants-missing-off-yemen Twenty-two Ethiopian migrants are missing after being dumped in the sea off Yemen, the U.N. International Organization for Migration (IOM) said on Friday. South Africa's Ramaphosa targets 'pressing matters' in push for Zuma exit http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-ramaphosa-targets-pressing-matters-in-push-for-zuma-exit African National Congress (ANC) leader Cyril Ramaphosa pulled out of public events to focus on “pressing matters” on Friday, fuelling speculation that Ramaphosa was making a final push to force Jacob Zuma to step down as South Africa’s head of state. De Beers Namibia diamond venture puts mine up for sale http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/de-beers-namibia-diamond-venture-puts-mine-up-for-sale Namdeb, a 50/50 joint venture between the Namibian government and Anglo American’s (AAL.L) diamond unit De Beers, has put the Elizabeth Bay Mine up for sale, a company spokeswoman said on Friday. Less water, no soil, more fodder: Kenya farmers beat drought http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/less-water-no-soil-more-fodder-kenya-farmers-beat-drought Braving the midday sun, Kenyan farmer Jane Njoki carries trays of lush, green sprouts to feeding troughs as her cows moo impatiently in a nearby shed. Nigeria's president denies cattle grazing plan is 'colonization' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-president-denies-cattle-grazing-plan-is-colonization Nigeria’s president on Thursday denied that government proposals to share out land to end a wave of violence over grazing rights amounted to “colonization” of fertile areas by his own ethnic group. Uganda says suspends officials suspected in relief scandal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-says-suspends-officials-suspected-in-relief-scandal Uganda said on Thursday it had suspended five officials, including a senior technocrat, following United Nations allegations of possible fraud in the management of relief aid to the East African country, home to about 1.5 million refugees. South Africa's ruling ANC to finalize talks on Zuma's future http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-ruling-anc-to-finalize-talks-on-zuma-s-future South Africa’s African National Congress (ANC) leader Cyril Ramaphosa said on Sunday the party’s executive body would meet on Monday to finalize discussions on the future of President Jacob Zuma, who is under mounting pressure to step down. Sudanese president replaces security and intelligence chief http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudanese-president-replaces-security-and-intelligence-chief The Sudanese president has replaced his head of security, the state news agency SUNA reported on Sunday, bringing back a senior official who had helped launch a dialogue with the United States after the Sept. 11 attacks in Washington and New York. Boko Haram militants hand over 13 hostages to Nigerian government http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-militants-hand-over-13-hostages-to-nigerian-government Boko Haram freed 13 hostages, Nigeria’s presidency said on Saturday, after authorities negotiated their release with the Islamist militants. Mine explosion kills five civilians, wounds 18 in Mali http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mine-explosion-kills-five-civilians-wounds-18-in-mali Five civilians were killed and another 18 wounded in central Mali when their passenger vehicle struck a landmine, the local governor said on Saturday, two weeks after 26 travelers died in a similar incident in the area. Kenya's poverty-stricken Turkana district dreams of oil wealth http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-s-poverty-stricken-turkana-district-dreams-of-oil-wealth The Turkanas are one of the smaller of Kenya’s 44 tribes, inhabiting the county of Turkana in the remote far north bordering South Sudan, Ethiopia and Uganda. New Guinea has 'duty' to care for refugees sent by Australia, UN says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/new-guinea-has-duty-to-care-for-refugees-sent-by-australia-un-says Papua New Guinea was told by the United Nations’ top human rights official on Friday that it is obligated to take care of hundreds of refugees sent there by Australia. Canada's Thor Explorations may raise up to $35 million in a London listing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/canada-s-thor-explorations-may-raise-up-to-35-million-in-a-london-listing African miner Thor Explorations will most likely choose London’s junior AIM market to list its shares this year in its bid to raise up to $35 million, its chief executive said on Friday. World Food Programme warns of deeper hunger across southern Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/world-food-programme-warns-of-deeper-hunger-across-southern-africa Poor rains and crop infestations in southern Africa are threatening deeper hunger across the region, with millions of people, particularly children, at risk, the UN’s World Food Programme (WFP) said on Friday. EU, Britain divided over helping Mnangagwa's govt – report http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eu-britain-divided-over-helping-mnangagwa-s-govt-report Harare – Britain and the European Union are reportedly divided over "the funding and support" to be given to Zimbabwe's new administration led by Emmerson Mnangagwa. Cameroon imposes curfew in restive anglophone regions http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-imposes-curfew-in-restive-anglophone-regions Yaound - Cameroon imposed a week-long night curfew from Saturday in its restive English-speaking west citing fears of an "imminent" attack by separatists but long-serving President Paul Biya claimed the volatile situation had "stabilised". Children recount trauma of abduction by South Sudan rebels http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/children-recount-trauma-of-abduction-by-south-sudan-rebels Bakhita was only 12 years old when rebels snatched her from her family’s farm, adding her to a grim list of almost 19,000 children that the United Nations says have been recruited, often by force, by armed groups in South Sudan’s brutal civil war. Mozambique proposes constitutional changes to secure peace agreement http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mozambique-proposes-constitutional-changes-to-secure-peace-agreement Mozambique’s president will propose constitutional changes that redistribute power to the country’s provinces, a move aimed at securing a long-term peace agreement with the main opposition party. Somaliland issues fatwa banning female genital mutilation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somaliland-issues-fatwa-banning-female-genital-mutilation Somaliland has issued a fatwa, or religious edict, banning female genital mutilation (FGM) - and paving the way for the breakaway region to pass legislation against the internationally condemned practice, a senior official said on Wednesday. Nigerian army to deploy troops in areas marked by land clashes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-army-to-deploy-troops-in-areas-marked-by-land-clashes The Nigerian army on Wednesday said it will deploy troops to improve security in central states where a spate of communal violence has prompted criticism of President Muhammadu Buhari. Dams that supply Cape Town fall further as water crisis looms http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dams-that-supply-cape-town-fall-further-as-water-crisis-looms Water levels at dams supplying South Africa’s Cape Town fell further this week, data showed on Wednesday, the latest sign of a deepening crisis that could soon see taps in the tourist hub run dry by May. Kenya deports opposition lawyer charged with treason http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-deports-opposition-lawyer-charged-with-treason Kenyan authorities deported a lawyer charged with treason for attending the symbolic presidential inauguration of opposition leader Raila Odinga, prompting a rare rebuke from the Chief Justice who accused the government of defying court orders. Liberia's Johnson Sirleaf wins $5 million African leadership prize http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/liberia-s-johnson-sirleaf-wins-5-million-african-leadership-prize Former Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate and Africa’s first elected female head of state, has won a $5 million Mo Ibrahim award, designed to improve the quality of African political leadership. More than 1,000 Boko Haram suspects go on trial http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/more-than-1-000-boko-haram-suspects-go-on-trial More than 1,000 suspected Boko Haram militants will appear before judges in Nigeria today, as the largest mass trial in the country's history resumes. Somaliland soldiers defect to Puntland http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somaliland-soldiers-defect-to-puntland More than 160 soldiers have defected from the self-declared republic of Somaliland to Puntland, a semi-autonomous region in north-east Somalia, a local radio station has reported. Kenyan pilots threaten strike over kidnap ordeal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-pilots-threaten-strike-over-kidnap-ordeal Kenya's pilots' association is hoping to force the release of two colleagues who have been held hostage for more than a month after crashing their plane in South Sudan. Renewed DR Congo ethnic violence sends thousands fleeingAFP http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/renewed-dr-congo-ethnic-violence-sends-thousands-fleeingafp Ethnic clashes in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s east have forced thousands to flee to neighbouring Uganda. ANC decides to remove Zuma as South African president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/anc-decides-to-remove-zuma-as-south-african-president - South Africa’s ruling party decided on Tuesday to sack Jacob Zuma as the country’s president, a senior official said, after a marathon meeting over the fate of a leader whose scandal-plagued years in power darkened and divided Nelson Mandela’s post-apartheid ‘Rainbow Nation’. Liberia church massacre survivors sue alleged perpetrator in U.S. court http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/liberia-church-massacre-survivors-sue-alleged-perpetrator-in-u-s-court Four survivors of a church massacre that killed 600 people during the Liberian civil war on Monday filed a civil lawsuit in U.S. court against the man they accuse of having ordered the attack. South African military investigates Congo torture reports http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-military-investigates-congo-torture-reports South Africa’s military has opened an investigation into reports that members of its 1,000-strong, U.N.-mandated peacekeeping contingent in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo assaulted and tortured locals. On U.N. deaths, Haley asks Congo's Kabila: what happened to my list? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/on-u-n-deaths-haley-asks-congo-s-kabila-what-happened-to-my-list U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley on Monday asked the Congolese foreign minister to deliver a message to President Joseph Kabila about the killing of two U.N. investigators: “Please ask Mr. Kabila what he did with my list.” Guinean government warns against ethnic violence after polls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/guinean-government-warns-against-ethnic-violence-after-polls Guinea’s government said on Monday it would seek out anyone inciting ethnic violence after at least seven people were killed in post-election clashes. Second day of strike in Ethiopia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/second-day-of-strike-in-ethiopia Anti-government protesters in Ethiopia's biggest region, Oromia, are on the second day of a three-day strike to demand the release of all politicians and journalists held during more than two years of unrest. 20 sentenced in Boko Haram mass trial http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/20-sentenced-in-boko-haram-mass-trial One of the convicted was involved in the abduction of more than 200 schoolgirls from the town of Chibok US 'extends sanctions against Zimbabwe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/us-extends-sanctions-against-zimbabwe The US has added more Zimbabweans to its sanctions list, Zimbabwe's privately owned NewsDay reports. Rwanda 'shuts radio for denigrating women' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwanda-shuts-radio-for-denigrating-women Rwanda's media watchdog has ordered a three-month shut down of a US-owned Christian radio station after it broadcast a sermon against women, it told the AFP news agency. Ivory Coast heat and patchy rain mixed for cocoa midcrop http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-heat-and-patchy-rain-mixed-for-cocoa-midcrop Above average rainfall helped Ivory Coast’s cocoa-growing regions last week, farmers said on Monday, although some expressed concern about the effects of a spell of hot weather. DRC's army recovers largest Ugandan rebel stronghold http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/drc-s-army-recovers-largest-ugandan-rebel-stronghold Beni - Democratic Republic of Congo's army says it has captured the largest stronghold for the Uganda-born Allied Democratic Forces rebels in Congo's northeast. Worsening Ethiopian drought threatens to end nomadic lifestyle http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/worsening-ethiopian-drought-threatens-to-end-nomadic-lifestyle Dabafayed - Down a sandy track past a desiccated animal carcass lies a cluster of half-built huts that Ethiopia's government and aid agencies hope will blunt the worsening toll of repeated droughts. Nigerian customs seize illegal tramadol shipment at port http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-customs-seize-illegal-tramadol-shipment-at-port Lagos - Customs officials in Nigeria on Tuesday said they had seized banned drugs, including the powerful pain killer tramadol popular with jihadists such as Boko Haram. Thousands flee DRC fighting to Uganda: UN http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/thousands-flee-drc-fighting-to-uganda-un Kampala - Over 22 000 refugees have fled fighting in Democratic Republic of Congo to neighbouring Uganda, violence that has left several dead and villages torched, the UN said on Tuesday. Anglophone separatists claim to have kidnapped Cameroon official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/anglophone-separatists-claim-to-have-kidnapped-cameroon-official Libreville - Cameroon's army said on Monday that it was continuing to search for a local official after separatists in a restive English-speaking region claimed to have captured him. Kenya president accepts attorney general's resignation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-president-accepts-attorney-general-s-resignation Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta has accepted the resignation of the attorney-general, announcing his decision in a tweet: Unicef 'admits it failed children raped in CAR' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/unicef-admits-it-failed-children-raped-in-car The UN children's agency, Unicef, has admitted it failed to support children who alleged they were raped by French peacekeepers in the Central African Republic, the Guardian reports. 32.4% of black women in South Africa unemployed http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/32-4-of-black-women-in-south-africa-unemployed The official statistics service for the South African government has released the country's latest unemployment figures. Somali troops destroy al-Shabab radio station http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somali-troops-destroy-al-shabab-radio-station Somalia's president has said his country is now ready to defeat al-Shabab militants (pictured) Ethiopia frees opposition leader amid protests http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-frees-opposition-leader-amid-protests Ethiopia released a senior opposition leader from prison on Tuesday and dropped all charges against him, a day after demonstrators blocked roads and staged rallies in several towns to protest against his incarceration. 21 students and two teachers die in Nigeria car crash http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/21-students-and-two-teachers-die-in-nigeria-car-crash Twenty-one secondary school students and two teachers have died in a car accident in Nigeria. Spain and Senegal working closely on Casamance attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/spain-and-senegal-working-closely-on-casamance-attack Senegal and Spain are in close contact following the robbery and alleged rape of four tourists in Senegal's Casamance region last month, the AFP news agency reports. Mozambique police detain man carrying eight elephant tusks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mozambique-police-detain-man-carrying-eight-elephant-tusks Police in the Mozambique's central Sofala province say they have detained a man for the illegal possession of eight elephant tusks. Truck packed with African migrants crashes in Libya, killing at least 19 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/truck-packed-with-african-migrants-crashes-in-libya-killing-at-least-19 A truck packed with African migrants crashed near the Libyan town of Bani Walid on Wednesday, leaving at least 19 dead and nearly 80 injured, officials said. South Africa police minister denies Zuma to be arrested http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-police-minister-denies-zuma-to-be-arrested South African police minister Fikile Mbalula denied speculation on Wednesday that President Jacob Zuma could be arrested as part of a series of police raids targeting the Guptas, a family of businessmen accused of corrupt links to Zuma. How the media blew the lid on alleged corruption http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/how-the-media-blew-the-lid-on-alleged-corruption Questions over the Gupta family's association with a controversial dairy farm werefirst reported in 2013 by South Africa's Mail and Guardian newspaper. SA police raid home of controversial Gupta family http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sa-police-raid-home-of-controversial-gupta-family Police have closed off roads around the home of the Gupta family in an upmarket Johannesburg suburb Fleeing DR Congo violence, thousands take perilous lake journey to Uganda – UN http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fleeing-dr-congo-violence-thousands-take-perilous-lake-journey-to-uganda-un Over 22,000 desperate Congolese refugees crossed Lake Albert to Uganda last week, with four drowning when their boat capsized on the perilous journey from the conflict-hit eastern regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. UN launches appeal to fund relief work in Nigeria's restive north-east http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/un-launches-appeal-to-fund-relief-work-in-nigeria-s-restive-north-east With the crisis in north-east Nigeria – a region devastated by the Boko Haram insurgency – into its ninth year, United Nations agencies together with humanitarian partners today launched a $1 billion appeal to fund life-saving and emergency assistance programmes in the region. More than 300 child soldiers released by armed groups in South Sudan – UN mission http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/more-than-300-child-soldiers-released-by-armed-groups-in-south-sudan-un-mission Some 300 child soldiers, including 87 girls, were formally released by armed groups in South Sudan, the United Nations mission in the country reported on Wednesday, calling on all stakeholders to support the young people on the journey back to their communities and help them build a future for themselves. Liberia: UN mission farewell ceremony honours last departing police and military personnel http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/liberia-un-mission-farewell-ceremony-honours-last-departing-police-and-military-personnel After 14 years of serving in the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), an official farewell ceremony was held on Tuesday in the capital, Monrovia, to honour the last departing Police and Military personnel serving there. Without urgent funding, Burundi risks becoming a ‘forgotten crisis’ – UN refugee agency http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/without-urgent-funding-burundi-risks-becoming-a-forgotten-crisis-un-refugee-agency Warning that Burundi could become a “forgotten crisis,” with the number of people struggling for survival increasing by the day, United Nations agencies together with aid partners on Wednesday launched a funding appeal to keep the humanitarian situation from deteriorating further. Mali human rights situation still a concern – UN report http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-human-rights-situation-still-a-concern-un-report Despite the signing of a 2015 Peace Agreement, the human rights situation in Mali still remains a concern, according to a United Nations report published on Thursday. Who benefits from Frenamo's partocracy? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/who-benefits-from-frenamo-s-partocracy ‘Frenamo partocracy’. This is the buzzword in Mozambique’s political circles, conceived by sceptical wags to describe the latest ‘decentralisation’ deal cooked up between the ruling Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo) and the main opposition party, the Mozambican National Resistance (Renamo). The deal was announced by President Filipe Nyusi last week. Investors watching as S. Africa's Ramaphosa considers cabinet line-up http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/investors-watching-as-s-africa-s-ramaphosa-considers-cabinet-line-up South African President Cyril Ramaphosa said on Tuesday his early morning walks gave him time to think about his cabinet amid growing speculation about its composition and the future of the finance minister. Kenya prevents two opposition activists from traveling abroad http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-prevents-two-opposition-activists-from-traveling-abroad Nigeria convicts 205 Boko Haram suspects in mass trials http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-convicts-205-boko-haram-suspects-in-mass-trials More than 200 people have been convicted in Nigeria on charges related to their involvement with militant Islamist group Boko Haram, the justice ministry said on Monday. Nigeria to sell assets seized in anti-graft probes to boost treasury, president says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-to-sell-assets-seized-in-anti-graft-probes-to-boost-treasury-president-says Nigeria will sell all assets seized by the government in anti-graft probes and use the funds to bolster the treasury, President Muhammadu Buhari said on Monday. Thousands in Zimbabwe bid farewell to 'People's General' Tsvangirai http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/thousands-in-zimbabwe-bid-farewell-to-people-s-general-tsvangirai In a sea of red T-shirts, thousands of Zimbabweans bade farewell on Monday to opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai, whose death has opened divisions in his Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party only months before elections. South Sudan rebels free Kenyan pilots after compensation paid, rebel spokesman says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-rebels-free-kenyan-pilots-after-compensation-paid-rebel-spokesman-says South Sudanese rebels have released two Kenyan pilots they were holding after receiving compensation for the family of a civilian killed when their plane crashed last month, a rebel spokesman said on Monday. Without city jobs, tech-savvy Kenyan youth head back to the farm http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/without-city-jobs-tech-savvy-kenyan-youth-head-back-to-the-farm When Francis Njoroge graduated with an engineering degree in Nairobi, he expected to earn a six-figure salary. Instead he found himself working as an electrician on a three-month contract, for 20,000 Kenyan shillings (about $200) per month. South Africa's parliament to launch inquiry into mines minister Zwane http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-parliament-to-launch-inquiry-into-mines-minister-zwane South Africa’s parliament will launch an investigation into allegations of influence-peddling against mines minister Mosebenzi Zwane, its oversight committee on mineral resources department said on Wednesday. Gunmen kill five police in attack on South African police station http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-kill-five-police-in-attack-on-south-african-police-station Gunmen killed six people in an attack on a police station in a small South African town on Wednesday, stealing quantities of weapons and a vehicle in what police were treating as a robbery. Congo's Kabila replaces interior minister amid declining security http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-s-kabila-replaces-interior-minister-amid-declining-security Democratic Republic of Congo President Joseph Kabila appointed the head of his political party as interior minister on Tuesday to oversee security in the face of rising militia violence and unrest over delayed elections. France's Veolia examines 'legal consequences' of seizure of Gabon unit http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/france-s-veolia-examines-legal-consequences-of-seizure-of-gabon-unit French environmental services group Veolia said on Tuesday it was “examining the legal consequences” of the Gabonese government’s seizure last week of its water and electricity distribution unit, SEEG. Congo refugees in Rwanda say soldiers shoot and wound at least two during food protest http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-refugees-in-rwanda-say-soldiers-shoot-and-wound-at-least-two-during-food-protest Congolese refugees in Rwanda said soldiers shot at them and wounded at least two people on Tuesday as the refugees tried to march out of their camp in protest at a cut in food rations. U.S. sanctions Burkina Faso-based group over terrorism threat http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-sanctions-burkina-faso-based-group-over-terrorism-threat The United States has imposed sanctions on Burkina Faso-based Ansarul Islam, calling the militant group a terrorism threat after a string of attacks near the African country’s northern border with Mali, the U.S. State Department said in a statement on Tuesday. Third of Burundi population needs humanitarian aid: UN http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/third-of-burundi-population-needs-humanitarian-aid-un Nairobi - One in three Burundians will need humanitarian assistance this year, a 20% increase on 2017 as conditions worsen in one of the world's poorest countries, the UN development body said on Tuesday. More than 100 girls 'missing' after Boko Haram school attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/more-than-100-girls-missing-after-boko-haram-school-attack Damaturu - More than 100 girls were missing on Wednesday, police said, two days after a Boko Haram attack on their school in northeast Nigeria that has raised fears of a repeat of the 2014 Chibok kidnapping that shocked the world. Weah's promised land: Liberia confronts age-old disputes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/weah-s-promised-land-liberia-confronts-age-old-disputes Gbah - Morris Kidir gestures at a wide expanse of dark-green land he says was earmarked for a school or clinic in his northern Liberian village, now covered in young oil palm trees. Over 5 million seek to vote in controversial Burundi poll: election chief http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/over-5-million-seek-to-vote-in-controversial-burundi-poll-election-chief Nairobi - More than five million people have signed up to vote in Burundi's controversial constitutional referendum in May and elections in 2020, which could allow President Pierre Nkurunziza to remain in power until 2034. Guinea ruling party wins first local elections since 2005 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/guinea-ruling-party-wins-first-local-elections-since-2005 Conakry - President Alpha Conde's ruling party won a significant majority in Guinea's first local elections since 2005, near-complete results showed on Wednesday, although the main opposition party took the capital, Conakry. Fresh Boko Haram abductions threaten gains for girls' education in Nigeria http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fresh-boko-haram-abductions-threaten-gains-for-girls-education-in-nigeria The kidnapping of dozens more schoolgirls in northeast Nigeria by Boko Haram militants could undermine efforts to keep girls in schools and threaten progress on women’s education in the region, experts said on Friday. Parents of abducted Nigerian girls plan to join Bring Back Our Girls campaign http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/parents-of-abducted-nigerian-girls-plan-to-join-bring-back-our-girls-campaign Parents of schoolgirls newly abducted in northeastern Nigeria plan to join the Bring Back Our Girls movement that gained global prominence in a bid to win freedom for their girls, a community leader said on Friday. Donors pledge $500 million for troops in West Africa's Sahel http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/donors-pledge-500-million-for-troops-in-west-africa-s-sahel International donors pledged half a billion dollars for a multinational military operation in West Africa’s Sahel region on Friday, as Europe seeks to stop migrants and militants reaching its shores. Chemical tanker attacked off Somalia, pirates repelled: EU Naval force http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/chemical-tanker-attacked-off-somalia-pirates-repelled-eu-naval-force Suspected Somali pirates attacked a Singaporean-flagged chemical tanker on Friday but were repelled by guards on board, the European Union’s Naval force said, the first such incident in several months. Commentary: In drought-hit South Africa, the politics of water http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/commentary-in-drought-hit-south-africa-the-politics-of-water Unless something miraculous happens, the city of Cape Town, an iconic international tourism destination and South Africa’s second economic hub, will run out of drinking water in a matter of weeks. South Africa's anti-graft watchdog says minister misled parliament http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-anti-graft-watchdog-says-minister-misled-parliament A South African minister inadvertently misled parliament when she said a local consultancy firm linked to business friends of former President Jacob Zuma had no contracts with state power utility Eskom, an anti-graft watchdog said on Thursday. Zimbabwe's slums grow as hard-up residents seek cheaper housing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-slums-grow-as-hard-up-residents-seek-cheaper-housing As dark clouds began to build on the horizon, Tarisai Nyakunu Zimunya, a single mother-of-three, looked worried. The fragile structure she calls home would struggle to withstand a drizzle, let alone a storm. Charred bodies, wounded soldiers after Congo army victory http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/charred-bodies-wounded-soldiers-after-congo-army-victory Discarded military fatigues, boots, trash, a charred corpse inside a smoldering hut: this is all that remains of a Ugandan rebel base in the wake of what the Congolese army says was an important victory. Amid claims of police brutality in Kenya, a watchdog fails to bite http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/amid-claims-of-police-brutality-in-kenya-a-watchdog-fails-to-bite She was christened Samantha, but her delighted Kenyan parents quickly nicknamed their tiny daughter “Pendo,” which in KiSwahili means “Love.” Tanzania internet users hit 23 million; 82 percent go online via phones: regulator http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-internet-users-hit-23-million-82-percent-go-online-via-phones-regulator The number of internet users in Tanzania rose by 16 percent at the end of 2017 to 23 million, with the majority of those using their handsets to go online, the telecom industry regulator said on Friday.Mobile phone use has surged in Tanzania and other African countries over the past Five refugees killed, 20 injured, in Rwanda camp food protest: police http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/five-refugees-killed-20-injured-in-rwanda-camp-food-protest-police At least five refugees were killed and 20 injured at a camp in Rwanda when a protest over a cut in food rations turned violent, Rwandan police said on Friday. Seven policemen were also injured. Drought-hit Malawi farmers use sugar and fish soup to battle pests http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/drought-hit-malawi-farmers-use-sugar-and-fish-soup-to-battle-pests Armed with fish soup and neem leaves, as well as chemical pesticides, Malawi’s drought-hit farmers are fighting a caterpillar that is devouring their crops and putting them at risk of hunger. At least two killed in crackdown on march against Congo's Kabila http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-two-killed-in-crackdown-on-march-against-congo-s-kabila At least two people were killed and dozens more injured on Sunday when security forces in Democratic Republic of Congo cracked down on church-led demonstrations against President Joseph Kabila, the United Nations said. Nigeria air force deploys air assets in search for missing girls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-air-force-deploys-air-assets-in-search-for-missing-girls Nigeria’s air force said on Sunday it had deployed additional air assets to the northeast to search for girls missing after an attack on their school by suspected members of Islamist militant group Boko Haram. U.N. South Sudan mission recalls police unit over sex abuse allegations http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-south-sudan-mission-recalls-police-unit-over-sex-abuse-allegations The U.N. peacekeeping mission in South Sudan has recalled a Ghanaian police unit working at one of its protection camps while it investigates allegations that some of them were involved in sexual abuse, it said on Saturday. Al Qaeda-linked group claims Mali attack that killed two French troops http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/al-qaeda-linked-group-claims-mali-attack-that-killed-two-french-troops A Malian militant group with links to al Qaeda has claimed responsibility for an attack that killed two French soldiers in the West African country on Wednesday. Death toll from Somalia blasts rises to 45: government official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/death-toll-from-somalia-blasts-rises-to-45-government-official The death toll from twin car bomb blasts in the Somali capital late on Friday has risen to 45 from the initially reported 18, a senior government official said on Saturday. South Sudan military officers may have committed war crimes: U.N. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-military-officers-may-have-committed-war-crimes-u-n U.N. investigators said on Friday they had identified more than 40 South Sudanese military officers who may be responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Search for new urban water sparks conflict in parched Malawi http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/search-for-new-urban-water-sparks-conflict-in-parched-malawi With increasingly prolonged droughts threatening worsening water shortages, Malawi is moving to shore up water supplies to its cities, including building new long-distance pipelines and dams. S. Africa's Ramaphosa appoints Nene as finance minister in cabinet reshuffle http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/s-africa-s-ramaphosa-appoints-nene-as-finance-minister-in-cabinet-reshuffle South Africa’s new president Cyril Ramaphosa appointed Nhlanhla Nene as finance minister on Monday, two years after Nene’s sacking from the same role began the ruling party revolt that eventually ousted former leader Jacob Zuma. Factbox: Key figures in South African President Ramaphosa's first cabinet http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/factbox-key-figures-in-south-african-president-ramaphosa-s-first-cabinet South Africa’s President Cyril Ramaphosa reshuffled his cabinet on Monday after coming to power two weeks ago when scandal-plagued Jacob Zuma resigned under pressure from the ruling African National Congress. Nigerian army and police disagree over security in mass abduction town http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-army-and-police-disagree-over-security-in-mass-abduction-town Nigeria’s army and police on Monday publicly disagreed over the security arrangements that were in place in the northeastern town where 110 girls were abducted by suspected Boko Haram militants. Botswana blames Congo's humanitarian crisis on Kabila http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/botswana-blames-congo-s-humanitarian-crisis-on-kabila Botswana blamed Congolese President Joseph Kabila on Monday for his country’s humanitarian and security crisis, in the sharpest criticism yet from an African government of his refusal to step down. 'No country can cope' - U.N. warns of hunger among refugees in Cameroon http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/no-country-can-cope-u-n-warns-of-hunger-among-refugees-in-cameroon Hundreds of thousands of people who sought shelter in Cameroon after fleeing violence will go hungry unless funds are made available, the United Nations deputy emergencies chief said. Inter-ethnic clashes in eastern Congo kill 22 people http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/inter-ethnic-clashes-in-eastern-congo-kill-22-people Inter-ethnic clashes in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo have killed at least 22 people, including 15 civilians, over the past two days, a local official said on Monday. South Africa's mining charter to be finalized in three months: mines minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-mining-charter-to-be-finalized-in-three-months-mines-minister South Africa’s new mining minister Gwede Mantashe said on Wednesday he will finalize the latest version of an industry charter which lays out requirements for black ownership levels and other targets in the next three months. Six aid workers killed in Central African Republic attack: UNICEF http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/six-aid-workers-killed-in-central-african-republic-attack-unicef Mali investigating accusations its troops executed civilians http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-investigating-accusations-its-troops-executed-civilians Mali’s government has said it is investigating accusations by an opposition party that the army kidnapped and executed seven civilians in the center of the country last week. More jobs crucial to dealing with Lake Chad crisis, UNESCO says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/more-jobs-crucial-to-dealing-with-lake-chad-crisis-unesco-says Creating more jobs in the conflict-affected Lake Chad region is crucial to both protecting the shrinking lake and addressing the humanitarian crisis in the region, UNESCO officials say. At least 10 killed in attack at Nigerian flashpoint for communal clashes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-10-killed-in-attack-at-nigerian-flashpoint-for-communal-clashes At least 10 people were killed in an attack in a region of northeastern Nigeria that has been a flashpoint for communal clashes between farmers and herders, a military commander and a local politician said. Nigeria's ruling party endorses Buhari for second term: sources http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-ruling-party-endorses-buhari-for-second-term-sources The national executive committee of Nigeria’s ruling party has endorsed President Muhammadu Buhari to seek a second term in an election next year, two senior party sources told Reuters on Wednesday. Trial of alleged coup leaders opens in Burkina Faso http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/trial-of-alleged-coup-leaders-opens-in-burkina-faso Two senior allies of Burkina Faso’s deposed former President Blaise Compaore and scores of others appeared in court on Tuesday accused of organizing a 2015 coup attempt against a transitional government. German helicopter crash in Mali caused by Tech. Error http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/german-helicopter-crash-in-mali-caused-by-tech-error The crash of a German military Airbus Tiger helicopter in Mali last July was caused by incorrect settings on the autopilot, Germany’s Spiegel Online reported on Tuesday. Anadarko expects several deals this year for its Mozambique LNG http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/anadarko-expects-several-deals-this-year-for-its-mozambique-lng Anadarko Petroleum expects to conclude several sales and purchase agreements (SPA) by year-end for liquefied natural gas (LNG) from its new plant in Mozambique, a company official said on Thursday. Long-lost Nigerian masterpiece found in London sold for $1.4 million http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/long-lost-nigerian-masterpiece-found-in-london-sold-for-1-4-million A portrait of a Nigerian princess that was lost for more than 40 years and found in a London flat was sold at an auction for 1 million pounds ($1.4 million) on Wednesday . South Sudan accuses oil group of pollution, threatens shutdown http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-accuses-oil-group-of-pollution-threatens-shutdown South Sudanese lawmakers have accused the consortium running the country’s last working oilfields of dumping expired chemicals in the bush, and have threatened to shut down production unless it stops. Nigeria's people getting poorer, government to 'muddle through', says IMF http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-people-getting-poorer-government-to-muddle-through-says-imf Nigeria’s people are getting poorer despite the country’s slow recovery from recession, and economic reforms are urgently needed, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) said in a report seen by Reuters on Wednesday. IMF expects Mozambique to default on external debt until 2023 - Bloomberg http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/imf-expects-mozambique-to-default-on-external-debt-until-2023-bloomberg The International Monetary Fund expects that Mozambique will not make payments for at least five more years on about $2 billion of loans which led to a default last year, Bloomberg reported on Wednesday. At least 10 killed in attack at Nigerian flashpoint for communal clashes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-10-killed-in-attack-at-nigerian-flashpoint-for-communal-clashes At least 10 people were killed in an attack in a region of northeastern Nigeria that has been a flashpoint for communal clashes between farmers and herders, a military commander and a local politician said. Zuma-appointed chief prosecutor fights for job in South Africa's top court http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zuma-appointed-chief-prosecutor-fights-for-job-in-south-africa-s-top-court South Africa’s chief prosecutor, who was ordered to step down by a court that found it improper that a Jacob Zuma-appointee should decide if the then-president should be prosecuted, appealed that ruling on Wednesday. Four U.N. peacekeepers killed in roadside explosion in Mali http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/four-u-n-peacekeepers-killed-in-roadside-explosion-in-mali Four U.N. peacekeepers were killed and four others seriously wounded on Wednesday when the vehicle they were in hit a mine in central Mali, the West African nation’s U.N. mission said. Dispute over Ethiopia emergency rule vote after footage posted online http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dispute-over-ethiopia-emergency-rule-vote-after-footage-posted-online Footage of an Ethiopian parliamentary session posted online on Saturday appeared to contradict official reports of the number of votes cast to validate the state of emergency, though government officials dismissed the discrepancy as a mistake. U.N. halts aid work in northeast Nigeria town after humanitarian workers killed http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-halts-aid-work-in-northeast-nigeria-town-after-humanitarian-workers-killed The United Nations has suspended aid work helping tens of thousands of people in northeastern Nigeria after an attack by suspected Boko Haram militants left three humanitarian workers dead and at least three others missing, possibly kidnapped. Burkina president urges collaboration with security forces after deadly attacks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burkina-president-urges-collaboration-with-security-forces-after-deadly-attacks Faso President Roch Kabore called on the public on Saturday to collaborate more closely with the armed forces, the day after attacks at army headquarters and the French embassy left 16 people dead, including eight gunmen, and wounded 80. Zambia taps climate fund to battle worsening drought http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zambia-taps-climate-fund-to-battle-worsening-drought Zambian farmers facing more extreme weather are set to get better early warning and weather information to help them cope, as part of a new grant from the Green Climate Fund. Al Qaeda affiliate claims responsibility for Burkina Faso attacks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/al-qaeda-affiliate-claims-responsibility-for-burkina-faso-attacks A Mali-based al Qaeda affiliate claimed responsibility on Saturday for attacks in neighbouring Burkina Faso that left 16 people dead, including eight gunmen, at the army headquarters and French embassy, Mauritanian news agency Alakhbar reported. Dispute over Ethiopia emergency rule vote after footage posted online http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dispute-over-ethiopia-emergency-rule-vote-after-footage-posted-online Footage of an Ethiopian parliamentary session posted online on Saturday appeared to contradict official reports of the number of votes cast to validate the state of emergency, though government officials dismissed the discrepancy as a mistake. Sudan to return ambassador to Cairo: foreign minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-to-return-ambassador-to-cairo-foreign-minister Sudan will send its ambassador back to neighboring Egypt on Monday, Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour said, two months after withdrawing him amid heightened tensions. Trial of Shell, Eni over Nigeria to switch to new Milan court: sources http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/trial-of-shell-eni-over-nigeria-to-switch-to-new-milan-court-sources A trial in Italy of Royal Dutch Shell and Eni executives over alleged corruption in Nigeria, which had been due to start on March 5, will be transferred to another court in Milan, delaying the proceedings, legal sources said. Nigeria minister says majors in shale, OPEC should keep crude price stable http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-minister-says-majors-in-shale-opec-should-keep-crude-price-stable Oil producers that operate in U.S. shale fields and OPEC member nations should do more to help stabilize crude prices, Nigerian Oil Minister Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu said on Monday. West African leaders vow to fight jihadists after Burkina attacks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/west-african-leaders-vow-to-fight-jihadists-after-burkina-attacks Burkina Faso’s President Mark Roch said his country would fight and defeat militants despite being hit by Islamist insurgents in the capital last week in an attack which 8 people were killed and dozens wounded. Under-pressure donors urged to help avoid famine in Somalia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/under-pressure-donors-urged-to-help-avoid-famine-in-somalia The competing demands of numerous global crises mean some 2.7 million people in Somalia who need food are at risk of being ignored by donors, increasing the country’s likelihood of famine, aid agencies said on Monday. South Africa blames food firms for world's worst listeria outbreak http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-blames-food-firms-for-world-s-worst-listeria-outbreak South Africa said on Monday producers of cold meat products were to blame for delays in tracing the cause of the world’s worst listeria outbreak, which has killed 180 people in the past year. Malawi cholera death toll rises to 19, health ministry says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-cholera-death-toll-rises-to-19-health-ministry-says The death toll from cholera in the southern African nation of Malawi has increased from eight to 19, the Ministry of Health said Monday. Sierra Leone to vote for new leader after years of economic crisis http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-to-vote-for-new-leader-after-years-of-economic-crisis Sierra Leone will vote on Wednesday for a successor to President Ernest Bai Koroma in an election dominated by an economic crisis caused by a collapse in iron ore prices and an Ebola epidemic. Mugabe acolyte forms new Zimbabwe political party to challenge Mnangagwa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mugabe-acolyte-forms-new-zimbabwe-political-party-to-challenge-mnangagwa A retired Zimbabwean general and acolyte of ex-president Robert Mugabe has formed a political party to challenge President Emmerson Mnangagwa at the polls later this year, the new grouping said on Monday. Women miners shouldn't be seen as victims, Report http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/women-miners-shouldn-t-be-seen-as-victims-report Gold mining in Africa has a bad rap — particularly when it comes to women. Depictions of the trade often focus on poverty, environmental destruction, prostitution and harassment. But in the gold mining belt of Mali, one of the world’s poorest countries, the victimization lens does great injustice to the hundreds of women mining alongside men. In Central African Republic, Muslim child brides fight for daughters' rights http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/in-central-african-republic-muslim-child-brides-fight-for-daughters-rights Forced at 14 to marry a man 13 years her senior, Sadatou Issa was forbidden to attend school and whiled away her time looking after her children and knitting clothes to sell from her home in Boda, a town in western Central African Republic. Sanlam, Santam JV to buy rest of SAHAM Finances for $1.05 billion http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sanlam-santam-jv-to-buy-rest-of-saham-finances-for-1-05-billion South African life insurer Sanlam Ltd (SLMJ.J) said a unit of its joint venture with insurer Santam Ltd (SNTJ.J) would buy the remaining 53.37 percent stake in SAHAM Finances for $1.05 billion. Clashes, machete attack kill more than 20 in central Nigeria http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/clashes-machete-attack-kill-more-than-20-in-central-nigeria More than 20 people have died in clashes between herders and farmers in central Nigeria, police said, part of an outbreak of violence that has piled pressure on President Muhammadu Buhari less than a year before elections. Nigeria sentences man to life imprisonment for 2010 car bombing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-sentences-man-to-life-imprisonment-for-2010-car-bombing A Nigerian court on Wednesday sentenced the brother of a suspected militant leader to life imprisonment for treason for his involvement in twin car bombings in the capital, Abuja, in 2010. Sierra Leone votes for new leader in hope of ending economic crisis http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-votes-for-new-leader-in-hope-of-ending-economic-crisis Sierra Leone voters queued for hours in steamy humidity on Wednesday to elect a new leader they hope will bring an end to years of economic crisis caused by the twin shocks of a commodities slump and an Ebola epidemic. Global gas markets ease as traders handle Papua outage; winter demand drops http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/global-gas-markets-ease-as-traders-handle-papua-outage-winter-demand-drops Global liquefied natural gas (LNG) prices eased this week as the market digested the impact of the earthquake in Papua New Guinea that in late February knocked out ExxonMobil’s export facility just as extreme cold in Europe spiked heating demand there. Congo election remains on track for December, says Prime Minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-election-remains-on-track-for-december-says-prime-minister A humanitarian crisis in central Democratic Republic of Congo is easing, Prime Minister Bruno Tshibala told Reuters on Thursday, after confirming an election to replace President Joseph Kabila remains on course for late December. Militia commits mass rape in Central African Republic: MSF http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/militia-commits-mass-rape-in-central-african-republic-msf Militia fighters attacked, kidnapped and raped en masse a large group of women in an isolated area of Central African Republic last month, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) said on Thursday. Penthouse sales boom among Kenya's super rich amid urban poverty http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/penthouse-sales-boom-among-kenya-s-super-rich-amid-urban-poverty Demand for luxury penthouses in Kenya’s capital is set to rise as the super rich seek to avoid traffic jams on their way to work, the Knight Frank property agency said on Thursday, amid a shortage of decent