The mental image of Africa is often associated with poverty, famine, ethnic and ethnic conflicts because of the particularity of the continent, which was once a European colony. Its countries were unable to guarantee high classifications in various international political and economic reports. However, Tanzania was a different model in East Africa, The only ones that contain ethnic and religious diversity within the models that have achieved social integration in Africa.
In this context, Tanzania has adopted a set of strategies at different levels to achieve social integration criteria by employing a range of societal, political and economic variables as a key step towards national unity within diversity. Noting that the political system in Tanzania finds that ensuring internal stability was an internal priority, it required the mobilization of all means and mechanisms to strengthen it in light of the cultural and religious diversity that the country is witnessing. Making social integration the primary means of maintaining the unity of the United Republic of Tanzania.
The Tanzanian experience has shown the real desire of the ruling elites to direct various policies to achieve the collective interest of a continental and maritime state, and of various religious and ethnic structures. It also reflected the popular response to the leadership's aspirations for social integration by accepting the outcomes of the Tanzanian political system and contributing to its success, but this does not negate the existence of a range of challenges that require dealing with them and managing them politically and socially to promote integration and national unity.
In this sense, this paper will attempt to answer several questions about the factors that helped Tanzania manage diversity and create one identity despite the economic problems of the country and understand the strategies of the Tanzanian political system to accommodate communities within a single social structure.