Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University Hassiba ben Bouali, Chlef, Algeria.
Globalization, in its various manifestations, has and still represents a real opportunity and challenge for the African continent. It has opened up a theoretical and practical debate that argues that Africa will be one of the last battlegrounds of competing powers in the twenty-first century. This phenomenon has given rise to a set of theoretical trends in relation to its implications for Africa: the public of losers, given its increasingly marginal role in the global system, the winning public in view of its relatively positive results, and a middle-class audience trying to place it between the two directions. In addition, this study seeks to examine the relationship and impact of globalization on the African continent based on the scientific and practical importance that studies in this field have become for academics, research centers and decision makers alike. The study discusses this effect based on these three trends (losers, winners, middle group). The first part presents a general approach to understanding the implications of globalization in its conceptual aspects. The second part reviews the limits of the relationship between globalization and Africa by presenting the negative impacts of the phenomenon on the continent through a set of levels, the third part presents a vision of the alternative to get Africa out of the grip of globalization according to a range of dimensions (promoting a culture of local democracy, sustainable economic development, maintaining local privacy, stability and dismantling the security dilemma).
Keywords: globalization, stability, security, development, democracy, Africa.