housing for the majority living in slums. Russia seeks military cooperation, diamond, platinum projects in Zimbabwe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/russia-seeks-military-cooperation-diamond-platinum-projects-in-zimbabwe Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said on Thursday his country was pursuing military cooperation with Zimbabwe and looking at opportunities in the diamond sector as well as fully implementing a $3 billion joint platinum project near Harare. Sierra Leone poll looks set for second round with half results in http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-poll-looks-set-for-second-round-with-half-results-in Sierra Leone’s presidential election results were too close to call after half the votes had been counted on Saturday, with the two front runners neck-and-neck, making a second round likely. In Congo, voting machines raise suspicions among president's foes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/in-congo-voting-machines-raise-suspicions-among-president-s-foes When election officials unveiled voting machines that resemble large tablet computers in Democratic Republic of Congo, they hailed them as the solution to a multitude of problems. U.S.'s Tillerson says Kenya should not stifle media, threaten courts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-s-tillerson-says-kenya-should-not-stifle-media-threaten-courts U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said on Friday in Nairobi that he had shared his concerns with Kenya’s president about the importance of democracy and said the government should not stifle the media and threaten the courts. Congo's Kabila signs into law new mining code http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-s-kabila-signs-into-law-new-mining-code Democratic Republic of Congo President Joseph Kabila signed into law on Friday a new mining code that raises royalties and taxes on operators, the presidency said in a statement. Nigeria immigration service launches trafficking probe after staff arrests http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-immigration-service-launches-trafficking-probe-after-staff-arrests Nigeria’s immigration service has launched an investigation after two of its staff members were arrested on suspicion of trying to traffic girls out of the country, it said on Friday. Tanzania's Magufuli warns of crackdown on protesters http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-s-magufuli-warns-of-crackdown-on-protesters Tanzanian President John Magufuli warned on Friday of a crackdown on anyone who participates in illegal demonstrations, vowing not to let his economic reforms be derailed by street protests. Two million children in Congo at risk of starvation, U.N. warns http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/two-million-children-in-congo-at-risk-of-starvation-u-n-warns More than 2 million children in the Democratic Republic of Congo are estimated to be at risk of dying from severe acute malnutrition if they do not get the aid they need, the United Nations warned on Friday. Africa on the road to freedom http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africa-on-the-road-to-freedom Islam came to liberate people from being slavery to humans into being slaves of God Almighty alone. Islam is the religion of freedom, and therefore Islam stands in the way of any forces that prevent man from enjoying his freedoms, dignity and humanity. South African central bank takes control of VBS Mutual Bank http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-central-bank-takes-control-of-vbs-mutual-bank South African small lender VBS Mutual Bank has been placed under curatorship because of liquidity issues, Reserve Bank Governor Lesetja Kganyago told a televised news conference on Sunday. Ethiopian soldiers kill nine civilians mistaken for militants http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopian-soldiers-kill-nine-civilians-mistaken-for-militants Ethiopian soldiers killed nine civilians and injured 12 after mistaking them for rebels near a town along the country’s border with Kenya, state media said on Sunday. South Sudan president fires finance minister, no reason given http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-president-fires-finance-minister-no-reason-given South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir has fired Finance Minister Stephen Dhieu Dau and named Salvatore Garang Mabiordit as his replacement, a statement from Kiir’s office said. Crisis-hit Steinhoff cuts stake in South Africa's KAP to 26 percent http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/crisis-hit-steinhoff-cuts-stake-in-south-africa-s-kap-to-26-percent Steinhoff will sell part of its $700 million stake in KAP industrial, it said on Tuesday, part efforts by the scandal-hit South African retailer to plug a liquidity gap. U.S. may lift travel ban on 'important partner' Chad, Tillerson says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-may-lift-travel-ban-on-important-partner-chad-tillerson-says U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said on Monday that Washington was considering lifting a travel ban on Chad, offering an olive branch to an ally in the fight against Islamist militant groups in West Africa. Nigeria plans to negotiate for release of 110 abducted Dapchi girls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-plans-to-negotiate-for-release-of-110-abducted-dapchi-girls Nigeria’s presidency said on Monday it plans to negotiate for the release of 110 girls abducted from a school in the northeastern town of Dapchi last month, rather than use a military operation to free them by force. Stone Age people in South Africa unharmed by supervolcano eruption http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/stone-age-people-in-south-africa-unharmed-by-supervolcano-eruption A supervolcano eruption about 74,000 years ago on Indonesia’s island of Sumatra caused a large-scale environmental calamity that may have decimated Stone Age human populations in parts of the world. But some populations, it seems, endured it unscathed. South Africa antitrust watchdog charges Takata with price fixing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-antitrust-watchdog-charges-takata-with-price-fixing South African competition watchdog charged Takata Corp with price fixing on Wednesday, another blow to the Japanese auto safety products maker in the throes of a massive airbag scandal. Seed farms help Cameroon's climate-hit farmers shore up harvests http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/seed-farms-help-cameroon-s-climate-hit-farmers-shore-up-harvests Farmers in Cameroon struggling with the effects of prolonged drought are finding relief through a government-supported initiative to give them access to better crop seeds. Sierra Leone frontrunners to contest runoff after first-round stalemate http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-frontrunners-to-contest-runoff-after-first-round-stalemate Sierra Leone’s election to pick outgoing President Ernest Bai Koroma’s successor will head to a runoff later this month after neither of the two frontrunners secured an outright majority in the first round, the electoral commission said on Tuesday. Nigerian campaign group threatens to sue government over abducted girls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-campaign-group-threatens-to-sue-government-over-abducted-girls A Nigerian group that sparked a global campaign for the safe return of schoolgirls kidnapped in 2014 said on Tuesday it would sue the government if it failed to provide answers over a similar mass abduction last month. Justice for atrocities in South Sudan just a signature away: U.N. investigator http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/justice-for-atrocities-in-south-sudan-just-a-signature-away-u-n-investigator U.N. investigators of war atrocities in South Sudan urged the African Union (AU) on Tuesday to make a final push to secure justice for millions of victims. Nigeria's Buhari sacks head of Niger Delta amnesty programme http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-buhari-sacks-head-of-niger-delta-amnesty-programme Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari sacked the head of an amnesty programme for former militants in the country’s oil and gas-producing heartland, amid allegations of graft. About 5000 Ethiopians flee to Kenya after botched military operation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/about-5000-ethiopians-flee-to-kenya-after-botched-military-operation About 5,000 Ethiopians have crossed into Kenya seeking refuge since March 10, the Kenyan Red Cross Society said, after several civilians were killed in what the Ethiopian military said was a botched security operation targeting militants. Burundi ruling party titles Nkurunziza 'visionary' ahead of referendum http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundi-ruling-party-titles-nkurunziza-visionary-ahead-of-referendum Burundi’s ruling party reaffirmed its loyalty to President Pierre Nkurunziza on Tuesday, saying that he was a “visionary” and that it would work to implement his ideas, ahead of a referendum that could extend his rule for at least a decade. When the Maasai met the Maori: Kenya seeks to end geothermal land conflicts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/when-the-maasai-met-the-maori-kenya-seeks-to-end-geothermal-land-conflicts As the semi-nomadic Maasai of Kenya’s Great Rift Valley prepare to lose more land to a geothermal plant, they hope to win a better deal this time, after meeting the Maori in New Zealand. Cows in the classroom: inside South Sudan's cattle camp schools http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cows-in-the-classroom-inside-south-sudan-s-cattle-camp-schools In the early morning, smoke from burning cow dung rose over hundreds of animals sleeping tightly side by side, with children dotted between them, warming their hands in the smoke, their faces covered in white ash to fend off flies and mosquitoes. Burundi to hold referendum on extending presidential terms in May http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundi-to-hold-referendum-on-extending-presidential-terms-in-may Burundi’s President Pierre Nkurunziza on Sunday set May 17 as the date for a referendum that could extend his rule for at least a decade. President says Zimbabwe to hold elections in July http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/president-says-zimbabwe-to-hold-elections-in-july Zimbabwe’s first presidential and parliamentary elections since the end of former strongman Robert Mugabe’s long rule will take place in July, President Emmerson Mnangagwa said on Saturday. South Africa's Zuma may challenge decision to prosecute him: eNCA http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-zuma-may-challenge-decision-to-prosecute-him-enca Former South African president Jacob Zuma may challenge a prosecutor’s decision to reinstate corruption charges over a $2.5 billion arms deal, news broadcaster eNCA said on Saturday. Mauritius president resigns over claim of financial impropriety, denies wrongdoing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mauritius-president-resigns-over-claim-of-financial-impropriety-denies-wrongdoing On Wednesday the president - who denies wrongdoing - rejected calls to resign, saying she was ready to provide evidence in court to debunk the accusations, prompting a rebuke from the prime minister. Seven firms bid for majority stake in Zambian oil refinery http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/seven-firms-bid-for-majority-stake-in-zambian-oil-refinery Seven firms have submitted bids to buy a majority stake in Zambia’s sole 24,000 barrel per day Indeni Petroleum Refinery, an executive at the agency handling the bidding said on Saturday. Tropical storm Eliakim kills 17 in Madagascar: authorities http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tropical-storm-eliakim-kills-17-in-madagascar-authorities At least 17 people died when a tropical storm hit eastern Madagascar over the weekend, authorities said. Canada to send helicopters, troops to Mali: government source http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/canada-to-send-helicopters-troops-to-mali-government-source Canada will send helicopters and support troops, including medical staff, to join a United Nations peace-keeping mission in Mali later this year, a senior Canadian government source said late on Friday. Gunmen kill one, wound others in central Mali hotel attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-kill-one-wound-others-in-central-mali-hotel-attack Unidentified gunmen killed one person and wounded at least two others late on Wednesday in an attack on a hotel in the central Mali town of Bandiagara regularly frequented by United Nations staff and humanitarian workers, witnesses said. Kenyan minister, police chief found in contempt; opposition politician deported http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-minister-police-chief-found-in-contempt-opposition-politician-deported A Kenyan high court judge found the Interior Minister and the police chief guilty of contempt on Wednesday and told them to appear for sentencing because they failed to obey a court order to release a detained opposition politician. Polyglot Ethiopian premier must ease ethnic, youth tensions http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/polyglot-ethiopian-premier-must-ease-ethnic-youth-tensions In choosing a 42-year-old polyglot from Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group as prime minister, the ruling coalition is trying to ease ethnic tensions and appeal to the legions of disaffected youth. Sudan extends ceasefire with rebels to June: state news http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-extends-ceasefire-with-rebels-to-june-state-news Sudan has extended a unilateral ceasefire with rebels in its three main conflict areas for an additional three months, until the end of June, state news agency SUNA reported on Wednesday, citing a presidential decree. Rwanda auctions assets belonging to jailed critic of President Kagame http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwanda-auctions-assets-belonging-to-jailed-critic-of-president-kagame Rwandan authorities on Wednesday sold assets belonging to the family of a woman who was barred from standing against President Paul Kagame at an election last year and then jailed pending trial for alleged incitement to insurrection. Frozen $500 million in Angolan fraud probe came from Standard Chartered http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/frozen-500-million-in-angolan-fraud-probe-came-from-standard-chartered The $500 million at the center of an alleged fraud involving the son of Angola’s former president was transferred out of a Standard Chartered (STAN.L) account held by Angola’s central bank, the British bank told Reuters on Wednesday. 'High-ranking' al Qaeda militant killed in weekend strike in Libya: Pentagon http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/high-ranking-al-qaeda-militant-killed-in-weekend-strike-in-libya-pentagon One of the militants killed in a U.S. air strike in Libya over the weekend was a “high-ranking” official in al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), the Pentagon said on Wednesday. Kenya court finds interior minister and police chief guilty of contempt http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-court-finds-interior-minister-and-police-chief-guilty-of-contempt A Kenyan high court judge found Interior Minister Fred Matiang’i and the inspector general of police guilty of contempt of court on Wednesday and ordered that they appear for sentencing. Ghanaians protest over expanded military co-operation deal with U.S. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghanaians-protest-over-expanded-military-co-operation-deal-with-u-s Thousands of people protested in Ghana’s capital Accra on Wednesday against the expansion of its defense cooperation with the United States, in a rare public display of opposition to the growing foreign military presence in West Africa. Suspected Boko Haram militants kill 15 in Nigeria's Maiduguri http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/suspected-boko-haram-militants-kill-15-in-nigeria-s-maiduguri A suspected Boko Haram attack in the northeast Nigerian city of Maiduguri killed 15 people and wounded 68, an emergency agency official said on Monday, in the biggest strike since the government said it was in talks with the Islamist group. Tough times, tough birds: Kenyan farmers swap back to hardy chickens http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tough-times-tough-birds-kenyan-farmers-swap-back-to-hardy-chickens In Elly Joy Kanini’s farmyard in Kenya’s Tharaka Nithi County, a few chickens perch while others peck for food, and a cock runs after a hen. Al Shabaab attacks an African Union base in Somalia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/al-shabaab-attacks-an-african-union-base-in-somalia Islamist insurgents battled for hours on Sunday with African Union troops after exploding two car bombs outside one of their bases, Somali police, military and the militants said. Zambia asks Cuba to recall ambassador for backing new opposition party http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zambia-asks-cuba-to-recall-ambassador-for-backing-new-opposition-party Zambia has asked Cuba to recall its ambassador for openly supporting the newly launched opposition Socialist Party, the president’s spokesman said on Sunday. New president looks to wean Botswana off dependence on diamonds http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/new-president-looks-to-wean-botswana-off-dependence-on-diamonds Botswana’s new president, sworn in on Sunday as the landlocked country’s fifth post-colonial leader, said he would give priority to tackling youth unemployment and diversifying its economy. Namibia president says China not colonizing Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/namibia-president-says-china-not-colonizing-africa Namibia President Hage Geingob said China is not colonizing Africa and that growing cooperation between the world’s No. 2 economy and Africa benefits both sides, China’s official Xinhua News Agency reported on Saturday. Lafarge Africa shares fall 9.73 percent to one-year low http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/lafarge-africa-shares-fall-9-73-percent-to-one-year-low Shares in cement maker Lafarge Africa fell 9.73 pct to a one-year low on Monday. South Africa may ask pharma firms for fee to clear drug review backlog http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-may-ask-pharma-firms-for-fee-to-clear-drug-review-backlog Drugmakers in Africa’s largest pharmaceutical market may be asked to pay a “backlog fee” to help clear a pipeline of medicines waiting years for approval, according to a proposal being considered by South Africa’s new industry regulator. In Kenyan refugee camp, hope of new life in U.S. fades and suicide rate rises http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/in-kenyan-refugee-camp-hope-of-new-life-in-u-s-fades-and-suicide-rate-rises All are items which aid workers say they have confiscated from refugees in the Kakuma camp in northern Kenya in the last few months because of fears they might use them to kill themselves. Somalia parliament speaker quits ahead of motion against him: lawmaker http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-parliament-speaker-quits-ahead-of-motion-against-him-lawmaker The speaker of Somalia’s parliament, Mohamed Sheikh Osman Jawari, has resigned ahead of a confidence motion against him, a lawmaker said, ending weeks of political tension. Newmont suspends operations at Ghana mine after six workers killed http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/newmont-suspends-operations-at-ghana-mine-after-six-workers-killed Six construction workers have been killed in an accident at Newmont’s Ahafo gold mine in Ghana, forcing the surface mine to suspend its operations, a local Newmont manager said on Sunday. One killed, dozens wounded in clashes in Central African Republic http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/one-killed-dozens-wounded-in-clashes-in-central-african-republic At least one civilian was killed and dozens of United Nations peacekeepers, civilians and militia fighters were injured during an operation against armed groups in Central African Republic’s capital on Sunday, a U.N. spokesman said. Kenya election officials quit, pressure on chairman to go http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-election-officials-quit-pressure-on-chairman-to-go Three Kenyan election officials resigned on Monday, increasing chaos at the electoral Commission following last year’s botched presidential vote that had to be rerun and was then boycotted by the opposition. Rise in kidnappings shakes faith in Uganda's police http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rise-in-kidnappings-shakes-faith-in-uganda-s-police In a small Ugandan town in February, Juma Nsereko took a panicked call from his wife: their five-year-old twin girls were missing and the mother suspected their neighbor, a jobless man, had kidnapped them. Nigeria's Buhari to meet Trump at White House on April 30 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-buhari-to-meet-trump-at-white-house-on-april-30 Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari is to meet U.S. President Donald Trump at the White House on April 30, the White House said on Sunday. Goldman Sachs buys personal finance start-up Clarity Money http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/goldman-sachs-buys-personal-finance-start-up-clarity-money Goldman Sachs Group Inc bought Clarity Money, a personal finance startup, to bolster its Marcus online lending business, it said Sunday. UAE ends programme to train Somalia's military http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uae-ends-programme-to-train-somalia-s-military The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is ending a military training programme in Somalia in response to the seizure of millions of dollars and the temporary holding of a UAE plane by Somali security forces last week. Horror and fear grip survivors of Congo's hidden war http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/horror-and-fear-grip-survivors-of-congo-s-hidden-war The last thing 11-year-old Mave Grace saw before falling unconscious was men with machetes cutting open her pregnant mother’s belly and killing the unborn child. South Sudan rebels say they have freed seven aid workers http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-rebels-say-they-have-freed-seven-aid-workers South Sudan’s rebels said on Sunday they had released seven aid workers detained for nearly three weeks in the country’s Central Equatoria region on accusations of spying for the government. Israel to free 200 African migrants awaiting deportation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/israel-to-free-200-african-migrants-awaiting-deportation Israel will release about 200 jailed African migrants in the absence of a final deal to deport them and thousands more Eritrean and Sudanese men who entered the country illegally, the Interior Ministry said on Sunday. KPMG South Africa reviewing work done by its partners http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kpmg-south-africa-reviewing-work-done-by-its-partners KPMG South Africa is reviewing work done by its partners in the wake of the resignation of two partners who faced disciplinary charges, its chief executive said on Sunday, another setback for the firm whose work is under scrutiny by authorities. Ethiopia's new premier reshuffles cabinet as part of reform bid http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-s-new-premier-reshuffles-cabinet-as-part-of-reform-bid Ethiopia’s new premier Abiy Ahmed named a new defence minister on Thursday as part of a reshuffle to help implement reforms demanded by the public during unrest in which hundreds were killed by security forces. Nigerian police recover stolen parliamentary mace http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-police-recover-stolen-parliamentary-mace Nigeria’s police have recovered a ceremonial mace stolen from the country’s parliament when at least three men burst onto the Senate floor and grabbed it while lawmakers looked on, police said on Thursday. Acacia Mining's first-quarter profit slumps after Tanzania tax row http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/acacia-mining-s-first-quarter-profit-slumps-after-tanzania-tax-row Acacia Mining (ACAA.L) reported a near 50 percent fall in first quarter earnings on Thursday after reducing operations at its flagship gold mine in Tanzania amid a tax dispute with the government. Britain wants Zimbabwe back in the Commonwealth http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/britain-wants-zimbabwe-back-in-the-commonwealth Britain said on Friday it would strongly support Zimbabwe’s re-entry to the Commonwealth and praised President Emmerson Mnangagwa for impressive progress since Robert Mugabe was toppled in a military coup. South Sudan says head of army has died http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-says-head-of-army-has-died South Sudan’s army chief General James Ajongo died in Cairo on Friday following a short illness, government spokesman Michael Makuei Lueth said. Burundi replaces foreign minister with ex-head of ruling party youth wing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundi-replaces-foreign-minister-with-ex-head-of-ruling-party-youth-wing Burundi’s President Pierre Nkurunziza replaced his foreign minister with the former head of the ruling party’s youth wing less than a month before a constitutional referendum that could keep him in power until 2034. As fruit trees fall, a hunger threat looms in Kenya http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/as-fruit-trees-fall-a-hunger-threat-looms-in-kenya When Leah Mutembei was growing up in Kajuki, a village in central Kenya, most farms were dotted with avocado and mango trees. Kenya suspends land allocation as nine injured in attacks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-suspends-land-allocation-as-nine-injured-in-attacks Kenya suspended a land distribution program on Thursday after nine people were shot or attacked with crude weapons in six days, with local officials facing investigation for their role. South Africa must tame Zambia's 'brutal regime', opposition leader says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-must-tame-zambia-s-brutal-regime-opposition-leader-says Zambia’s opposition leader Hakainde Hichelema accused President Edgar Lungu’s government on Thursday of political killings, rights abuses and rampant corruption, calling on South Africa to intervene to restore calm. Sudan's president sacks foreign minister, state news agency reports http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-president-sacks-foreign-minister-state-news-agency-reports Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir has issued a presidential decree relieving Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour of his position, state news agency SUNA reported on Thursday. Gold production resumes at two Randgold mines in Mali after strikes: union http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gold-production-resumes-at-two-randgold-mines-in-mali-after-strikes-union Work has resumed at two gold mines operated by Randgold Resources in Mali, after strikes that halted production since Wednesday, a senior union official told Reuters. Senegal capital erupts in protest over new election law http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/senegal-capital-erupts-in-protest-over-new-election-law Protests flared in Senegal’s capital on Thursday and a parliamentary debate descended into pushing and shoving over a change to an election law that critics say will make it impossible for minor candidates to run for president in 2019. At least 21 dead after flower-farm dam bursts in Kenya http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-21-dead-after-flower-farm-dam-bursts-in-kenya A dam burst in Kenya after weeks of torrential rain, unleashing a torrent of water that smashed into two villages, killing at least 21 people and causing “huge destruction”, rescue services and government officials said. First suspected deaths in Congo Ebola outbreak came in January: WHO http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/first-suspected-deaths-in-congo-ebola-outbreak-came-in-january-who Cases of hemorrhagic fever were reported in an area of Congo that is facing an Ebola epidemic as far back as December and the first deaths were reported in January, a spokesman for the World Health Organization said in the capital Kinshasa on Thursday. Sierra Leone mudslide survivors live in fear of fresh disaster http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-mudslide-survivors-live-in-fear-of-fresh-disaster Kadiatu Koroma only narrowly escaped the mudslide that engulfed her home in Sierra Leone’s ramshackle capital last August, killing an estimated 1,000 people in one of the worst flooding-related disasters to hit Africa in living memory. Kenyan Olympic chief wants action to end 'cancer' of doping http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-olympic-chief-wants-action-to-end-cancer-of-doping The President of Kenya’s Olympic Committee has called for urgent measures to deal with what he described as the “cancer” of doping among athletes in the east African country. Al Shabaab blast kills at least 5 in Somali khat market near Mogadishu http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/al-shabaab-blast-kills-at-least-5-in-somali-khat-market-near-mogadishu An explosion killed at least five people and wounded 10 on Wednesday in a market for the stimulant leaf khat in southern Somalia, police and residents said, and al Qaeda-linked al Shabaab said it was behind the blast. Randgold ends gold venture with Cradle Arc in Mali http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/randgold-ends-gold-venture-with-cradle-arc-in-mali African gold miner Randgold (RRS.L) has ended a joint venture agreement in Mali with junior explorer Cradle Arc (CRA.L), Cradle Arc said on Wednesday, adding it would seek a new partner. Embattled South African provincial premier denies reports he has quit http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/embattled-south-african-provincial-premier-denies-reports-he-has-quit The premier of South Africa’s North West province Supra Mahumapelo denied media reports on Wednesday that he had stepped down in the face of mounting political and public pressure including violent protests against him last month. At Dakar Biennale, Africa's artists urged to seize chance http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-dakar-biennale-africa-s-artists-urged-to-seize-chance Senegal’s old Palais de Justice sits among some of the most sought-after real estate in the capital Dakar, where it shares a stunning sea view with the nearby French ambassador’s residence. I Squared Capital to buy trailer leasing firm TIP in deal topping $1.2 billion http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/i-squared-capital-to-buy-trailer-leasing-firm-tip-in-deal-topping-1-2-billion British investor I Squared Capital said on Wednesday it has agreed to buy TIP Trailer Services, the trailer leasing company formerly owned by General Electric, from China’s HNA Group. WHO calls emergency meeting on Congo's Ebola outbreak http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/who-calls-emergency-meeting-on-congo-s-ebola-outbreak The U.N. World Health Organization will convene an Emergency Committee on Friday to consider the international risks of an Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo, WHO spokesman Christian Lindmeier said on Thursday. African cities pledge to cut climate emissions to zero by 2050 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-cities-pledge-to-cut-climate-emissions-to-zero-by-2050 Africa is sometimes better known for its vulnerability to climate change than its action on the problem – but a set of African cities intend to change that. Gunmen kill Ethiopia country manager of Nigeria's Dangote http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-kill-ethiopia-country-manager-of-nigeria-s-dangote Unidentified gunmen killed the Ethiopia country manager of Nigeria’s Dangote Industries on Wednesday after he was attacked in the restive Oromiya region while returning to the capital from Ethiopia’s largest cement factory, officials said. Tanzanite miner gets bill as Tanzania cracks down on lost mineral revenues http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzanite-miner-gets-bill-as-tanzania-cracks-down-on-lost-mineral-revenues Tanzanian gemstone miner Tanzanite One has agreed to pay compensation and overdue taxes to the government after unspecified violations led to losses in public revenues, the president’s office said. Exclusive: Vitol, Glencore, Shell in running for Petrobras' Nigerian assets http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/exclusive-vitol-glencore-shell-in-running-for-petrobras-nigerian-assets The world’s three largest oil traders are competing to buy the African arm of Brazil’s Petrobras (PETR4.SA) that owns stakes in two major Nigerian offshore oil blocks, industry and banking sources with knowledge of the matter said, after submitting bids earlier this month. Congo receives first doses of Ebola vaccine amid outbreak http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-receives-first-doses-of-ebola-vaccine-amid-outbreak The first batch of 4,000 experimental Ebola vaccines to combat an outbreak suspected of killing 23 people arrived in Congo’s capital Kinshasa on Wednesday. Rebels with a cause - the women bikers saving lives in Nigeria http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rebels-with-a-cause-the-women-bikers-saving-lives-in-nigeria Whenever the all-female Nigerian biker group D’Angels hit the streets, people would stare in amazement at the sight of women on motorbikes. So they made up their minds to use the attention for a good cause. WHO says Congo faces 'very high' risk from Ebola outbreak http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/who-says-congo-faces-very-high-risk-from-ebola-outbreak Democratic Republic of Congo faces a “very high” public health risk from Ebola because the disease has been confirmed in a patient in a big city, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Friday, raising its assessment from “high” previously. Zimbabwe will not require foreign mining companies to list locally http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-will-not-require-foreign-mining-companies-to-list-locally will not require foreign mining companies to list locally as previously announced and will remove the clause from a mines amendment bill now before parliament, the mines minister said on Friday. Zimbabwe mines need $11 billion investment to modernize http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-mines-need-11-billion-investment-to-modernize Zimbabwe needs up to $11 billion to modernize its mines and boost production to maximum capacity over the next five years, the head of the country’s Chamber of Mines said on Friday. At least 15 killed during Burundi referendum campaign: rights group http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-15-killed-during-burundi-referendum-campaign-rights-group At least 15 people were killed and six were raped during a referendum campaign in Burundi that could let President Pierre Nkurunziza hold power until 2034, Human Rights Watch said on Friday. Kenyan university lecturers end strike over low pay http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-university-lecturers-end-strike-over-low-pay Kenya’s public university lecturers have ended a strike over low pay after reaching an agreement with authorities, a union official said, allowing classes to resume after being suspended since early March. New U.S. sanctions hit at Hezbollah-linked financier, companies http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/new-u-s-sanctions-hit-at-hezbollah-linked-financier-companies The United States sought on Thursday to further choke off funding sources for Iranian-backed Hezbollah, imposing sanctions on its representative to Iran, as well as a major financier and his five companies in Europe, West Africa and the Middle East. Fear casts shadow over Burundi vote on extending president's rule http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fear-casts-shadow-over-burundi-vote-on-extending-president-s-rule Burundians stood in long lines on Thursday to vote in a referendum that could let President Pierre Nkurunziza stay in power to 2034, deepening fears of political repression and ethnic conflict in the heart of Africa’s Great Lakes. A third of protected wildlife areas marred by roads and towns - study http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/a-third-of-protected-wildlife-areas-marred-by-roads-and-towns-study A third of the world’s protected areas for wildlife are suffering road-building, more farms and other man-made threats that are undermining goals to safeguard the diversity of life on Earth, scientists said on Thursday. Two new Ebola deaths recorded in Congo: health ministry http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/two-new-ebola-deaths-recorded-in-congo-health-ministry Two new deaths from Ebola and seven new confirmed cases have been recorded in Democratic Republic of Congo, the health ministry said on Tuesday. From Burkina to Zimbabwe, U.S. aid cuts squeeze family planning services http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/from-burkina-to-zimbabwe-u-s-aid-cuts-squeeze-family-planning-services The Marie Stopes Ladies who drive from village to village in the remote north of Burkina Faso offering free contraception, advice on family planning, sexual health and sometimes abortion, may have to stop work in June. Africa's green revolution stumbles at Congo project to solve food shortages http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africa-s-green-revolution-stumbles-at-congo-project-to-solve-food-shortages In 2014, Democratic Republic of Congo officials trumpeted the launch of a sweeping initiative they said would solve food shortages in one of the world’s poorest countries. Guinea's Conde names new PM amid rising political tensions http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/guinea-s-conde-names-new-pm-amid-rising-political-tensions Guinea President Alpha Conde on Monday named Ibrahima Kassory Fofana as the country’s new prime minister amid heightened political tensions and suspicion about his intentions ahead of a 2020 election. Burundi approves new constitution extending presidential term limit http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundi-approves-new-constitution-extending-presidential-term-limit Voters in Burundi have overwhelmingly approved a new constitution, the electoral commission said on Monday, ushering in changes that could let the president stay in power to 2034. U.S. says Burundi constitutional referendum 'marred' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-says-burundi-constitutional-referendum-marred The United States on Monday criticized last week’s referendum in Burundi as being marred by a lack of transparency and voter intimidation and condemned the government’s decision to suspend media outlets. Trump versus Rwanda in trade battle over used clothes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/trump-versus-rwanda-in-trade-battle-over-used-clothes Early last year, weeks after Donald Trump was sworn in as president, a little known American trade association filed a petition with the U.S. Trade Representative. Nigeria's military committed war crimes, crimes against humanity: Amnesty http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-military-committed-war-crimes-crimes-against-humanity-amnesty Nigeria’s military has committed war crimes and crimes against humanity including torture, rape and killing civilians during its fight against Islamist insurgency Boko Haram, human rights group Amnesty International said on Thursday. Ebola patients slip out of Congo hospital as medics try to curb outbreak http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ebola-patients-slip-out-of-congo-hospital-as-medics-try-to-curb-outbreak Three patients infected with the Ebola virus slipped out of an isolation ward at a hospital in Democratic Republic of Congo, health officials said, as medics raced to stop the deadly disease from spreading in the busy river port of Mbandaka. South Sudan peace talks end without deal: mediators http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-peace-talks-end-without-deal-mediators Talks in Ethiopia to revive South Sudan’s failed 2015 peace pact and end the country’s civil war broke up on Wednesday without a deal, mediators said, potentially prolonging a conflict that has killed tens of thousands of people and displaced millions. U.S. to send experimental Ebola treatment to Congo - official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-to-send-experimental-ebola-treatment-to-congo-official U.S. health authorities said on Wednesday they were preparing to send an experimental Ebola treatment to the Democratic Republic of Congo for use in a clinical trial aimed at stemming an outbreak in the country that has spread to Mbandaka, a city of about 1.5 million people. Hit by wild weather, Kenya's herders fire up a hot new crop: chilli peppers http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/hit-by-wild-weather-kenya-s-herders-fire-up-a-hot-new-crop-chilli-peppers In this arid stretch of Kajiado County, where worsening heat and drought have been tough on livestock farmers, Arnold Ole Kapurua is experimenting with a hot new crop: chillis. Guinea's president reshuffles government as he faces strikes, civil unrest http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/guinea-s-president-reshuffles-government-as-he-faces-strikes-civil-unrest Facing civil unrest and strikes in the crucial mining sector, Guinea’s President Alpha Conde reshuffled his government overnight, appointing new finance and security ministers among others. South Africa's opposition rejects report that party will split http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-opposition-rejects-report-that-party-will-split South Africa’s Democratic Alliance (DA), the biggest opposition to President Cyril Ramaphosa’s African National Congress (ANC), dismissed as “rumors and gossip” a Sunday newspaper report that said the party was about to split. Dozens killed in Cameroon's restive Anglophone region http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dozens-killed-in-cameroon-s-restive-anglophone-region More than two dozen people have been killed in one of Cameroon’s Anglophone regions, local sources said on Saturday, although the exact circumstances of their deaths were not immediately clear. China wins back Burkina Faso, urges Taiwan's last African ally to follow http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/china-wins-back-burkina-faso-urges-taiwan-s-last-african-ally-to-follow China increased diplomatic pressure on Taiwan on Saturday by urging the self-ruled island’s last African ally, Swaziland, to align with Beijing as Burkina Faso re-established Chinese ties. Ethiopia pardons senior opposition leader sentenced to death http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-pardons-senior-opposition-leader-sentenced-to-death Ethiopia pardoned on Saturday an opposition leader with British citizenship who had been sentenced to death, the latest in a series of pardons and releases of jailed dissidents announced in the wake of years of violent unrest. Kenya moves to regulate fintech-fuelled lending craze http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-moves-to-regulate-fintech-fuelled-lending-craze Kenya built a reputation as a pioneer of financial inclusion through its early adoption of a mobile money system that enables people to transfer cash and make payments on cellphones without a bank account. East African migrants escape from captors in Libyan smuggling hub http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/east-african-migrants-escape-from-captors-in-libyan-smuggling-hub More than 100 East African migrants escaped from smugglers holding them captive near the Libyan town of Bani Walid earlier this week, with some of them wounded and reportedly killed in the process, a local source and humanitarian workers said. Cameroon court convicts Anglophone activists of rebellion and terrorism http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-court-convicts-anglophone-activists-of-rebellion-and-terrorism A court in Cameroon on Friday convicted seven activists from the country’s Anglophone minority of rebellion and acts of terrorism and gave them sentences ranging from 10 to 15 years, a defence lawyer said. Ivory Coast needs over $1 billion for reforestation strategy http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-needs-over-1-billion-for-reforestation-strategy Ivory Coast will ask donors, timber firms and cocoa companies to help finance a reforestation strategy costing 616 billion CFA francs ($1 billion) over 10 years, the country’s water and forests minister said on Friday. U.N. denunciation of starvation as war weapon needs tough enforcement - experts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-denunciation-of-starvation-as-war-weapon-needs-tough-enforcement-experts A United Nations vote condemning starvation as a means of warfare is historic but will be useless without concrete steps to help millions of starving people, top experts said on Friday. Fear and suspicion hinder Congo medics in Ebola battle http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fear-and-suspicion-hinder-congo-medics-in-ebola-battle With more than twice as many Ebola outbreaks as any other country since the virus was discovered in 1976, Congolese are familiar with its destructive power, yet fear and suspicion of medical authorities are still hindering efforts at containment. U.N. Security Council extends South Sudan sanctions through mid-July http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-security-council-extends-south-sudan-sanctions-through-mid-july The U.N. Security Council voted on Thursday to renew some sanctions on South Sudan through mid-July and to consider imposing travel bans and asset freezes on six South Sudanese leaders if the country’s conflict does not stop by June 30. Uganda imposes tax on social media use http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-imposes-tax-on-social-media-use Uganda’s parliament has imposed a tax on the use of social media in a bid to raise revenue but opponents of the law say it aims to stifle criticism of President Yoweri Museveni, who has been in power since 1986. U.N. fires Central Africa legal adviser who accused peacekeepers of massacre http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-fires-central-africa-legal-adviser-who-accused-peacekeepers-of-massacre The U.N. mission in Central African Republic has fired one of its lawyers after he accused Rwandan peacekeepers of massacring 30 civilians in the capital last month and said they could be investigated. Equatorial Guinea LNG project stumbles as Schlumberger quits http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/equatorial-guinea-lng-project-stumbles-as-schlumberger-quits A pioneering liquefied natural gas project in Equatorial Guinea, bogged down by delayed financing, ran into further trouble after U.S. oil services company Schlumberger pulled out of the venture, two other operators said on Thursday. Hope for evicted forest people as Kenya vows to honor landmark ruling http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/hope-for-evicted-forest-people-as-kenya-vows-to-honor-landmark-ruling Kenya’s Ogiek people are optimistic of returning to their ancestral forests as the government has pledged to honor a landmark ruling ordering reparations for forced evictions, in a judgment that could impact others with similar land claims. OPEC May oil output hits new low on Nigeria, Venezuela: Reuters survey http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/opec-may-oil-output-hits-new-low-on-nigeria-venezuela-reuters-survey OPEC oil output fell to a 13-month low in May due to declining Venezuelan production, Nigerian outages and strong compliance with a supply-cutting deal, a Reuters survey found. Golar LNG says Fortuna project may need new partners http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/golar-lng-says-fortuna-project-may-need-new-partners Golar LNG said on Thursday financing for the flagship Fortuna liquefied natural gas project in Equatorial Guinea was “increasingly unlikely in the short-term” and may need additional equity partners after Schlumberger left the venture. South Africa's Treasury backs CEO of $160 billion state pension fund http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-treasury-backs-ceo-of-160-billion-state-pension-fund South Africa’s National Treasury on Thursday rallied behind Dan Matjila, the chief executive of the government’s 2 trillion rand ($160 billion) state pension fund, dismissing a Bloomberg report that said it was considering his suspension. Traffickers plot to sell Nigerians for sex at Russia's World Cup http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/traffickers-plot-to-sell-nigerians-for-sex-at-russia-s-world-cup Human traffickers are planning to exploit relaxed Russian visa controls for next month’s World Cup to sell Nigerian women into sex work, state officials and anti-slavery activists said. UK's Tullow Oil eyes new Ghana offshore assets: CEO http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uk-s-tullow-oil-eyes-new-ghana-offshore-assets-ceo Tullow Oil is interested in new oil blocks off Ghana’s coast as part of the British explorer’s plans to consolidate its operations in the West African nation, Chief Executive Paul McDade said on Thursday. Fifteen dead in Nairobi market fire, 70 injured http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fifteen-dead-in-nairobi-market-fire-70-injured Fifteen people died and 70 were injured when fire swept through a market and nearby homes in central Nairobi in the early hours of Thursday. China splurges on gas as prolonged heat wave boosts clean power demand http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/china-splurges-on-gas-as-prolonged-heat-wave-boosts-clean-power-demand China has ramped up purchases of liquefied natural gas (LNG), pulling in rare cargoes from Cameroon, Egypt and Europe, trade data shows, as the world’s most populous nation shores up supplies to avoid power shortages during a prolonged heat wave. More than 200 people killed in weekend violence in central Nigeria http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/more-than-200-people-killed-in-weekend-violence-in-central-nigeria More than 200 people were killed over the weekend in violence in central Nigeria’s Plateau state, the state governor said, making it one of the bloodiest clashes in the months leading up to an election. South Sudan rivals sign peace agreement in Khartoum http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-rivals-sign-peace-agreement-in-khartoum South Sudan’s president signed a peace agreement with rebels on Wednesday including a ceasefire to start in 72 hours, Sudan’s foreign minister said, but rebels rejected other parts of the deal. Zimbabwe's Chamisa worried about opposition clampdown after rally blast http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-chamisa-worried-about-opposition-clampdown-after-rally-blast Zimbabwe’s main opposition leader on Wednesday said he feared the government would use a blast that hit a weekend rally by President Emmerson Mnangagwa as an excuse to clamp down on opponents ahead of a July 30 vote. Zimbabwe president tells BBC suspects political faction was behind rally blast http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-president-tells-bbc-suspects-political-faction-was-behind-rally-blast Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa said he suspected dissidents from his own party linked to the wife of his predecessor Robert Mugabe were behind an explosion at a rally he attended last week. Ivory Coast's Ouattara to name new government on Tuesday: sources http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-s-ouattara-to-name-new-government-on-tuesday-sources Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara plans to name a new government on Tuesday after dissolving its predecessor because of a row within his ruling coalition, three government sources told Reuters on Friday. Ethiopia must work harder to attract investment, reformist PM says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-must-work-harder-to-attract-investment-reformist-pm-says Ethiopia must work harder to attract foreign investment and boost international trade, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said on Friday as he pushes a fundamental overhaul of how the nation is run. Nigerian court clears Senate president of asset-declaration charges http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-court-clears-senate-president-of-asset-declaration-charges Nigeria’s Supreme Court on Friday dismissed all outstanding charges against Senate president Bukola Saraki related to alleged false declarations of assets. MTN Uganda says government security personnel raided its data center http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mtn-uganda-says-government-security-personnel-raided-its-data-center MTN Uganda, a unit of the South African telecoms firm, said government security personnel had raided its data center and disconnected four of its servers. Corrupt judges blocking Kenyan anti-graft push, prosecutor says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/corrupt-judges-blocking-kenyan-anti-graft-push-prosecutor-says - Corrupt judges are hampering an anti-graft drive in Kenya, undermining President Uhuru Kenyatta’s attempt to restore public trust in the government, national security and the economy, the country’s top prosecutor said. EU mission urges Zimbabwe to improve ballot access to boost vote credibility http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eu-mission-urges-zimbabwe-to-improve-ballot-access-to-boost-vote-credibility A European Union election observer mission on Friday urged Zimbabwe’s election agency to be more open about the printing and storage of ballot papers to enhance the credibility of a July 30 presidential and parliamentary vote. Kenya court grants bail to governor accused of fraud conspiracy http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-court-grants-bail-to-governor-accused-of-fraud-conspiracy A Kenyan court on Friday granted bail to a county governor charged with conspiracy to defraud the government and abuse of office. One killed, three wounded after clashes near Congo-Uganda border http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/one-killed-three-wounded-after-clashes-near-congo-uganda-border Bombings in Somalia's capital wound 13 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/bombings-in-somalia-s-capital-wound-13 At least 13 people were wounded on Saturday in a suicide car bombing near Somalia’s presidential palace and another blast outside a police station close by in the capital, the emergency services said. Second blast in Somalia's capital Mogadishu: police source http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/second-blast-in-somalia-s-capital-mogadishu-police-source A second blast occurred in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu on Saturday, opposite a police building, minutes after a suicide car bombing occurred near the presidential palace, a police official told Reuters. South Sudan's warring parties sign deal on security arrangements http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-s-warring-parties-sign-deal-on-security-arrangements South Sudan’s government and rebels on Friday signed an accord on security arrangements after talks in Khartoum, witnesses said, a step that could lead to a power-sharing deal at a summit in Uganda on Saturday. Kenyan government suppliers go unpaid as corruption depletes state coffers http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-government-suppliers-go-unpaid-as-corruption-depletes-state-coffers Kenya’s government is failing to pay many of its contractors on time, as corruption drains funds for legitimate projects from state coffers, suppliers and officials say. Brazil's Petrobras nears $1.3 billion sales of African venture stake: paper http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/brazil-s-petrobras-nears-1-3-billion-sales-of-african-venture-stake-paper Brazilian state-controlled oil company Petróleo Brasileiro SA (PETR4.SA) is close to agreeing the sale of its stake in an African venture for around $1.3 billion, newspaper Valor Econômico said on Tuesday. South Sudan government forces, allies killed hundreds of civilians: U.N. