LAHCEN EL Hassnaoui
Researcher in International Relations and Political Science
University Hassan II- Casablanca, Morocco
Abstract: This study attempts to address how the ethnic and sectarian divisions inherited from the colonial era, have still contributed to the fueling of wars and conflicts in Africa, and so leaded to both the depletion of its human and material resources as well as the accumulation of its external debts and financial deficit. This is exactly the main result of the policies adopted by most authoritarian regimes in Africa that especially benefits the Western countries (whose interests in the continent are by both illegitimate and legal means). In fact, since the beginning of independence in the 1950s, the continent has seen more than 100 military coups in which Western countries’ companies were really involved and played important roles. As a result, Africa seen only as a source of resources is still underdeveloped; prevented from advanced political and economic structures capable of better satisfying people’s basic needs.
In addition, the study also try to show that Africa’s economic growth in the last two decades hasn’t realistically instigated economic diversification of development, as it came in a context of increasing global demand for natural resources, especially by emerging powers such as China and India. Development in Africa indeed remains very weak; it continues to suffer from all absence of peace, widespread poverty, unemployment, and lack of food security.
Key-words: Africa, resource depletion, development, colonialism