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-government-forces-allies-killed-hundreds-of-civilians-u-n At least 232 civilians were killed and 120 women and girls raped this spring in attacks by South Sudan government troops and aligned forces in opposition-held villages, the U.N. human rights office said on Tuesday. Sierra Leone launches corruption inquiry into former government http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-launches-corruption-inquiry-into-former-government Sierra Leone’s President Julius Maada Bio will launch a commission to investigate accusations of widespread corruption under his predecessor Ernest Koroma, the government said. Ethiopia to roll out Eritrea deal fast to 'make up for lost opportunities': PM http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-to-roll-out-eritrea-deal-fast-to-make-up-for-lost-opportunities-pm Ethiopia’s prime minister said on Tuesday his government wanted to implement a deal restoring relations with former foe Eritrea quickly, to “make up for lost opportunities” after a two-decade military standoff. Ethiopian Airlines says will resume flights to Eritrea's capital on July 17 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopian-airlines-says-will-resume-flights-to-eritrea-s-capital-on-july-17 Ethiopian Airlines said on Tuesday it would resume flights to Eritrea’s capital Asmara on July 17 for the first time in 20 years, a day after the neighbors and longtime foes declared their “state of war” over. Ex-foes Ethiopia, Eritrea eye peace dividend after historic deal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ex-foes-ethiopia-eritrea-eye-peace-dividend-after-historic-deal After declaring an end on Monday to a costly two-decade military stalemate, Ethiopia and Eritrea - one a rising African star, the other among the world’s most isolationist nations - appear poised to reap a lucrative peace dividend. Campaign group says illegal ivory trade breezes past EU law http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/campaign-group-says-illegal-ivory-trade-breezes-past-eu-law In spite of a ban, illegal ivory trading is still flourishing in the European Union, as traders use a loophole allowing for the exchange of very old pieces, an Oxford University study sponsored by a campaign group found. Congo's Kabila delays U.N. chief's visit, refuses to see U.S. envoy Haley http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-s-kabila-delays-u-n-chief-s-visit-refuses-to-see-u-s-envoy-haley Congolese President Joseph Kabila has put off a planned visit this week by U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and refused to see U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley, who diplomats said had also separately planned to visit Kinshasa. Mali: Any dispute over key Sunday vote must be resolved peacefully, says UN envoy http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-any-dispute-over-key-sunday-vote-must-be-resolved-peacefully-says-un-envoy With key presidential elections in Mali just two days away, the top United Nations official there on Friday stressed that candidates must accept the results and ensure that the democratic process in Mali is “irreversible”. DR Congo: UN envoy calls for ‘a level playing field’ in key upcoming elections http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dr-congo-un-envoy-calls-for-a-level-playing-field-in-key-upcoming-elections Major progress has been made on preparations for the upcoming elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, but “conditions for a level playing field are not yet in place”, said the most senior United Nations official based in the country. Cameroon violence needs urgent investigation, says UN rights chief Zeid http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-violence-needs-urgent-investigation-says-un-rights-chief-zeid Persistent reports of grave human rights abuses in Cameroon — including a widely shared video showing the alleged execution of a woman, child and baby — must be investigated by the authorities urgently, UN rights chief Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein said on Wednesday. Ebola outbreak in DR Congo declared over: WHO chief http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ebola-outbreak-in-dr-congo-declared-over-who-chief The Ebola virus outbreak in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has been declared over, thanks to a concerted national and international effort to contain the threat, the UN’s top health official said on Tuesday. UN rights office appeals for peaceful Zimbabwe elections amid reports of intimidation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/un-rights-office-appeals-for-peaceful-zimbabwe-elections-amid-reports-of-intimidation Zimbabwe’s upcoming presidential elections must be peaceful and credible, the UN Human Rights Office, OHCHR, said on Tuesday, amid increasing reports of voter intimidation and coercion linked to the ruling ZANU-PF party. Mali goes to polls after five years of jihad, insecurity http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-goes-to-polls-after-five-years-of-jihad-insecurity Malians began voting on Sunday to decide whether or not to give President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita a second term, despite widespread ethnic and jihadist violence that has dramatically worsened since he came to power five years ago. Zimbabwe rivals promise victory in pitch for votes at final election rallies http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-rivals-promise-victory-in-pitch-for-votes-at-final-election-rallies Zimbabwe’s President Emmerson Mnangagwa and his rival Nelson Chamisa held final election rallies on Saturday and both vowed to rebuild an economy shattered by Robert Mugabe’s long rule. Somalia's president pays rare visit to Eritrea http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-s-president-pays-rare-visit-to-eritrea Somalia’s president paid a rare visit to Eritrea on Saturday in a sign that Asmara is trying to use the opportunity created by a rapprochement with Ethiopia to improve its regional ties. Malawi vice president says quit ruling party in protest at graft http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-vice-president-says-quit-ruling-party-in-protest-at-graft Malawian Vice President Saulos Chilima, who has quit the ruling party and plans to run for president, says his administration would investigate alleged corruption among officials of the current government and anyone at fault “will not be spared”. Pence meets with Ethiopian prime minister, applauds reforms http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/pence-meets-with-ethiopian-prime-minister-applauds-reforms U.S. Vice President Mike Pence met with Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed on Friday and praised “the historic reform efforts” undertaken by Abiy since assuming power in April, the White House said in a statement. Malian civilians die in ethnic clashes before presidential vote http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malian-civilians-die-in-ethnic-clashes-before-presidential-vote A number of civilians were killed in ethnic violence in central Mali, government and local sources said on Friday, in one of a long series of attacks before a hotly-disputed presidential election this weekend. Mali poll winner must halt ethnic killing in 'breadbasket': U.N. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-poll-winner-must-halt-ethnic-killing-in-breadbasket-u-n Whoever wins Mali’s election on Sunday will need to urgently address growing ethnic violence in its central region, where jihadists are sowing chaos in the “breadbasket” of the largely desert nation, the U.N. mission chief said on Friday. Zimbabwe's ruling party wins majority in parliament, opposition questions poll http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-ruling-party-wins-majority-in-parliament-opposition-questions-poll The candidate for Zimbabwe’s main opposition party accused the ruling ZANU-PF of trying to steal a presidential and parliamentary election on Wednesday after official figures gave President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s party a majority in parliament. Congo opposition leader Bemba returns home for presidential bid http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-opposition-leader-bemba-returns-home-for-presidential-bid Congolese opposition leader Jean-Pierre Bemba returned home on Wednesday after a decade in prison in The Hague for a presidential run expected to pose a stiff challenge to President Joseph Kabila or his successor in December’s election. SADC observer group says Zimbabwe election peaceful, orderly http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sadc-observer-group-says-zimbabwe-election-peaceful-orderly Zimbabwe’s presidential and parliamentary vote was peaceful and orderly and opened the door to strengthen the country’s democracy, election observers from the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) bloc said on Wednesday. 'Superfood' craze makes big business of Africa's baobab http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/superfood-craze-makes-big-business-of-africa-s-baobab Taerou Dieuhiou has been shinning barefoot up baobab trees in Senegal’s southern Casamance region to collect the oblong fruit since he was 15. ArcelorMittal South Africa swings to first-half profit http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/arcelormittal-south-africa-swings-to-first-half-profit ArcelorMittal’s South Africa unit (ACLJ.J) swung back to a modest profit in the first half of the financial year, boosted by higher steel prices and upbeat sale volumes, the firm said on Wednesday. South Africa's ANC to amend constitution to allow land expropriation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-anc-to-amend-constitution-to-allow-land-expropriation South African ruling African National Congress will push ahead with plans to amend the constitution to allow for the expropriation of land without compensation, President Cyril Ramaphosa said on Tuesday, a move likely to unnerve investors. Nigeria's Senate president quits ruling party in new blow to Buhari http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-senate-president-quits-ruling-party-in-new-blow-to-buhari Nigeria’s Senate president on Tuesday became the latest senior politician to leave the ruling party, dealing a new blow to President Muhammadu Buhari ahead of an election next year. Third candidate claims place in Mali election run-off http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/third-candidate-claims-place-in-mali-election-run-off Three candidates in Mali’s presidential election claimed on Tuesday to have made it into a two-candidate run-off vote, adding to confusion over a poll beset by claims of irregularities and armed attacks that prevented thousands from voting. Eastern Congo Ebola outbreak believed to have killed 33: health ministry http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eastern-congo-ebola-outbreak-believed-to-have-killed-33-health-ministry An outbreak of the Ebola virus declared this week in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo is believed to have killed 33 people, the health ministry said on Saturday. Unrest spreads in eastern Ethiopia after deployment of troops http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/unrest-spreads-in-eastern-ethiopia-after-deployment-of-troops Mobs looted shops and burned down properties in Ethiopia’s eastern Somali region on Saturday, as unrest gained momentum and spread across the province following deployment of soldiers, witnesses said. Zimbabwe opposition members in court over post-election violence, victims buried http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-opposition-members-in-court-over-post-election-violence-victims-buried Twenty-seven members of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) appeared in a Zimbabwe court facing public violence charges on Saturday after six people were killed in post-election protests that were met by a military crackdown. UK says deeply concerned by Zimbabwe election violence http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uk-says-deeply-concerned-by-zimbabwe-election-violence Britain’s government said on Saturday that it was deeply concerned by violence following Zimbabwe’s elections and by the “disproportionate response from the security forces.” Eritrean Airlines starts regular flights to Addis, improving relations: minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eritrean-airlines-starts-regular-flights-to-addis-improving-relations-minister Eritrean Airlines has begun regular flights to Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa, the Eritrean information minister said on Saturday, marking another step in improving relations between the Horn of African countries after a generation of hostility. Ethiopia's PM Abiy sets up team to advise on privatization http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-s-pm-abiy-sets-up-team-to-advise-on-privatization Ethiopia’s prime minister has appointed a team to advise his government on the privatization of state-owned enterprises, his chief of staff said, as part of reforms the new leader has instituted since taking office four months ago. Russian TV crew's fatal trip to Central Africa was dogged by communication mix-ups http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/russian-tv-crew-s-fatal-trip-to-central-africa-was-dogged-by-communication-mix-ups Three Russian TV journalists killed in volatile Central African Republic spoke no French, had trouble communicating with their driver, and had inconsistent contact with their local fixer, according to two people who were in touch with the journalists. Zimbabwe's Mnangagwa promises probe of post-election killings, urges unity http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-mnangagwa-promises-probe-of-post-election-killings-urges-unity President Emmerson Mnangagwa urged Zimbabweans to unite on Friday after he was declared the first elected head of state since Robert Mugabe’s removal from power, but the opposition leader insisted he had won and pledged to challenge the result. U.S. says reviewing results of Zimbabwe election http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-says-reviewing-results-of-zimbabwe-election The United States said on Friday it was reviewing Zimbabwe’s election results and called on political leaders to “show magnanimity in victory and graciousness in defeat” after the opposition disputed whether President Emmerson Mnangagwa had won the vote. South Africa's Eskom closes in on wage deal with unions http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-eskom-closes-in-on-wage-deal-with-unions South African state-run power utility Eskom closed in on a wage deal with trade unions on Friday, as two large unions sought a mandate from their members to agree to Eskom’s latest salary offer after weeks of fraught negotiations. Congo opposition leader Katumbi refused entry at border http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-opposition-leader-katumbi-refused-entry-at-border Congolese opposition leader Moise Katumbi was refused entry into Congo via the country’s land border with Zambia on Friday when he tried to return from exile to submit his candidacy for December’s presidential election, he said in a tweet. Seizing land would send South Africa down the wrong path: U.S. http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/seizing-land-would-send-south-africa-down-the-wrong-path-u-s The United States warned South Africa on Thursday that seizing land without compensation risked sending the country down the wrong path, deepening a spat over Pretoria’s efforts to fix a glaring racial disparity almost 25 years after the end of apartheid. Ghana opposition seeks IMF view on $2 billion Chinese Bauxite deal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghana-opposition-seeks-imf-view-on-2-billion-chinese-bauxite-deal Ghana’s opposition in parliament wants the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to decide whether a $2 billion Chinese deal agreed by the government in exchange for bauxite will add to the country’s debt burden, it said on Thursday. Somalia's first FGM prosecution 'hampered' by victim's parents http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-s-first-fgm-prosecution-hampered-by-victim-s-parents Somalia’s first prosecution for female genital mutilation (FGM) following the death of a 10-year-old girl has run into problems because her parents will not help investigators locate the cutter, an activist said on Thursday. Fed up with costly, dirty fuels, Nigerians switch to cleaner alternatives http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fed-up-with-costly-dirty-fuels-nigerians-switch-to-cleaner-alternatives For Rhoda Tanko, preparing dishes of okra or egusi soup in her small shack was a daily ordeal spent battling the dizzying, toxic black fumes spewed out by her charcoal stove. Sierra Leone wants more girls in school - but not if pregnant http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-wants-more-girls-in-school-but-not-if-pregnant Pregnant schoolgirls in Sierra Leone will be banned from classes and exams despite sweeping new government measures to improve access to education for all, a state spokesman said on Thursday. Ugandan lawmaker remanded in custody on treason charges http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ugandan-lawmaker-remanded-in-custody-on-treason-charges An opposition Ugandan lawmaker was charged with treason on Thursday over his alleged role in the stoning of President Yoweri Museveni’s convoy this month. France says it kills top Islamic State official in Mali operation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/france-says-it-kills-top-islamic-state-official-in-mali-operation France said on Monday it had killed a top official from Islamic State’s affiliate in West Africa in an operation in Mali that also killed another member of the group and two civilians. Ethiopia arrests disgraced regional boss accused of rights abuses http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-arrests-disgraced-regional-boss-accused-of-rights-abuses Police in Ethiopia arrested the disgraced former head of the eastern Somali region on Monday on charges of human rights abuses and stoking deadly ethnic clashes, the attorney general’s office said. Ugandan court grants bail to lawmakers charged with treason http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ugandan-court-grants-bail-to-lawmakers-charged-with-treason A Ugandan High Court granted bail on Monday to 33 people, including popular songwriter Robert Kyagulanyi, who have been charged with treason over their alleged role in the stoning of President Yoweri Museveni’s convoy this month. Uganda's national oil firm, China's CNOOC sign exploration deal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-s-national-oil-firm-china-s-cnooc-sign-exploration-deal Uganda said on Thursday its national oil firm and Chinese offshore oil and gas company CNOOC Ltd have signed an agreement to jointly conduct exploration in a new block in the East African country. Kenyan police apologizes over arrest of Chinese journalists http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-police-apologizes-over-arrest-of-chinese-journalists Kenyan police apologized on Thursday for briefly arresting journalists from Chinese state television’s international English channel China Global Television Network (CGTN). South Sudan soldiers sentenced to jail for murder, rape in 2016 hotel raid http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-soldiers-sentenced-to-jail-for-murder-rape-in-2016-hotel-raid A South Sudanese military court on Thursday sentenced 10 soldiers to prison for the rape of foreign aid workers and the murder of a journalist in an assault on a hotel in Juba in 2016, and ordered the government to pay compensation to the victims. Ethiopia reopens embassy in Eritrea in further warming of ties http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-reopens-embassy-in-eritrea-in-further-warming-of-ties Ethiopia reopened its embassy in the Eritrean capital Asmara on Thursday, the state-affiliated Ethiopian Fana Broadcasting said, a further sign of improving ties after the Horn of Africa neighbours signed a peace accord on July 9. Two opposition lawmakers elected in Rwanda for the first time http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/two-opposition-lawmakers-elected-in-rwanda-for-the-first-time Opposition candidates have won seats in the Rwandan parliament for the first time, election results showed on Wednesday, although the two new lawmakers will be heavily outnumbered by members of President Paul Kagame’s ruling party. At least 17 killed in South Sudan plane crash http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-17-killed-in-south-sudan-plane-crash At least 17 people died in South Sudan on Sunday when a small aircraft carrying passengers from Juba International Airport to the city of Yirol crashed, State information Minister Taban Abel told Reuters. Uber-rival Careem expands services into Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uber-rival-careem-expands-services-into-sudan Middle East ride-hailing firm Careem said on Sunday it had started a service in Sudan, one of few international companies to enter the country since U.S. economic sanctions were lifted last year. UNHCR says Tripoli facility ready to help refugees caught up in fighting http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/unhcr-says-tripoli-facility-ready-to-help-refugees-caught-up-in-fighting The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) on Saturday recommended that thousands of refugees who escaped from detention centers amid clashes between militia in Tripoli be directed to a facility in the capital to help them to safety. Angola's Lourenço appointed leader of ruling MPLA party http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/angola-s-loureno-appointed-leader-of-ruling-mpla-party Angolan President João Lourenço on Saturday took the helm of the ruling MPLA party, winning unopposed a leadership election that marks the end of Jose Eduardo dos Santos’ almost 40-year dominance of Angolan politics. Botswana says China agreed to extend loan, cancel debt http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/botswana-says-china-agreed-to-extend-loan-cancel-debt China has agreed to extend a loan to Botswana for rail and road infrastructure as well as writing off some debt, Botswana’s President Mokgweetsi Masisi said on Saturday. Many feared dead after Islamist attack in northeast Nigeria: witnesses http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/many-feared-dead-after-islamist-attack-in-northeast-nigeria-witnesses Many people are feared dead after an Islamist militant attack on the northeast Nigerian town of Gudumbali, two residents and a vigilante said on Saturday. Tropical storm Helene forms near Cape Verde: U.S. NHC http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tropical-storm-helene-forms-near-cape-verde-u-s-nhc Tropical storm Helene has formed in the Atlantic early Saturday and is expected to become a hurricane early next week as it churns toward the United States, the U.S. National Hurricane Center (NHC) said. Ethiopia, Eritrea leaders celebrate peace and new year at border where war raged http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-eritrea-leaders-celebrate-peace-and-new-year-at-border-where-war-raged The leaders of Ethiopia and Eritrea visited their shared border to celebrate Ethiopian new year together on Tuesday - marking the countries’ reconciliation on a frontier where their soldiers faced off against each other just months earlier. French Orano opens uranium conversion plant despite glut http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/french-orano-opens-uranium-conversion-plant-despite-glut French nuclear group Orano on Monday inaugurated a 1.15 billion euro ($1.33 billion) uranium conversion plant despite huge global overcapacity for nuclear reactor fuel. Nigerian gas tanker explosion kills at least 35 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-gas-tanker-explosion-kills-at-least-35 At least 35 people were killed on Monday and hundreds injured when a gas tanker exploded in northern Nigerian state of Nasarawa and started a blaze, the state emergency agency said. U.S. 'gravely concerned' by reports of abuse by Ugandan security forces: official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-gravely-concerned-by-reports-of-abuse-by-ugandan-security-forces-official The United States is “gravely concerned” by reports of excessive force used by Uganda’s security forces against lawmakers and journalists in the northwestern town of Arua, a State Department official said on Monday after the country’s opposition called on Washington to suspend military support to Kampala. Ebola fight has new science but faces old hurdles in restive Congo http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ebola-fight-has-new-science-but-faces-old-hurdles-in-restive-congo When Esperance Nzavaki heard she was cured of Ebola after three weeks of cutting-edge care at a medical center in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, she raised her arms to the sky with joy and praised the Lord. Suicide car bomb kills at least six in Somali capital http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/suicide-car-bomb-kills-at-least-six-in-somali-capital A suicide car bomb rammed into a local government office in Somalia’s capital on Monday, killing at least six people in an attack claimed by al Qaeda-linked al Shabaab. Cash-strapped Sudan to form leaner new government in two days http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cash-strapped-sudan-to-form-leaner-new-government-in-two-days Sudan will form a new government within two days, President Omar al-Bashir said on Monday, a day after he dissolved the cash-strapped administration and slashed the number of ministries by a third to tackle a deepening economic crisis. Uganda warns against interference as pressure mounts on U.S. to cut military support http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-warns-against-interference-as-pressure-mounts-on-u-s-to-cut-military-support Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni on Sunday warned against foreign interference in the country’s politics days after an opposition call for the United States to suspend military aid over the government’s human rights record. Kenyan governor denies murdering pregnant lover http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-governor-denies-murdering-pregnant-lover A Kenyan county governor was charged in court on Monday with murdering a university student whom he had got pregnant. Kenyan troops kill 10 al Shabaab fighters: army http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-troops-kill-10-al-shabaab-fighters-army Kenyan soldiers killed 10 fighters from the Somalian militant group al Shabaab in a clash on Monday in eastern Kenya, the military said. China says new African swine fever outbreak reported in Inner Mongolia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/china-says-new-african-swine-fever-outbreak-reported-in-inner-mongolia China said on Monday it has confirmed a new outbreak of African swine fever in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of northern China, as authorities struggle to contain the highly contagious disease. Rebel attack in Congo Ebola zone kills 18 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rebel-attack-in-congo-ebola-zone-kills-18 At least 14 civilians and four soldiers were killed on Saturday in a six-hour attack by rebels on the town of Beni in eastern Congo, the army and local officials said, disrupting efforts to contain an Ebola epidemic in the area. Tanzania ferry death toll rises to 224, ship's managers detained http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-ferry-death-toll-rises-to-224-ship-s-managers-detained Tanzanian authorities said on Sunday the number of people who died in a ferry that capsized in Lake Victoria had risen to 224 and the vessel’s managers had been detained for questioning. U.S. may aid Liberia in search for missing millions http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-may-aid-liberia-in-search-for-missing-millions The U.S. government is considering helping Liberia track down more than $100 million in missing cash, an embassy spokesman said, in a case that has triggered a political crisis in the impoverished country. Somalia car bomb strikes EU convoy, no casualties -police http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-car-bomb-strikes-eu-convoy-no-casualties-police A suicide car bombing by Islamist group al Shabaab hit a European Union armored convoy in Somalia’s capital Mogadishu on Monday, damaging one vehicle but causing no casualties, police and the Islamists said. Marriott International to increase its Africa hotels by 50 percent by 2023 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/marriott-international-to-increase-its-africa-hotels-by-50-percent-by-2023 Marriott International (MAR.O) plans to increase its hotels in Africa by 50 percent in the next five years, opening new facilities in markets where it already operates and venturing into new ones like Mozambique, the company said on Monday. Prince William visits British troops in Kenya, trains with them http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/prince-william-visits-british-troops-in-kenya-trains-with-them Prince William visited British troops in Kenya on Sunday, participating in a training exercise north of the capital Nairobi. Nigeria ruling party nominates Buhari for re-election in 2019 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-ruling-party-nominates-buhari-for-re-election-in-2019 Nigeria’s ruling party has nominated President Muhammadu Buhari as its candidate to stand for re-election in February 2019, a spokesman for Buhari said on Saturday. Congo's opposition leaders warn of vote-rigging risk in presidential poll http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-s-opposition-leaders-warn-of-vote-rigging-risk-in-presidential-poll Congo’s opposition leaders warned thousands of supporters at a rally in the capital Kinshasa on Saturday of what they say are moves by the government to steal the presidential election in December, when Joseph Kabila is due to step down after 17 years. South African arms firm fails to pay senior staff in reform setback http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-arms-firm-fails-to-pay-senior-staff-in-reform-setback South African state-owned arms manufacturer Denel did not pay senior staff their salaries in full this month, the company said, in a setback for President Cyril Ramaphosa’s drive to turnaround struggling state companies. Nigerian women's minister becomes second cabinet member to resign this month http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-women-s-minister-becomes-second-cabinet-member-to-resign-this-month Nigeria’s women’s affairs minister submitted her resignation in a letter to the president on Saturday, becoming the second cabinet member to step down this month and adding that she would leave the ruling party. Burundi suspends some NGO's for violating new law http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundi-suspends-some-ngo-s-for-violating-new-law Burundi has suspended some local and international non-governmental organizations for three months for violating a new law, a senior government official said late on Thursday. Nigerian oil unions aim to resolve dispute with Chevron in two weeks: union official http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-oil-unions-aim-to-resolve-dispute-with-chevron-in-two-weeks-union-official Nigerian oil unions will try to resolve a labor dispute with the U.S. firm Chevron within two weeks, a union official said on Friday, after the unions threatened last week to go on strike nationwide. Political rift in Ivory Coast raises concerns for 2020 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/political-rift-in-ivory-coast-raises-concerns-for-2020 After more than a decade as allies, two of Ivory Coast’s largest political parties face off in local elections on Saturday after an acrimonious divorce that is making Ivorians nervous ahead of a presidential poll in 2020. U.N. employee in eastern Congo tests positive for Ebola http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-employee-in-eastern-congo-tests-positive-for-ebola A plumber working for the United Nations’ peacekeeping mission in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has tested positive for Ebola, the health ministry said on Friday, the first case of a U.N. worker contracting the disease during the current outbreak. Nigerian opposition candidate Abubakar picks 2019 election running mate http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-opposition-candidate-abubakar-picks-2019-election-running-mate The main opposition challenger to Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari in next year’s election has selected a former governor from the southeast of the country to be his running mate, the candidate’s spokesman said on Friday. Fire on southeast Nigerian state oil pipeline kills 16 people: NNPC http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fire-on-southeast-nigerian-state-oil-pipeline-kills-16-people-nnpc Sixteen people were killed after a fire broke out on Friday on an oil pipeline in the southeast of Nigeria, a spokesman for the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation told Reuters. U.N. says 833 children released by Nigerian militia group http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-says-833-children-released-by-nigerian-militia-group A militia fighting against the Islamist militant group Boko Haram in northeast Nigeria has released 833 children from its own ranks, some as young as 11, the U.N. children’s agency UNICEF said on Friday. Landslide kills 31 in eastern Uganda http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/landslide-kills-31-in-eastern-uganda At least 31 people were killed when a floodwaters triggered by a landslide swept debris through a town in eastern Uganda, destroying homes and burying livestock, a government official said on Friday. Kenya's ex-sports minister to be charged over Rio Olympics graft http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-s-ex-sports-minister-to-be-charged-over-rio-olympics-graft Kenya’s former sports minister will be charged in court in relation to the siphoning of funds meant for athletes who competed in the Olympics in Brazil two years ago, the chief prosecutor said on Saturday. China reports new African swine fever case on farm with 20,000 pigs http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/china-reports-new-african-swine-fever-case-on-farm-with-20-000-pigs China reported a new African swine fever case on a farm with nearly 20,000 pigs on Monday, the largest farm yet to report the highly contagious disease in the world’s top pork producer. Crowdfunded solar panels aim to supercharge business in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/crowdfunded-solar-panels-aim-to-supercharge-business-in-africa Like many small-scale farmers in densely populated Kisii County in western Kenya, James and Janet Torori long depended on bananas, maize and a single dairy cow for food and income. Violence will not deter Somali people in their pursuit of peace, says UN chief, in wake of lethal attacks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/violence-will-not-deter-somali-people-in-their-pursuit-of-peace-says-un-chief-in-wake-of-lethal-attacks Strongly condemning twin suicide attacks in Baidoa, southwestern Somalia, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres has reiterated the Organization’s support and solidarity with the country’s people and Government. Death toll from twin suicide bombings in southern Somalia rises to 20 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/death-toll-from-twin-suicide-bombings-in-southern-somalia-rises-to-20 The number of people killed in twin suicide bomb attacks on two restaurants in Somalia’s southern city of Baidoa has risen to 20 and another 40 people were injured, a local hospital official said on Sunday. Islamic State in Nigeria might soon kill health workers, schoolgirl: ICRC http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/islamic-state-in-nigeria-might-soon-kill-health-workers-schoolgirl-icrc Islamic State in Nigeria might kill healthcare workers it has held hostage since March within 24 hours, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said on Sunday, calling for mercy and urging Nigeria’s government to intervene. Congolese migrants flood home, Angola denies claims of brutal crackdown http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congolese-migrants-flood-home-angola-denies-claims-of-brutal-crackdown Congolese migrants and officials said dozens of people were killed this month in neighboring Angola in a crackdown on artisanal diamond mining, an accusation Angolan security forces strongly denied. French prosecutor recommends dropping probe of 1994 Rwanda president killing: source http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/french-prosecutor-recommends-dropping-probe-of-1994-rwanda-president-killing-source A French prosecutor has recommended dropping charges against eight senior Rwandan officials, including the defense minister, who were being investigated over the death of president Juvenal Habyarimana in 1994, a judicial source told Reuters. UN welcomes ‘milestone’ release of 833 Nigerian children from anti-Boko Haram force http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/un-welcomes-milestone-release-of-833-nigerian-children-from-anti-boko-haram-force The United Nations welcomed on Friday as an “important milestone” the release in Nigeria of 833 children by the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF); a group formed in 2013 to protect communities and support the country’s security forces against Boko Haram extremists. Vote count begins as Madagascar chooses president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/vote-count-begins-as-madagascar-chooses-president Madagascar voted on Wednesday for a president to tackle unemployment, poverty and corruption on the Indian Ocean island, with the incumbent and two former heads of state leading a field of 36 contenders. Zimbabwe invites bids for struggling national airline http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-invites-bids-for-struggling-national-airline Zimbabwe has invited bids for the state-owned airline as President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s government pushes ahead with a drive to privatize and end state funding to loss-making firms, Air Zimbabwe’s administrator said on Monday. Congo opposition picks Martin Fayulu as its presidential candidate http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-opposition-picks-martin-fayulu-as-its-presidential-candidate Congo’s opposition coalition picked businessman and lawmaker Martin Fayulu to be its candidate in a December presidential election, it said in a statement. Health of Gabon's hospitalized leader has greatly improved: presidency http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/health-of-gabon-s-hospitalized-leader-has-greatly-improved-presidency The health of Gabon’s President Ali Ben Bongo has greatly improved and he is recovering his physical abilities, his office said on Sunday, after sources said last month he suffered a stroke. Zimbabwe's unlicensed foreign currency traders face 10-year jail http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-unlicensed-foreign-currency-traders-face-10-year-jail Unlicensed foreign currency traders in Zimbabwe face up to 10 years in jail if convicted and loss of their money and assets when new exchange control rules are published this week, a senior government official said on Sunday. Frontline workers vaccinated in Uganda over Ebola fears http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/frontline-workers-vaccinated-in-uganda-over-ebola-fears The World Health Organization (WHO), and Ugandan Ministry of Health, have begun vaccinating frontline health workers in the country against Ebola, in a bid to stop an outbreak in the neighbouring Democratic of Congo (DRC) from crossing the border. Somalia: UN Security Council condemns terrorist attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-un-security-council-condemns-terrorist-attack The members of the United Nations Security Council, on Saturday, condemned “in the strongest possible terms” Friday’s car bomb attack in Somalia, in which dozens of innocent women, children and men were killed or injured, and reiterated that any acts of terrorism are "criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed". Invasive trees targeted by new South Africa anti-drought fund http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/invasive-trees-targeted-by-new-south-africa-anti-drought-fund Big business is backing a South African fund to eradicate invasive trees around Cape Town and yield billions of liters of water as the city emerges from its worst drought in a century, officials said on Friday. At least 42 feared dead in Zimbabwe bus fire http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-42-feared-dead-in-zimbabwe-bus-fire Police in Zimbabwe pulled the charred remains of passengers from a bus that caught fire overnight in the south of the country and said at least 42 people were feared dead and more than 20 were taken to hospital with injuries, state broadcaster ZEC said. Pentagon to cut troops in Africa as focus shifts to China, Russia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/pentagon-to-cut-troops-in-africa-as-focus-shifts-to-china-russia The U.S. military will withdraw hundreds of troops focused on counterterrorism operations in Africa over the next several years to support the Pentagon’s increased focus on countering threats from China and Russia, officials said on Thursday. Seven peacekeepers killed in clashes near Ebola-hit part of east Congo http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/seven-peacekeepers-killed-in-clashes-near-ebola-hit-part-of-east-congo At least seven U.N. peacekeepers were killed in clashes with militias in an area that is at the center of the Democratic Republic of Congo’s worst Ebola epidemic, United Nations and diplomatic sources said on Thursday. Ethiopia arrests ex deputy intelligence chief in corruption, rights crackdown http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-arrests-ex-deputy-intelligence-chief-in-corruption-rights-crackdown Ethiopia said on Thursday it had arrested the former deputy intelligence chief after Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s administration launched a crackdown this week on senior security officials suspected of human rights abuses and corruption. Gabon thwarts military coup attempt in President's absence http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gabon-thwarts-military-coup-attempt-in-president-s-absence Gabon foiled an attempted military coup on Monday, killing two suspected plotters and capturing seven others just hours after they took over state radio in a bid to end 50 years of rule by President Ali Bongo’s family. DRC election results delayed past Sunday deadline http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/drc-election-results-delayed-past-sunday-deadline Preliminary results from Democratic Republic of Congo’s tumultuous presidential election will be delayed past Sunday’s deadline, the head of the election commission told Reuters. The commission, known as CENI, had received only 47 percent of vote tally sheets as of Saturday, said its president, Corneille Nangaa, and it was not yet clear when the results would be ready. Nigeria's President Buhari says electoral commissioner is related by marriage http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-president-buhari-says-electoral-commissioner-is-related-by-marriage Nigeria’s President Buhari on Friday acknowledged that an electoral commissioner is an extended family member by marriage, but denied claims by the main opposition party that she is a blood relative, ahead of the country’s Feb. 16 presidential election. Elections in Africa’s most populous nation have for years been marred by allegations of irregularities including vote rigging, voter intimidation, cronyism and violence. US military says it kills six militants in an air strike in Somalia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/us-military-says-it-kills-six-militants-in-an-air-strike-in-somalia The U.S. military killed six al-Shabaab militants in an air strike in Somalia on Sunday in the vicinity of Dheerow Sanle, in the Lower Shabelle region, it said. Mozambique indicts 18 people in connection with $2 billion loan scheme http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mozambique-indicts-18-people-in-connection-with-2-billion-loan-scheme Mozambique has indicted 18 citizens for their involvement in fraud involving $2 billion in loans to state-owned companies, the attorney general’s office (AGO) said on Monday, in a scandal that has ensnared two major international banks. DR Congo opposition candidate Fayulu says results 'not negotiable' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dr-congo-opposition-candidate-fayulu-says-results-not-negotiable Opposition presidential candidate Martin Fayulu has warned election officials in the Democratic Republic of Congo not to "disguise the truth" as tensions mount over the delayed result. Mr Fayulu said the "Congolese people already know" the result of the vote, which took place on 30 December. The election outcome was initially expected to be announced on Sunday. The poll is to establish a successor to Joseph Kabila, who is stepping down after 18 years as president. Language and Identity - Lessons From a Unique Afrikaans Community in Patagonia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/language-and-identity-lessons-from-a-unique-afrikaans-community-in-patagonia The Patagonian desert in southern Argentina is a harsh environment. Little seems to thrive on its seemingly endless red plains and parched land. Yet in this unlikely place there is a unique bilingual community. It’s made up of the Afrikaans and Spanish-speaking descendants of the about 650 South African Boers, who came to Patagonia in the first decade of the twentieth century. Gabon Closes Border With Cameroon After Failed Coup Attempt http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gabon-closes-border-with-cameroon-after-failed-coup-attempt Gabon has closed border crossings with Cameroon since Monday's attempted coup against President Ali Bongo, halting trade and leaving Gabonese unable to return home. Goods and passengers destined for Gabon are stranded in Cameroon’s border town of Kiossi. Zimbabwe shutdown Looms As Civil Servants Give 14-Day Notice to Go On Strike http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-shutdown-looms-as-civil-servants-give-14-day-notice-to-go-on-strike Civil servants representative groups announced Tuesday they were all going on strike within the next 14 days if government failed to meet their wage demands. This follows a crisis meeting they held with government on Monday, with nothing concrete emerging out of the indaba. In a notice signed by Apex chairperson, Cecilia Gambe, Zimbabwe's restless workforce said the collective job action has been necessitated by its employer's continued failure to address its plight in areas such as salaries, housing and other allowances. Madagascar court declares Rajoelina president, rejects fraud complaint http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/madagascar-court-declares-rajoelina-president-rejects-fraud-complaint Madagascar’s top court on Tuesday proclaimed former leader Andry Rajoelina winner of a hard-fought presidential vote, rejecting his rival’s accusations of fraud. High Constitutional Court chairman Jean Eric Rakotoarisoa ratified results given by the Indian Ocean island’s electoral board last month saying Rajoelina won 55.66 percent of votes versus 44.34 percent for Marc Ravalomanana. DRC opposition leader Tshisekedi clinches surprise win in presidential election http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/drc-opposition-leader-tshisekedi-clinches-surprise-win-in-presidential-election Democratic Republic of Congo’s electoral commission on Thursday declared opposition leader Felix Tshisekedi the surprise winner of last month’s chaotic presidential election, but the runner-up dismissed the outcome as an “electoral coup”. The result sets the stage for Congo’s first democratic transfer of power, but also a tense political standoff with the potential for the kind of violence that followed polls in 2006 and 2011 whose outcome was contested. Zimbabwe doctors end strike without deal as unions meet government http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-doctors-end-strike-without-deal-as-unions-meet-government Zimbabwean doctors on Thursday ended a 40-day strike for better pay and conditions that crippled public hospitals without a deal on salary increases, their union said, but warned that members may not report for work daily due to acute fuel shortages. The announcement by the Zimbabwe Hospital Doctors Association (ZHDA) came just hours before public sector unions were to meet the government, which is expected to table an offer to expand cost-of-living payments in an attempt to avert unrest. SUNA: Sudan police use tear gas as protests kill three http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/suna-sudan-police-use-tear-gas-as-protests-kill-three Sudanese police used tear gas to disperse “illegal” protests against the 30-year rule of President Omar al-Bashir in the city of Omdurman in which three people were killed, state news agency SUNA said on Thursday. Sudan’s second-largest city “witnessed riots and illegal gatherings” on Wednesday, SUNA said, amid weeks of demonstrations. UN alarmed at uprooting of civilians in Nigeria's war with militants http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/un-alarmed-at-uprooting-of-civilians-in-nigeria-s-war-with-militants The United Nations voiced alarm on Wednesday at the uprooting of more than 30,000 Nigerians forced to flee the protracted war against Islamist insurgents in the country’s northeast. Attacks by Islamic State in West Africa and the Boko Haram group that ISWA split off from have increased during the run-up to an election in which President Muhammadu Buhari will seek a second term. Security has become a campaign issue. DRC: Who is Felix Tshisekedi? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/drc-who-is-felix-tshisekedi The provisional winner of the Democratic Republic of Congo’s December 30 election, Felix Tshisekedi, is the son of the country’s long-time opposition leader, Etienne. The 55-year-old has led his father’s party, the Union for Democracy and Social Progress (UDPS), since March last year following Etienne’s death in February. Zimbabwe says it is interested in receiving Russian loans - RIA http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-says-it-is-interested-in-receiving-russian-loans-ria Zimbabwe is interested in receiving loans from Russia, Zimbabwe's President Emmerson Mnangagwa was quoted as saying by RIA news agency on Tuesday during a trip to Moscow. Nigeria president names new police chief - Reports http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-president-names-new-police-chief-reports President Buhari has appointed an acting police chief for Nigeria, local media portals reported on Monday. Abubakar Adama until his appointment was the head of the National Institute for Policy and Strategic Studies (NIPSS). His appointment as Acting Inspector General of police, A-IGP, comes in the wake of the retirement of his predecessor, Ibrahim Idris. Idris has attained the age of 60 and must therefore retire from service. Northwestern Congo ethnic violence killed at least 400 in December -local activists http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/northwestern-congo-ethnic-violence-killed-at-least-400-in-december-local-activists Ethnic violence in northwestern Democratic Republic of Congo killed at least 400 people over two days in December, a local priest and a civil society activist said on Monday, a death toll three times higher than earlier estimates. Uganda's president "astonished" MTN charged less for telecom licence renewal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-s-president-astonished-mtn-charged-less-for-telecom-licence-renewal Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni has criticised the telecommunications regulator after it slashed MTN Uganda’s fee for renewing its telecoms licence, according to a letter seen by Reuters. Local media reported on Tuesday that the Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) had decided to charge MTN Uganda, which is owned by South Africa’s MTN Group, $58 million to renew its licence for 10 years, instead of $100 million originally set for the renewal. MTN Uganda is the country’s biggest telecoms operator. Ethiopia charges METEC head with additional corruption case http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-charges-metec-head-with-additional-corruption-case Ethiopia hit the former head of military-run industrial conglomerate METEC with additional corruption charges on Monday, in a complex case seen as a test of the new prime minister’s anti-corruption campaign. Kinfe Dagnew was arrested along with dozens of other employees of the METEC two months ago. The new charges relate to the procurement of ships from state-run Ethiopian Shipping and Logistics Enterprise. NIGERIA: The cost of cheaper petrol http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-the-cost-of-cheaper-petrol Rising oil prices float all boats in Nigeria – or so one might think. But while government revenue from oil production rises, so too does Nigeria’s subsidies on petrol prices for consumers. The Nigerian government subsidises things like electricity and petrol – paying the difference between the cost to produce and the cost charged to customers – in order to make them more affordable. If the rise in the cost of petrol subsidies was not enough, subsidies to the power sector are rising fast too. Can the national budget take the strain – and how will things play out in upcoming elections? Taking Stock of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/taking-stock-of-the-revitalized-agreement-on-the-resolution-of-the-conflict-in-south-sudan The signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) by the longtime rivals Salva Kiir and Riek Machar in Khartoum in September 2018 was hailed as a breakthrough for reversing the brutal civil conflict that has cost an estimated 400,000 lives and displaced more than 4 million people since its onset in December 2013. This analysis, organized broadly along the main elements of the Agreement, assesses developments since the signing and prospects for implementation moving forward. South Africa's ANC will not tamper with central bank's independence - Ramaphosa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-anc-will-not-tamper-with-central-bank-s-independence-ramaphosa South Africa’s ruling African National Congress has no intention to tinker with the independence of the Reserve Bank, President Cyril Ramaphosa said on Wednesday, after the party said the central bank should broaden its focus to boost employment and economic growth. Kenyan forces kill hotel assailants who took 14 lives http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-forces-kill-hotel-assailants-who-took-14-lives Kenyan security forces have killed the militants who stormed an upscale Nairobi hotel compound, taking at least 14 lives and forcing hundreds of others to make terrifying escapes, the government said on Wednesday. More than 700 civilians were evacuated from the dusitD2 complex after a 20-hour siege that echoed a 2013 assault that killed 67 people in Nairobi’s Westgate shopping centre in the same neighbourhood. ICC judges reject request to keep ex-Ivorian leader Gbagbo in jail http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/icc-judges-reject-request-to-keep-ex-ivorian-leader-gbagbo-in-jail International Criminal Court judges on Wednesday rejected a prosecution request to extend the custody of former Ivorian leader Laurent Gbagbo following his acquittal on charges of crimes against humanity. Calling the prosecution case “exceptionally weak”, the judges said Gbagbo had given assurances he would return to the Hague-based court if ordered to do so. South Africa's retail sales up 3.1 percent year/year in November http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-retail-sales-up-3-1-percent-year-year-in-november South African retail sales rose 3.1 percent year-on-year in November after increasing at a revised year-on-year rate of 2.1 percent in October, the statistics office said on Wednesday. Russia's Uralchem in talks to buy a stake in Zimbabwe's Chemplex http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/russia-s-uralchem-in-talks-to-buy-a-stake-in-zimbabwe-s-chemplex Russian fertiliser producer Uralchem said on Wednesday it was in talks to take part in the privatisation of Zimbabwe’s Chemplex that produces phosphorus fertilisers. Nigerian chief justice's suspension raises international concerns http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-chief-justice-s-suspension-raises-international-concerns International observers have expressed concern about the suspension of Nigeria's chief justice - just three weeks before a general election. Judge Walter Onnoghen was suspended by President Muhammadu Buhari on Friday. He is facing charges for allegedly failing to declare his personal assets before taking office in 2017. Gambia and Senegal finally inaugurate connecting bridge http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gambia-and-senegal-finally-inaugurate-connecting-bridge Gambian President Adama Barrow and his Senegalese counterpart, Macky Sall, cut the ribbon this week on a project that was decades in the making, a bridge that links the north and south banks of the Gambia River and ties the neighbors closer together. “Our wish is that the bridge stands from now on as a symbol of Senegambian unity, friendship and love,” the Gambian leader told thousands of people who gathered to witness the inauguration and walked across in celebration. DRC's Kabila's Last Words As President http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/drc-s-kabila-s-last-words-as-president At the inauguration of the then President-elect and opposition leader Felix Tshisekedi, outgoing President Joseph Kabila called for "a grand coalition of all the progressive forces”. Kabila, in his first speech since the disputed December 30 presidential polls broadcast on state TV channel RTNC, said: "A coalition against the predatory forces that have come together and will always try to join forces to monopolise our natural resources." Nigeria opposition party pauses election campaign over suspension of judge http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-opposition-party-pauses-election-campaign-over-suspension-of-judge Nigeria’s main opposition party has halted its presidential election campaign for 72 hours weeks ahead of the vote in protest at the suspension of the country’s most senior judge by President Muhammadu Buhari, it said on Saturday. The president on Friday said he had suspended chief justice of Nigeria (CJN) Walter Onnoghen who has been asked to appear before a tribunal over allegations of breaching asset-declaration rules. Ethiopia to charge restive region's former leader with civil war plot http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-to-charge-restive-region-s-former-leader-with-civil-war-plot Prosecutors will charge the former head of Ethiopia’s strife-torn Somali region and dozens of other officials with plotting to incite a civil war and ordering abuses including beheadings, officials said on Friday. Abdi Mohammed Omer was arrested after three days of deadly violence in the regional capital Jijiga in August. Rights groups said his administration had set out to provoke ethnic bloodshed and had ordered a paramilitary force to attack minorities. Zimbabwe pastor's bail bid deferred; Amnesty says children being held http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-pastor-s-bail-bid-deferred-amnesty-says-children-being-held Zimbabwe’s High Court deferred until next week a decision on whether to free an activist pastor detained over violent anti-government protests. Evan Mawarire, who led a national shutdown in 2016 against Robert Mugabe, is accused of stoking the unrest which was countered by a violent crackdown reminiscent of the actions of security forces under the former president. S. Africa farmers seek $220 million in drought aid http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/s-africa-farmers-seek-220-million-in-drought-aid South Africa’s agricultural industry body AgriSA will approach banks, agribusiness and government to raise 3 billion rand ($220 million) to help farmers hit by severe drought, its executive director said on Friday. Farmers have faced dry conditions over most of the nation for the last year, even as they are still recovering from a disastrous El Nino-induced drought in 2015. Former French President questioned over murder of reporters in Mali http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/former-french-president-questioned-over-murder-of-reporters-in-mali A French judge has questioned former French President Francois Hollande as a witness as part of the investigation into the assassination of two journalists in Mali in 2013, a member of Hollande’s staff said on Monday. Nigeria adjourns trial of top judge suspended by president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-adjourns-trial-of-top-judge-suspended-by-president A legal case against Nigeria’s top judge which raised fears of interference in next month’s presidential election was adjourned indefinitely on Monday, days after President Muhammadu Buhari suspended the chief justice. The European Union and the United States voiced concerns after Buhari suspended Walter Onnoghen from the position where he would have a key say in resolving any disputes after the Feb. 16 election. Kenya central bank holds main lending rate at 9.0 pct http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-central-bank-holds-main-lending-rate-at-9-0-pct Kenya’s central bank held its benchmark lending rate at 9.0 percent on Monday, the bank’s monetary policy committee said, saying inflation was anchored within the target range. Zimbabwe President Mnangagwa 'appalled' by attack on protester http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-president-mnangagwa-appalled-by-attack-on-protester Zimbabwe's President Emmerson Mnangagwa has said he is "appalled" by an attack by security officials on a protester that was featured in a TV news report. His statement comes after widespread criticism of the way security forces have handled recent protests. Mr Mnangagwa said he has ordered the arrest of those behind the attack seen in a Sky News report. Cameroon: Govt Struggles to Secure Neighbors, Its Own Territory http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-govt-struggles-to-secure-neighbors-its-own-territory While Sudan hosted a new round of Central African Republic (C.A.R.) peace talks on Thursday ( Jan. 24), Cameroon's military was announcing new troop deployments to contain spillover from fighting inside C.A.R.'s border. In Bossangoa, the capital of Ouham, more than 200 people came to hear Gaston Guella, an official of the Bossangoa council in the Ouham prefecture in western C.A.R., assure them in the Sango language that forces of the Multi-Dimensional United Nations Peacekeeping Operation in Central Africa (MINUSCA) would track down a group of armed men that attacked their city Friday night. New documentary claims SA mercenaries ‘planned’ spread of HIV http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/new-documentary-claims-sa-mercenaries-planned-spread-of-hiv Keith Maxwell wrote about hopes for a plague that would decimate black populations, cementing white rule and bringing back conservative religious mores, according to papers collected by film-makers. A new documentary premiered this weekend at the Sundance Film Festival, named Cold Case Hammarskjöld, which tells of a South Africa-based mercenary group allegedly trying to intentionally spread HIV in southern Africa. Sudan protests: Authorities order release of all detainees http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-protests-authorities-order-release-of-all-detainees Authorities in Sudan have ordered the release of all detainees held during weeks of anti-government protests. The release was ordered by Sudan's intelligence and security chief, Salah Ghosh, the information ministry said in a statement. No reason was given. Zimbabwe activist pastor facing subversion charge released on bail http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-activist-pastor-facing-subversion-charge-released-on-bail Zimbabwe’s high court on Tuesday ordered the release on bail of activist pastor Evan Mawarire, who was arrested on charges of subversion amid violent anti-government protests. Tanzania MPs grant government sweeping powers over political parties http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-mps-grant-government-sweeping-powers-over-political-parties Tanzania’s parliament passed amendments to legislation late on Tuesday that give sweeping powers to a government-appointed registrar over political parties, a move that opposition legislators say will cement “one-party rule”. President John Magufuli’s government has already banned some newspapers, restricted opposition rallies and detained dozens of their members which, along with repeated state intervention in key sectors like mining and agriculture, have dimmed investment in the region’s third-biggest economy. Despite Controversy, Nigeria 'Approves' First Genetically Modified Crop http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/despite-controversy-nigeria-approves-first-genetically-modified-crop The Nigerian government has approved for use its first genetically modified crop: the Pod Borer Resistant Cowpea (popularly called beans). This was after it had been genetically modified to resist the pest - Maruca Vitrata. The cowpea, by this development, becomes the first genetically modified food crop to be approved in the country. Home-Grown Terror a Worsening Threat for Kenya http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/home-grown-terror-a-worsening-threat-for-kenya The six attackers and 12 suspects in court for the 15 January terror attack on Nairobi's dusitD2 hotel complex are mostly Kenyans. This was also the case in the 2015 attack on the Garissa University campus. By contrast, those who attacked the Westgate Mall in 2013 were largely foreigners. These three incidents suggest a trend of home-grown terrorists acting against their own country. The latest attack - claimed by extremist group al-Shabaab - shows that not only is the terror threat far from over, but it is increasingly a local problem, with logistical support from Somalia. Most of the 18 who appeared in court were from counties like Isiolo, Nyeri, Kiambu, Mombasa and Machakos - hundreds of kilometres from the Somali border. This means al-Shabaab's influence and cells may have penetrated many parts of Kenya. How We Know That Ancient African People Valued Fossils and Rocks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/how-we-know-that-ancient-african-people-valued-fossils-and-rocks It's been nearly 50 years since geologist and author Dorothy Vitaliano coined the term "geomythology". This refers to the study of oral traditions from around the world that explain geological and other natural phenomena through metaphor and myth. Geomythology also involves investigating how pre-scientific cultures interpreted the geological and fossil phenomena they encountered in the world around them. France attack 40 vehicles in Chad airstrikes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/france-attack-40-vehicles-in-chad-airstrikes France says its air force - working with the army in Chad - has carried out airstrikes against an armed group which had crossed the border from Libya. A statement by the French military said a fighter jet took off from the capital, N'Djamena, and targeted a column of 40 vehicles with two airstrikes. Maltese port manager killed in Somalia's Puntland state http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/maltese-port-manager-killed-in-somalia-s-puntland-state A Maltese port manager has been shot dead in Somalia's northern semi-autonomous Puntland state, officials say. Paul Anthony Formosa, who was the construction project manager for DP World, was killed near Bossasso port. Terrorist group al-Shabab has said it carried out the attack. Puntland, an arid region of north-east Somalia, declared itself an autonomous state in 1998, in part to avoid the clan warfare in southern Somalia. Death toll in car bomb attack at Mogadishu shopping mall rises to 11 - police http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/death-toll-in-car-bomb-attack-at-mogadishu-shopping-mall-rises-to-11-police The death toll in a car bomb attack at a shopping mall in Somalia’s capital on Monday has risen to 11, police said. South Africa should consider capitalising Eskom again - CEO http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-should-consider-capitalising-eskom-again-ceo South Africa should consider increasing capitalisation of power firm Eskom due to lower electricity tariffs, the utility’s chief executive officer said on Monday. South Africa disappointed after Western powers' criticise policy in memo to Ramaphosa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-disappointed-after-western-powers-criticise-policy-in-memo-to-ramaphosa South Africa expressed disappointment on Sunday after the United States and other Western powers wrote to President Cyril Ramaphosa urging him to tackle corruption, and said those countries had breached diplomatic protocol. The Sunday Times newspaper reported that the United States, Britain, Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland, had sent a joint memorandum to Ramaphosa through their diplomatic missions in Pretoria to warn that foreign investment was at risk unless South Africa takes tangible action against perpetrators of corruption and other serious crimes. Zimbabwe's Lesson for Venezuela: It’s Not Easy to Fix a Broken State http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-lesson-for-venezuela-it-s-not-easy-to-fix-a-broken-state Simukai Tabvura knew nothing other than Robert Mugabe’s strongman rule in Zimbabwe until his ousting little more than a year ago. The promise of change that accompanied the end of Mugabe’s near-four-decade reign has long since withered for the used clothes seller. “It’s like a year of being able to speak freely never happened,” said Tabvura, 41, sitting on a home-made wooden stool at her second-hand stall on a broken sidewalk in the capital, Harare. “One day we were able to support who we wanted and the next they came back like before with guns and whips and batons.” Senegal kicks off presidential election campaign http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/senegal-kicks-off-presidential-election-campaign In Senegal, campaigning has begun for presidential elections ahead of the first round on 24 February. Five candidates will contest the vote, including incumbent Macky Sall – but two prominent opposition figures have been excluded. DR Congo defends 'golden parachute' decree http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dr-congo-defends-golden-parachute-decree The government of Democratic Republic of Congo has defended the decrees that grant ministers lifetime salaries and other benefits. In a statement released on Monday, the government said the payments "are not to enrich the officials". Sudan Minister Appeals to Young as Protests Near 7th Week http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-minister-appeals-to-young-as-protests-near-7th-week Sudan's defense minister said on Monday young people caught up in recent turmoil had "reasonable ambition" — the second apparently conciliatory gesture in three days from a senior government figure. Students, activists and other protesters frustrated with economic hardships have held almost daily demonstrations across Sudan since December 19, mounting the most sustained challenge to President Omar al-Bashir's three decades in power. CAR Reaches Peace Deal With Armed Groups http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/car-reaches-peace-deal-with-armed-groups The Central African Republic reached a peace deal with 14 armed groups following talks conducted in Khartoum, the United Nations said Saturday, potentially ushering in a period of stability in the volatile country. Central African Republic has been rocked by violence since 2013 when mainly Muslim Seleka rebels ousted then-President Francois Bozize, prompting reprisals from mostly Christian militias. U.N. peacekeepers were deployed in 2014. Zimbabwe Teachers to Strike, Ignoring Government Appeal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-teachers-to-strike-ignoring-government-appeal Zimbabwean teachers will go ahead with a national strike from Tuesday after last-ditch negotiations with the government failed, unions said, risking more unrest after violent protests last month. The main public sector union backed down last week on its plan to strike for better pay, citing a volatile situation after security forces cracked down on protesters in January, but teachers said they would go ahead with a work stoppage. Ivory Coast ex-President Gbagbo released to Belgium after acquittal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-ex-president-gbagbo-released-to-belgium-after-acquittal Ivory Coast ex-President Laurent Gbagbo has now been released after his acquittal last month by the International Criminal Court (ICC). An ICC spokeswoman said Mr Gbagbo was now on conditional release in Belgium, pending a possible appeal. The former leader was charged with crimes against humanity following a disputed 2010 election that left 3,000 people dead and 500,000 displaced. Ghana to miners: "Respect the land that provides the riches" http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghana-to-miners-respect-the-land-that-provides-the-riches Ghana’s President Nana Akufo-Addo demanded mining deals be more beneficial for Africa on Tuesday, calling on governments to end fiscal incentives traditionally used to attract investment to countries long viewed as rife with risk. Resource nationalism is high on the agenda at the African Mining Indaba in Cape Town as resource-holding governments, aware of the need for international miners to find new exploration territory, increase tax and royalty demands. Malawi: Joyce Banda Submits Her Papers to Run for Presidency - Touts Running Mate Jerry Jana http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-joyce-banda-submits-her-papers-to-run-for-presidency-touts-running-mate-jerry-jana Malawi immediate past president Joyce Banda who announced on BBC at the weekend that she is not running for presidency and endorsing State Vice President Saulos Chilima and his UTM Party on Tuesday submitted her nomination papers to Malawi Electoral Commission (MEC) to allow her to contest in the May 21 elections. DRC's Tshisekedi to work with Kabila, challenges Fayulu on fraud claims http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/drc-s-tshisekedi-to-work-with-kabila-challenges-fayulu-on-fraud-claims Democratic Republic of Congo’s new president, Felix Tshisekedi, on Tuesday challenged his political rival Martin Fayulu to present evidence challenging the outcome of last month’s election. Tshisekedi made the remarks as he visited neighbouring Angola on his first trip abroad since being sworn. Somali lawmakers: 'Illegal bid to sell oil blocks' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somali-lawmakers-illegal-bid-to-sell-oil-blocks Somalia's upper house of parliament has accused the petroleum ministry of attempting to illegally auction off the country's oil blocks. Zambia inquiry over ex-leader's death certificate http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zambia-inquiry-over-ex-leader-s-death-certificate Zambia's government is investigating former Vice-President Guy Scott for publishing the death certificate of late President Michael Sata in his new book. Mr Sata, who was elected president in 2011, died in a London hospital after just three years in office. Rights group accuses Burkina army of executions following anti-militant operations http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rights-group-accuses-burkina-army-of-executions-following-anti-militant-operations Burkina Faso’s army said it had killed nearly 150 militants in response to an attack on civilians this week, but an international rights group said some of them had been executed in front of their families. The army has stepped up operations in response to worsening security across northern Burkina since last year, including attacks by Islamist militants and inter-ethnic clashes, leading to accusations of extrajudicial killings and arbitrary arrests. Cameroon loses US military support over Anglophone crisis http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-loses-us-military-support-over-anglophone-crisis The United States will withhold military assistance to Cameroon over allegations of gross human rights violations by its security forces in the northwest, southwest and far north regions, a state department official said on Wednesday. According to the official, the US had terminated a C-130 aircraft training program, and halted deliveries of four defender boats, nine armored vehicles and an upgrade of a Cessna aircraft for Cameroon’s rapid intervention battalion. We will train your civil servants: Kenya's offer to DRC's Tshisekedi http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/we-will-train-your-civil-servants-kenya-s-offer-to-drc-s-tshisekedi Kenya’s president Uhuru Kenyatta has reiterated his government’s support to president Felix Tshisekedi of the Democratic Republic of Congo, offering on Wednesday to train the latter’s civil servants. Kenyatta expressed his country’s commitment to political stability in DRC during a visit by President Tshisekedi. Cybersecurity: Africans fight back against the hackers http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cybersecurity-africans-fight-back-against-the-hackers The phishing attempts happen frequently. A text message purporting to be from a major mobile payment firm will come through to Laura Tich’s mobile encouraging her to transfer funds. “It happens every week,” says the co-founder of Kenyan collective SheHacks. “In Kenya mobile money frauds are more common because it is so widely used.” As internet and mobile penetration rates soar across Africa and processes become digitised, cyber threats are multiplying. A June 2018 report from Kenyan IT services firm Serianu claims African businesses lost $3.5bn to cyberattacks in 2017 with the financial, government and SME sectors in the crosshairs of hackers. The report claims around 90% of organisations surveyed are “operating below the security poverty line, significantly exposing themselves to cyber-security threats”. African Union summit in Ethiopia focuses on refugees http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-union-summit-in-ethiopia-focuses-on-refugees Security across the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa has been beefed up as dignitaries and heads of states from across the continent gather for the annual African Union (AU) summit which kicked off on Thursday. Metal detectors and security officers have been placed at the entrances of major hotels in the city. This year's summit will focus on refugees and internally displaced persons. Sub-Saharan Africa hosts more than 26 percent of the world's 25.4 million refugees, according to the UNHCR - the UN agency for refugees. Top Court validates Rajoelina's election as Madagascar president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/top-court-validates-rajoelina-s-election-as-madagascar-president Madagascar’s High Constitutional Court on Wednesday validated the election of Andry Rajoelina as president in hotly contested run-off polls held on December 19, 2018. The elections commission said Rajoelina had won 55.66 percent of the vote compared with 44.34 percent for Ravalomanana and turnout was just over 48 percent. Wind of peace is blowing in Africa - UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/wind-of-peace-is-blowing-in-africa-un-secretary-general-antonio-guterres A series of peaceful elections and truces are blowing a “wind of hope” in Africa, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said Saturday in Addis Ababa, on the eve of an African Union summit in the Ethiopian capital. “This is a time when a wind of hope is blowing across Africa. We have seen reconciliation between Ethiopia and Eritrea, we have seen peace agreements (…) in Southern Sudan and the Central African Republic,” Mr. Guterres noted. 2019 Presidential Election: Moghalu reacts to Soyinka’s endorsement http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/2019-presidential-election-moghalu-reacts-to-soyinka-s-endorsement The presidential candidate of the Young Progressives Party, Kingsley Moghalu, has described the endorsement of his candidature by Nobel Laureate, Wole Soyinka, as “humbling.” Mr Moghalu, a former deputy governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, said in a statement Saturday that the endorsement was important because of Mr Soyinka’s reputation and the “elaborate process” his Citizen Forum went through before reaching their decision. Teacher training set for major changes as reforms take root http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/teacher-training-set-for-major-changes-as-reforms-take-root The Ministry of Education has embarked on a process that will see harmonisation of the curriculum used to train teachers in universities and colleges across the country. According to a policy document authored by the ministry and dubbed “Sessional Paper on Reforming Education and Training for Sustainable Development 2018”, the ministry wants to standardise the training curriculum, including teaching practice. The document has been sent to the National Assembly for debate. Gabon: Earth's earliest mobile organisms lived 2.1 billion years ago http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gabon-earth-s-earliest-mobile-organisms-lived-2-1-billion-years-ago Scientists have discovered in 2.1-billion-year-old black shale from a quarry in Gabon the earliest evidence of a revolutionary development in the history of life on Earth, the ability of organisms to move from one place to another on their own. The researchers on Monday described exquisitely preserved fossils of small tubular structures created when unknown organisms moved through soft mud in search of food in a calm and shallow marine ecosystem. The fossils dated back to a time when Earth was oxygen-rich and boasted conditions conducive to simple cellular life evolving more complexity, they said. Cameroon's Maurice Kamto charged with rebellion - lawyer http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-s-maurice-kamto-charged-with-rebellion-lawyer Cameroon’s main opposition leader, Maurice Kamto, has been charged in a military court with rebellion and seven other offences, indictments that could carry the death penalty, his lawyer said on Wednesday. South Africa's Eskom extends power cuts, needs bailout by April http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-eskom-extends-power-cuts-needs-bailout-by-april South African power utility Eskom cut electricity for a fourth straight day on Wednesday, as the department of public enterprises warned the struggling state-owned firm needed a cash injection by April to survive. Eskom, which supplies more than 90 percent of the power in Africa’s most industrialised economy but is laden with more than $30 billion of debt, is battling a shortage of capacity that threatens to derail government plans to lift the sluggish economy. Malawian boy saves famine-stricken village with wind turbine in Berlinale movie http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawian-boy-saves-famine-stricken-village-with-wind-turbine-in-berlinale-movie A movie premiering in Berlin tells the true story of a young boy from a famine-stricken village in Malawi who studies books about energy then builds a wind turbine that enables farmers to irrigate their land. Directed by Chiwetel Ejiofor, “The Boy Who Harnessed the Wind” tells the story of William, an engineering enthusiast who resorts to secretly using the school library to learn when he is expelled from school because his father - a poor farmer - cannot afford to pay the fees. Sudan security arrests academics as protests rage on - witnesses http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-security-arrests-academics-as-protests-rage-on-witnesses Security forces arrested 14 professors who were gathering to protest outside Khartoum University on Tuesday, witnesses said, as anti-government demonstrations neared the end of their eighth week. Doctors also rallied outside state and private hospitals in Sudan’s capital and other cities against the rule of President Omar al-Bashir, witnesses added. Nigerian elections 2019: The spread of false information http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-elections-2019-the-spread-of-false-information The campaign to elect Nigeria's next president is drawing to a close with accusations flying over the abuse of social media to spread misleading information. Both of the main political parties have told BBC Reality Check their rivals are involved in the spread of disinformation. Zimbabwe 'to scrap repressive media law' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-to-scrap-repressive-media-law Zimbabwe’s cabinet has promised to repeal a controversial law long used to suppress the media. The Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act has been the leading weapon in stifling media freedom. Boko Haram ambush Borno governor’s convoy, kill soldier, four others http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boko-haram-ambush-borno-governor-s-convoy-kill-soldier-four-others The convoy of the Borno State Governor, Kashim Shettima, was on Tuesday ambushed by Boko Haram gunmen while on his way to campaign in a remote border village, eyewitnesses said. The attack occurred along the Maiduguri-Gambu road which leads to Chad Republic. The governor’s spokesman, Isa Gusau, confirmed the incident but did not provided details at the time of this report. At least five persons including a soldier were reportedly killed in the attack. Nigeria's election: young voters, old candidates http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-election-young-voters-old-candidates Two men in their 70s are contesting a Nigerian presidential election in which half the registered voters are aged between 18 and 35. Both are familiar faces. It is the fifth election campaign for President Muhammadu Buhari, 76, who was a military ruler in the 1980s, and the fourth for main opposition candidate Atiku Abubakar, 72, who was vice president from 1999 to 2007. Hong Kong businessman convicted of bribing leaders of Chad and Uganda to land oil rights for Chinese http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/hong-kong-businessman-convicted-of-bribing-leaders-of-chad-and-uganda-to-land-oil-rights-for-chinese Chad’s president, Idriss Deby and the Ugandan foreign minister, Sam Kutesa may have cause to worry, following the conviction of a former Hong Kong government official was on Wednesday found guilty of bribing them in exchange for contracts for a Chinese energy company. Swiss prosecutors end money-laundering probe against Equatorial Guinea leader's son http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/swiss-prosecutors-end-money-laundering-probe-against-equatorial-guinea-leader-s-son Swiss prosecutors on Thursday announced they have closed a money-laundering inquiry into a son of the President of Equatorial Guinea with an arrangement to sell 25 confiscated luxury cars. The probe, opened in October 2016, also concerned misappropriation of public assets by Teodoro Obiang. EU blacklists Nigeria, Libya over money laundering, terrorism financing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eu-blacklists-nigeria-libya-over-money-laundering-terrorism-financing The European Commission added Saudi Arabia, Panama, Nigeria and other jurisdictions to a blacklist of nations that pose a threat because of lax controls on terrorism financing and money laundering, the EU executive said on Wednesday. “The European Commission adopted today a list of 23 third countries with weak rules against money laundering and terrorism financing. I would like first to explain the context and our main objectives. Nigeria's president to hold emergency meeting with ruling party over election delay http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-president-to-hold-emergency-meeting-with-ruling-party-over-election-delay Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari is to hold an emergency meeting with senior members of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) party over the week-long postponement of the country’s election delay, the party media office said on Monday. Kenya recalls its ambassador to Somalia as territorial row escalates http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-recalls-its-ambassador-to-somalia-as-territorial-row-escalates Kenya has recalled its ambassador to Somalia after the Mogadishu government’s decision to auction oil and gas exploration blocks at the centre of a maritime territorial dispute in the Indian Ocean, the foreign ministry said. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague is considering a claim on their maritime boundaries brought by Somalia in 2014 after negotiations over the 100,000 sq. km stretch of sea floor broke down. AMISOM Unveils Plan to Flush al-Shabab From Somalia Hideouts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/amisom-unveils-plan-to-flush-al-shabab-from-somalia-hideouts Top military commanders of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) said Saturday that they had agreed to launch new, targeted military operations against al-Shabab militants in Somalia. According to AMISOM, the new activities will be implemented in three phases in an effort to flush the terrorists from their hideouts in the region. Mozambican ex-president's son arrested in $2 billion fraudulent debt case http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mozambican-ex-president-s-son-arrested-in-2-billion-fraudulent-debt-case Former Mozambican president Armando Guebuza’s son was arrested at the weekend in connection with a $2 billion government debt scandal, state-owned media and a judicial source said. The arrest comes just over a month after three ex-Credit Suisse bankers were charged in the United States with fraud over their role in a 2013 deal in Mozambique that involved borrowing to fund projects including a state tuna fishery. Nigeria’s election delay: why, and what next? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-election-delay-why-and-what-next Nigeria abruptly postponed its presidential election hours before polling was due to begin. The presidential and parliamentary votes have been rescheduled for 23 February while the governorship, state assembly and federal area council elections have been rescheduled to 9 March. The electoral commission cited logistical challenges for the decision. French troops in Mali kill top commander of al Qaeda-linked group http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/french-troops-in-mali-kill-top-commander-of-al-qaeda-linked-group French troops fighting terrorist militants in Mali have killed a one of the Sahel region’s leading jihadists, France’s defence minister said on Friday. Nigeria counting votes in presidential election dogged by delays http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-counting-votes-in-presidential-election-dogged-by-delays Nigeria began counting votes in Saturday’s closely-fought presidential election although the electoral commission extended voting hours in some places where polling stations opened late or ballot machines malfunctioned. President Muhammadu Buhari and his main challenger, businessman Atiku Abubakar, both said they were confident of victory when casting their ballots in an election which has already been delayed by a week. Sudan's defence minister named first vice president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-defence-minister-named-first-vice-president Sudan’s Defence Minister Awad Mohamed Ahmed Ibn Auf was appointed first vice president and will remain the defence minister, the Sudanese presidency said on Saturday. S. African opposition party vows to create jobs, fight graft in manifesto http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/s-african-opposition-party-vows-to-create-jobs-fight-graft-in-manifesto South Africa’s largest opposition party, the Democratic Alliance (DA), launched its manifesto for May’s general elections on Saturday with pledges to create jobs and set up an anti-corruption unit. The DA faces a resurgent ruling African National Congress (ANC) under new President Cyril Ramaphosa, who has also vowed to root out graft and boost growth in Africa’s most industrialised economy. Somalia's Oldest Federal Lawmaker Fatally Shot in Mogadishu http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-s-oldest-federal-lawmaker-fatally-shot-in-mogadishu A Somali federal parliamentary lawmaker was fatally shot Saturday in Mogadishu, security officials said. Al-Shabab militants armed with pistols shot the lawmaker, Osman Ilmi Boqorre, as he was visiting his new house that is under construction in the Karan neighborhood north of Mogadishu, according to witnesses. Senegal President's Camp Claims Election Win, Opposition Objects http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/senegal-president-s-camp-claims-election-win-opposition-objects The outcome of the first round of the presidential vote in the West African country is unclear. Hours after opposition figures had said a second round vote would be necessary, a presidential ally said Macky Sall had won. Senegal's prime minister has claimed that President Macky Sall was re-elected in a first round vote on Sunday, hours after the opposition suggested that no candidate had won an outright majority. We Have Not Cancelled Election in Any Part of Nigeria, Says INEC http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/we-have-not-cancelled-election-in-any-part-of-nigeria-says-inec The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) yesterday insisted that it has not cancelled elections anywhere in the country. INEC Chairman, Professor Mahmood Yakubu, stated this during a media briefing at the International Conference Centre (ICC), Abuja. South Africa: Ramaphosa Announces Special Tribunal to Fast Track Recovery of State Funds http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-ramaphosa-announces-special-tribunal-to-fast-track-recovery-of-state-funds President Cyril Ramaphosa has established a Special Investigating Unit (SIU) Special Tribunal, in an effort to fast track the recovery of funds lost to the state from corruption or irregular spending. Gabon president returns home for second time since suffering stroke http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gabon-president-returns-home-for-second-time-since-suffering-stroke Gabon President Ali Bongo returned to his country late on Sunday for the second time since suffering a stroke in October, a source at the presidency told Reuters on Monday. Contradictory information about Bongo’s health and an extended convalescence in Morocco have fuelled instability in Gabon which his family has ruled for over 50 years. Nigerian election delay probably reduced turnout - U.S. observer http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-election-delay-probably-reduced-turnout-u-s-observer A week-long delay in holding Nigeria’s presidential election damaged public confidence in the process and probably reduced Saturday’s voter turnout, U.S. observers said on Monday. It is unclear when a winner will be declared but the vote pitting incumbent Muhammadu Buhari against businessman and ex-vice president Atiku Abubakar is expected to be Nigeria’s tightest since the end of military rule in 1999. Britain, S.Africa finalising interim post-Brexit trade deal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/britain-s-africa-finalising-interim-post-brexit-trade-deal South Africa is close to signing an interim trade agreement with Britain that would replicate arrangements with Europe and ensure trade will not be disrupted in the event of a hard Brexit, South African Trade Minister Rob Davies said on Monday. With just a month to go before Britain is due to leave the European Union, London has been trying to strike agreements with trade partners around the world to replicate the terms it now has as a member of the bloc. Nigeria: PDP Rejects INEC's Poll Results As Buhari Leads http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-pdp-rejects-inec-s-poll-results-as-buhari-leads The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) rejected the results of the presidential election collated by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in Abuja yesterday Its grievance was that the results conflicted with the ones it had recorded from the election. The National Chairman of the party, Uche Secondus, made it clear at a press conference that "the PDP's collation centres have all original results from every polling unit, in every ward, in every Local Government Area in Nigeria, of which the international community is well aware, implying all results currently being announced by INEC are incorrect thus unacceptable to our party and people." Zimbabwe: Fuel Crisis Deepens but Minister Adamant That 'I Have Fuel in the Country' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-fuel-crisis-deepens-but-minister-adamant-that-i-have-fuel-in-the-country Hundreds of people were left stranded late Monday after a sudden shortage of fuel with public transport operators hiking fares. Reports of people walking on foot to areas like Glen Norah and Mabvuku emerged as commuter omnibus operators took their vehicles to fuel queues. Nigeria's Buhari wins second term as president: electoral commission http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-buhari-wins-second-term-as-president-electoral-commission Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari won a second term at the helm of Africa’s largest economy and top oil producer, the electoral commission chairman said on Wednesday, following an election marred by delays, logistical glitches and violence. He defeated his main opposition candidate Atiku Abubakar, a businessman and former vice president. Buhari secured 56 percent of votes, compared with 41 percent for Atiku, a candidate for the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). Zimbabwe limits dollar sales to foreign payments only http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-limits-dollar-sales-to-foreign-payments-only Zimbabwe’s commercial banks are under orders to restrict U.S. dollar transactions to companies and individuals with foreign payments to make, according to a central bank directive that demonstrates the slow progress of currency reforms. The document, a measure of the foreign exchange controls that remain in place six days after authorities announced moves to ease chronic cash shortages, also states such transactions should be aimed at stimulating economic growth. Algeria's Bouteflika to submit re-election papers March 3 -campaign manager http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/algeria-s-bouteflika-to-submit-re-election-papers-march-3-campaign-manager Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika will submit his official application to seek re-election on March 3, his campaign manager said on Tuesday, despite protests against the move. Botswana offers Zimbabwe $600 million of loans: report http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/botswana-offers-zimbabwe-600-million-of-loans-report Botswana has offered to lend Zimbabwe $600 million to support its diamond industry and local private firms, a state-owned newspaper reported on Tuesday, amid a severe dollar crunch in the southern African nation. There are few signs the flow of foreign currency is improving in Zimbabwe after it ditched a discredited 1:1 dollar peg for its dollar-surrogate bond notes and electronic dollars, merging them into a lower-value transitional currency called the RTGS dollar. Scramble in Somalia: Will the oil ‘bonanza’ be a boon or curse? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/scramble-in-somalia-will-the-oil-bonanza-be-a-boon-or-curse Seismic surveys have indicated that off shore Somalia is sitting on over a billion barrels of oil. Licensing rounds began last month and with unerring timing, the US has reopened its mission in the country. While there will be the usual scramble for oil by foreign companies, how much of this boon will the long-suffering people o Somalia enjoy? Sudanese opposition party leader calls on Bashir to step down http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudanese-opposition-party-leader-calls-on-bashir-to-step-down Sudan’s main opposition party leader Sadiq al-Mahdi on Saturday called on President Omar al-Bashir to step down and sit with the opposition to agree on details of a transitional process to end the nation’s crisis, a statement from his party said. Ethiopians celebrate defeat of colonialists, call for unity http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopians-celebrate-defeat-of-colonialists-call-for-unity Bedecked in lion mane collars, warriors’ headdresses and military fatigues, thousands of Ethiopians descended on Addis Ababa’s main squares to celebrate the anniversary of the Battle of Adwa - one of Ethiopia’s finest hours in the battlefield. Five Men Sentenced to Death in Somalia Rape Case http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/five-men-sentenced-to-death-in-somalia-rape-case A court in Garowe, in northern Somalia, Saturday sentenced five male teenagers to death for the gang rape of a 16-year-old girl in Galkayo last month, officials said. Mohamed Hared Farah, deputy attorney of Puntland’s High Court, said the young men, four of whom are 18 and the other 19, were convicted in the rape of the girl. Mount Kenya - Wildfires Rage Around Africa's Second Highest Peak http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mount-kenya-wildfires-rage-around-africa-s-second-highest-peak Authorities have roped in teams of soldiers and volunteers to help tackle wildfires in the Mount Kenya national park. Illegal marijuana farmers have been blamed for the blaze, which threatens natural bamboo forests. Wildlife rangers and Kenyan soldiers are battling to stem fierce wildfires on Mount Kenya national park, around 190 kilometers (118 miles) northeast of Kenya's capital, Nairobi. Nigeria court says extradition of Cameroon separatists 'illegal' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-court-says-extradition-of-cameroon-separatists-illegal A Nigerian court has condemned as "illegal and unconstitutional" the arrest and deportation of Cameroonian separatists who had applied for asylum in Nigeria, the lawyers representing them said on Sunday. In January 2018, Nigeria arrested and deported 47 anglophone separatists who had fled Cameroon following a crackdown by the authorities. Algeria's Bouteflika offers to serve brief term if reelected, protesters defiant http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/algeria-s-bouteflika-offers-to-serve-brief-term-if-reelected-protesters-defiant Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, facing mass protests over his 20 years in power, will run in April’s elections, his campaign manager said on Sunday, with Ennahar TV saying he had offered to step down after a year if re-elected. The announcement read out by Abdelghani Zaalane on Bouteflika’s behalf said the president pledged to organise an early election, with Ennahar TV saying that would be held within a year. The comments are likely to be viewed as an attempt to appease those who had taken to the streets for 10 days to protest against the 82-year-old’s plans to remain in office and to allow him an exit on his own terms. Botswana president dismisses report of $600 million loan to Zimbabwe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/botswana-president-dismisses-report-of-600-million-loan-to-zimbabwe Botswana’s president on Friday dismissed a report that the country had offered Zimbabwe a $600 million diamond-backed loan and said his government had only offered to guarantee a $100 million private credit line for Botswana companies to invest in their troubled neighbour. Zimbabwe’s secretary in the ministry of foreign affairs was quoted in the state-owned Herald newspaper on Tuesday saying Botswana had offered to lend Zimbabwe $500 million to support its diamond industry and another $100 million for the local private firms. Nigerian army denies Islamic State has killed 10 soldiers in Borno state http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-army-denies-islamic-state-has-killed-10-soldiers-in-borno-state Islamic State said on Saturday it killed 10 Nigerian soldiers in an attack on Thursday in the country’s northeastern Borno state, but a Nigerian Army spokesman said “no such incident was recorded.” In a statement issued through its news agency Amaq, Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack on a village it referred to as Tdmari, near Maiduguri town. It said the attack happened two days ago. Chagos Islands: The ‘point of return’ for Chagosians http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/chagos-islands-the-point-of-return-for-chagosians Over five decades ago, citizens of the picturesque Indian Ocean archipelago of Chagos were tricked or forcibly removed from their land by the United Kingdom to make way for a US military base following a secret deal between the two countries. The long suffering of the forcibly exiled Chagossians, and their fight to return home is well documented. Today – the International Court of Justice (ICJ) said the action was illegal and ordered the UK to hand back the islands “as rapidly as possible”. Burundi forces U.N. to shut human rights office, U.N. says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundi-forces-u-n-to-shut-human-rights-office-u-n-says Burundi has forced the United Nations to shut its local human rights office after 23 years, the U.N. human rights chief Michelle Bachelet said in a statement on Tuesday, expressing “deep regret”. Trump extends U.S. sanctions against Zimbabwe by a year http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/trump-extends-u-s-sanctions-against-zimbabwe-by-a-year U.S. President Donald Trump on Monday extended by one year sanctions against Zimbabwe saying that the new government’s policies continue to pose an “unusual and extraordinary” threat to U.S. foreign policy. Kenya police summon finance minister over dams scandal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-police-summon-finance-minister-over-dams-scandal Kenyan police have summoned Finance Minister Henry Rotich for questioning for a second time over a multi-million dollar scandal involving advance payments for two dam projects, the head of the Directorate of Criminal Investigations (DCI) said. The DCI said last week it was investigating what it described as fraudulent construction of the two dams valued at 63 billion shillings. Some payments had already been made despite the dams not being built, it said. I Am Not Seeking Presidency but Empowerment - Opposition Leader Besigye http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/i-am-not-seeking-presidency-but-empowerment-opposition-leader-besigye Former Forum for Democratic Change (FDC) president, Dr Kizza Besigye, has said his determination to dislodge President Museveni is not to occupy State House but rather to return power to the people who have been deprived of their right to have control of affairs of their own country. How the Rwanda-Uganda border crossing came to a halt http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/how-the-rwanda-uganda-border-crossing-came-to-a-halt A diplomatic feud between Rwanda and Uganda has stopped most cross-border movements between the two countries, a situation that has had a huge effect on daily life for families in both countries. Polls close after Nigerians vote in governor elections http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/polls-close-after-nigerians-vote-in-governor-elections Nigerians have headed to the polls to elect state and local representatives, two weeks after the presidential poll. Ballots were cast in 29 of the country's 36 states. UK museum to return lock of hair of Ethiopia's Emperor Tewodros II http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uk-museum-to-return-lock-of-hair-of-ethiopia-s-emperor-tewodros-ii The United Kingdom’s National Army Museum is set to return a looted braid of hair of Ethiopia’s Emperor Tewadros II, media reports have suggested as at Monday, March 4. The BBC’s former reporter in Ethiopia also tweeted about the development which is a significant step in the country’s long fight for the return from UK of plundered ancient artefacts. In April 2018, Ethiopia upped the campaign for its artefacts stolen by British troops to be returned as part of a wider campaign to repatriate important articles of the country’s history sitting in museums overseas. Nobel winner Mukwege cautions Tshisekedi on deal with Kabila http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nobel-winner-mukwege-cautions-tshisekedi-on-deal-with-kabila Congolese Nobel Peace Prize winner Dr Denis Mukwege urged President Felix Tshisekedi to “avoid betraying” the people when he governs the Democratic Republic of Congo as part of a coalition with his predecessor Joseph Kabila’s supporters, in a statement seen by AFP on Saturday. Ethiopia PM moves to resolve Oromia – Addis Ababa boundary rift http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-pm-moves-to-resolve-oromia-addis-ababa-boundary-rift After two days of protest earlier this week, the federal government of Ethiopia has officially responded to the voice of protesters. The office of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed on Saturday issued a statement that named a committee to resolve administrative boundary issues between Oromia regional state and the capital, Addis Ababa. Guinea-Bissau: counting underway in parliamentary polls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/guinea-bissau-counting-underway-in-parliamentary-polls Counting of votes is underway in Guinea Bissau after polls closed on Sunday. It is hoped that the parliamentary elections will help the West African nation out of its current political crisis. U.S. to send teams to assist in Ethiopian Airlines crash http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-to-send-teams-to-assist-in-ethiopian-airlines-crash The U.S. National Transportation Safety Board will send four people to assist in the fatal Ethiopian Airlines crash, an NTSB spokesman said on Sunday. Rwanda aims to sell stake in cement firm Cimerwa this month http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwanda-aims-to-sell-stake-in-cement-firm-cimerwa-this-month Rwanda’s government aims to put its 49 percent stake in the country’s biggest cement maker, Cimerwa, up for sale this month, the prime minister said on Saturday. Nigeria's Borno state elects professor as governor, first across north http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-borno-state-elects-professor-as-governor-first-across-north Borno State in the northeast Nigeria has a new governor following gubernatorial polls held on March 9, 2019. Governor-elect Babagana Umara Zulum also made history according to reports being the first professor to become governor across the Muslim-dominated north. Boeing to implement design changes on 737 MAX planes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boeing-to-implement-design-changes-on-737-max-planes As investigations into the cause of the Ethiopian Airlines crash continue, the questions surrounding the safety of the Boeing 737 MAX aircrafts have triggered some reactions from airlines, aviation regulators and the world’s biggest plane maker itself. Ramaphosa endorses Zim government, calls sanctions 'unjust' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ramaphosa-endorses-zim-government-calls-sanctions-unjust President Cyril Ramaphosa has said he supports Zimbabwe's government, ignoring reports of human right abuses to crush persistent dissent in the neighbouring country. French President on trip to woo East Africa amid China's African expansion http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/french-president-on-trip-to-woo-east-africa-amid-china-s-african-expansion President Emmanuel Macron visited former French colony Djibouti on Tuesday with promises of a "respectful" partnership in the face of growing African indebtedness to China, which is fast expanding its foothold on the continent. Both Paris and Beijing -- as well as Japan and the United States -- have military bases in East Africa's smallest country due to its strategic location along a key shipping lane leading to the Suez Canal. Former DR Congo vice-president seeks $76m from war crimes court http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/former-dr-congo-vice-president-seeks-76m-from-war-crimes-court Former DR Congo vice-president Jean-Pierre Bemba is demanding 68 million euros ($76.5 million) in compensation from the International Criminal Court following his war crimes acquittal last year, his lawyer said Monday. Ethiopia: Crashed jet's black boxes show similarities to Lion Air disaster http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-crashed-jet-s-black-boxes-show-similarities-to-lion-air-disaster The crash of an Ethiopian Airlines plane that killed 157 people had “clear similarities” with October’s Lion Air crash, Ethiopia said on Sunday, shown by initial analysis of the black boxes recovered from the wreckage of the March 10 disaster. The crash has generated one of the most widely watched and high-stakes inquiries for years, with the latest version of Boeing’s profitable 737 workhorse depending on the outcome. Zuma-era officials feature on South Africa's ANC election list http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zuma-era-officials-feature-on-south-africa-s-anc-election-list South Africa’s governing African National Congress (ANC) has included two prominent politicians linked to corruption under former President Jacob Zuma in its list of candidates for parliament ahead of an election in May. The inclusion of figures like former finance minister Malusi Gigaba and ex-mines minister Mosebenzi Zwane calls into question the ANC’s pledge to distance itself from people who have tarnished the reputation of the party, analysts said. At least 89 dead in Zimbabwe as Cyclone Idai leaves trail of destruction http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-89-dead-in-zimbabwe-as-cyclone-idai-leaves-trail-of-destruction At least 89 people have died in Zimbabwe after Cyclone Idai tore across the eastern and southern parts of the country, a government official said on Monday, creating a humanitarian crisis in a nation grappling with economic woes and a drought. The scale of destruction is only becoming apparent as rescuers reach the most affected areas, near the border with Mozambique. Gunmen attack Mali army base, kill at least 16 soldiers-sources http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-attack-mali-army-base-kill-at-least-16-soldiers-sources Gunmen attacked and briefly seized a Malian army base overnight, killing at least 16 soldiers and destroying five vehicles in central Mali’s Mopti region, two local councillors in the area where the attack happened said on Sunday. The base is in the village of Dioura, the mayor of the nearest town Kareri, Youssouf Coulibaly, told Reuters by telephone from inside it. Central Mali has in the past few years been overrun by terrorists with links to al Qaeda. Boeing faces growing scrutiny in Ethiopian crash probe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/boeing-faces-growing-scrutiny-in-ethiopian-crash-probe The world’s biggest planemaker faced escalating pressure on Monday after Ethiopia pointed to parallels between its crash and one in Indonesia, sharpening focus on the safety of software installed in Boeing’s 737 MAX planes. The Ethiopian Airlines disaster on March 10 killed 157 people, grounded Boeing’s marquee MAX fleet worldwide, and sparked a high-stakes inquiry for the shaken aviation industry. Mozambique president says Death toll in cyclone, floods could surpass 1,000 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mozambique-president-says-death-toll-in-cyclone-floods-could-surpass-1-000 The number of people killed in a powerful storm and preceding floods in Mozambique could exceed 1,000, the president said on Monday, putting the potential death toll greatly more than current figures. Only 84 deaths have been confirmed so far in Mozambique as a result of Cyclone Idai, which has also left a trail of death and destruction across Zimbabwe and Malawi, with vast areas of land flooded, roads destroyed and communication wiped out. Gambia: President Barrow sacked his Vice Darboe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gambia-president-barrow-sacked-his-vice-darboe President Adama Barrow on Friday sacked vice president, Ousainou Darboe - a man he always described as his 'political Godfather.' "You can jail Ousainou Darboe, but you can't take his knowledge from him," Barrow once said of Mr. Darboe. Uganda's ruling party legislators back Museveni term extension http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-s-ruling-party-legislators-back-museveni-term-extension Members of parliament from Uganda’s ruling National Resistance Movement (NRM) party are backing President Yoweri Museveni’s attempt to win another term, according to a resolution adopted at their ongoing meeting late Sunday. A victory at the next election, in 2021, could extend the 74-year-old Museveni’s rule to 40 years, one of the longest reigns in Africa. Reviving tourism in West Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/reviving-tourism-in-west-africa West Africa has huge tourist potential, but factors such as poor transport, security concerns and the ebola virus have held it back. Concerted reforms are needed to boost the number of arrivals. Kenyan police seize $20 mln of counterfeit banknotes from deposit box http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-police-seize-20-mln-of-counterfeit-banknotes-from-deposit-box Kenyan police have seized $20 million of counterfeit banknotes that had been stored in a personal safety deposit box at a branch of Barclays Bank Kenya, the directorate of criminal investigations said. Police had also arrested six people, including two of the bank’s staff, the directorate said late on Tuesday in a statement posted on its Twitter account. Youngest captain, loving son: Ethiopian pilots honoured in death http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/youngest-captain-loving-son-ethiopian-pilots-honoured-in-death The dreams of the two young men soared as high as the Ethiopian Airlines planes they proudly flew. Handsome, cosmopolitan Yared Getachew was to marry another plane captain this year. Studious, serious Ahmednur Mohammed rented his first apartment with his maiden paycheck in February. Somali government troops vacate some bases in row over salaries http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somali-government-troops-vacate-some-bases-in-row-over-salaries Somali soldiers have vacated at least three of their bases in protest over months of missed pay, a military officer and residents said on Wednesday, in what could be a boost for al Shabaab insurgents. The Horn of Africa nation’s weak central government relies on the support of the military and African Union-mandated AMISOM peacekeepers against al Shabaab, an extremist and terrorist group. The vacated bases are in Somalia’s Middle Shabelle region, one of the troops’ commanders Col. Abdi Mohamed Ahmed told Reuters, adding that the move was to protest about non payment of salaries for four months. Cyclone Idai: Rescuers race against time to reach survivors http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cyclone-idai-rescuers-race-against-time-to-reach-survivors Aid workers scrambled to save hundreds trapped by floods around the Mozambican port city of Beira on Wednesday, after a powerful cyclone killed hundreds of people and left a trail of destruction across swathes of southeast Africa. Cyclone Idai hit Mozambique’s port city of Beira with winds of up to 170 kph (105 mph) last Thursday, then moved inland to Zimbabwe and Malawi, flattening buildings and putting the lives of millions at risk. Nigeria central bank cuts benchmark rate to 13.5 pct in surprise move http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-central-bank-cuts-benchmark-rate-to-13-5-pct-in-surprise-move Nigeria’s central bank cut its benchmark interest rate to 13.5 percent from 14 percent as part of an attempt to stimulate growth in Africa’s biggest economy, its governor said on Tuesday in a surprise move. The move is the first rate cut since November 2015. The rate has been held at 14 percent since July 2016 to support the naira and curb inflation. Nigeria's NNPC plans to revamp refineries to cut fuel imports http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-nnpc-plans-to-revamp-refineries-to-cut-fuel-imports Nigeria’s state-oil firm Nigeria National petroleum Corporation (NNPC) said it plans to revamp its refineries to help Africa’s biggest crude oil producer to save billions of dollars on fuel imports and has hired Italy’s Maire Tecnimont to tackle the Port Harcourt plant. Nigeria has 445,000 bpd of refining capacity across four separate facilities which operate well below capacity due to mismanagement and lack of investment, forcing the NNPC to import the bulk of the country’s gasoline. Around 1.85 mln people affected by cyclone in Mozambique - UN http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/around-1-85-mln-people-affected-by-cyclone-in-mozambique-un About 1.85 million people have now been affected by Cyclone Idai and its aftermath in Mozambique alone, U.N. humanitarian agency OCHA said on Tuesday, as aid workers raced to fathom the scale of the disaster and determine what help is most urgently needed. “Some will be in critical, life threatening situations. Some will sadly have lost their livelihoods, which whilst an appalling tragedy is not immediately life threatening,” OCHA coordinator Sebastian Rhodes Stampa said. Sudan suffering an economic crisis, nothing political - Info Minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-suffering-an-economic-crisis-nothing-political-info-minister Sudanese information minister says the country is suffering a crisis that is economic in nature contrary to claims that it was in a state of political crisis. Information Minister Hassan Ismail is quoted by Reuters as saying: “There is no political crisis in Sudan, but there is an economic crisis.” He was responding to accusations of repression by press rights groups. Time to address needs of Africa’s migrants http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/time-to-address-needs-of-africa-s-migrants This year the African Union is focusing on the problems of Africa’s refugees and forced migrants. But more must be done to promote peaceful migration and harmonise labour migration policies. Ebola Treatment Center in Congo Reopens After Attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ebola-treatment-center-in-congo-reopens-after-attack An Ebola treatment center located at the epicenter of the current outbreak in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo has resumed operations after it was attacked last month, the country's health ministry said Saturday. The center run by Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) in the district of Katwa was set on fire Feb. 24 by unknown attackers, forcing staff to evacuate patients. "Wound" of migration not solved by physical barriers, pope says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/wound-of-migration-not-solved-by-physical-barriers-pope-says Pope Francis said on Saturday the plight of migrants was “a wound that cries out to heaven” and could never be healed by physical barriers. Somali President’s mixed success in mid-term assessment http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somali-president-s-mixed-success-in-mid-term-assessment Somalia President Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo has had mixed success in the past two years, but has earned a fair score in the mid-term assessment, compared with his predecessors. Since his election on February 8, 2017, President Farmajo has performed well on economic recovery and has mobilised the public behind the government in a way that previous administrations were unable to. Kenyatta, Museveni champion integration through business deals http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyatta-museveni-champion-integration-through-business-deals While citizens await the resolution of a diplomatic standoff between Uganda and Rwanda that has affected trade relations, president Yoweri Museveni on Wednesday secured bilateral deals with his Kenyan counterpart, Uhuru Kenyatta. Rwanda honours those killed in genocide 25 years ago http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwanda-honours-those-killed-in-genocide-25-years-ago Rwandan President Paul Kagame began a week of solemn ceremonies on Sunday to commemorate the lives of 800,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutus murdered during the Rwandan genocide, a three-month-killing spree that began 25 years ago. Kagame laid a wreath at the Gisozi genocide memorial site, where over a quarter a million of people are buried, before the government began an afternoon of speeches and song. Algeria's parliament to elect new interim president on Tuesday- APS http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/algeria-s-parliament-to-elect-new-interim-president-on-tuesday-aps Algeria’s parliament on Tuesday will elect a new interim president, state news agency APS said on Saturday, after veteran ruler Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigned following mass protests. Tunisia's president rules out second term bid http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tunisia-s-president-rules-out-second-term-bid Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi on Saturday announced that he will not run for a second term in presidential elections expected this year, despite his party’s calls for the 93-year-old to stand. Mass protests that toppled ailing President Abdelaziz Bouteflika in Algeria have stirred the opposition in Tunisia, and social media campaigns have begun rejecting a second term for Essebsi. Sudan suffers total power outage amid anti-Bashir protests http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-suffers-total-power-outage-amid-anti-bashir-protests Sudan’s ministry of electricity has confirmed a total power blackout across the country on Sunday but it has yet to announce the exact cause of the situation. The development comes on the second-day of a sit-in protest by thousands close to the presidential palace in Khartoum. Cyclone Idai shows why long-term disaster resilience is so crucial http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cyclone-idai-shows-why-long-term-disaster-resilience-is-so-crucial Cyclone Idai struck Beira, the fourth largest city in Mozambique, in mid-March with torrential rains and winds of more than 190 km per hour. It took days for the sheer size of the resulting disaster to be understood. Dramatic pictures and video showed that the cyclone had left behind an inland sea up to 6 meters deep. Hundreds of people died in the storm and its immediate aftermath, and millions will be affected, potentially for years to come. S.African court says Mozambique ex-finance minister can be extradited to US -lawyer http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/s-african-court-says-mozambique-ex-finance-minister-can-be-extradited-to-us-lawyer A South African court has ruled that Mozambique’s former finance minister Manuel Chang can be extradited to the United States, where he is wanted on charges related to a $2 billion debt scandal, one of Chang’s lawyers said on Monday. Sub-Saharan economic growth recovery to take longer - World Bank http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sub-saharan-economic-growth-recovery-to-take-longer-world-bank The World Bank has cut its growth forecast for Sub-Saharan Africa this year to 2.8 percent from an initial 3.3 percent, it said on Monday. The commodity price slump of 2015 cut short a decade of rapid growth for the region, and the bank said growth would take longer to recover as a decline in industrial production and a trade dispute between China and the United States take their toll. Exploring factors that caused Ethiopian Airlines crash http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/exploring-factors-that-caused-ethiopian-airlines-crash Minutes after take-off on March 10, the pilots of an Ethiopian Airlines 737 MAX were caught in a bad situation. Moments later, the Boeing Co jet hit the ground, killing all 157 people onboard after six minutes of flight. Libyan death toll rises as battle for Tripoli intensifies http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/libyan-death-toll-rises-as-battle-for-tripoli-intensifies Eastern Libyan forces sought to reach the centre of Tripoli on Monday after their easy advance through desert hit a trickier urban phase, with deaths and displacements mounting and the West aghast at the threat to its peace plan. Renewed civil war in Libya, splintered into areas of factional control since the 2011 overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi. threatens to disrupt oil and gas supplies, trigger more migration to Europe, and allow extremist militants to exploit the chaos. Zimbabwe to start paying white farmers compensation after April http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-to-start-paying-white-farmers-compensation-after-april Zimbabwe is to start paying compensation this year to thousands of white farmers who lost land under former president Robert Mugabe’s land reform nearly two decades ago, the government said, as it seeks to bring closure to a highly divisive issue. Sierra Leone: Squaring up to its challenges http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-squaring-up-to-its-challenges Sierra Leone has had more than its fair share of calamities over the recent past, with natural disasters and outbreaks of Ebola as well as a kleptomaniac administration. With these huge challenges how is the year-old government of President Julius Maada Bio coping? Sudan protesters demand civilian rule, military council says ready to comply http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-protesters-demand-civilian-rule-military-council-says-ready-to-comply Sudan’s main protest group on Sunday demanded the immediate handover of power to a civilian transitional government, saying it would keep up the street demonstrations which ousted former President Omar al-Bashir last week to achieve its aims. Land compensation: I am simply following the Constitution, says Zim president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/land-compensation-i-am-simply-following-the-constitution-says-zim-president Zimbabwean president Emmerson Mnangagwa has dismissed claims by his critics and supporters that his government has sold out by agreeing to pay compensation to white former commercial farmers. Egypt parliament to vote Tuesday on constitutional changes - speaker http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/egypt-parliament-to-vote-tuesday-on-constitutional-changes-speaker Egypt’s parliament will vote on Tuesday on constitutional amendments including an extension to President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s current four-year-term, its speaker, Ali Abdelaal, said on Sunday. Proposed constitutional amendments had previously suggested that Sisi would be allowed to seek two new six-year terms after his current one expires in 2022. East Africa States Buy Modern Equipment for Armies http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/east-africa-states-buy-modern-equipment-for-armies East African countries have, in the past three years, been on a military hardware-shopping spree, upgrading their aircraft, vehicles, arms and other equipment. A new report by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri) for 2018 shows that in the region, Kenya topped the purchases, with six aircraft orders. Nairobi expects the planes this year. Kenya also received eight second-hand Airbus AS-550C3 light helicopters as aid from the US last year. Drought casts doubt on Kenya’s economic growth prospects http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/drought-casts-doubt-on-kenya-s-economic-growth-prospects Strong household consumption, higher remittance inflows, and lower food prices charged the Kenyan economy to rebound in 2018, the World Bank said, even as it warned that delay in the long rains has taken the shine off this year’s performance. Persistent under performance in government revenue collection has also cast a shadow of doubt on the prospects of better economic performance—meaning growth may be modest this year. “The medium-term growth outlook is stable but recent threats of drought could drag it down,” the report which was released last week says. Mauritius lifts ban on Kenyan produce http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mauritius-lifts-ban-on-kenyan-produce Mauritius has lifted a three-year ban on Kenyan avocado after Kenya improved on the hygiene standards with the Mauritian authorities, offering relief to local exporters in the country. Kenya lost the market in 2015 after the Mauritian National Plant Protection Office cited low standards of hygiene. Trump says Boeing should fix, 'rebrand' grounded 737 MAX jet http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/trump-says-boeing-should-fix-rebrand-grounded-737-max-jet U.S. President Donald Trump on Monday urged Boeing Co to fix and “rebrand” its 737 MAX jetliner following two fatal crashes, as regulators worldwide continue to work with the planemaker to review its grounded best-selling aircraft. South African police halt shipment of rhino horns, arrest two http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-police-halt-shipment-of-rhino-horns-arrest-two South African police have intercepted 167 rhino horns believed to be destined for Southeast Asia, in one of the biggest such hauls ever in the country. Two suspects, aged 57 and 61, were arrested with the horns on Saturday, police said on Sunday. They had been tipped off about the suspects’ vehicle. Ex-South Sudan rebel leader believes unity government won't be ready by May 12 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ex-south-sudan-rebel-leader-believes-unity-government-won-t-be-ready-by-may-12 The two sides of war-ravaged South Sudan will not be able to meet a May 12 deadline to form a unity government because key requirements of a peace deal have not been met, former rebel leader Riek Machar told Reuters on Friday. Machar—who should regain his post as vice president under the deal—said the government and the rebels needed another six months before forming a unity government. African Union Threatens to Suspend Sudan After Coup http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-union-threatens-to-suspend-sudan-after-coup The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU) has threatened to suspend Sudan in the wake of last week's coup, calling on the military to hand over power to a transitional civilian-led political authority. Digital startups take on Nigeria’s healthcare headaches http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/digital-startups-take-on-nigeria-s-healthcare-headaches Nigeria’s healthcare system is underfunded, leading to poor services and suffering for many of its citizens, but digital startups are beginning to fill the gap with some innovative solutions. Ethiopia's first female defence minister replaced http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-s-first-female-defence-minister-replaced Ethiopia's Prme Mininter Abiy Ahmed has replaced the country's first female defence minister, Aisha Mohammed, giving the post to the influential Oromia regional president, Lema Megersa. Mr Abiy did not give reasons for the decision, but it comes amid growing concern about ethnic conflict in the country. South Africa faces escalating unrest if ANC doesn't reform, opposition says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-faces-escalating-unrest-if-anc-doesn-t-reform-opposition-says South Africa faces escalating unrest if the governing African National Congress (ANC) party retains power in next month’s election and fails to introduce major reforms, the leader of the country’s biggest opposition party said on Thursday. In the most hotly contested election since the end of apartheid in South Africa, President Cyril Ramaphosa is hoping to reverse a slide in support for the ANC, which has won every general election since Nelson Mandela swept to power in 1994. Nigeria's Buhari signs law to increase minimum wage - aide http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-buhari-signs-law-to-increase-minimum-wage-aide President Muhammadu Buhari has signed into law a bill to increase Nigeria’s minimum wage with immediate effect, an aide said on Thursday. The change means the minimum monthly wage will rise to 30,000 naira ($98) from 18,000 now, said aide Ita Enang, a senior special assistant to the president on the National Assembly. Protesters converge on Sudan defence ministry sit-in to demand civilian rule http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/protesters-converge-on-sudan-defence-ministry-sit-in-to-demand-civilian-rule Tens of thousands of people headed to a sit-in outside Sudan’s defence ministry on Thursday to demand that a transitional military council hand power to civilians, a Reuters witness said. Nigeria's top judge Walter Onnoghen to forfeit bank accounts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-top-judge-walter-onnoghen-to-forfeit-bank-accounts Nigeria's Chief Justice Walter Onnoghen has been convicted of falsely declaring his assets after failing to reveal the money he held in foreign bank accounts. The tribunal said he would have to forfeit the money in the five accounts. Sudan's military council and opposition wrangle over transition http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-military-council-and-opposition-wrangle-over-transition Sudan’s ruling Transitional Military Council (TMC) and opposition forces appeared on a collision course on Monday amid deepening differences over demands for civilian rule more than 10 days after the ouster of President Omar al-Bashir. Saudi Arabia, UAE to send $3 billion in aid to Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/saudi-arabia-uae-to-send-3-billion-in-aid-to-sudan Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates said on Sunday they had agreed to send Sudan $3 billion worth of aid, throwing a lifeline to the country’s new military leaders after protests led to the ousting of president Omar al-Bashir. The two Gulf Arab countries will deposit $500 million with the Sudanese central bank and send the rest in the form of food, medicine and petroleum products, their state news agencies said in parallel statements. EU warns of worsening situation in Cameroon http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eu-warns-of-worsening-situation-in-cameroon The European Union has warned of an unfolding catastrophe in the conflict-hit English speaking regions of Cameroon where the state and separatist militia are engaged in blatant atrocities. In a resolution on Thursday the EU Parliament said the security and political situation in the Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon were deteriorating and called on President Paul Biya's government to immediately take all steps to bring an end to the violence and impunity in the country. South Sudan Opposition Seeks Delay in Transitional Govt Formation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-opposition-seeks-delay-in-transitional-govt-formation South Sudan's main opposition group Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army-In Opposition (SPLM-IO) on Friday sought delay in the formation of a transitional government in May. Puok Both Baluang, SPLM-IO's deputy director of information and public relations said the rush to form the government on May 12 is uncalled for, asking for extension of the pre-transitional period. Son of Mozambique's First President Accuses Nyusi of Violating Frelimo Statutes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/son-of-mozambique-s-first-president-accuses-nyusi-of-violating-frelimo-statutes Samora Machel Junior ("Samito"), son of Mozambique's first president, Samora Moises Machel, has accused the President of the ruling Frelimo Party, Filipe Nyusi, of "gross violation" of the Frelimo statutes, reports the independent newssheet "Carta de Mocambique". Machel was replying to a recommendation from a disciplinary inquiry, in which the two rapporteurs (Francisco Cabo and Filipe Sitoe) said he should be expelled from Frelimo because of his behaviour during the October 2018 municipal elections, where he stood as the mayoral candidate of a civil society organisation, AJUDEM (Youth Association for the Development of Mozambique). Kenya begins early campaign in bid to win seat on UN Security Council http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-begins-early-campaign-in-bid-to-win-seat-on-un-security-council Kenya has intensified lobbying among peers to gain a seat on the UN Security Council. The seat will provide an avenue “to our rightful place as a responsible member state of the united states”, it argues. Ahead of the official launch for the bid in June, Kenya has been lobbying peers in the African Union to support Nairobi’s campaign to focus on issues affecting the developing world. Zimbabwe: VP Chiwenga Lashes Out At 'Financial Terrorists' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-vp-chiwenga-lashes-out-at-financial-terrorists Vice President Constantino Chiwenga yesterday lashed out at corporates dipping their hands in underhand parallel market exchange dealings and equated such behaviour to "financial terrorism". Addressing captains of industry and commerce at the 13th Zimbabwe International Business Conference in Bulawayo, VP Chiwenga said that Government was sharpening its policies to deal with the culprits. Cyclone Kenneth batters Comoros as heads to Mozambique, Tanzania http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cyclone-kenneth-batters-comoros-as-heads-to-mozambique-tanzania Violent winds of up to 140 kph lashed the East African island nation of Comoros overnight, killing three people, authorities said on Thursday, as tropical Cyclone Kenneth swept towards flood-battered Mozambique and southern Tanzania. The region was pounded by Cyclone Idai last month; the storm and subsequent flooding killed more than 1,000 people in Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi. Tripoli neighbourhoods "turning into battlefields" - Red Cross http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tripoli-neighbourhoods-turning-into-battlefields-red-cross The humanitarian situation has greatly deteriorated around the Libyan capital Tripoli, where “densely populated residential areas are gradually turning into battlefields”, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said on Thursday. Gold worth billions smuggled out of Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gold-worth-billions-smuggled-out-of-africa Billions of dollars’ worth of gold is being smuggled out of Africa every year through the United Arab Emirates in the Middle East – a gateway to markets in Europe, the United States and beyond – a Reuters analysis has found. Customs data shows that the UAE imported $15.1 billion worth of gold from Africa in 2016, more than any other country and up from $1.3 billion in 2006. The total weight was 446 tonnes, in varying degrees of purity – up from 67 tonnes in 2006. Freedom Day in South Africa – a reminder of unfinished business http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/freedom-day-in-south-africa-a-reminder-of-unfinished-business South Africans celebrate Freedom Day on April 27 every year to mark the country’s first democratic elections in 1994. A quarter of a century later, though, questions remain: how much and whose freedom is to be celebrated? The differing answers among voters might affect the results of the national elections on 8 May. Flooding starts in Mozambique after cyclone, death toll rises to five http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/flooding-starts-in-mozambique-after-cyclone-death-toll-rises-to-five Mozambican officials on Saturday urged those living near two rivers in the country’s north to move to higher ground, as Cyclone Kenneth dumped heavy rains and caused some flooding. The cyclone killed five people and flattened homes around Mozambique’s northern coast before moving inland and pounding the province of Cabo Delgado with rain, fuelling fears rivers could burst their banks and leave huge areas under water. Abu Dhabi fund deposits $250 mln in Sudan c.bank - WAM http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/abu-dhabi-fund-deposits-250-mln-in-sudan-c-bank-wam The state-funded Abu Dhabi Fund for Development deposited $250 million in Sudan’s central bank as part of a previously-announced grant, state news agency WAM said on Sunday. Zimbabwe: High Court Overturns Police Ban On Nayo demonstration http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-high-court-overturns-police-ban-on-nayo-demonstration A High Court judge in Harare, issued an order last week allowing the National Youth Organisation (NAYO), to proceed with its demonstration against what the group says is shrinking civic space. The order effectively overturned a police ban on the planned protest initially planned for earlier this month. Sudan's military and opposition agree in principle to joint council http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-military-and-opposition-agree-in-principle-to-joint-council Sudan’s military rulers and opposition agreed in principle on Saturday to the formation of a joint body to lead a transition from 30 years of autocratic rule by Omar al-Bashir, but not on the new council’s make-up, two sources said. The two sides were holding their first formal discussions as opposition groups and protesters push for a rapid handover to civilian rule following Bashir’s fall earlier this month. Concerns Over Nigeria's Rising Debt Profile http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/concerns-over-nigeria-s-rising-debt-profile With Nigeria's debt profile up by 12.25 per cent last year to N24.387 trillion, analysts have expressed worry at the rising debt but the federal government continues to assure that it is within sustainable limits. As at December 31, 2018, Nigeria's debt profile had risen by N2.66 trillion from N21.725 trillion as at December 2017 to N24.387 trillion within the one year period. Close to 70 per cent of the 2018 revenue was spent on servicing the nation's debt. And out of the N8.9 trillion proposed national budget before the parliament for approval, over N2.3 trillion has been set aside for debt servicing, a development economists said was unhealthy for national development and economic growth. Tripoli gov't decries UN 'silence' on Haftar attacks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tripoli-gov-t-decries-un-silence-on-haftar-attacks The Tripoli-based Government of National Accord (GNA) on Sunday held the UN Security Council responsible for refraining from taking action regarding attacks on the Libyan capital by a rival government in eastern Libya. In early April, Khalifa Haftar, commander of forces loyal to Libya’s eastern government, launched a campaign to capture Tripoli from the rival UN-recognized GNA. What needs to be done to fix the binary reporting on China in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/what-needs-to-be-done-to-fix-the-binary-reporting-on-china-in-africa China’s involvement in many parts of Africa is expanding. Several milestones have been reached in recent years. These include China becoming the continent’s largest trading partner in 2009 and the opening of the country’s first overseas military base in Djibouti in 2017. So it’s not surprising that this has become an ever-expanding topic for both the media and researchers. But the accuracy of work being done, particularly in terms of reportage, leaves a great deal to be desired. AU Commission prepares for single market launch in July http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/au-commission-prepares-for-single-market-launch-in-july The African Continental Free Trade Area will enter into force during the next African Union Summit slated for Niamey, Niger, in July. Dr Halima Noor Abdi, a senior official of the African Union Commission (AUC), said 20 member-states have ratified the agreement and deposited the instruments with the commission, adding that she is optimistic that the remaining two would do so soon. South Sudan says its oil is flowing freely despite Sudan port strike http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-says-its-oil-is-flowing-freely-despite-sudan-port-strike South Sudan’s oil minister said on Monday that the country’s oil was flowing smoothly and problems with importing chemicals for drilling, due to a strike at a port in neighbouring Sudan, had been resolved. Landlocked South Sudan’s main oil shipment hub is Port Sudan in neighbouring Sudan. Chemicals due to be imported by South Sudan via the port for oil drilling were stranded late last week after oil workers at the port went on strike. Gunfire heard in Comoros capital after opposition forms parallel body to unseat president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunfire-heard-in-comoros-capital-after-opposition-forms-parallel-body-to-unseat-president Gunfire was heard near the main military base in the Comoros capital on Thursday, hours after opposition candidates announced plans to unseat the president whose re-election this week they reject as fraudulent. President Azali Assoumani was declared the winner in Sunday’s election with more than 60 percent of the vote, enough to avoid a second-round run-off. Observers from African monitoring missions have said the election lacked credibility. Six killed in church attack in northern Burkina Faso http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/six-killed-in-church-attack-in-northern-burkina-faso Unidentified gunmen killed one pastor and five congregants in an attack on a Protestant church in northern Burkina Faso on Sunday, government spokesman Remy Fulgance Dandjinou said on Monday. Swiss group files criminal complaint against Credit Suisse over Mozambique loans http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/swiss-group-files-criminal-complaint-against-credit-suisse-over-mozambique-loans A Swiss anti-corruption lobby group has filed a criminal complaint against Credit Suisse over alleged fraud in the arrangement of $2 billion of loans to Mozambique, the group said on Monday. Mozambique, one of the most indebted countries in the world, in 2016 admitted to billions of dollars of undisclosed borrowing, sparking a debt crisis and leading to the arrest of government officials and international bankers in the United States, United Kingdom and South Africa. Sudan's military rulers: "We are ready to negotiate but no chaos after today" http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-military-rulers-we-are-ready-to-negotiate-but-no-chaos-after-today Sudan’s military rulers said they were ready to negotiate with the opposition over the political future of the country but there should be no further unrest beyond Tuesday, a reference to protests disrupting trains and bridges. Opposition groups and protesters have been pressing the Transitional Military Council (TMC) to speed up the move to civilian rule since the army ousted former president Omar al-Bashir on April 11. Fears for cyclone-hit communities in Mozambique as rains return http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fears-for-cyclone-hit-communities-in-mozambique-as-rains-return Torrential rain returned to batter northern Mozambique on Tuesday, derailing aid operations and dumping more water on the port city of Pemba just days after it suffered severe flooding from Cyclone Kenneth. South African Airways agrees debt rollover deal in principle - CEO http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-airways-agrees-debt-rollover-deal-in-principle-ceo State-owned South African Airways (SAA) has reached an agreement in principle with lenders to roll over $642 million of debt, its CEO said on Tuesday, giving him room to execute a turnaround aimed at weaning the airline off government bailouts. South African President Cyril Ramaphosa has made a point of supporting ailing state firms like SAA, which survive on government handouts, but the extent of their financial difficulties has meant slow progress. Support for South Africa's ANC at 51-61 percent, opinion polls show http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/support-for-south-africa-s-anc-at-51-61-percent-opinion-polls-show South Africa’s ruling African National Congress (ANC) appears headed for victory in next month’s election, as President Cyril Ramaphosa seeks to strike a reforming tone, with three opinion polls showing support ranging between 51 and 61 percent. The three pollsters, which used different methodologies and turnout assumptions for the May 8 parliamentary vote, put support for the biggest opposition party, the Democratic Alliance (DA), at between 19 and 24 percent. Congo registers record 27 new Ebola cases in one day http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-registers-record-27-new-ebola-cases-in-one-day Democratic Republic of Congo registered a one-day record of 27 new confirmed Ebola cases on Sunday, raising last week’s number of cases to 126, the biggest since the current outbreak was declared last August, the health ministry said. The previous record was 110 confirmed cases a couple of weeks ago. Zamfara and The Nightmare of Violence http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zamfara-and-the-nightmare-of-violence The Senior Special Assistant on Media and Publicity to the President, Garba Shehu, announced in January that the Federal Government has assembled a strong military force comprising 1,000 personnel, to tackle the bandits terrorising communities in Zamfara. According to Garba Shehu in a statement in Abuja, the formation of the Force was directed by President Muhammadu Buhari, and the personnel in the squad were drawn from the Army, Air Force, Police and the Civil Defence. African Union tells Sudan military council to hand power to civilians within 60 days http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-union-tells-sudan-military-council-to-hand-power-to-civilians-within-60-days The African Union said on Tuesday that Sudan’s military rulers should hand over power to a civilian-led transitional authority within 60 days. Anger at corruption dents faith in South African president, ANC before poll http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/anger-at-corruption-dents-faith-in-south-african-president-anc-before-poll Struggling farmer Meshack Ncongwane was a life-long supporter of South Africa’s governing African National Congress but says the party won’t get his vote in parliamentary and provincial elections next week. Local ANC officials offered him what he thought would be a lucrative stake in a dairy farm in 2013. He was one of 80 people who were to be given an equal portion of a 50 percent share in the venture funded by the local government. South Sudan denies kidnapping, executing prominent critics http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-denies-kidnapping-executing-prominent-critics South Sudan rejects U.N. allegations its security services kidnapped two prominent government critics exiled in Kenya in 2017, flew them to Juba and days later executed the pair on a farm owned by President Salva Kiir, a government minister said on Wednesday. A report by the U.N. Security Council panel of experts published on late on Tuesday said multiple credible sources suggested Aggrey Idri Ezibon, a member of an opposition group, and Dong Samuel Luak, a human rights lawyer, were likely killed by National Security Service (NSS) officers on Jan. 30, 2017. UAE says "extremist militias" control Libyan capital http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uae-says-extremist-militias-control-libyan-capital The United Arab Emirates said on Thursday that “extremist militias” were controlling the Libyan capital which its ally Khalifa Haftar is fighting to capture from forces allied to Libya’s internationally recognised government. The UAE, along with Egypt, support Haftar who they see as a bulwark against Islamist militants in North Africa. A 2017 U.N. report said the Gulf Arab state has provided his eastern-based Libyan National Army (LNA) with military and logistical support. Germany's Merkel bolsters support for west African states http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/germany-s-merkel-bolsters-support-for-west-african-states Chancellor Angela Merkel promised Burkina Faso and four other West African countries millions of euros in new German aid on Wednesday to help fight terrorism in the region and support economic development. At the start of a three-day visit to the region, Merkel promised Burkina Faso more than 20 million euros ($22 million) and said Germany would send a further 60 million to the G5 Sahel group, to which Niger, Chad, Mali and Mauritania also belong. Benin: Clashes between protesters and security forces after polemic polls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/benin-clashes-between-protesters-and-security-forces-after-polemic-polls Protesters in Benin were locked in a tense standoff with police and soldiers Thursday after violence broke out following controversial parliamentary polls held without a single opposition candidate. Hours after initial results showed a record low turnout in Sunday’s election, soldiers and large numbers of police deployed on Wednesday across the economic capital Cotonou. Ethiopia PM underlines importance of Muslims to national unity http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-pm-underlines-importance-of-muslims-to-national-unity Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed on Wednesday (May 1) lauded the efforts of Ethiopian Muslims in ensuring national unity stressing the need for all and sundry to do more to guard the current peace. Abiy was addressing a national gathering of Muslim leaders in the capital Addis Ababa as part of an ongoing conference that started last week. South Africa: Frustration over racial disparities builds as poll nears http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-frustration-over-racial-disparities-builds-as-poll-nears After a decade of living in a tiny corrugated iron shack, Nyani Moloi was ecstatic when she was handed the keys to a two-bedroom brick house built by the government. But the unemployed grandmother’s joy quickly turned to anger when she discovered the home has no running water or electricity; the toilet does not flush, and rain seeps through the walls. “I am heartbroken by the condition of the house,” Moloi, 59, told Reuters as she pointed out damp patches in the home she shares with four grandchildren in the town of Bethlehem in Free State province. Congo Ebola death toll nears 1,000, expected to spread - WHO http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-ebola-death-toll-nears-1-000-expected-to-spread-who The World Health Organization said on Friday it feared continued “intense transmission” of Ebola virus in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where deaths from a nine-month-old epidemic is 994 and expected to exceed 1,000 within hours. World Bank to boost lending to Africa to help fight poverty - Malpass http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/world-bank-to-boost-lending-to-africa-to-help-fight-poverty-malpass The World Bank plans to boost lending to African countries to help fight poverty, the bank’s new president said on Friday after touring three sub-Saharan African countries. David Malpass, who has pledged to step up the bank’s anti-poverty mission, visited Madagascar, Ethiopia and Mozambique on April 29-May 3, meeting with leaders, stakeholders and visiting World Bank-funded projects. Prosecutor orders Sudan's Bashir interrogated http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/prosecutor-orders-sudan-s-bashir-interrogated Sudan’s public prosecutor on Thursday ordered ousted President Omar al-Bashir to be interrogated on charges of money laundering and financing terrorism, as hundreds of thousands of protesters joined a sit-in to demand the army give way to civilian rule. Bashir was removed by the military on April 11 after months of demonstrations against his 30 year rule. He is also wanted by the International Criminal Court in the Hague for war crimes over the conflict in Sudan’s Darfur region. Diplomats condemn order suspending Ugandan journalists http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/diplomats-condemn-order-suspending-ugandan-journalists Diplomats and rights groups condemned Ugandan authorities on Friday for ordering the suspension of more than 30 senior journalists after TV and radio stations covered protests by supporters of a pop star turned politician. Tanzania opposition activist found beaten, dumped in village http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-opposition-activist-found-beaten-dumped-in-village A Tanzanian opposition activist has been found beaten and unconscious at a village in the country’s southern highlands five days after unidentified people abducted him, stoking new fears of an opposition crackdown. Zimbabwe warns of power cuts as dam levels fall, ageing plants stutter http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-warns-of-power-cuts-as-dam-levels-fall-ageing-plants-stutter Zimbabwe’s state-owned power utility on Thursday warned it may ration electricity supplies as low water levels reduce output from its biggest hydro plant, while ageing coal-fired generators are shuttered or running at reduced capacity. Power cuts would hit the mining sector — which contributes more than two thirds of Zimbabwe’s export earnings — hardest, adding to difficulties in a country already grappling with a lack of U.S. dollars, soaring prices and shortages of fuel, food and medicines. Early results suggest ANC will retain power in South Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/early-results-suggest-anc-will-retain-power-in-south-africa Results from nearly half of voting districts in South Africa’s election put the African National Congress on course to retain power but at risk of its worst performance in a national poll since the end of white minority rule 25 years ago. As of 1400 GMT on Thursday, votes in 48 percent of 22,925 voting districts had been counted. The early tallies put the ANC on 57 percent in the parliamentary race, with the main opposition Democratic Alliance (DA) on nearly 23 percent and the leftist Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) on nearly 9 percent. Nigerian president nominates CBN governor for second term http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-president-nominates-cbn-governor-for-second-term Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari has nominated Central Bank Governor Godwin Emefiele for a second five-year term, according to a letter read on the floor of the senate. Ghana arrests 81 in separatist crackdown: police http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghana-arrests-81-in-separatist-crackdown-police Police in Ghana said on Wednesday they had arrested 81 people accused of supporting the declaration of an eastern region as an independent country. The sweeping arrests follow the detention of eight of the group's reported leaders on Sunday as they prepared to declare the region as their own nation, according to officers, meaning a total of 89 have been detained. Tanzania's Magufuli set to assume Sadc chairmanship in August http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-s-magufuli-set-to-assume-sadc-chairmanship-in-august Tanzania is expected to host the 39th Southern African Development Community (Sadc) summit scheduled for August 17 and 18. The minister for Foreign Affairs and East African Cooperation, Prof Palamagamba Kabudi, said on Wednesday that during the meeting Tanzania will take over the bloc’s chairmanship. Angola sacks Sonangol chief over fuel shortages http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/angola-sacks-sonangol-chief-over-fuel-shortages Angolan President Joao Lourenco sacked the chief executive of the state oil giant Sonangol following several days of dire fuel shortages which have paralysed Africa's second largest producer of crude. In a decree made public late Wednesday, Lourenco said Carlos Saturnino would be replaced by Gaspar Martins, another Sonangol board member. Ramaphosa's economic reforms in focus as ANC adjusts to smaller majority http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ramaphosa-s-economic-reforms-in-focus-as-anc-adjusts-to-smaller-majority Boosting South African growth and overhauling bloated power firm Eskom are post-election priorities for the African National Congress, but a reduced majority may force President Cyril Ramaphosa to compromise on those and other economic reforms. Ramaphosa took office in February 2018 with a pledge to revive a sclerotic economy and attract foreign investors. Zimbabwe rakes in $2.7m selling baby elephants in China http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-rakes-in-2-7m-selling-baby-elephants-in-china Zimbabwe raked in $2.7m for exporting baby elephants to China and the United Arab Emirates, the Tourism Minister has confirmed, according to the state-affiliated newspaper, The Chronicle. Tourism Minister Priscah Mupfumira said across a period of six years, the country had exported 97 elephants to the two destinations where they were sold. Gunmen kill six in attack on church in Northern Burkina Faso http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-kill-six-in-attack-on-church-in-northern-burkina-faso Gunmen killed six people in an attack on a Catholic church in northern Burkina Faso on Sunday, the mayor of Dablo town, where the attack took place, told Reuters. Sudanese forces disperse protest in Khartoum North: Reuters witness http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudanese-forces-disperse-protest-in-khartoum-north-reuters-witness Sudanese police and Rapid Support Forces used tear gas on Monday to disperse dozens of protesters in Khartoum North and removed barriers they had set up on a main street leading to the heart of the capital, a Reuters witness said. The dispersal came as stalled talks between the opposition and the ruling Transitional Military Council (TMC) resumed. Nigeria says ex-president and his oil minister took bribes – court filing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-says-ex-president-and-his-oil-minister-took-bribes-court-filing The Nigerian government has accused former President Goodluck Jonathan and his then oil minister of accepting bribes and breaking the country’s laws to broker a $1.3 billion oil deal eight years ago, a London court filing shows. The deal, in which Anglo-Dutch company Royal Dutch Shell and Italian peer Eni jointly acquired the rights to the OPL 245 offshore oilfield, has spawned legal cases spanning several countries. Indian Ocean oil and gas: Africa’s next energy frontier http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/indian-ocean-oil-and-gas-africa-s-next-energy-frontier When, in February, Somalia’s ambassador to Kenya found himself bundled aboard a direct flight to Mogadishu after hasty instruction from the Kenyan government, it was clear that the long-standing Indian Ocean border dispute between Kenyan and Somalia had reached a new low. Political games" hinder efforts to end Ebola outbreak in Congo: WHO" http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/political-games-hinder-efforts-to-end-ebola-outbreak-in-congo-who Attempts to end the second worst Ebola outbreak on record are being hampered by “political games” and distrust of outsiders in two towns in Democratic Republic of Congo, a senior World Health Organization official said on Monday. The epidemic has moved through northeastern Congo, killing 1,117 people since mid-2018. A rapid international response with an effective vaccine has managed to stop the spread in a string of towns, including Beni, Kyondo, Komanda, Tchomia, Mabalako, Mandima and Kayna, WHO emergencies chief Mike Ryan said. Liberians grapple with potential loss of U.S. legal status http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/liberians-grapple-with-potential-loss-of-u-s-legal-status As snow blanketed African markets, churches and graves in Brooklyn Park, Minnesota, in February, members of the Liberian community were praying fervently that this would not be their last winter in the United States. A form of immigration status known as Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) – which had protected the migrants from deportation and allowed them to work legally – was due to expire in March, meaning they would have had to leave the country voluntarily or be deported. European Union calls for ceasefire in Libya http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/european-union-calls-for-ceasefire-in-libya All warring groups in Libya must commit to a ceasefire and return to U.N.-led mediation, the European Union said on Monday, calling the situation a threat to international security. Sudan opposition holds military responsible for Monday violence http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-opposition-holds-military-responsible-for-monday-violence Sudan’s opposition alliance said on Tuesday the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces had used live ammunition on Monday and that the military was responsible for what happened. Four dead, several injured, in Somalia suicide bombing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/four-dead-several-injured-in-somalia-suicide-bombing A suicide bomber killed at least four people and injured several others Tuesday after detonating a car packed with explosives in Mogadishu, Somali security forces said. "A suicide bomber drove a car loaded with explosives into the entrance of Wardhigley District offices," said security official, Mohamed Samow. Sudan army rulers, protesters agree on 3-year transition period http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-army-rulers-protesters-agree-on-3-year-transition-period Sudanese army rulers and protest leaders Wednesday agreed on a three-year transition period for transferring power to a full civilian administration, even as negotiations over a new sovereign ruling body remain unfinished. The protest movement is demanding a civilian-led transition following 30 years of iron-fisted rule by now deposed president Omar al-Bashir, but the generals who toppled him have been holding onto a leadership role. Malawi's president makes final plea for re-election in tight race http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-s-president-makes-final-plea-for-re-election-in-tight-race Malawi’s President Peter Mutharika made a last-ditch bid to win re-election on Saturday as candidates for next week’s hotly contested election wrapped up their campaigns at rival rallies across the country. Former law professor Mutharika, 78, is trying to secure a second five-year term in Malawi, a southern African country heavily dependent on foreign aid which has experienced severe droughts in the past decade. Sudanese commander says democratic elections are his goal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudanese-commander-says-democratic-elections-are-his-goal The deputy leader of Sudan’s military council voiced his enthusiasm for democratic elections in front of an audience of tribal leaders and senior diplomats on Saturday, while seeking to deflect blame for violence in Khartoum this week. At disaster forum, storm-hit Mozambique says will seek help to build back better http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-disaster-forum-storm-hit-mozambique-says-will-seek-help-to-build-back-better Mozambique, which was battered by two cyclones in March and April, will hold an international conference in two weeks’ time to drum up funding to help it build back stronger, its vice-minister for state administration said Friday. “What we have learned from these cyclones (is) we need to build new infrastructure but resilient,” Albano Macie told the Thomson Reuters Foundation on the sidelines of a global conference on preventing disasters, which ended Friday. Forces loyal to Libya's U.N.-backed government receive military hardware http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/forces-loyal-to-libya-s-u-n-backed-government-receive-military-hardware A coalition of forces allied with Libya’s U.N.-backed government of national accord (GNA) said it had received a shipment of armoured vehicles and arms on Saturday as it tries to stop Khalifa Haftar’s Libyan National Army (LNA) from taking the capital, Tripoli. “The GNA is fostering its forces defending Tripoli with armoured vehicles, ammunition and quality weapons,” the pro-GNA coalition said on one of its Facebook page, without giving further details about the origin of the military equipment. Ex-Credit Suisse banker pleads guilty to U.S. charge over Mozambique loan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ex-credit-suisse-banker-pleads-guilty-to-u-s-charge-over-mozambique-loan A former Credit Suisse Group AG banker pleaded guilty on Monday to a U.S. charge that she helped launder money from a kickback scheme involving $2 billion in loans to state-owned companies in Mozambique. Ethiopian crash: French woman sues Boeing seeking at least $276 mln http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopian-crash-french-woman-sues-boeing-seeking-at-least-276-mln A French woman whose husband was killed in the March crash of a Boeing 737 MAX airliner in Ethiopia has filed a U.S. lawsuit against the planemaker seeking at least $276 million in damages, her lawyer said on Tuesday. Talks on Sudan's political transition fail to produce deal for second day http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/talks-on-sudan-s-political-transition-fail-to-produce-deal-for-second-day Talks between Sudan’s ruling Transitional Military Council and an alliance of protesters and opposition groups failed for the second day in a row to produce a breakthrough on the country’s political transition, the council said early on Tuesday. Street protests and a sit-in outside the defence ministry compound in Khartoum have not ended even after the army ousted and arrested former President Omar al-Bashir on April 11. Congolese opposition leader returns home after three years in exile http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congolese-opposition-leader-returns-home-after-three-years-in-exile Congolese opposition leader Moise Katumbi returned home from three years in exile on Monday, one of a series of indicted politicians cleared under the administration of new President Felix Tshisekedi. Thousands of supporters came out to welcome Katumbi at the airpoirt in Lubumbashi, the main city in his political heartland in Democratic Republic of Congo’s southern copper-mining Katanga region. Zimbabwe scraps official parity for fuel imports http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-scraps-official-parity-for-fuel-imports Oil companies in Zimbabwe will from Tuesday buy dollars to import fuel on the interbank market after the central bank ended the1:1 peg to the dollar that the firms were using, the bank said, a move that could see the price of fuel going up. Portuguese officers convicted of kidnapping black youths http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/portuguese-officers-convicted-of-kidnapping-black-youths A Portuguese court has found eight police officers guilty of kidnapping and beating up six youths from a predominantly black neighbourhood in the outskirts of Lisbon. Somalia protests after its officials deported by Kenya http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-protests-after-its-officials-deported-by-kenya Somalia has criticised neighbouring Kenya for deporting two Somali lawmakers and a minister after authorities in Nairobi blocked them from entering the country. Senators Ilyas Ali and Zamzam Dahir and minister Osman Liban arrived at Kenya’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) on Monday and were forced to spend hours there before being returned to Somalia on Tuesday. South Africa's newly-elected Ramaphosa promises to work for all http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-newly-elected-ramaphosa-promises-to-work-for-all South African lawmakers elected Cyril Ramaphosa president on Wednesday, and he promised to create jobs and work for the interests of all citizens, not just members of the majority African National Congress (ANC). Botswana lifts ban on big game hunting http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/botswana-lifts-ban-on-big-game-hunting Botswana, home to almost a third of Africa’s elephants, lifted a ban on big game hunting on Wednesday, citing growing conflict between humans and wildlife and the negative impact of the hunting suspension on people’s livelihoods. Conservationists estimate the southern African country has around 130,000 elephants, but some lawmakers say the number is much higher and causes problems for small-scale farmers. Islamic State West Africa claims killing and execution of 29 Nigerian soldiers http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/islamic-state-west-africa-claims-killing-and-execution-of-29-nigerian-soldiers Islamic State’s West Africa branch claimed responsibility on Wednesday for a raid in Nigeria two days earlier in which it said 20 soldiers had been killed and released a video purporting to show the execution of nine other Nigerian soldiers. A security source and a humanitarian worker, both requesting anonymity because they were not allowed to speak to media, said insurgents struck the northeastern town of Gubio in Borno state on Monday evening, in vehicles mounted with heavy machine guns and on motorbikes. Libyan commander Haftar told Macron no ceasefire for now - French presidency http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/libyan-commander-haftar-told-macron-no-ceasefire-for-now-french-presidency Libyan eastern commander Khalifa Haftar, speaking on Wednesday with French President Emmanuel Macron, ruled out a ceasefire and said he wanted to rid the capital of militias that had “infested” the U.N.-backed government, a French presidential official said. The flare-up in the conflict in Libya - which has been gripped by anarchy since Muammar Gaddafi was toppled in 2011 - began in early April, when Haftar’s Libyan National Army advanced on the capital Tripoli. The LNA is now bogged down in southern suburbs by fighters loyal to Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj’s Government of National Accord (GNA). At least nine illegal Zimbabwean miners die after mine collapse http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-nine-illegal-zimbabwean-miners-die-after-mine-collapse At least nine illegal gold miners have died in Zimbabwe after they detonated explosives underground and were trapped at a mine owned by unlisted London-headquartered Metallon Corporation north of the capital Harare, the company said on Monday. South African deputy president to be sworn in as lawmaker after delay http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-deputy-president-to-be-sworn-in-as-lawmaker-after-delay South Africa’s deputy president, David Mabuza, will be sworn in as a lawmaker on Tuesday, a week after he requested a postponement to address accusations he had brought the ruling African National Congress (ANC) into disrepute, the party said. Kenya engages World Bank for $750 mln loan for budget support http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-engages-world-bank-for-750-mln-loan-for-budget-support Kenya is negotiating with the World Bank for a $750 million loan for budgetary support, documents on the proposed funding posted on the lender’s website showed on Tuesday. The East African nation has multiple development funding programmes, worth billions of dollars, with the Washington-based lender, but the funding bypasses the Treasury and is usually channelled straight into the projects. Nigerian president signs $29 bln 2019 budget into law http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-president-signs-29-bln-2019-budget-into-law Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari signed an 8.9 trillion-naira ($29 billion) budget for 2019 into law on Monday. Approved by lawmakers last month, the budget is based on estimated oil production of 2.3 million barrels a day, an assumed crude price of $60 per barrel and an exchange rate of 305 naira to the dollar. Zimbabwe presses exporters, power utility as economic crisis mounts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-presses-exporters-power-utility-as-economic-crisis-mounts Zimbabwe government figures blamed exporters on Monday for exacerbating a dollar shortage and warned the power utility against fuelling inflation as the state grappled with a mounting economic crisis. Malawi's Mutharika narrowly wins presidential race with 38.57 % of the vote http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-s-mutharika-narrowly-wins-presidential-race-with-38-57-of-the-vote President Peter Mutharika won Malawi’s presidential election with 38.57% of votes, the electoral commission said on Monday, narrowly securing another five-year term after delays over suspected tampering. Head of Sudan's military council meets Abu Dhabi crown prince http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/head-of-sudan-s-military-council-meets-abu-dhabi-crown-prince The head of Sudan’s military council met Abu Dhabi’s crown prince on Sunday, who expressed the United Arab Emirates’ support for Sudan as it navigates a transition after the ouster of Omar al-Bashir, Emirates news agency (WAM) reported. Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan’s visit to the UAE came on the heels of a trip to Egypt and a visit by his deputy, General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, to Saudi Arabia. Ramadan in Nigeria: Cultures and Practices http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ramadan-in-nigeria-cultures-and-practices The month of Ramadan has a global spread with diverse cultures among different countries of the world, while each society also puts its personal impression on the wide and thick discourse that has developed around the holy month. Two Sudan rebel leaders arrested after meeting Ethiopia PM - sources http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/two-sudan-rebel-leaders-arrested-after-meeting-ethiopia-pm-sources Two Sudanese rebel leaders were arrested early on Saturday, opposition sources said, shortly after meeting visiting Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, who is trying to mediate in a crisis threatening a transition to democracy. Protests in Liberia against corruption, economic decline http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/protests-in-liberia-against-corruption-economic-decline Thousands of Liberians took to the streets of the capital, Monrovia, on Friday to protest against the corruption and economic decline that many blame on their once hugely popular president, former football star George Weah. Zimbabwe president says new currency a must by year-end http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-president-says-new-currency-a-must-by-year-end Zimbabwe must have a new currency by the end of the year, President Emmerson Mnangagwa said on Friday, arguing this would help stabilise prices and inflation, which is at a 10-year high. The southern African nation in February removed an unrealistic peg for its electronic dollars and surrogate bond notes and merged them into a transitional currency called the Real Time Gross Settlement (RTGS) dollar. Thousands of Algerians demonstrate for political reforms http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/thousands-of-algerians-demonstrate-for-political-reforms With banners reading “You all go” and “We need new figures”, thousands of protesters gathered in the Algerian capital on Friday for what has become a regular demonstration demanding the removal of the ruling elite. Niger, Tunisia et al take seats on UN Security Council http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/niger-tunisia-et-al-take-seats-on-un-security-council Niger and Tunisia were among countries elected as non-permanent members to the Security Council for a period of two years. Seven candidates ran for five seats including Viet Nam ,Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, El Salvador, Estonia and Romania. Khemaies Jhinaoui is Tunisian Foreign Minister. Ivorian govt condemns xenophobic remarks by ex-President http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivorian-govt-condemns-xenophobic-remarks-by-ex-president The Ivorian government on Saturday condemned a remark considered as extreme by its former President, calling for hostility towards foreigners. The remark was purportedly made by former President Henri Konan Bédié on Wednesday. In a statement which includes a video of Bédié‘s remark to the party’s website, the government said Ivorians will not accept such remarks. Sudan opposition alliance lists conditions for return to dialogue http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-opposition-alliance-lists-conditions-for-return-to-dialogue Sudan’s opposition alliance, the Declaration of Freedom and Change Forces said on Friday it accepted Ethiopian Prime minister Abiy Ahmed’s call to return to dialogue with the Transitional Military Council but under certain conditions. Ethiopia PM in Tigray region, joins efforts to save Axum obelisk http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-pm-in-tigray-region-joins-efforts-to-save-axum-obelisk Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed is in the northern Tigray region where he has held a series of meetings with stakeholders over a wide range of issues. Abiy and his delegation were met on arrival in the region by its Vice President Dr Debretsion Gebremichael. Civil disobedience campaign empties streets of Sudan's capital as death toll rises http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/civil-disobedience-campaign-empties-streets-of-sudan-s-capital-as-death-toll-rises A campaign of civil disobedience to demand civilian rule left the streets of Sudan’s capital Khartoum largely deserted as the working week began on Sunday, while a 20-year-old man was shot dead in Omdurman, witnesses and opposition medics said. IATA predicts losses for African airlines as the industry braces for higher fuel prices and weaker global trade http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/iata-predicts-losses-for-african-airlines-as-the-industry-braces-for-higher-fuel-prices-and-weaker-global-trade It's going to be yet another year of losses for African airlines — the fourth in a row — as the global airline industry braces for higher fuel prices and weaker global trade during 2019. Uganda plans to restore old railway at $205m http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-plans-to-restore-old-railway-at-205m Uganda will invest $205 million in restoring an old railway line linking Kampala to Malaba on the Kenyan border following delays in securing funding for the standard gauge railway. The upgraded meter gauge railway line is expected to boost monthly freight capacity to 120,000 metric tonnes from the current 20,000 tonnes by 2026, Stanley Sendegeya, Uganda Railways Corporation’s chief financial officer, said in an interview. The Growing Threat of Terrorism in Burkina Faso http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-growing-threat-of-terrorism-in-burkina-faso Last month in northern Burkina Faso there were attacks on a church and on a procession of Catholics. These have raised fears of religious strife in a country where security remains a major challenge. These attacks follow the murder of a pastor and five congregants in Silgadji, in the north, and the kidnapping of a Catholic priest. These events are part of a violent trend that is mostly affecting the country’s northern and eastern regions. Terrorist attacks and inter-communal conflict – like the massacre of Fulani in Yirgou (north) in early 2019 – there are concerns have many concerned for the West African nation. Sudan: a chance for the AU to refine support for countries in crisis http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-a-chance-for-the-au-to-refine-support-for-countries-in-crisis The Peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU) has suspended Sudan from all the organisation’s activities “until the effective establishment of a civilian-led Transitional Authority”. It also threatened to impose punitive measures on individuals and entities obstructing the establishment of a civilian-led transitional authority. The AU has given the Sudan Transitional Military Council, which orchestrated the overthrow of Omar al-Bashir in April, a 60-day deadline to do so. Presidential panel submits long-delayed report on South African land reform http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/presidential-panel-submits-long-delayed-report-on-south-african-land-reform A panel of experts appointed by President Cyril Ramaphosa to advise South Africa’s government on how to resolve the issue of land reform, restitution and redistribution handed in its final report on Tuesday, the presidency said. Land rights are among the most pressing issues in South Africa more than two decades after the end of apartheid, when millions among the black majority were dispossessed of their land by a white minority. New Ebola cases in Uganda raise fears of further spread http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/new-ebola-cases-in-uganda-raise-fears-of-further-spread Uganda announced two more cases of Ebola on Wednesday - confirmation of the first spread of a deadly outbreak beyond the borders of Democratic Republic of Congo. Nigeria's economy is expected to grow 2.7% this year, President Buhari says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-economy-is-expected-to-grow-2-7-this-year-president-buhari-says Nigeria’s economy is expected to grow 2.7% this year, President Muhammadu Buhari said on Wednesday, in his first public speech since his inauguration for a second term last month. Ethiopian envoy says Sudan talks to resume as strike suspended http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopian-envoy-says-sudan-talks-to-resume-as-strike-suspended Sudan’s military and opposition groups have agreed to resume talks on the formation of a transitional council, an Ethiopian envoy said on Tuesday, as an opposition alliance said it was suspending its campaign of civil disobedience and strikes. Mali lowers estimate of village raid death toll to 35 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-lowers-estimate-of-village-raid-death-toll-to-35 Mali’s government has lowered to 35 from an initial 95 its estimate of the death toll from a recent attack on a Dogon village, the country’s latest incident of ethnic violence. African leaders gather for Nigeria's inaugural Democracy Day http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-leaders-gather-for-nigeria-s-inaugural-democracy-day June 12 is officially a national holiday in Nigeria for the celebration of “Democracy Day” in Africa’s most populous country. Motorbike taxi firms rev up for race into West Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/motorbike-taxi-firms-rev-up-for-race-into-west-africa Motorcycle taxi companies are expanding in West Africa with backing from investors betting that the meteoric rise of two-wheeled taxi firms in Asia can be replicated in some of the fastest growing countries in the world. Mali fires regional governor after attack that killed dozens http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mali-fires-regional-governor-after-attack-that-killed-dozens Mali’s council of ministers has fired the governor of its central Mopti region, after gunmen killed dozens of people in the latest of a spate of ethnic killings there, it said in a statement. Nigeria's President plans to lift 100 million Nigerians out of poverty in 10 years http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-president-plans-to-lift-100-million-nigerians-out-of-poverty-in-10-years Nigeria’s president Muhammadu Buhari on Wednesday replicate successes of his first four years in offices, citing an improved economy and better infrastructure among those achievements. Buhari won re-election in February this year, polling 56% of the vote, whose turnout was just 36%. U.S. joins diplomatic push to salvage agreement in Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-joins-diplomatic-push-to-salvage-agreement-in-sudan The top U.S. diplomat for Africa on Wednesday joined an international effort to press Sudan’s military rulers and the opposition toward a deal on a transition to democracy two months after the overthrow of former President Omar al-Bashir. Ugandans concerned at reports of Ebola cases in the country http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ugandans-concerned-at-reports-of-ebola-cases-in-the-country Three cases of Ebola have been confirmed in Uganda, a neighbouring country to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, officials said on Wednesday June 12. On Tuesday, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that a 5-year-old boy had been diagnosed in Uganda, apparently after crossing over from the DRC. WHOofficials said it was the first Ebola case in Uganda during the ongoing outbreak in the DRC. Chad opposition leader arrested in France on crime against humanity charges http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/chad-opposition-leader-arrested-in-france-on-crime-against-humanity-charges France has arrested a Chadian rebel leader along with two other people for alleged crimes against humanity, the Paris prosecutor’s office said on Monday. General Mahamat Nouri, who served as a minister under former President Hissene Habre and current President Idriss Deby, joined the armed opposition against Deby in 2006. At least 161 dead in northeast Congo in apparent ethnic clashes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-161-dead-in-northeast-congo-in-apparent-ethnic-clashes At least 161 people have been killed in a northeastern province of Democratic Republic of Congo in the past week, local officials said on Monday, in an apparent resurgence of ethnic clashes between farming and herding communities. Sudan's Bashir charged with corruption, in 1st appearance since April http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-bashir-charged-with-corruption-in-1st-appearance-since-april Sudan’s ex-president Omar al-Bashir was charged with corruption-related offences on Sunday, as he appeared in public for the first time since he was overthrown and detained in April. After five years as 'Wife of the President, Mrs. Buhari takes 'First Lady' title http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/after-five-years-as-wife-of-the-president-mrs-buhari-takes-first-lady-title Aisha Buhari, wife of the Nigerian president has officially announced that she will be addressed as First Lady, five years after going with the official title, ‘Wife of The President.’ She explained that the reasoning behind the current decision was to clear a discrepancy between her title and that of wives of the respective state governors. AfDB launches digital financial inclusion facility http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/afdb-launches-digital-financial-inclusion-facility The African Development Bank and its partners on Wednesday launched the Africa Digital Financial Inclusion Facility (ADFI), designed to aid safety and expansion of digital financial transactions in Africa. The Fund, launched at the Bank’s Annual Meetings in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, is supported by the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation, the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and the Government of Luxembourg, as initial contributors. The goal is to ensure that at least 320 million more Africans, of which nearly 60% are women, have access to digital financial services. The fund will deploy $100 million in grants and $300 million in the form of debt from the Bank’s ordinary capital resources by 2030, to scale up electronic financial services for low-income communities. Triple suicide attack by Boko Haram kills at least 30 in Nigeria http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/triple-suicide-attack-by-boko-haram-kills-at-least-30-in-nigeria At least 30 people were killed and dozens injured in a triple suicide attack in northeast Nigerian state of Borno, state emergency officials said on Monday, in the biggest mass killing this year by suicide bombers. “Yesterday around 8pm (1900 GMT) it was reported that there was a very loud explosion in (the village of) Konduga. On reaching the scene of the incident we found there was a lot of causalties. In fact the death toll was over 30 and the injured over 42,” an emergency service official told Reuters. Ethiopian PM loses father - State media http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopian-pm-loses-father-state-media State media in Ethiopia have reported the death of Ahmed Ali, father of the country’s Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali on Monday. The Fana Broadcasting Corporate, FBC, report quoted a local government office as confirming the death. Ahmed Ali is expected to be buried tomorrow in line with Islamic norms. Malawi opposition chief takes MP seat despite disputing presidential vote http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-opposition-chief-takes-mp-seat-despite-disputing-presidential-vote Local media in Malawi reported on Monday that opposition chief, Lazarus Chakwera, has been sworn in as a member of parliament in the capital Lilongwe following the May 21 elections. The 64-year-old Chakwera who leads the Malawi Congress Party, MCP, was sworn in along with over 60 others at the Parliament Building. The swearing in for other lawmakers is set to continue today. Campaign highlights ahead of Mauritania presidential elections http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/campaign-highlights-ahead-of-mauritania-presidential-elections Mauritania’s leading presidential candidates are hoping they have done enough to convince voters that they are the right successor to President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, who is standing down after a decade in power. The frontrunner among the six candidates is former general Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, a longtime ally of Abdel Aziz, whose two elected five-year terms were preceded by a military coup in 2008. Cocoa industry stakeholders accept price dictated by Ghana, Ivory Coast http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cocoa-industry-stakeholders-accept-price-dictated-by-ghana-ivory-coast Ghana and Ivory Coast on Wednesday announced that they had won concessions from stakeholders in the cocoa industry, including acceptance of a $2,600 floor price for a tonne of cocoa. The two nations had threatened to stop selling their production to buyers unwilling to meet a minimum price. Health workers in Uganda cleared to use experimental Ebola treatments http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/health-workers-in-uganda-cleared-to-use-experimental-ebola-treatments Uganda’s health minister said on Tuesday that health workers have now been authorised to use three experimental Ebola treatments in the country, a week after the deadly disease spread over the border from Democratic Republic of Congo. Former Egyptian president Mursi buried in Cairo, son says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/former-egyptian-president-mursi-buried-in-cairo-son-says Former Egyptian president Mohamed Mursi has been buried alongside other senior figures of the Muslim Brotherhood in Cairo, his son, Ahmed Mursi, said on his Facebook page on Tuesday. Three convicted in Kenya for aiding deadly terrorist attack on university http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/three-convicted-in-kenya-for-aiding-deadly-terrorist-attack-on-university A Kenyan court on Wednesday convicted three people of terrorism-related offences for helping Somali militants carry out a 2015 attack on a university that killed 148 people, most of them students. Al Shabaab terrorists stormed Garissa University on April 2, 2015 and sought to kill Christian students in particular. It was the worst such attack in the East African state since al Qaeda, to which al Shabaab is affiliated, bombed the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, killing 258 people. Mauritanians vote for president, with insider tipped to win http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mauritanians-vote-for-president-with-insider-tipped-to-win For the first time since Mauritania’s independence, its citizens voted on Saturday for a successor to a democratically-elected president, though a government insider campaigning on a message of continuity is heavily tipped to win. Malawi leader vows to lift economy as protests continue http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-leader-vows-to-lift-economy-as-protests-continue Malawi’s economy will grow 5% in 2019, President Peter Mutharika promised on Friday, in a state of the nation address boycotted by the opposition who again clashed with police in more protests against a recent vote. The president narrowly won re-election in May by just three percentage points over opposition leader Lazarus Chakwera in a bruising race marked by claims of rigging against Mutharika’s Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). Ethiopia opposition warns against delaying 2020 elections http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-opposition-warns-against-delaying-2020-elections Opposition politicians in Ethiopia are warning against a delay to national elections due in 2020 that would be the first under reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed but are under threat from an explosion of regional ethnic rivalries. South Africa's Ramaphosa says Eskom too vital to fail http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-ramaphosa-says-eskom-too-vital-to-fail South Africa’s President Cyril Ramaphosa pledged on Thursday to speed up 230 billion rand ($16.11 billion) of support for ailing power utility Eskom, which he said was too vital to be allowed to fail. Senegal protests over fraudulent oil deals http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/senegal-protests-over-fraudulent-oil-deals Oil, one of the world’s biggest source of income as well as trouble. Senegal being the latest country to be afflicted. On Friday, thousands of people took to the streets of the capital Dakar to protest oil contracts condemned as fraudulent. A new demonstration following accusations of corruption against the Senegalese President’s brother. Questions surrounding Ethiopia's attempted Amhara coup http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/questions-surrounding-ethiopia-s-attempted-amhara-coup As the dust settles on what authorities in Ethiopia have described as an attempted coup in the Amhara region, many questions remain unanswered as to what exactly caused the death of five top officials. Ethiopia’s army chief, the president of Amhara state and three other top officials were killed in two separate attacks. While the government has said the attacks took place within the context of an attempted coup in Amhara and are possibly linked, the overall motives remain murky. Don't expect debt relief, United States warns Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/don-t-expect-debt-relief-united-states-warns-africa African countries running up debt they won’t be able to pay back, including to China, should not expect to be bailed out by western-sponsored debt relief, the United States’ top Africa diplomat warned. ICC to rule on DRC warlord Ntaganda case on July 8th http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/icc-to-rule-on-drc-warlord-ntaganda-case-on-july-8th The International Criminal Court will deliver its judgment on 8 July on the former Congolese warlord, who has been detained in The Hague since 2013 for war crimes and crimes against humanity. Nicknamed “Terminator”, Bosco Ntaganda is accused of recruiting child soldiers and ordering murders, looting and rapes committed by his troops in 2002 and 2003 in Ituri, in the north-eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Sierra Leone plans to connect capital to airport http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sierra-leone-plans-to-connect-capital-to-airport Sierra Leone is set to invest up to $2 billion to link its capital city Freetown to the country’s only international airport, through a 7km bridge. Freetown International Airport at Lungi is currently accessible only by boat or helicopter, separated from the capital by the nearly five km (three mile) wide mouth of the Rokel river.* Sudan protest hub: US threatens sanctions in case of any junta violence http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-protest-hub-us-threatens-sanctions-in-case-of-any-junta-violence A top U.S. State Department official who deals with Sudan said on Tuesday that Washington was considering all options, including possible sanctions, if there was more violence after a deadly assault on protesters in Khartoum early this month. “We’re looking at all options, including sanctions down the line should there be any kind of repeat of violence,” Makila James, deputy assistant secretary for East Africa and the Sudans, told a U.S. House of Representatives hearing. Mauritania joins Ethiopia, Sudan in Africa's 'internet blackout zone' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mauritania-joins-ethiopia-sudan-in-africa-s-internet-blackout-zone Internet connectivity has been cut in most parts of Mauritania, online rights group, NetBlocks; reported on Tuesday. The group said the outage was linked to post-election incidents in the country. “Mauritania is in the midst of a near-total internet blackout as of 3:30 p.m. UTCTuesday 25 June 2019, following contested presidential elections held during the weekend. Thousands mourn officials killed in Ethiopia coup attempt, priests urge unity http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/thousands-mourn-officials-killed-in-ethiopia-coup-attempt-priests-urge-unity Thousands lined the streets in Ethiopia’s two main northern cities on Wednesday to mourn officials killed in a failed regional coup, as soldiers looked on and priests called for unity after months of ethnically-charged strife. Snipers took up positions on rooftops in Amhara’s regional capital Bahir Dar and security services mixed with the crowds in a show of strength four days after the killings that posed the biggest threat yet to Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s reforms. 100 foreigners arrested in Mauritania following disputed polls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/100-foreigners-arrested-in-mauritania-following-disputed-polls Mauritanian police raided the headquarters of two opposition parties, closing one of them amid high tension followed a disputed outcome to presidential elections, sources said Tuesday. The operation late Monday came after police clashed with opposition supporters angered over the declared victory of ruling party candidate Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, they said. Zimbabwe's Mnangagwa talks up currency reform but business wary http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-mnangagwa-talks-up-currency-reform-but-business-wary Zimbabwe’s President Emmerson Mnangagwa said on Tuesday that a decision to ban the use of foreign currencies was an important step to repair the economy, but local businesspeople and investors were wary a day after the reform was announced. Kenya-Somalia maritime case set for September http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-somalia-maritime-case-set-for-september The hearing of the maritime dispute between Kenya and Somalia will start on September 9 and run through to September 13 at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) at The Hague, Netherlands. The Court published a schedule for the hearing which will be streamed live. The programme, announced by the Court on Tuesday, states that there will be two parts of hearings – one on Monday and Wednesday, the other on Thursday and Friday, with each country being given two days to defend their cases. Knowing what leads to building collapses can help make African cities safer http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/knowing-what-leads-to-building-collapses-can-help-make-african-cities-safer It’s a sadly familiar image in several developing countries’ media reports: people frantically searching the rubble of a collapsed building for survivors. The data is disparate and scattered. But what is known confirms what the images tell us: building collapses are a common, tragic occurrence in developing countries’ cities. In Kampala, Uganda, one study counted 54 building collapse deaths and 122 injuries between 2004 and 2008. Another study identified 112 cases in Lagos, Nigeria from December 1978 to April 2008. Between February and May 2019, 29 deaths and 76 injuries were recorded from 13 building collapse incidents across Nigeria. Al-Bashir and the ICC: is it worth getting your man, if you jeopardise your mission? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/al-bashir-and-the-icc-is-it-worth-getting-your-man-if-you-jeopardise-your-mission The International Criminal Court (ICC) has been trying without success to take custody of Sudan’s Omar al-Bashir for more than a decade. In April, al-Bashir was removed from power, and in June he appeared before a Sudanese court on corruption charges. Following al-Bashir’s fall, the ICC has reinvigorated its call for his extradition. This is fraught with danger, however, because it requires that the ICC cooperate with the men who have taken charge in Sudan, who are themselves deeply implicated in the very acts that al-Bashir is accused of. Such cooperation risks damaging the ICC’s reputation and legitimising a criminal regime. Why Ethiopia’s federal system is deeply flawed http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/why-ethiopia-s-federal-system-is-deeply-flawed For almost three decades Ethiopia’s federal structure – enshrined in the country’s 1994 constitution – has been defended by the ruling coalition, the Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Democratic Front. It’s not surprising that the front has been the system’s prime advocate and defender. It oversaw the creation and implementation of the federal structure. Some of the country’s opposition elites also support the system. They believe it helps promote group rights, granting Ethiopians the right of self-administration. Swiss government to mediate Cameroon peace talks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/swiss-government-to-mediate-cameroon-peace-talks Switzerland has agreed to mediate talks between Cameroonian authorities and separatists in a bid to end escalating violence in the country’s Anglophone regions, the Swiss government said on Thursday. Nearly 250 arrested in Ethiopia after foiled coup - state TV http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nearly-250-arrested-in-ethiopia-after-foiled-coup-state-tv Nearly 250 people have been arrested in Ethiopia’s capital and the main city in its Amhara region since a coup attempt was foiled, state TV reported on Thursday. Security forces use tear gas to disperse students in Sudan's Khartoum http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/security-forces-use-tear-gas-to-disperse-students-in-sudan-s-khartoum Security forces fired tear gas to disperse dozens of students demonstrating against the ruling military council at a financial academy in the heart of Sudan’s capital Khartoum on Thursday, a Reuters witness said. Africa joins rest of the world in opposing US position at WTO http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africa-joins-rest-of-the-world-in-opposing-us-position-at-wto Up to 43 African countries have joined a list of nations wanting an end to a U.S. veto on judicial appointments at the World Trade Organization, a statement showed on Wednesday. The development means that a large majority of WTO member states now openly oppose the U.S. position at the leading global organisation on trade. South Sudan asks EAC for more time to settle dues http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-asks-eac-for-more-time-to-settle-dues The East African Community should not suspend Juba over debt, but instead give it more time to remit its dues, a South Sudanese minister has said. South Sudan has been having financial problems but it is working on meeting its obligations, the Minister for Trade, Industry and East African Community Affairs Paul Mayom added. In an interview with the East African on Thursday on the sidelines of the First China-Africa Trade Expo in Changsha, the capital of central China’s Hunan province, the minister said Juba was committed to pay bloc’s annual contributions. Exploiting Borders in the Sahel: The Islamic State in the Greater Sahara http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/exploiting-borders-in-the-sahel-the-islamic-state-in-the-greater-sahara The Islamic State in the Greater Sahara has pursued breadth rather than depth of engagement in its rapid rise along the Mali, Niger, and Burkina Faso borders. Why Liberians have turned against ‘King George’ http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/why-liberians-have-turned-against-king-george When one of Africa’s greatest footballers, George Weah won the Presidential election a year and a half ago, Liberians were ecstatic, believing they had found their saviour. The State of Foreign Direct Investments in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-state-of-foreign-direct-investments-in-africa Foreign Direct Investments – FDI Flows – to Africa rose by 11 per cent to $46 billion in the past year, and in 2019, a number of factors, including the the realisation of African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement (AfCFTA) could support additional flows. According to UNCTAD’s World Investment Report 2019, here is how Africa stands. Tens of thousands protest to demand civilian rule in Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tens-of-thousands-protest-to-demand-civilian-rule-in-sudan Tens of thousands of people took to the streets in Khartoum on Sunday demanding the ruling military hand over to civilians, in the largest demonstrations since a deadly security service raid on a protest camp three weeks ago. Protesters waved the Sudanese flag and chanted “civilian, civilian” and “blood for blood” in several parts of the capital as security forces looked on. Opposition groups posted videos of what they said were rallies in other cities. Gunmen kidnap Cameroon opposition leader in restive Anglophone region http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gunmen-kidnap-cameroon-opposition-leader-in-restive-anglophone-region Unidentified gunmen in Cameroon’s Anglophone region kidnapped the leader of one of the country’s leading opposition parties on Friday for the second time in two months, his party said. Uganda has excess cane, but govt says it’s not selling to Kenya http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-has-excess-cane-but-govt-says-it-s-not-selling-to-kenya Uganda has blocked a request to export excess sugar cane from outgrowers in Busoga region to Kenya. Farmers say they have an overproduction of some 500,000 tones of sugar that processors are unable to absorb but the Minister for Trade, Industry and Co-operatives Amelia Kyambadde says the surplus is only temporary and should not cause alarm. Ms Kyambadde told parliament that sugar factories in Uganda have been producing below capacity since 2010 due to a shortage of cane and that opening up the market to neighbouring countries like Kenya would worsen this problem. Fair trade rules a must for states to gain from AfCFTA http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fair-trade-rules-a-must-for-states-to-gain-from-afcfta The African Continental Free Trade Area comes into effect on July 7 and it will be a historic day as the continent becomes a single market. The African Union hopes the AfCTA will accelerate continental integration and trade, boost manufacturing and address possible overlaps within trade blocs. DRC launches "large-scale" military operations in North-Eastern region http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/drc-launches-large-scale-military-operations-in-north-eastern-region Democratic Republic of the Congo President Felix Tshisekedi has confirmed “large-scale” military operations in Ituri (north-east) after massacres of civilians, as well as an “eradication plan” of foreign armed groups. “I have just ordered our armed forces to conduct large-scale operations in the Djugu and Mahagi territories,” said the president for his first message on the occasion of Independence Day on June 30, 1960. "Eco", The West African nations single currency http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eco-the-west-african-nations-single-currency ECOWAS, the Economic Community for West African States have adopted a single currency named Eco, which it plans to launch by 2020. Eco was adopted on Saturday in Abuja in a meeting of the 15 member-country regional bloc. Discussed for thirty years, this single currency between the 15 countries that make up the ECOWAS – eight of which use the CFA franc, pegged to the euro according to a fixed parity guaranteed by France, former colonizer of the region – is seen as a gamble risked by many analysts, but would be a strong political symbol, says AFP. Kenya's Safaricom names ex-CEO Joseph as interim replacement for Collymore http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-s-safaricom-names-ex-ceo-joseph-as-interim-replacement-for-collymore Kenya’s Safaricom named board member and former chief executive Michael Joseph as its interim CEO on Tuesday after the telecom firm’s long-time head Bob Collymore died on Monday following a nearly two-year battle with cancer. Joseph, 73, a dual American and Kenyan national, who served as Safaricom’s CEO between July 2000 and November 2010, said he would stay in the post until the company finds a permanent replacement. Ivory Coast economic growth seen near unchanged in 2019 at 7.5% - IMF http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-economic-growth-seen-near-unchanged-in-2019-at-7-5-imf Ivory Coast’s economy is expected to grow by 7.5% this year, in line with 7.4 percent last year, and medium-term growth will remain strong, the International Monetary Fund said on Tuesday. Sudan protesters announce new protests in mid-July http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-protesters-announce-new-protests-in-mid-july Sudan’s main opposition coalition on Monday announced plans to step up protests this month to pressure the military council to hand over power to civilians, and blamed the council for the death of nine people during Sunday’s demonstrations. South African parliament elects new committee heads despite opposition http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-parliament-elects-new-committee-heads-despite-opposition South Africa’s ruling African National Congress used its majority to elect new committee heads on Tuesday, including a lawmaker accused of bribery, despite opposition from rival parties concerned over the calibre of nominees. Mauritanian court confirms election win for government-backed candidate http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mauritanian-court-confirms-election-win-for-government-backed-candidate A Mauritanian court on Monday confirmed Mohamed Ould Ghazouani as the country’s next president, dismissing an appeal by opposition candidates over alleged voting irregularities in last month’s election. The Constitutional Council ruled that the former general and defence minister, who has promised to maintain outgoing President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz’s focus on the economy and security, won 52% of the vote, as preliminary results had indicated in June. International court convicts Congo's Ntaganda of war crimes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/international-court-convicts-congo-s-ntaganda-of-war-crimes International Criminal Court judges on Monday convicted former Congolese military leader Bosco Ntaganda for atrocities including murder, rape and conscripting child soldiers. Ntaganda, 45, was found guilty for acts committed when he was military operations chief at the Union of Congolese Patriots (UPC) militia in east Democratic Republic of Congo in 2002-2003. His conviction is a rare success for prosecutors at the ICC, an international court set up in 2002 to prosecute war crimes and crimes against humanity when member states are unable or unwilling to do so. Ethiopia lifts power rationing after water levels rise http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-lifts-power-rationing-after-water-levels-rise Ethiopia on Monday lifted measures rationing electricity for homes and companies after a rise in water levels at hydroelectric dams, state-affiliated Fana Broadcasting said. Fana quoted Seleshi Bekele, the minister for water and electricity, saying the changes were prompted by an increase in water levels at the country’s Gibe 3 dam. Economic "game changer"? African leaders launch free-trade zone http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/economic-game-changer-african-leaders-launch-free-trade-zone African leaders launched a continental free-trade zone on Sunday that if successful would unite 1.3 billion people, create a $3.4 trillion economic bloc and usher in a new era of development. After four years of talks, an agreement to form a 55-nation trade bloc was reached in March, paving the way for Sunday’s African Union summit in Niger where Ghana was announced as the host of the trade zone’s future headquarters and discussions were held on how exactly the bloc will operate. South Sudan president 'apologises for failing to pay civil servants' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-president-apologises-for-failing-to-pay-civil-servants Using a speech to mark Independence Day, South Sudan's President Salva Kiir has apologised to civil servants who went without salaries for several months, Juba's Radio Miraya quotes him as saying. Cotton waste biofuel powers farmers to fight drought in Kenya http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cotton-waste-biofuel-powers-farmers-to-fight-drought-in-kenya Kenyan farmer Abel Mutie Mathoka thought it must be a joke when he was told he could irrigate his drought-hit crops more cheaply, cleanly and efficiently using a pump fuelled by cotton waste. "Who could believe it's possible to make a fuel better than diesel from cotton seeds? I didn't!" laughed Mathoka, crouching down to inspect the watermelons on his 10-acre (four-hectare) shared plot in Ituri village in Kenya's southeast Kitui county. Satire on tradition wins top African writing prize http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/satire-on-tradition-wins-top-african-writing-prize The Caine Prize for African Writing has been won by British-born Nigerian writer Lesley Nneka Arimah. Her satirical short story Skinned focuses on the challenges faced by women in African societies still dominated by traditional rituals. Nigeria parliament on lockdown after clash with Shi'ite group http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-parliament-on-lockdown-after-clash-with-shi-ite-group Nigeria’s National Assembly was on lockdown on Tuesday after shots were fired outside during clashes between police and a group of Shi’ite Muslim protesters. Airtel Africa debuts in Lagos in $4.4 bln listing http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/airtel-africa-debuts-in-lagos-in-4-4-bln-listing Airtel Africa listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange on Tuesday in a 1.36 trillion-naira ($4.4 bln) flotation turning the telecoms company into the bourse’s third-largest stock by market value. Airtel Africa’s shares climbed 10% from their listing price of 363 naira after the float went live. Some 100,000 shares traded at Tuesday’s debut, helping the main stock index recover from a seven-week low. After public opposition, Ghana parliament drops $200m chamber idea http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/after-public-opposition-ghana-parliament-drops-200m-chamber-idea Ghana’s parliament has dropped a planned project aimed at building a new chamber after public outrage over the matter throughout last week. A statement confirming the move read in part: “The Board (Parliamentary Service), has, upon reviewing representations made to it by well-meaning Ghanaians, accordingly taken the development of the new Chamber block out of its present agenda.” Tanzania's Magufuli defends dam project despite UNESCO's concerns http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-s-magufuli-defends-dam-project-despite-unesco-s-concerns Tanzanian President John Magufuli downplayed fears Tuesday that a hydro-electric dam planned for a fabled nature reserve would affect the environment, despite UNESCO expressing “grave concern” over the scheme. The 2,100-megawatt scheme will straddle the Rufiji River in the Selous Game Reserve, a 50,000-square-kilometre (19,000-square-mile) protected area which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982. Zimbabwe MP arraigned for vowing to overthrow govt http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-mp-arraigned-for-vowing-to-overthrow-govt A Zimbabwe opposition lawmaker was charged on Tuesday with subversion, his lawyer said, after a video surfaced where he purportedly said President Emmerson Mnangagwa would be overthrown before the next election in 2023. Mnangagwa, 76, has promised to break with the past ways of his predecessor Robert Mugabe, who was removed after a 2017 army coup, but critics say he has continued to use tough security laws against opponents. South African Minister Gordhan challenges public protector report http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-minister-gordhan-challenges-public-protector-report South Africa’s Public Enterprises Minister Pravin Gordhan on Wednesday challenged in court a report by the country’s anti-corruption watchdog that instructed President Cyril Ramaphosa to take unspecified disciplinary action against Gordhan. The minister is a key ally of Ramaphosa and oversees efforts to revive struggling state companies like power utility Eskom. Nigeria's president may name cabinet nominees this week - senate leader http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-president-may-name-cabinet-nominees-this-week-senate-leader Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari could name his cabinet nominees as soon as this week, the senate president said on Wednesday, a move that could end more than a month without ministers. Buhari was re-elected four months ago, but Nigeria has been without a cabinet since the ministers serving during his first term stepped down in May. Ivory Coast, Ghana step up efforts to reform cocoa industry, set $400 premium http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ivory-coast-ghana-step-up-efforts-to-reform-cocoa-industry-set-400-premium The world’s biggest cocoa producers Ivory Coast and Ghana have stepped up their efforts to reform the industry, imposing a fixed “living income differential” of $400 a tonne on all cocoa contracts sold by either country for the 2020/21 season. The premium cited in an official letter seen by Reuters replaces an earlier proposal for a floor price for cocoa contracts, which is part of a wider plan to combat poverty among farmers in Ivory Coast and Ghana, which together account for more than 60% of global supply. South Africa adds Ghana, Sao Tome, S.Arabia to visa-free countries list http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-adds-ghana-sao-tome-s-arabia-to-visa-free-countries-list South Africa on Wednesday announced the addition of seven countries to its list of visa-free list. Of the seven, two were African nations – Ghana and Sao Tome and Principe. Three were from the Gulf region – Saudi Arabia, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. New Zealand are the sole South Pacific nation on the list. Bear more children to help boost the economy: Magufuli tells Tanzania women http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/bear-more-children-to-help-boost-the-economy-magufuli-tells-tanzania-women Tanzania’s president John Magufuli urged the country’s women to “set your ovaries free” and bear more children as a way to help boost the economy into a regional powerhouse. “When you have a big population, you build the economy. That’s why China’s economy is so huge,” he said late on Tuesday, citing India and Nigeria as other examples of countries that gained from a demographic dividend. Algeria parliament elects opposition figure as chairman after protesters demand change http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/algeria-parliament-elects-opposition-figure-as-chairman-after-protesters-demand-change Algerian lawmakers late on Wednesday elected an Islamist opposition figure as chairman of parliament under pressure from mass protests demanding the departure of the ruling elite. The parliament elected Slimane Chenine of the Movement of National Construction party to replace Moad Bouchareb from the National Liberation Front (FLN), which has ruled Algeria since independence from France in 1962. Defiant at inquiry, South Africa's Zuma denies breaking law with business brothers http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/defiant-at-inquiry-south-africa-s-zuma-denies-breaking-law-with-business-brothers Former South African President Jacob Zuma told a corruption inquiry on Monday that enemies had plotted to bring him down, and he had never broken the law with the business family at the centre of an influence-peddling scandal. Jailed Zimbabwean lawmaker facing subversion charges freed on bail http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/jailed-zimbabwean-lawmaker-facing-subversion-charges-freed-on-bail A Zimbabwean opposition politician facing charges of advocating the overthrow of President Emmerson Mnangagwa was freed on bail by the High Court on Monday after spending six days in detention, his lawyer said. Job Sikhala, the deputy chairman of the Movement for Democratic Change, was arrested last week and charged with attempting to subvert the government, a crime that carries a 20-year jail term upon conviction. Sikhala, through his lawyers, has denied the charge. Ethiopia premier's aide named to lead restive Amhara region http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-premier-s-aide-named-to-lead-restive-amhara-region Ethiopia’s Amhara Democratic Party (ADP) named the security adviser to Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed as head of the restive Amhara region on Monday after his predecessor was killed in a violent attempt to seize power there. Dozens were killed in fighting during the foiled coup by a rogue state militia in Amhara that claimed the life of regional president Ambachew Mekonnen and other top officials. The same night, the army’s chief of staff and a retired general accompanying him were killed in the capital Addis Ababa in a related attack, the government said. Rwandans picking up on the coffee culture http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwandans-picking-up-on-the-coffee-culture Although they grow the coffee, the farmers on the highlands of Rwanda barely drink the beverage. Like most Rwandans, they prefer the cheaper tea found in most shops. That’s because 63 percent of Rwandans, the farmers included, earn less than 2 dollars a day, and a brewed coffee sells at around 2 dollars. Activists move to declare new federal state in Southern Ethiopia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/activists-move-to-declare-new-federal-state-in-southern-ethiopia Speculation is rife in Ethiopia that the Sidama area in the southern region will be granted a referendum to determine whether it should become its own federal state. Sidama is currently part of the multi-ethnic Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region (SNNPR), which is represented in the country’s ruling coalition by the Southern Ethiopian People’s Democratic Movement (SEPDM). UN peacekeeper, 6 civilians killed in Sudan/South Sudan border area http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/un-peacekeeper-6-civilians-killed-in-sudan-south-sudan-border-area Unknown gunmen killed a U.N. peacekeeper and six civilians in the disputed region of Abyei on the border between Sudan and South Sudan, the regional governor said on Wednesday. “Yesterday, unknown gunmen attacked the market of Amiet, North of Abyei,” said Kuol Alor Jok, governor of Abyei. He said one of the civilians who was killed was a child. Sudan's military council, opposition coalition reach political accord http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-military-council-opposition-coalition-reach-political-accord Sudan’s ruling military council and an opposition alliance signed a political accord on Wednesday as part of a power-sharing deal aimed at leading the country nation to democracy. The agreement was signed in Khartoum in the presence of African mediators following a night of talks to iron out some details of the agreement reached earlier this month. South Africa’s Zuma denies interfering with Transnet CEO appointment http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-s-zuma-denies-interfering-with-transnet-ceo-appointment Former South African President Jacob Zuma denied on Wednesday having interfered with the appointment of a chief executive at transport and infrastructure company Transnet, during his third day testifying at a corruption inquiry. The inquiry is looking into allegations that Zuma, ousted by the governing African National Congress (ANC) party in February 2018, allowed cronies to plunder state resources and influence senior appointments during his nine years in power. Kenya orders deportation of 17 foreign directors of betting firms http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-orders-deportation-of-17-foreign-directors-of-betting-firms Kenya has ordered the deportation of 17 foreign directors of betting firms operating in Kenya, the interior ministry said on Wednesday, almost a week after ordering telecoms firm Safaricom to stop processing payments for sports betting firms. Online sports betting companies such as SportPesa have grown rapidly in the East African nation in recent years, riding a wave of enthusiasm for sports, with the government putting their combined revenue at 200 billion shillings ($2 billion) last year, up from 2 billion shillings five years earlier. African migrant warns of South America route http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-migrant-warns-of-south-america-route Hundreds of Africans seeking entry into the United States are using unconventional routes. They’re joining Central American migrants on a long and dangerous land journey to the southern border. Blaise Matshieba Nduluyele, is among such migrants. He’s from the Democratic Republic of Congo. After crossing South America, the young man and his family crossed the border into the United States. African leaders and international law http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-leaders-and-international-law African leaders often behave in a contradictory way towards international laws, and courts. While speaking out against them, they also voluntarily submit to their scrutiny. South Africans are upbeat about new technologies, but worried about jobs http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africans-are-upbeat-about-new-technologies-but-worried-about-jobs Powerful new technologies are emerging that will continue to affect individuals in multiple ways. This has led to references to a Fourth Industrial Revolution – a new era involving the application of digitisation and automation to different areas of society and everyday life. This revolution is one that presents distinct opportunity. But it also presents major risk and human costs. These changes have become a growing point of discussion in most countries in the world. In South Africa the debate has drawn in policymakers, business and unions. But the voices of average South Africans have been missing from the debate. A survey completed earlier this year by the Human Sciences Research Council contributes to addressing this gap. Protesters take to streets to declare new Ethiopian region http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/protesters-take-to-streets-to-declare-new-ethiopian-region Protesters in the Ethiopian city of Hawassa blocked roads and burned tires on Thursday after security forces thwarted a meeting of activists to declare a new region for their Sidama ethnic group, witnesses said. The declaration would be a test of whether Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s federal government can stick to its commitment to peaceful political reforms amid increasing demands from competing ethno-nationalist groups. South African corruption inquiry adjourns after Zuma’s lawyers say questioning unfair http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-corruption-inquiry-adjourns-after-zuma-s-lawyers-say-questioning-unfair A South African judge adjourned until Friday morning a public inquiry into state corruption, after lawyers for former President Jacob Zuma said he was being questioned unfairly. The inquiry is looking into allegations that Zuma, ousted by the ruling African National Congress (ANC) party in February 2018, allowed cronies to plunder state resources and influence senior appointments during his nine years in power. ICC rejects Ugandan rebel leader Ongwen's appeal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/icc-rejects-ugandan-rebel-leader-ongwen-s-appeal The International Criminal Court’s (ICC) Appeals Chamber has confirmed the charges against Ugandan rebel leader Dominic Ongwen, dismissing his challenge of the case. The decision on Wednesday means Ongwen will stand trial for seventy counts, plus other additional charges of crimes against humanity committed in northern Uganda when he was deputy leader of proscribed group the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Sudan opposition skeptical about power-sharing deal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-opposition-skeptical-about-power-sharing-deal Sudan’s opposition has raised skepticism about the recently signed power sharing deal. After weeks of protests following the overthrow of long serving leader, Omar al-Bashir, military rulers finally inked the long-awaited deal. But now, the opposition is raising some questions. Africans twice as likely to be denied a UK visa, says a report by APPG http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africans-twice-as-likely-to-be-denied-a-uk-visa-says-a-report-by-appg Africans are twice as likely to be denied UK visas than applicants from any other part of the world, a report by the All-Party Parliamentary Groups (APPG) for Africa shows. The study says the UK immigration system was "biased or even discriminating" against Africans and was "not currently fit for purpose". S.Africa's Ramaphosa seeks review of 'flawed' graft watchdog report http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/s-africa-s-ramaphosa-seeks-review-of-flawed-graft-watchdog-report South African President Cyril Ramaphosa on Sunday said he will seek an urgent judicial review of what he described as an irretrievably flawed report in which the country’s graft watchdog said he misled parliament over a campaign donation. Public Protector Busisiwe Mkhwebane’s report followed an investigation by the watchdog into a 500,000 rand ($35,878.56) donation to Ramaphosa’s 2017 campaign for the leadership of the ruling African National Congress (ANC) from the CEO of services company Bosasa. Kenyan finance minister arrested on graft charges http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenyan-finance-minister-arrested-on-graft-charges Kenyan Finance Minister Henry Rotich was arrested on Monday on suspicion of financial misconduct related to the construction of two dams, an unprecedented detention of a sitting minister for corruption in a country notorious for graft. Charges against Rotich, announced on Monday, stem from a police investigation into the misuse of funds in a dam project overseen by the Italian construction company CMC Di Ravenna. Gambian lieutenant implicates Jammeh in 2004 killing of top journalist http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gambian-lieutenant-implicates-jammeh-in-2004-killing-of-top-journalist A Gambian army officer on Monday accused ex-president Yahya Jammeh of ordering the 2004 murder of journalist Deyda Hydara and admitted he was involved in the killing. Hydara, who was editor and co-founder of the independent The Point daily and a correspondent for AFP and Journalists Without Borders (RSF), was killed by unidentified gunmen in his car on the outskirts of the Gambian capital Banjul in December 2004. South Africa allocates extra $4.2 bln for cash-strapped Eskom http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-allocates-extra-4-2-bln-for-cash-strapped-eskom The South African government has allocated an extra 59 billion rand ($4.24 billion) to struggling state-owned power utility Eskom over the next two years so it can service its debt, a special appropriation bill seen by Reuters on Monday showed. Eskom, which supplies more than 90% of the country’s electricity but was forced to implement power cuts this year, fails to generate sufficient profit to meet its debt servicing costs and has required state cash injections to stay afloat. Zimbabwean vice president in China to receive treatment for unknown illness http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwean-vice-president-in-china-to-receive-treatment-for-unknown-illness Zimbabwean Vice President Constantino Chiwenga has been flown to China for medical treatment, a presidential spokesman said on Monday, but gave no details of the health problems that have kept Chiwenga away from work for more than two months. The 62-year-old former general led a coup against Robert Mugabe in 2017 and was subsequently appointed one of the two deputies to President Emmerson Mnangagwa. He retained that position after last year’s election. Ethiopia says army to take over security in troubled south http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-says-army-to-take-over-security-in-troubled-south Ethiopia announced Monday that soldiers and federal police will take over security in a restive southern region following days of violence that has left at least 18 people dead. "The regular security structure has been unable to ensure rule of law and has been stymied by various agendas," said a statement read on regional state television late Monday. U.S. imposes visa restrictions on Nigerians involved in 'undermining elections' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-imposes-visa-restrictions-on-nigerians-involved-in-undermining-elections The U.S. State Department said on Tuesday it had imposed visa restrictions on Nigerians it said were involved in trying to undermine democracy in presidential and parliamentary elections this year. DR Congo: ADF rebels kill 12 in Ebola area http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dr-congo-adf-rebels-kill-12-in-ebola-area Suspected rebels from the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) simultaneously attacked the towns of Eringeti and Oicha on Monday in the locality of Beni, the epicentre of an Ebola epidemic, Beni’s territorial administrator Kasereka Donat said. UK Supreme Court to hear Nigerians' case for pursuing Shell spill claim in England http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uk-supreme-court-to-hear-nigerians-case-for-pursuing-shell-spill-claim-in-england The Supreme Court in London will hear an appeal by Nigerian farmers and fishermen to pursue claims in England against oil major Shell over oil spills in the Niger Delta, lawyers for the two affected communities said on Wednesday. The decision to hear the appeal re-opens the possibility for British multinationals to be held liable at home for their subsidiaries’ actions abroad. It comes after a setback in February last year when a London court ruled that the claim could not be pursued in England. A look at Boris Johnson's 'anti-Africa' past http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/a-look-at-boris-johnson-s-anti-africa-past The former London Mayor and Foreign Secretary will succeed Theresa May as the U.K’s next Prime Minister. Johnson was on Tuesday (July 23) elected new Conservative leader in a ballot of party members. Prisoners Revolt in Cameroon Adds New Fervour in Anglophone Crisis http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/prisoners-revolt-in-cameroon-adds-new-fervour-in-anglophone-crisis Hundreds of inmates have staged a riot at Cameroon's central prison in Yaoundé to demand better conditions. The mutiny by the mainly Anglophone prisoners, captured on Facebook Live, showed buildings set on fire and shots fired as police stormed the prison. The revolt has created new fervour amongst the Anglophone population in Cameroon, as the government continues to grapple with the Anglophone crisis in the north and south west regions. Where Will Boko Haram Go Next After Ten Years of Moving Around? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/where-will-boko-haram-go-next-after-ten-years-of-moving-around The August 2011 Boko Haram bombing outside the UN building in Nigeria's capital Abuja killed at least 21 people. Credit: Gbemiga Olamikan. Ten years ago in July 2009, Nigeria's security forces cracked down on what was then a relatively little-known Islamic group in the north east of the country. At the time, that group's focus was preaching, although it believed al-Qaeda's path would bring Nigerian Muslims out of their abyss. The military operation led to the deaths of hundreds of its members, including the group's leader and cleric Muhammed Yusuf. Sudan extends ceasefire with southern rebels http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-extends-ceasefire-with-southern-rebels Sudanese and South Sudanese officials agreed late on Saturday with the leader of an alliance of armed factions operating along their joint border to extend a ceasefire and grant humanitarian access to some areas affected by conflict in Sudan. Sudan says neighbouring South Sudan has been giving refuge to Malik Agar, one of many rebels in Sudan. The two countries share a long and porous border, and have a history of supporting armed groups on each others’ territories after oil-rich South Sudan became independent in 2011. S.African land reform panel recommends seizures without pay in certain circumstances http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/s-african-land-reform-panel-recommends-seizures-without-pay-in-certain-circumstances An advisory report on land reform in South Africa has recommended changing the constitution to allow the government to seize land without compensation but only in certain circumstances. The report by a presidential panel of experts, released on Sunday, poured water on wholesale land seizures without payment - as feared by some farmers, investors and foreign governments. Nigerian court grants permission to declare Shi'ite group terrorists http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-court-grants-permission-to-declare-shi-ite-group-terrorists A Nigerian court has granted the government permission to label a local Shi’ite Muslim group a terrorist organisation, the solicitor general told Reuters on Saturday. Members of the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN) have been marching in the capital Abuja calling for the release of their leader, Ibrahim Zakzaky, who has been in detention since 2015 despite a court order to release him. Death toll in Nigeria Boko Haram funeral attack rises to 65 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/death-toll-in-nigeria-boko-haram-funeral-attack-rises-to-65 An attack this weekend by Boko Haram fighters on a funeral in northeast Nigeria has left 65 people dead, almost triple the initial toll, a local official said Sunday. Dozens more bodies were discovered following the assault Saturday by gunmen on a village close to the regional capital Maiduguri. UN: Fewer refugees willing to leave Kenya's Dadaab for Somalia http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/un-fewer-refugees-willing-to-leave-kenya-s-dadaab-for-somalia Insecurity in Somalia is diminishing the numbers of refugees willing to return home from the Dadaab camps in northern Kenya, the United Nations said recently. A total of 84,230 Somalis have taken part in the UN's voluntary return programme since its inception five years ago. Zimbabwe tourism minister charged with corruption over pension fund http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-tourism-minister-charged-with-corruption-over-pension-fund Zimbabwean Tourism Minister Prisca Mupfumira was charged in court on Friday with corruption involving $95 million from the state pension fund after questioning by the newly formed Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission (ZACC). Mupfumira is the first senior government official to be interrogated by the commission, which was appointed by President Emmerson Mnangagwa last week after he promised tough action against graft. Nigeria's Agricultural sector: Challenges and Opportunities http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-agricultural-sector-challenges-and-opportunities Nigeria is a heterogeneous nation with the largest population of any African country, different forms of cultures, celebrations and festivals. While the country contains the bourgeoisie, which include the businessmen and politicians who survive in affluence, the majority of the population live in poverty and are not able to afford steady daily diet due to the costly price of food. Nigerian court adjourns bail hearing for leader of banned Shi'ite group http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-court-adjourns-bail-hearing-for-leader-of-banned-shi-ite-group A Nigerian court on Monday adjourned a bail hearing for the leader of a banned Shi’ite Muslim group, which says at least 20 of its followers died in clashes with police last week while holding protests to demand his release. Supporters of Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN) leader Ibrahim Zakzaky say he should be released on bail to receive medical treatment in Egypt. The court in the northern city of Kaduna adjourned the bail hearing until Aug. 5. South African minister wins reprieve from public protector's orders http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-minister-wins-reprieve-from-public-protector-s-orders South African minister Pravin Gordhan won a bid to avoid imminent disciplinary action on Monday after a court suspended orders from the public protector, in a relief for ally President Cyril Ramaphosa. The ruling is the second time in around a week that Public Protector Busisiwe Mkhwebane has lost a high-profile case in court, potentially undermining the credibility of her investigations, which include one into Ramaphosa himself. Kenya ruling that corruption suspect must step down seen having wider impact http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-ruling-that-corruption-suspect-must-step-down-seen-having-wider-impact A Kenyan judge’s ruling that a county governor accused of corruption must step aside pending his trial could have widespread ramifications in the country, where senior officials are often charged with graft but rarely convicted. Governance experts said on Monday that last week’s ruling could serve as a precedent in other high profile corruption cases, possibly leading to senior officials being removed from their jobs while they fight graft allegations. African cattle investing - the new cash cow? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/african-cattle-investing-the-new-cash-cow Cattle have long been considered a measure of wealth across Africa - but it is not just farmers cashing in. A pioneering app in South Africa lets investors, eager to benefit from rising global beef demand, buy shares in a cow from their mobile phone for as little as 576 rand ($41). Trump sends rep to August 1 inauguration of new Mauritania president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/trump-sends-rep-to-august-1-inauguration-of-new-mauritania-president The United States will send a delegation to the investiture of new Mauritanian president, Mohamed Ould Cheikh El Ghazouani, which event takes place on August 1, 2019. Key infrastructure for Dangote refinery leaves China for Lagos http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/key-infrastructure-for-dangote-refinery-leaves-china-for-lagos China’s leading energy and chemical company on Monday (July 29) announced that a completed atmospheric tower it had built was sailing for the shores of Lagos in Africa’s biggest economy, Nigeria. The facility, which it described as the world’s largest is set to be installed at the Dangote Refinery, a facility owned by Africa’s richest man, Aliko Dangote. The wharf carrying the tower left in Ningbo and is set arrive in Nigeria in weeks. 'Peace here to stay' Mozambique president, opposition say on signing ceasefire http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/peace-here-to-stay-mozambique-president-opposition-say-on-signing-ceasefire Mozambique’s President Filipe Nyusi and the leader of the main opposition party Renamo on Thursday signed a permanent ceasefire agreement, designed to put an end to almost half a century of hostilities that killed over 1 million people at their peak. Renamo and Nyusi’s ruling party fought on opposing sides of a 16-year civil war before a ceasefire ended the bloodshed in 1992, however violence has flared up sporadically in the years since then. Four killed in renewed Sudan protests, opposition medics say http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/four-killed-in-renewed-sudan-protests-opposition-medics-say At least four protesters were killed and many injured by gunfire in the Sudanese city of Omdurman on Thursday, opposition medics said, as hundreds of thousands took to the streets to pile pressure on the country’s military rulers. Organisers had called for a million-person march in cities across Sudan in response to the killing of young protesters in El-Obeid, southwest of the capital Khartoum, earlier this week. 'People from abroad' had role in June twin attacks, says Ethiopia's PM http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/people-from-abroad-had-role-in-june-twin-attacks-says-ethiopia-s-pm Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said on Thursday that attackers in a failed regional coup in June had been trained by people who had come from foreign countries, without giving details. A rogue militia tried to seize power on June 22 in the northern Amhara region, an attack which authorities blamed on Asamnew Tsige, who was killed in fighting on the outskirts of the regional capital Bahir Dar. Dried-up pastures push Kenya's Maasai to mix cattle with crops http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dried-up-pastures-push-kenya-s-maasai-to-mix-cattle-with-crops James Shakita had raised cattle for more than 30 years when he decided the only way to save his livelihood was to break with generations of tradition and swap some of his cows for crops. The Maasai herder, 43, used to keep about 180 animals until a severe drought hit southern Kenya’s Kajiado County last year and decimated his herd, leaving him with fewer than 80. “I just gave up,” he sighed, directing his remaining cows into a field for grazing. Benin's ex-Prime Minister banned from politics for 5years http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/benin-s-ex-prime-minister-banned-from-politics-for-5years Lionel Zinsou has been handed a sentence that bans him from politics for 5 years and 6 months community work. Kenya earns $12m from first crude oil export http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-earns-12m-from-first-crude-oil-export Kenya has joined the league of Africa oil exporters after its first consignment of 200,000 barrels fetched $12 million on Thursday afternoon. That means the sweet light crude sold at $60 per barrel, an uptick of nearly 40 per cent above the $43 per barrel that the government had set as the break-even point for the Early Oil Pilot Scheme. Zimbabwe Still in Foul Mood Over Her Cyclone Idai and Drought Saga http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-still-in-foul-mood-over-her-cyclone-idai-and-drought-saga The recent report from UN News shown that situation in Zimbabwe is moving from a crisis to an emergency at the instance of food because of El Nino-induced drought. Recall that Zimbabwe suffered sequently from two disasters of Tropical Cyclone Idai that swept and marred roads, crops and houses, thereby killing hundreds and rendering up to thousand of Zimbabweans homeless and the current drought that has devastated their crops, particularly corn that is being used to make the staple food sadza - a thick porridge that is served with relish. Tunisia's Ennahda VP Mourou to run in presidential elections http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tunisia-s-ennahda-vp-mourou-to-run-in-presidential-elections Tunisia’s biggest political party Ennahda named a candidate for presidential elections on Tuesday, the first time the moderate Islamist party has put up a nominee for the post since the country transitioned to democracy after the 2011 revolution. Party vice president Abdel Fattah Mourou, 71, a lawyer, will run in elections due to be held two months early on Sept. 15 following the death of president Beji Caid Essebsi last month. S.Africa's Ramaphosa wins court case against anti-graft watchdog http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/s-africa-s-ramaphosa-wins-court-case-against-anti-graft-watchdog South African President Cyril Ramaphosa won a court case against the anti-corruption watchdog on Thursday over a matter concerning ally Pravin Gordhan, ahead of a fresh battle over findings against the president himself. A high court judge found that Ramaphosa had acted reasonably in not immediately disciplining Gordhan, the public enterprises minister, over a decision regarding the retirement of a tax official in 2010. U.S. not ready to remove Sudan from sponsors of terrorism list http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-s-not-ready-to-remove-sudan-from-sponsors-of-terrorism-list The United States still needs to resolve longstanding issues with Sudan before it can consider removing it from its list of state sponsors of terrorism, a senior State Department official said on Wednesday. AfDB approves $98m grant for Ethiopia road project to Djibouti http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/afdb-approves-98m-grant-for-ethiopia-road-project-to-djibouti The African Development Bank (AfDB) has approved a $98 million financial package for Ethiopia for a road transport corridor project to neighbouring Djibouti, it said late on Tuesday. Malawi presidential election petition starts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/malawi-presidential-election-petition-starts Malawi’s Constitutional Court on Thursday (August 8) began hearing a presidential election petition challenging the re-election earlier this year of Peter Arthur Mutharika. Five judges were empaneled to listen to the case filed by two main opposition candidates: opposition leader Lazarus Chakwera of the Malawi Congress Party, MCP, and former vice-president Saulos Chilima, who came third in the vote. S.Africa puts initial universal healthcare cost at $17 bln http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/s-africa-puts-initial-universal-healthcare-cost-at-17-bln South Africa published its draft National Health Insurance (NHI) bill on Thursday, with one senior official estimating universal healthcare for millions of poorer citizens would cost about 256 billion rand ($16.89 billion) to implement by 2022. Eritrea president receives commander of Saudi war in Yemen http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eritrea-president-receives-commander-of-saudi-war-in-yemen Eritrean president Isaias Afwerki earlier this week (August 6) met with the commander of Saudi Arabia’s military offensive in Yemen, Lt. General Prince Fahad bin Turki Abdulaziz. Eritrea’s Minister of Information said the two held talks as part of deepening bilateral relations between the two countries especially in the area of regional security. Sudanese army and civilians seal interim power-sharing deal http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudanese-army-and-civilians-seal-interim-power-sharing-deal Sudan’s main opposition coalition and the ruling military council on Saturday signed a final power-sharing deal that paves the way for a transitional government, and eventually elections, following the overthrow of long-time leader Omar al-Bashir. Tens of thousands of people of all ages took to the streets of the capital Khartoum in celebration, with many heading towards the newly renamed Freedom Square, once the site of many of Bashir’s rallies. UK judge to allow firm to try to seize $9 bln in Nigerian assets in gas dispute http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uk-judge-to-allow-firm-to-try-to-seize-9-bln-in-nigerian-assets-in-gas-dispute A judge in London said on Friday he would grant a firm called Process and Industrial Developments Ltd (PID) the right to seek to seize some $9 billion in assets from the Nigerian government over an aborted gas project. The company was awarded $6.6 billion in an arbitration decision over a failed project to build a gas processing plant in the southern Nigerian city of Calabar. With interest payments, the sum now tops $9 billion - some 20% of Nigeria’s foreign reserves. Zimbabwe opposition backs down from protest to avoid "blood in the streets" http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-opposition-backs-down-from-protest-to-avoid-blood-in-the-streets Zimbabwe’s main opposition party called off planned anti-government demonstrations on Friday, saying it aimed to avert bloodshed after police rounded up its followers and dispersed them with batons and water cannon. The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC), which accuses President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s government of repression and economic mismanagement, had called a demonstration for Friday as the start of a nationwide protest movement. Uganda's military gets boost from Canada and Japan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-s-military-gets-boost-from-canada-and-japan Uganda military is getting a boost of training and equipment from Canada and Japan according to local media reports. Egypt's National Cancer Institute re-opens after deadly bomb blast http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/egypt-s-national-cancer-institute-re-opens-after-deadly-bomb-blast Egypt’s National Cancer Institute has re-opened to receiving patients at full capacity after recovering from the August fourth deadly bombing. Kenya police arrests Chinese brewing illegal local brew http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/kenya-police-arrests-chinese-brewing-illegal-local-brew Kenya police officers arrested two Chinese nationals during a raid that led to the discovery of thousands of litres of illegal local brew chang’aa in Nairobi. The mystery around Gabon President's health http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-mystery-around-gabon-president-s-health Gabonese are eagerly awaiting to judge for themselves whether their President can still lead the country as President Ali Bongo is expected to make a rare public appearance on Saturday’s military parade after ten months of speculations and mystery over the health of President Ali Bongo. At least 10 Burkina Faso soldiers killed in militant attack http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/at-least-10-burkina-faso-soldiers-killed-in-militant-attack Unidentified militants killed at least 10 soldiers and wounded many others in an attack on a military unit in northern Burkina Faso on Monday, the army said. Burkina Faso has been overrun by Islamist violence this year that armed forces have been unable to contain. Hundreds of civilians have died and more than 150,000 have fled as the influence of jihadist groups with links to al Qaeda and Islamic State spreads across the Sahel region. Zimbabwe police deploy hundreds in Gweru, MDC challenges another protest ban http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-police-deploy-hundreds-in-gweru-mdc-challenges-another-protest-ban Zimbabwe Police deployed in force in the city of Gweru on Tuesday, witnesses said, as authorities sought to keep a lid on dissent after banning the third anti-government protest that the main opposition party has sought to organise inside five days. The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) planned rolling mass demonstrations in different cities starting last Friday. It accuses President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s government of mishandling the economy, which is facing its worst crisis in a decade, and repression. Ex-Sudan president got millions from Saudis, court hears http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ex-sudan-president-got-millions-from-saudis-court-hears Sudan’s ousted president Omar Hassan al-Bashir acknowledged receiving millions of dollars from Saudi Arabia, a police detective told a court on Monday at the start of a corruption trial that many Sudanese thought they would never see. Bashir listened to the testimony without comment, sitting in a metal cage and wearing traditional white robes and a turban in his first appearance in a Khartoum courtroom. South Africa to consider new nuclear in affordable way http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-to-consider-new-nuclear-in-affordable-way South Africa will consider adding nuclear power capacity in an affordable way as part of its long-term plans, Energy Minister Gwede Mantashe said on Tuesday. Zimbabwe ex-veep declared fugitive over corruption http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-ex-veep-declared-fugitive-over-corruption A former Zimbabwean vice-president has been declared a fugitive by authorities in the country over issues of corruption. The state-run Herald newspaper said Phelekezela Mphoko had escaped from Zimbabwe Anti-Corruption Commission (ZACC) officials who were set to arrest him on Monday, August 19. Regional Somali airport refuses to allow Ethiopian plane to land http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/regional-somali-airport-refuses-to-allow-ethiopian-plane-to-land Kismayo airport in southern Somalia refused to allow an Ethiopian plane to land on Monday, a witness said, amid heightened tensions between the federal government and the regional leadership ahead of elections on Thursday. Chad declares state of emergency in 3 regions due to security problems http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/chad-declares-state-of-emergency-in-3-regions-due-to-security-problems Chad’s Council of Ministers on Monday declared a state of emergency in three provinces amid fighting between rival ethnic groups, a government spokesman said in a statement. The state of emergency is in place in the western Tibesti region bordering Niger and the eastern Sila and Ouaddai regions bordering Sudan. It will run from Tuesday until Sept. 10, the statement said. Clashes between semi-nomadic cattle herders of President Idriss Deby’s Zaghawa ethnic group and settled farmers mostly from the Ouaddian community have left at least 50 people dead in the past two weeks. Cameroon secessionist leaders jailed for life by military court http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-secessionist-leaders-jailed-for-life-by-military-court Ten Cameroonian separatists have been handed life sentences by a military court sitting in the capital, Yaounde. The convicts included the leader of the most known separatist group, the Southern Cameroon National Council, SCNC, Sisiku Ayuk Tabe. How government bias can fuel communal conflicts in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/how-government-bias-can-fuel-communal-conflicts-in-africa Each year, violent communal conflict between groups is witnessed in a number of African countries. It is often organised along identity lines. The fights are typically over local territory, natural resources or political power. Although they usually remain localised and aren’t directed against the central state, these conflicts are a major threat to human security and development. Why South Sudan’s peace process is stalled one year on http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/why-south-sudan-s-peace-process-is-stalled-one-year-on The prospect of peace in South Sudan has never been less certain. This is despite the fact that a peace agreement was signed less than year ago. The 2018 settlement revived a failed 2015 agreement between President Salva Kiir and opposition leader Riek Machar. The 2015 agreement collapsed in less than a year. Two more years of fighting left one-third of the pre-war population forcibly displaced and more than half food insecure. Rwanda's Kagame rejects FT report on 'cooked poverty figures' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwanda-s-kagame-rejects-ft-report-on-cooked-poverty-figures For the second time in a week, Rwandan president Paul Kagame has responded to a recent report by the Financial Times, FT, that poverty figures were manipulated in 2015. The president’s latest response was at a press briefing in Namibia where he is on an official state visit. Military, civilian members of Sudan's new ruling body sworn in http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/military-civilian-members-of-sudan-s-new-ruling-body-sworn-in Military and civilian members of Sudan’s new ruling body, the Sovereign Council, were sworn in on Wednesday at the presidential palace in Khartoum, state news agency SUNA said. Nigeria's Buhari assigns cabinet portfolios, appoints Timipre Silva oil minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-buhari-assigns-cabinet-portfolios-appoints-timipre-silva-oil-minister Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari swore members of his cabinet into office on Wednesday, assigning a new minister of state for petroleum in Africa’s top producer of crude oil in a cabinet of 43 ministers. South African court rules display of apartheid flag constitutes hate speech http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-african-court-rules-display-of-apartheid-flag-constitutes-hate-speech A South African court on Wednesday ruled that displaying the country’s apartheid-era flag in public constituted hate speech that discriminated against black people and violated equality laws. The case relates to a 2017 demonstration against attacks and killings of farmers where the so-called ‘Apartheid Flag” was displayed. The protest was led by predominantly white, Afrikaner nationalist groups. Museveni off to Angola to meet Kagame over tensions http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/museveni-off-to-angola-to-meet-kagame-over-tensions Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni on Wednesday morning left for the Angolan capital Luanda for a quadripartite summit, whose top agenda is to normalise the frosty relations between Kampala and Kigali. “The summit is part of the continuation of the dialoguing process aimed at finding a lasting solution to the different regional issues, ” the Ugandan presidency tweeted. Sudan's Hamdok takes office as new prime minister, vows to tackle conflicts and economy http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-hamdok-takes-office-as-new-prime-minister-vows-to-tackle-conflicts-and-economy Sudan’s new prime minister, Abdalla Hamdok, was sworn in on Wednesday as leader of a transitional government, and he vowed to make achieving peace and solving the country’s economic crisis a priority. The appointment of the renowned economist came as General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, the outgoing head of the military council, was sworn in as leader of the new Sovereign Council that will run the country for three years until an election after decades of autocratic rule. Somalia's Jubbaland president wins new term amid rift with central govt http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somalia-s-jubbaland-president-wins-new-term-amid-rift-with-central-govt The president of Jubbaland, a Somali region critical to East Africa’s fight against al Shabaab militants, won a fresh term on Thursday, the parliamentary speaker said, amid a growing rift between the federal government and its semi-autonomous states. Ahmed Mohamed Madobe, a top security partner for neighbouring Kenya, which helps Somalia fight the militant group, won 56 of the 74 votes cast by lawmakers in the regional parliament, speaker Cabdi Maxamed Abdirahmaan said. West African oil hits sweet spot as shipping upgrades to cleaner fuel http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/west-african-oil-hits-sweet-spot-as-shipping-upgrades-to-cleaner-fuel African states like Chad and Cameroon are shaping up to be big winners from new rules to cut sulphur emissions from ships, providing just the right type of oil to produce cleaner fuels. Only around 1% of the world’s crude oil exports are heavy and sweet varieties, ideal for refining into fuel with a maximum 0.5% sulphur content mandated by International Maritime Organization (IMO) rules coming into force worldwide on Jan. 1. Gabonese judge sitting on Bongo's 'medical eligibility' case suspended http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gabonese-judge-sitting-on-bongo-s-medical-eligibility-case-suspended A top judge in Gabon who recently admitted a case challenging the eligibility of President Ali Bongo to continue in office has been suspended by the Ministry of Justice, local news portal Gabonactu has reported. The case in question surrounds the president’s health following months abroad for treatment and recuperation from a stroke. Ghana's head of public procurement suspended for 'selling contracts' http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ghana-s-head-of-public-procurement-suspended-for-selling-contracts The Chief Executive Officer of Ghana’s Public Procurement Authority, PPA, has been suspended by the president in the wake of an investigative report alleging improper conduct on his side. Mr. Agyenim Boateng Adjei has since been referred to relevant authorities for two separate probes. One on conflict of interest and the other over potential acts of corruption. DR Congo announces new govt http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/dr-congo-announces-new-govt The Democratic Republic of Congo announced a coalition government Monday, seven months after the inauguration of new President Felix Tshisekedi. "The government is finally here. The president has signed the decree and we will begin work soon," Prime Minister Sylvestre Ilunga told reporters before the members of the new government were announced by the presidency's spokesman. How Security Council seat race is shaping EA and Horn politics http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/how-security-council-seat-race-is-shaping-ea-and-horn-politics Vested interests in the Horn of Africa could threaten the role of the African Union in deciding who represents the continent at the UN Security Council when a vote is held next June. Sudan's sovereign council declares state of emergency in Port Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-sovereign-council-declares-state-of-emergency-in-port-sudan Sudan’s newly-created sovereign council formally declared a state of emergency in the city of Port Sudan on Sunday, following tribal clashes that police say have killed at least 16 people. The acting governor and the head of the national security service for the eastern Red Sea state, of which Port Sudan is the capital, were both dismissed, said Brigadier Altahir Abuhaja, spokesman for the sovereign council. Pogba vows to fight racism for sake of next generation http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/pogba-vows-to-fight-racism-for-sake-of-next-generation Manchester United midfielder Paul Pogba said the racist abuse he has suffered will only make him stronger and the Frenchman vowed to fight the problem for the sake of the next generation. Pogba was the target of online abuse after missing a penalty in their 1-1 Premier League draw at Wolverhampton Wanderers last week, prompting Manchester to issue a strong statement condemning the views. Congo has given over 200,000 people Merck Ebola vaccine- gov't http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/congo-has-given-over-200-000-people-merck-ebola-vaccine-gov-t Congolese authorities and health workers vaccinated more than 200,000 people against Ebola in August, the government said on Sunday, using a Merck vaccine they hope will help rein in the world’s second worst epidemic. Ethiopian parliament approves electoral, political parties bill http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopian-parliament-approves-electoral-political-parties-bill Ethiopia’s parliament has approved an electoral and political parties draft bill, the state broadcaster reported on Saturday, paving the way for national elections next year, the first to be held under reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed. On August 9 Ethiopia’s ruling coalition said it will hold a national election in 2020, defying worries over security and displaced people within the country that had led some to speculate the election might be postponed. Namibia considers withdrawal from wildlife convention unless rhino trade eased http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/namibia-considers-withdrawal-from-wildlife-convention-unless-rhino-trade-eased Namibia is considering withdrawing from the rules that govern the global trade in endangered species, after countries voted last week to reject proposals to relax restrictions on hunting and exporting its white rhinos. Burundi to repatriate 200,000 refugees from Tanzania http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burundi-to-repatriate-200-000-refugees-from-tanzania Burundi said on Tuesday it would start repatriating 200,000 of its refugees from neighbouring Tanzania in October, sparking fears of forced returns among those who have crossed the border to escape violence. Gambia's first post-independence president Jawara dies at 95 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/gambia-s-first-post-independence-president-jawara-dies-at-95 Dawda Kairaba Jawara, Gambia’s first post-independence president who led the tiny West African country for 24 years before being deposed in a 1994 coup, has died at the age of 95, the presidency said on Tuesday. Uganda rejects planned power plant at Murchison Falls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-rejects-planned-power-plant-at-murchison-falls Uganda said on Wednesday that due to the importance of its famed Murchison Falls as a lucrative tourism attraction it had rejected a hydropower project proposed by South Africa’s Bonang Power and Energy. The falls lend their name to a 3,900-square-km national park, one of Uganda’s biggest, where visitors can view lions, hippos, elephants, buffalos and giraffes. Over twenty African presidents attend 7th TICAD in Japan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/over-twenty-african-presidents-attend-7th-ticad-in-japan Over twenty African leaders are participating in seventh edition of the Tokyo International Conference for African Development (TICAD) summit, which kicked off today (August 28) in Japan. Thousands flee deadly violence in Cameroon's separatist regions - sources http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/thousands-flee-deadly-violence-in-cameroon-s-separatist-regions-sources Thousands have fled a fresh flare-up of violence in Cameroon’s separatist English-speaking regions in the past few days, a local security source and a government source said on Tuesday. The army said separatists had attacked a police unit on Sunday in the northwestern town of Ndop, but did not mention any other incidents. Nigeria says it will not relinquish assets in $9 bln gas project dispute http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-says-it-will-not-relinquish-assets-in-9-bln-gas-project-dispute Nigeria will not relinquish assets to a firm registered in the British Virgin Islands following a court ruling related to a $9 billion gas project dispute, the West African country’s information minister said on Tuesday. Earlier this month a judge in London granted Process and Industrial Developments Ltd (PID) the right to attempt to seize some $9 billion in assets from the Nigerian government over an aborted gas project. The $9 billion sum would be one of the largest financial penalties imposed on Nigeria, representing 20% of the currency reserves of Africa’s largest economy and top oil producer. How activists changed the course of an inner-city project in Ghana http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/how-activists-changed-the-course-of-an-inner-city-project-in-ghana Ghana is one of the few countries in Africa where more than 50% of the population is permanently resident in cities. This urban population is located primarily in two cities; the capital Accra, and Kumasi. Both Accra, and Kumasi are home to 2 million people. In the face of rapid urbanisation, the existing infrastructure continues to be extensively overstretched. This includes markets, housing, water, sanitation, roads and power. To meet the growing demand for urban infrastructure and services, the central and city governments have implemented a number of urban regeneration projects. A new approach to criminalisation could end Cape Town’s drug wars http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/a-new-approach-to-criminalisation-could-end-cape-town-s-drug-wars It’s not known exactly how many gangs there are in South Africa’s Western Cape province, but gang membership has been estimated at more than 100 000. Almost all these gangs, most concentrated in Cape Town, make the bulk of their money from procuring and selling illegal leisure drugs such as tik (crystal methamphetimine), heroin, nyaope (a street drug that mixes several illicit drugs) and dagga (marijuana). Herein lies the conundrum: the criminalisation of possession and use of drugs creates conditions that are conducive for organised crime. This is why understanding the use, misuse and trade of illegal drugs is central to any intervention involving gangs and any policy relating to them. Nigeria closes part of border with Benin to check rice smuggling http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-closes-part-of-border-with-benin-to-check-rice-smuggling Nigeria has partially closed its western border with Benin to curb rice smuggling that is threatening the country’s attempt to boost local production, the government said on Wednesday. The government wants Nigeria to be self-sufficient in rice and has imposed import controls but these have kept prices high and led to smuggling from Benin into Nigeria. West Africa's historic slave sites bear witness to brutal trade http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/west-africa-s-historic-slave-sites-bear-witness-to-brutal-trade When Gambian boat captain Abdoulie Jabang ferries visitors to Kunta Kinteh island he tells them that the waves lapping the shores of the former slave site threaten to wash history away. Situated at the mouth of the Gambian river, the island is home to one of the many forts that dot the West African coast - crumbling reminders of the centuries-long transatlantic slave trade that tore millions of Africans from their homes. Skull find in Ethiopia yields new clues on how humans evolved http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/skull-find-in-ethiopia-yields-new-clues-on-how-humans-evolved A "remarkably complete" 3.8-million-year-old skull of an early human has been unearthed in Ethiopia, scientists announced Wednesday, a discovery that has the potential to alter our understanding of human evolution. The skull, known as "MRD", was discovered not far from the younger Lucy -- the ancient ancestor of modern humans -- and shows that the two species may have co-existed for about 100,000 years. Impounded Air Tanzania aircraft: Tanzania says it’s been betrayed by SA government http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/impounded-air-tanzania-aircraft-tanzania-says-it-s-been-betrayed-by-sa-government Tanzanian government officials are working through diplomatic channels to resolve a standoff with South African authorities over an Air Tanzania aircraft impounded at OR International Airport in Johannesburg. Tensions between the two countries continued on Wednesday as Tanzanian riot police forcibly dispersed protesters outside the South African embassy in Dar es Salaam who demanded the return of the aircraft and accused Pretoria of betrayal, the East African reported. Japan PM warns Africa about debt as China grows presence http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/japan-pm-warns-africa-about-debt-as-china-grows-presence Japan's prime minister on Thursday warned African leaders against accumulating too much debt, in an apparent reference to Chinese infrastructure projects that some blame for damaging the finances of developing nations. Addressing leaders from several African nations at a development conference in Yokohama, Shinzo Abe stressed that Tokyo was promoting "quality" infrastructure exports and investments, supported by Japan's government-backed institutions. Farming in the digital age http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/farming-in-the-digital-age We need more young Africans to farm. Let’s give them the tools to do so, writes Michael Hailu, director of the Technical Centre for Agriculture and Rural Development (CTA). How new technologies can be a force for good in Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/how-new-technologies-can-be-a-force-for-good-in-africa Sub-Saharan Africa is at a point where new technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) could present both opportunities and threats to development. But civil society, governments and international organisations need to make sure that everyone benefits from these technologies – not just elites. Sudan's ex-president charged with corruption, holding illicit foreign currency http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudan-s-ex-president-charged-with-corruption-holding-illicit-foreign-currency A Sudanese judge on Saturday formally indicted Omar al-Bashir for possessing illicit foreign currency and corruption, charges the ousted leader challenged as he was publicly questioned for the first time since his overthrow. Bashir said that he had received $25 million from Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, as well as funds from other sources, but that he had not received or used the money for his own benefit. Head of Congo's public finances watchdog questioned by authorities http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/head-of-congo-s-public-finances-watchdog-questioned-by-authorities The head of Democratic Republic of Congo’s public finances watchdog was detained for questioning for several hours on Saturday, in what he said was retaliation for investigations by his office into spending by senior government officials. Sylvain Kasongo, the capital Kinshasa’s police chief, confirmed to Reuters that Inspector General of Finances Victor Batubenga and one of his colleagues had been detained for several hours before being released. Ruptured pipeline in Nigeria's Delta state spilled oil - NNPC chief http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ruptured-pipeline-in-nigeria-s-delta-state-spilled-oil-nnpc-chief A pipeline that ruptured on Friday in Nigeria’s Delta state spilled oil, but has been contained, the head of state oil company NNPC said on Saturday. NNPC initially said the pipeline was carrying gas, but NNPC managing director Mele Kyari said on Twitter Saturday afternoon that it was the Abura Crude Trunk line. Ethiopia slates November 13 for Sidama autonomy referendum http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopia-slates-november-13-for-sidama-autonomy-referendum Ethiopia on Thursday granted its ethnic Sidama community a referendum in November on self-determination, with a view to creating the country’s 10th autonomous region, Fana news agency reported. Tunisia unveils 26 candidates for Sept. 15 polls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tunisia-unveils-26-candidates-for-sept-15-polls Tunisia’s electoral body has announced 26 candidates out of 96 who are eligible for the September 15 presidential election. Thus 70 candidates were disqualified from contesting in the polls. South Africa police struggling amid latest xenophobic attacks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-police-struggling-amid-latest-xenophobic-attacks Police in South Africa have been overwhelmed by looters in the latest round of xenophobic attacks by residents of Jappestown, an area close to commercial hub, Johannesburg. Multiple local media outlets said rampant looting of shops and torching of buildings had been registered in the riots. The portals add that looters have targeted businesses of foreigners. Elsewhere rioters have blocked roads and burnt tyres obstructing movement of persons and vehicles. The police has been caught in running battles with them across parts of Johannesburg. A police statement confirmed the situation and said forty-one people have been arrested following the incidents. Police also fired rubber bullets at looters in another Johannesburg suburb, Turffontein. According to police, the chaotic clashes followed the deaths of three people in a fire in an “old building”. “While we were still investigating with emergency services, people that were around started taking advantage of the situation and looted shops,” police spokesman Capt Mavela Masondo is quoted as saying. The News24 portal tweeted several short videos of the incidents of looting as people broke down gates of shops and entered to grab items of their choice. The Nigerian and Zambian governments have since issued statements condemning the incidents and cautioning their citizens. Nigeria’s foreign minister is on record as saying South Africa had failed to protect Nigerian businesses whiles Zambia has instructed bus companies and drivers to step down all travel to South Africa till further notice. We committed genocide in Namibia: German minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/we-committed-genocide-in-namibia-german-minister German’s development minister, Gerd Mueller said his country committed genocide in Namibia, referring to the slaughter of Herero and Nama tribespeople more than a century ago. Mueller joins a growing list of senior government members to use the genocide term, even as compensation claims are under discussion. Burkina Faso coup leaders given lengthy jail sentences http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/burkina-faso-coup-leaders-given-lengthy-jail-sentences Two senior allies of Burkina Faso’s deposed former president Blaise Compaore were sentenced to 10 and 20 years in prison respectively on Monday for organising a 2015 coup attempt against a transitional government. Botswana to hold national and local elections on Oct. 23 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/botswana-to-hold-national-and-local-elections-on-oct-23 Botswana President Mokgweetsi Masisi has set Oct. 23 as the date for parliamentary and local elections, the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) said on Monday. Tunisian candidates start their presidential campaigns http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tunisian-candidates-start-their-presidential-campaigns Tunisian presidential candidates began campaigning on Monday for the Sept. 15 election against a backdrop of economic troubles and a militant shooting that underlined the challenges facing the only democracy to emerge from the 2011 Arab uprisings. Among the 24 men and two women running for election are the prime minister, a media magnate detained last month on suspicion of tax fraud and money laundering, and a candidate from a moderate Islamist party that was banned before the revolution. Zimbabwe proposes designating health services as essential amid doctors' strike http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-proposes-designating-health-services-as-essential-amid-doctors-strike Zimbabwe’s cabinet is proposing designating health services as “essential” to be provided at all times to try to limit strikes by medical personnel as a work stoppage by public sector doctors over pay entered a second day on Wednesday. Bomb explodes under bus in Mali, at least 14 killed http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/bomb-explodes-under-bus-in-mali-at-least-14-killed A makeshift bomb exploded under a passenger bus travelling in the violence-plagued central Mali region of Mopti on Tuesday, killing at least 14 people and wounding 24, the security minister said. Ramaphosa says South Africa must quell attacks on foreigners as summit starts http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ramaphosa-says-south-africa-must-quell-attacks-on-foreigners-as-summit-starts South African President Cyril Ramaphosa told officials and business leaders on Wednesday that he was committed to quelling attacks on foreigners that have threatened to cast a cloud over an economic forum aimed at boosting intra-African trade. Police have arrested dozens of people and confirmed several deaths after riots in Johannesburg and the capital Pretoria in recent days, when roving groups attacked shops mainly owned by migrants from the rest of Africa. Tanzania replaces expelled opposition MP Tundu Lissu http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tanzania-replaces-expelled-opposition-mp-tundu-lissu Tanzania’s parliament on Tuesday officially replaced a fierce critic of president John Magufuli, who was expelled in June over absenteeism and ethical issues. Opposition lawmakers however boycotted the swearing in of the ruling party lawmaker replacing Tundu Lissu, who survived an assassination attempt in September 2017 when he was shot 16 times by unknown gunmen. Eritrea govt's latest seizures - schools run by religious bodies http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/eritrea-govt-s-latest-seizures-schools-run-by-religious-bodies In June, Eritrean authorities seized health facilities that were previously run by the Catholic Church. The church slammed the move which it said impacted the less privileged most. Reports indicate that a latest round of seizures have taken place, this time education institutions are at the center of the seizures. A BBC report said seven secondary schools run by religious organisations had been captured by government. In Democratic Republic of Congo, Ebola At Its Brim http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/in-democratic-republic-of-congo-ebola-at-its-brim Ebola cases have been flooding in Democratic Republic of Congo, reigning since its outbreak. Government figures revealed that the numbers of people who have died from Ebola outbreak with just recent one, claimed over 2,000 lives, most especially in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Many were alleged to have been burgled with the disease from affected persons- through their bodily fluids (broken skin, or the mouth and nose, with the blood, vomit, faeces or any other bodily fluids) and it progresses to vomiting, diarrhoea and both internal and external bleeding. Patients tend to die from dehydration and multiple organ failure. Ugandan pipeline plan suspended as Tullow-Total deal collapses http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ugandan-pipeline-plan-suspended-as-tullow-total-deal-collapses Work on a pipeline to export Ugandan oil has been suspended, an industry official said on Wednesday, after Tullow Oil’s plan to sell a stake in the project to France’s Total and China’s CNOOC was called off last week. U.N. warns of Burundi atrocities as 'divine' ruler eyes 2020 election http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/u-n-warns-of-burundi-atrocities-as-divine-ruler-eyes-2020-election The United Nations says all factors indicate that Burundi’s elections in 2020 will be problematic because of an unresolved political crisis and a president who is increasingly portrayed as a “divine” ruler. The report by the U.N. Commission of Inquiry on Burundi said there was a climate of fear and intimidation against anyone who did not show support for the ruling CNDD-FDD party. Nigeria to recall its top diplomat to South Africa -information minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-to-recall-its-top-diplomat-to-south-africa-information-minister Nigeria will recall its top diplomat to South Africa, where riots in recent days have targeted foreigners including many Nigerians, the West African country’s information minister said on Thursday. Air Tanzania suspends flights to Johannesburg due to ongoing violence - transport minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/air-tanzania-suspends-flights-to-johannesburg-due-to-ongoing-violence-transport-minister Tanzania’s national carrier suspended its flights from the commercial capital Dar es Salaam to Johannesburg on Thursday, citing ongoing violence that was a risk to its passengers. Nurture peace and make it last, Pope tells post-war Mozambique http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nurture-peace-and-make-it-last-pope-tells-post-war-mozambique Pope Francis urged the people of Mozambique on Thursday to nurture their hard-earned peace and strive to provide equal opportunities for all so as not to slip back into civil war. The saga continues between El-Zakzaaky and the Nigerian government http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-saga-continues-between-el-zakzaaky-and-the-nigerian-government In the 1970s, universities in Nigeria witnessed many protests after the formation of a Muslim students’ union accused of aiming at the implementation of Islamic law. Among the young cadres of this union was a man named Ibrahim Yaqoub El-Zakzaky. Plane leaves Zimbabwe for Singapore to bring home Mugabe's body http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/plane-leaves-zimbabwe-for-singapore-to-bring-home-mugabe-s-body A plane has left Zimbabwe for Singapore carrying government officials and relatives to bring home the body of Robert Mugabe, but it was still not clear where the former leader would be buried, a family spokesman said on Monday. Twenty-nine killed in two attacks in Burkina Faso http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/twenty-nine-killed-in-two-attacks-in-burkina-faso At least 29 people were killed in Burkina Faso’s troubled north on Sunday after a food convoy and a transport truck were attacked, the government said. Sudanese tribes sign peace deal after deadly clashes in Port Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/sudanese-tribes-sign-peace-deal-after-deadly-clashes-in-port-sudan Representatives of the Beni Amer and Nuba tribes in Sudan’s Red Sea state signed a reconciliation deal on Sunday under pressure from the country’s most prominent military commander after clashes that triggered a state of emergency and left at least 16 dead last month. Nigeria's Buhari to visit South Africa after attacks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigeria-s-buhari-to-visit-south-africa-after-attacks Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari will visit South Africa next month to reinforce the bonds between the two countries after a wave of deadly riots and xenophobic attacks, the South African presidency said on Saturday. South Africa’s MTN Group and supermarket chain Shoprite have closed all stores and service centres in Nigeria after their premises were attacked. Riek Machar arrives in S. Sudan for peace talks with Salva Kiir http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/riek-machar-arrives-in-s-sudan-for-peace-talks-with-salva-kiir South Sudan’s opposition leader Dr Riek Machar landed in Juba Monday for face-to-face talks with President Salva Kiir in a bid to salvage the stalled peace agreement. This is the first time in almost a year that he has visited the capital. Mugabe's funeral itinerary announced, burial place unknown yet http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mugabe-s-funeral-itinerary-announced-burial-place-unknown-yet Former Zimbabwe president Robert Mugabe’s body will lie in state at two different stadiums in the capital city for three days, the information minister said Monday, but she did not announce where he would be buried on Sunday. Over 600 Nigerians to return home from South Africa http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/over-600-nigerians-to-return-home-from-south-africa Over 600 Nigerians will be voluntarily returning home according from South Africa according to head of the Nigerians in Diaspora Commission, Abike Dabiri. The first news of repatriation was from a local airline, Air Peace which made the offer last week. Its plans were impacted by lack of documentation of beneficiaries. The embassy stepped in to provide necessary papers. Central Africa apex bank issues tough forex rules, industry players kick http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/central-africa-apex-bank-issues-tough-forex-rules-industry-players-kick Efforts by the Bank of Central African States (BEAC) to tackle money laundering and restock woefully thin foreign exchange reserves are causing dire currency shortages and delays to transactions across the six-nation currency union, businesses say. New BEAC rules introduced in June are aimed at bringing order to a monetary bloc awash with petrodollars which, owing to lax controls, often end up in offshore bank accounts after bypassing local economies completely. Zanzibar eyes hotel investors to boost local tourism http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zanzibar-eyes-hotel-investors-to-boost-local-tourism Zanzibar is courting international investors to the Island’s fast growing tourism industry as it seeks to raise the number of leisure and business visitors. Over the past two years, global chains have set up businesses on the island, making it among the leading hotel investment destinations in East Africa. Madinat El Bahr Hotel and RIU Hotels and Resorts for example, opened their businesses in mid this year, while Hotel Verde set up late last year. RIU Hotels and Resorts is a Spanish chain operating mostly in Europe and Latin America. Zanzibar is its first investment in East Africa. The $56 million RIU Palace Zanzibar on Nunwgi Beach has 149 rooms. Senegal to get $22m drought pay-out from ARC http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/senegal-to-get-22m-drought-pay-out-from-arc Senegal will receive at least $22 million drought insurance compensation from continental firm, the African Risk Capacity Insurance Company (ARC). ARC, in a press release, said the pay-out will cover losses from crop failures caused by the severe rainfall deficits in the 2019 agricultural season. Is Kenya dropping China loans for private deals? http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/is-kenya-dropping-china-loans-for-private-deals This past week’s visit to Nairobi by Yang Jiechi, the special envoy of Chinese President Xi Jinping, appears to suggest a recalibration of relations between Nairobi and Beijing. Mr Yang, a member of the Political Bureau and director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China avoided any mention of additional loans to Kenya. South Sudan parties agree to form interim govt by Nov 12 http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-sudan-parties-agree-to-form-interim-govt-by-nov-12 South Sudan President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar have agreed to form a transitional government by the middle of November, the country’s information minister said on Wednesday. Nigerian tribunal rejects bid to overturn Buhari's election http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/nigerian-tribunal-rejects-bid-to-overturn-buhari-s-election A Nigerian election tribunal on Wednesday rejected a bid by the main opposition candidate to overturn the February presidential election. Mozambique to continue debt restructuring talks despite 'tuna bond' court ruling http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/mozambique-to-continue-debt-restructuring-talks-despite-tuna-bond-court-ruling Mozambique will continue to negotiate debt restructuring with creditors, despite a court ruling that a government-guaranteed $850 million Eurobond issued by the state fishing company Ematum SA in 2013 was illegal, the finance minister said on Wednesday. Finance Minister Adriano Maleiane told a business conference in Maputo that the debt restructuring talks were not in violation of the June ruling by Mozambique’s top court. Chad extends state of emergency in 3 provinces by 4 months http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/chad-extends-state-of-emergency-in-3-provinces-by-4-months Chad’s parliament voted on Tuesday to extend a state of emergency by four months in three provinces where fighting between rival ethnic groups have surged in recent weeks. Cameroon leader says govt will organise talks to solve separatist crisis http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/cameroon-leader-says-govt-will-organise-talks-to-solve-separatist-crisis Cameroon’s President Paul Biya announced in a rare public address on Tuesday the organisation of a national dialogue to solve a separatist crisis in the country’s English-speaking regions. Biya said the talks, lead by the prime minister and starting from the end of this month, would bring together a wide range of people to seek ways to end violence that has plagued the region in recent months. Liberia chiefs call for action over economic crimes http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/liberia-chiefs-call-for-action-over-economic-crimes More than 300 chiefs representing Liberia’s rural and traditional bloc have called on the president to set up a war and economic crimes court as part of measures to fight impunity that has impeded the growth of Africa’s oldest independent republic. The representative chiefs are powerful Zimbabwe's opposition MDC suspends anniversary for Mugabe's funeral http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-s-opposition-mdc-suspends-anniversary-for-mugabe-s-funeral Zimbabwe’s founding president Roberty Mugabe will be buried on on Sunday, September 15, having passed on last week in Singapore, at the age of 95. Having ruled the Southern African nation for 37 years, until he was ousted by the army in November 2017, Mugabe’s legacy continues to divide opinions at home and abroad. Robert Mugabe detractors dance on his grave http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/robert-mugabe-detractors-dance-on-his-grave Robert Mugabe did not mind soiling his name for his beliefs. But his greatest sin was not knowing when to leave the stage when the applause was loudest. But today is a sad day. One of Africa’s greatest warriors is gone. Baffour Ankomah writes. The Smoke, Fire and Fluff of The Xenophobic Attacks on Foreigners http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/the-smoke-fire-and-fluff-of-the-xenophobic-attacks-on-foreigners The staidness of smoke of South Africa's Xenophobic attacks, apart from this current saga between the country, Nigeria and other African states, seem not to have waved with time as revealed by the Xenowatch, a non- platform and tool developed by the African Centre for Migration Society (AMCS) to monitor Xenophobic threats and violence across South Africa and to make publicly available statistic of any violence at the instance of Xenophobia. Xenowatch also shows that over the past decade, approximately 150,000 people have been killed, injured, or displaced in xenophobic incidents across the country. South Africa unlikely to meet its growth forecast of 1.5% - finance minister http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/south-africa-unlikely-to-meet-its-growth-forecast-of-1-5-finance-minister South Africa’s economic growth is unlikely to reach the treasury’s target of 1.5% in 2019 because conditions have changed and the country is facing increasing headwinds, Finance Minister Tito Mboweni said on Friday. This week ratings agency Moody’s, the last of the top three credit firms to rate South Africa’s debt at investment level, said it had lowered its growth forecast to 0.7% from 1%. 7 million people vote in Tunisia's presidential polls http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/7-million-people-vote-in-tunisia-s-presidential-polls 13,000 polling stations opened for the second democratic presidential election in the history of Tunisia Sunday. Even before the polling stations opened at 8 GMT, dozens of voters queued up to choose the next president from among the 26 candidates in the running. West African leaders pledge $1 bln to fight Islamist threat http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/west-african-leaders-pledge-1-bln-to-fight-islamist-threat West African leaders have pledged $1 billion to combat the spiralling threat of Islamist militancy in the region, the head of the regional ECOWAS bloc said on Saturday. Groups with links to al Qaeda and Islamic State have strengthened their foothold across the arid Sahel region this year, making large swathes of territory ungovernable and stoking local ethnic violence, especially in Mali and Burkina Faso. Tears and tributes as leaders, supporters bid farewell to Zimbabwe's Mugabe http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tears-and-tributes-as-leaders-supporters-bid-farewell-to-zimbabwe-s-mugabe Zimbabwe’s founder Robert Mugabe was honoured as an icon, principled leader and African intellectual giant at a state funeral on Saturday, after a week of disputes over his burial threatened to embarrass President Emmerson Mnangagwa. Two commanders allied to Libya's Haftar killed in strike near Tripoli http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/two-commanders-allied-to-libya-s-haftar-killed-in-strike-near-tripoli Two commanders of the eastern Libyan forces trying to take the capital Tripoli from the internationally-recognised government were killed late on Friday in a drone strike, officials said. The strike is a blow to Khalifa Haftar’s eastern-based Libya National Army (LNA), which in April launched a campaign to take Tripoli. So far that offensive has not breached the city’s southern defences. Egypt resumes Nile dam talks with Ethiopia, Sudan http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/egypt-resumes-nile-dam-talks-with-ethiopia-sudan Egypt’s foreign minister said Cairo had resumed talks with Sudan and Ethiopia over a $4 billion dam Addis Ababa is building on the Nile which had been suspended for over a year. The three countries’ irrigation ministers met in Cairo on Sunday to resume negotiations over filling and operating the dam, which Egypt sees as a threat to its water supplies. Tunisian establishment stunned as outsiders claim election win http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tunisian-establishment-stunned-as-outsiders-claim-election-win Tunisian voters appear to have up-ended their nation’s politics in Sunday’s presidential election, rejecting established leaders for two outsiders with 39% of votes counted. Kais Saied, a conservative law professor, and Nabil Karoui, a media magnate held in detention since last month, have an apparently solid lead over a moderate Islamist candidate and seem set to advance to a runoff vote next month. Zimbabwe doctors protest over union leader's disappearance http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-doctors-protest-over-union-leader-s-disappearance Hundreds of Zimbabwean doctors protested in central Harare on Monday over the disappearance of the leader of their union, but riot police blocked them from marching to President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s office. Peter Magombeyi, president of the Zimbabwe Hospital Doctors Association (ZHDA), was one of the organisers of an ongoing strike to demand higher wages for state doctors because of soaring living costs, before he disappeared on Saturday night. Algeria to hold presidential election this year-interim president http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/algeria-to-hold-presidential-election-this-year-interim-president Algeria will hold a presidential election on Dec. 12, interim President Abdelkader Bensalah said in a televised speech on Sunday. Be patient: Ethiopia PM tells tribes looking to break away http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/be-patient-ethiopia-pm-tells-tribes-looking-to-break-away On Sunday, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed asked ethnic groups pushing to form breakaway regions to be patient and join him in building “a great Ethiopia”. Abiy made the plea during a visit to leaders of the Kafficho ethnic group, that are seeking to create a new federal state heightening further destabilization in Ethiopia’s diverse southern region. Uganda, Rwanda committed to Luanda agreement – officials http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/uganda-rwanda-committed-to-luanda-agreement-officials Rwanda and Uganda are committed to implementing the agreement signed in August in Luanda to ease tension between them, government officials from both countries said Monday. Rwanda President Paul Kagame and his Ugandan counterpart Yoweri Museveni signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) in Angola’s capital Luanda, witnessed by Presidents Joao Lourenco (Angola) and Felix Tshisekedi (DR Congo). Militiamen death toll rises to 38 in Central African Republic rival fighting http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/militiamen-death-toll-rises-to-38-in-central-african-republic-rival-fighting The death toll of militiamen killed in rival group fighting in the Central African Republic at the weekend has risen to 38, according to an internal United Nations report seen by AFP on Monday. The UN Mission in Central Africa (Minusca) initially put the death toll at 23. The two armed groups had signed a peace deal in February. "Somaliland" sets tough rules on Somalia talks http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/somaliland-sets-tough-rules-on-somalia-talks The self-declared independent “Somaliland” has given tough conditions for future dialogue with Somalia on bilateral relations after the last talks collapsed in Turkey in 2015. They include demands that Mogadishu admit that Somaliland was an independent country, and that international intergovernmental organisations and institutions use the name, map, emblem and flag of "Somaliland" in their project documents. Africa’s smaller economies secure 13-year protection for their fragile sectors http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africa-s-smaller-economies-secure-13-year-protection-for-their-fragile-sectors Africa’s 32 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) have secured a 13-year reprieve to protect their sensitive economic sectors from duty-free imports under the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) agreement, in a major concession aimed at securing their ratification of the deal. The matter of tariff concessions has been a sticky issue for the LDCs, which have expressed fears that implementation of the AfCFTA agreement beginning July 1 next year will lead to heavy revenue losses. Refinery set to turn Tanzania city into major gold hub http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/refinery-set-to-turn-tanzania-city-into-major-gold-hub Tanzania is set to earn more from its gold once the first refinery is completed in the country’s administrative capital Dodoma in the next six weeks. The gold refinery is currently more than 80 per cent complete, and the first trial is set for October 25. Ethiopian crash victims want 737 MAX documents from Boeing, FAA http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/ethiopian-crash-victims-want-737-max-documents-from-boeing-faa A lawyer for victims of Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 said on Tuesday he wants Boeing Co and the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration to hand over documents about the decision to keep the Boeing 737 MAX in the air after a deadly Lion Air crash last October. Zimbabwe doctors say receiving death threats over strike http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/zimbabwe-doctors-say-receiving-death-threats-over-strike Striking Zimbabwean doctors said on Wednesday they were being threatened with death and suspected state security agents were pressuring them after police blocked their second protest march over the disappearance of their union leader. Rwandan Hutu militia commander killed in eastern Congo - army http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/rwandan-hutu-militia-commander-killed-in-eastern-congo-army Democratic Republic of Congo’s army said on Wednesday it had killed Sylvestre Mudacumura, the commander of a Rwandan Hutu militia who is wanted by the International Criminal Court. Mudacumura had been a leader of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) since its founding in 2000 by Hutu officials who fled Rwanda at the end of the 1994 genocide. Fire in Liberia Islamic school kills at least 27 children http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/fire-in-liberia-islamic-school-kills-at-least-27-children A fire at an Islamic school in Liberia has killed at least 27 children, police said on Wednesday. “The kids were learning the Koran when the fire broke out,” police spokesman Moses Carter said. He added the blaze was caused by an electrical issue and that further investigations were ongoing. Africa already converted into IMF's gospel, Kenyan central banker says http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/africa-already-converted-into-imf-s-gospel-kenyan-central-banker-says Africa has embraced sound economic policies and even the political class has started to appreciate the importance of such policies, Kenya’s central bank governor said on Wednesday. Although some economies in the 54-nation continent have recorded some of the fastest economic growth rates in recent years, critics say some policies need to be changed to deepen the growth and make it inclusive. Tunisia confirms Saied and Karoui to contest presidential runoff vote http://qiraatafrican.com/home/new/tunisia-confirms-saied-and-karoui-to-contest-presidential-runoff-vote Tunisia’s electoral commission on Tuesday said law professor Kais Saied and detained media mogul Nabil Karoui won most votes in Sunday’s presidential election, beating major political leaders to advance to a second-round runoff. The commission’s announcement following a full count of votes confirmed exit polls released on Sunday evening and partial results issued throughout Monday.